Skip directly to content

Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN SYSTEM
Doing Business As Name:University of Wisconsin-Madison
PD/PI:
  • Emily H Stanley
  • (608) 263-2567
  • ehstanley@wisc.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Jake Vander Zanden
  • Monica G Turner
  • Robert W Provencher
  • Stephen R Carpenter
Award Date:12/19/2008
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 6,720,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 8,031,892
  • FY 2010=$1,382,896
  • FY 2013=$1,280,000
  • FY 2012=$1,405,000
  • FY 2014=$1,280,000
  • FY 2011=$1,345,000
  • FY 2009=$1,338,996
Start Date:11/01/2008
End Date:10/31/2016
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.074
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:LTER: Comparative Study of a Suite of Lakes in Wisconsin
Federal Award ID Number:0822700
DUNS ID:161202122
Parent DUNS ID:041188822
Program:LONG TERM ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Awardee Location

Street:21 North Park Street
City:MADISON
State:WI
ZIP:53715-1218
County:Madison
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:02

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Wisconsin-Madison
Street:21 North Park Street
City:MADISON
State:WI
ZIP:53715-1218
County:Madison
Country:US
Cong. District:02

Abstract at Time of Award

Freshwaters are ecologically important and socially valued elements of landscapes and a nexus of hydrological, biogeochemical, biotic and human social interactions. The North Temperate Lakes Long-Term Ecological Research project has been operating since 1981 in lake districts of southern and northern Wisconsin. During that time it has amassed an impressive long-term data set and understanding of the ecology of lakes and also been a leader in developing concepts for use in long-term ecological research, such as ecosystem services and ecosystem resilience. This renewal proposal builds on 33 years of prior research to examine integrated socio-ecological dynamics in the two study areas, focusing on the ecological, climatological and social processes that affect lake districts and the interactions among these processes. Four interrelated questions guide the proposed research: How and why have lake districts changed, and how will they change in the future? What are the major ecological and social responses of lake districts to climate change? How do multiple interacting drivers affect regional change in lake districts at multiple scales? and What are the magnitudes, interactions, and potential future flows of ecosystem services in lake districts? A diverse group of natural, social, and information scientists will undertake the research. New synthetic understandings of the causes and consequences of ecological and social-ecological change in lake districts will be produced relevant to decisions of individuals and institutions concerned with the future of the region and the welfare of its residents. Results are integrated in K-12, undergraduate, graduate and continuing education, and data will be available and provided to individuals, non-governmental organizations, local, state and federal agencies, and to assist in global assessments of environmental and ecological change.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

Read, Jordan S.;Shade, Ashley;WU, Chin H.;Gorzalski, Alex;McMahon, K.D.; "Gradual entrainment lake inverter (GELI): A novel device for experimental lake mixing" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, v.9, 2011, p.14-28.

Eiler, A., K. Zaremba-Niedzwiedzka, S. G. E. Andersson, M. Martinez Garcia, K. D. McMahon, R. Stepanauskas and S. Bertilsson. "Productivity and salinity structuring of the microplankton revealed by comparative freshwater metagenomics" Environmental Microbiology, v.16, 2014, p.2682.

Garcia,S., K. D. McMahon, H-P. Grossart, K. D. McMahon "Successful enrichment of the ubiquitous freshwater acI Actinobacteria." Environmental Microbiology Reports, v.6, 2014, p.21.

Dodds, W. K., C. T. Robinson, E. E. Gaiser, G. J. A. Hansen, H. Powell, J. M. Smith, N. B. Morse, S. L. Johnson, S. V. Gregory, T. Bell, T. K. Kratz and W. H. McDowell "Surprises and Insights from Long-Term Aquatic Data Sets and Experiments" BioScience, v.62, 2012, p.709.

Biggs, R., M.W. Diebel, D. Gilroy, A.M. Kamarainen, M.S. Kornis, N.D. Preston, J.E. Schmitz, C.K. Uejio, M.C. Van de Bogert, B.C. Weidel, P.C. West, D.P.M. Zaks and S.R. Carpenter "Preparing for the future: teaching scenario planning at the graduate level" Frontiers of Ecology and Environment, v.8, 2009, p.267. doi:10.1890/080075 

Jones, S. E., R. J. Newton and K. D. McMahon "Potential for atmospheric deposition of bacteria to influence bacterioplankton communities" FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v.64, 2008, p.338.

Brock, W.A. and S.R. Carpenter "Intereacting regime shifts in ecosystems:implications for early warnings" Ecological Monographs, v.80, 2010, p.353.

Carpenter, S. R. and W. A. Brock "Adaptive capacity and traps" Ecology and Society, v.13, 2008, p.40.

Newton, R.J.;Stuart E. Jones;Alexander Eiler;Katherine D. McMahon;Stefan Bertilsson; "A guide to the natural history of freshwater lake bacteria" Microbiology and Molecular Biology Reviews, v.75, 2011, p.14-49.

Knapp, A. K., M. D. Smith, S. E. Hobbie, S. L. Collins, T. J. Fahey, G. J. A. Hansen, D. A. Landis, K. J. La Pierre, J. M. Melillo, T. R. Seastedt, G. R. Shaver and J. R. Webster "Past, Present, and Future Roles of Long-Term Experiments in the LTER Network" BioScience, v.62, 2012, p.377.

Bestelmeyer, B. T., A. M. Ellison, W. R. Fraser, K. B. Gorman, S. J. Holbrook, C. M. Laney, M. D. Ohman, D. P. C. Peters, F. C. Pillsbury, A. Rassweiler, R. J. Schmitt and S. Sharma "Analysis of abrupt transitions in ecological systems" Ecosphere, v.2, 2011, p.129.

Solomon, C.T., J.D. Olden, P.T. Johnson; R.T. Dillon, M.J. Vander Zanden "Distribution and community-level effects of the Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis) in northern Wisconsin lakes" Biological Invasions, v.12, 2010, p.1591.

Shade, A., J.S. Read, N.D. Youngblut, N. Fierer, R. Knight, T.K. Kratz, N.R. Lottig, E.E.Roden, E.H.Stanley, J.Stombaugh, R.J. Whitaker, C.H. Wu, K.D. McMahon "Lake microbial communities are resilient after a novel whole-ecosystem disturbance" ISME Journal, v.56, 2012, p.. doi:10.1038/ismej.2012.56 

Schooler, S. S.;Salau, B.;Julien, M. H.;Ives, A. R.; "Alternative stable states explain unpredictable biological control of Salvinia molesta in Kakadu" Nature, v.470, 2011, p.86-89.

Biggs, R, F.R. Westley, and S.R. Carpenter "Navigating the back loop:Fostering social innovation and transformation in ecosystem management" Ecology and Society, v.15, 2010, p.Art No 9.

Vander Zanden, M. Jake;Gratton, Claudio; "Blowin' in the wind: reciprocal airborne carbon fluxes between lakes and land" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.68, 2011, p.170-182.

Jensen, O. P. "Losing winter as we know it" lakeline, v.28, 2008, p.13.

Jones, S. E., C. Y. Chiu, T. K. Kratz, J. T. Wu, A. Shade and K. D. McMahon "Typhoons initiate predictable change in aquatic bacterial communities" Limnology and Oceanography, v.53, 2008, p.1319.

Garcia SL, McMahon KD, Martinez-Garcia M, Srivastava A, Sczyrba A, Stepanauskas R, et al. "The metabolic potential of a single cell belonging to one of the most abundant lineages in freshwater bacterioplankton" ISME J, v.7, 2013, p.137.

Williamson, C.E., W.K. Dodds, T. K. Kratz, and M. Palmer "Lakes and streams as sentinels of environmental change in terrestrial and atmospheric processes" Frontiers in Ecology and the Env, v.6, 2008, p.247.

Rusak, J. A., N. D. Yan and K. M. Somers "Regional climatic drivers of synchronous zooplankton dynamics in north-temperate lakes" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p.878.

Lottig, N.R. and S.R. Carpenter "Interpolating and forecasting lake characteristics using long-term monitoring data" Limnology and Oceanography, v.57, 2012, p.1113. doi:10.4319/lo.2012.57.4.1113 

Collins, S. L., S. R. Carpenter, et al. "An integrated conceptual framework for long-term social-ecological research" Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, v.9, 2011, p.351.

Lottig, N. R., E. H. Stanley, and J.T. Maxted "Assessing the influence of upstream drainage lakes on fluvual organix carbon in a wetland-rich region" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.117, 2012, p.GO3011. doi:10.1029/2012JG001983 

Latzka, A.W., G.J.A. Hansen, M. Kornis, M.J. Vander Zanden "Spatial heterogeneity in invasive species impacts at the landscape scale." Ecosphere, v.7, 2016, p.. doi:10.1002/ecs2.1311 

Kucharik, C. J., S. P. Serbin, S. Vavrus, E. J. Hopkins and M. M. Motew "Patterns of climate change across Wisconsin from 1950 to 2006" Physical Geography, v.31, 2010, p.1.

Benson, B. J., B. J. Bond, M. P. Hamilton, R. K. Monson and R. Han "Perspectives on next-generation technology for environmental sensor networks" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, v.8, 2009, p.193.

Zurek, M., R. Biggs, C. Raudsepp-Hearne, E. M. Bennett, K. Kok and S. J. Velarde "Chapter four: Exploring future trends in ecoystem services. Ecosystem services: A guide for decision makers" World Resources Institute, v., 2008, p.46.

Serbin, S. P. and C. J. Kucharik "Spatiotemporal mapping of temperature and precipitation for the development of a multidecadal climatic dataset for Wisconsin" Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, v.48, 2009, p.742.

Johnson, P. T. J., J. D. Olden, C. T. Solomon and M. J. V. Zanden "Interactions among invaders: community and ecosystem effects of multiple invasive species in an experimental aquatic sys" Oecologia, v.159, 2009, p.161.

Gil, I.S, W. Sheldon, T. Schmidt, M. Servilla, R. Aguilar, C. Gries, T. Gray, D. Field, J. Cole, J.Y. Pan, G. Palanisamy, D. Henshaw, M. O?Brien, L. Kinkel, K. McMahon, J.R. Kottman, J. Brunt, W. Michener "Defining linkages between the GSC and NSF?s LTER program: how does the ecological metadata language relate to GCDML and other outc" OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, v.12, 2008, p.161.

Robertson, P.G., S.L. Collins, D.R.Foster, N. Brokaw, H.W. Ducklow, T.L. Gragson, C. Gries, S.K. Hamilton, D.A. McGuire, J.C. Moore, et.al. "Long-term ecological research in a human-dominated world" BioScience, v.62, 2012, p.342.

Latzka, A. W., J. T. Crawford, A. S. Koblings, Y. Caldeira, E. Hilts, and M. J. Vander Zanden "Representing calcification in distribution models for aquatic invasive species: surrogates perform as well as CaCO3 saturation state" Hydrobiologia, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1007/s10750-014-2001-7 

Carpenter, S. R. and R. C. Lathrop "Phosphorus loading, transport and concentrations in a lake chain: a probabilistic model to compare management options" Aquatic Sciences, v.76, 2013, p.145.

Magnuson, J. J. "Why should we care about climate change: A watery view." The Lake Connection, v.1, 2008, p.4.

Ghanbari, R. N., H. R. Bravo, J. J. Magnuson, W. G. Hyzer and B. J. Benson "Coherence between lake ice cover, local climate, and teleconnections" Journal of Hydrology, v.374, 2009, p.282.

Kara, E. L., C. Heimerl, et al. "Assessing a decade of phosphorus management in the Lake Mendota, Wisconsin watershed and scenarios for enhanced phosphorus management" Aquatic Sciences, v.74, 2012, p.241.

Magnuson, J. J. "Climate change and waters of Wisconsin." Trees for Tomorrow's Northbound, v.1, 2008, p.27.

Carpenter, S. R. and R. C. Lathrop "Probabilistic estimate of a threshold for eutrophication" Ecosystems, v.11, 2008, p.601.

Watras, C. J., P. C. Hanson, M. Morrow, K. Morrison, S. Scannell, S. Yaziciaglu, J. S. Read, Y.-H. Hu and T. Kratz "Evaluation of wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for remote wetland monitoring: design and initial results" Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v.186, 2014, p.919.

Rusak, J. A., N. D. Yan and K. M. Somers "Regional climatic drivers of synchronous zooplankton dynamics in north-temperate lakes" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p.878.

Lawson, Z., J. Gaeta, et al. "Coarse woody habitat, lakeshore residential development, and largemouth bass nesting behavior." North American Journal of Fish Management, v.31, 2011, p.666.

Magnuson, J. J. "A clean future for the Yahara lakes: Solutions for tomorrow, starting today" Preserve! Friends of the Lakeshore Nature Preserve Newsletter, v.8, 2008, p.1.

Miller, T. R. and K. D. McMahon "Genetic Diversity of Cyanobacteria in Four Eutrophic Lake" FEMS Microbiology Ecology, v.78, 2011, p.336.

Higgins, S.N. and M.J. Vander Zanden "What a difference a species makes: A meta-analysis of dreissenid mussel impacts on freshwater ecosystems" Ecological Monographs, v.80, 2010, p.179.

Biggs, R., S. R. Carpenter and W. A. Brock "Turning back from the brink: detecting an impending regime shift in time to avert it" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v.106, 2008, p.826.

White, M. S., M. A. Xenopoulos, K. L. Hogsden, R. A. Metcalfe and P. J. Dillon "Natural lake level fluctuation and associated concordance with water quality and aquatic communities within small lakes of the Laurentian Great Lakes region" Hydrobiologia, v.613, 2008, p.21.

San Gil, Inigo; Sheldon, Wade; Schmidt, Tom; Servilla, Mark; Aguilar, Raul; Gries, Corinna; Gray, Tanya; Field, Dawn; Cole, James; Yun Pan, Jerry; Palanisamy, Giri; Henshaw, Donald; O "Defining linkages between the GSC and NSF" OMICS: A Journal of Integrative Biology, v.12, 2008, p.151-156.

Carpenter, S.R, E.G. Booth, C.J. Kucharik and R.C. Lathrop "Extreme daily loads: Role in annual phosphorus input to a north temperate lake" Aquatic Sciences, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1007/s00027-014-0364-5. 

Sharma, S., J.J. Magnuson, G. Mendoza, and S. R Carpenter "Influences of local weather, large-scale climatic drivers, and the ca. 11 year solar cycle on lake ice breakup dates; 1905-2004." Climatic Change, v.118, 2013, p.857.

Qiu, Jiangxiao, and Monica G. Turner. ""Spatial interactions among ecosystem services in an urbanizing agricultural watershed."" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.110, 2013, p.12149.

Jones, S.E, R.J. Newton and K.D. McMahon "Evidence for structuring of bacterial community composition by organic carbon source in temperate lakes" Environmental Microbiology, v.11, 2009, p.2463. doi:10.111/j.1462-2920.2009.01977.x 

Vander Zanden, M. J. and J. D. Olden "A management framework for preventing the secondary spread of aquatic invasive species" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p.1512.

Haskell, D. E., C. R. Webster and D. J. Flashpohler "Relationship between carnivore distribution and landscape features in the Northern Highlands Ecological Landscape of Wisconsin" The American Midland Naturalist, v.169, 2013, p.1.

Ireland, A. W., R. K. Booth, S. C. Hotchkiss and J. E. Schmitz "A comparative study of within-basin and regional peatland development: implications for peatland carbon dynamics" Quaternary Science Reviews, v.61, 2013, p.85.

Lowry, C. S., D. Fratta and M. P. Anderson "Ground penetrating radar and spring formation in a groundwater dominated peat wetland" Journal of Hydrology, v.373, 2009, p.68.

Carpenter, S. R., V. Armburst, P. Arzberger, F. S. Chapin, J. J. Elser, E. J. Hackett, A. R. Ives, P. M. Kareiva, M. A. Leibold, P. Lundberg, M. Mangel, N. Merchant, W. W. Murdoch, M. A. Palmer, D. P. C. Peters, S. T. A. Pickett, K. K. Smith, D. H. Wall a "Accelerate synthesis in ecology and environmental sciences" BioScience, v.59, 2009, p.699.

Henning, B. and A. Remsburg "Lakeshore vegetation effects on avian and anuran populations" The American Midland Naturalist, v.161, 2009, p.123.

Hansen, G. J. A., C. L. Hein, B. M. Roth, M. J. Vander Zanden, J. W. Gaeta, A. W. Latzka, S. R. Carpenter "Food web consequences of long-term invasive crayfish control" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences., v.70, 2013, p.1109. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2012-0460 

Janssen, J., J.E. Marsden, T. R. Hrabik and J.D. Stockwell "Are the Laurentian Great Lakes Great Enough for Hjort?" ICES J. Mar. Sci, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst220 

Gries, C., I. San Gil, K. Vaderbilt and H. Garrit "Drupal developments in the LTER network" LTER Databits, v., 2010, p..

Shade, A., S. E. Jones and K. D. McMahon "The influence of habitat heterogeneity on freshwater bacterial community composition and dynamics" Environmental Microbiology, v.10, 2008, p.1057.

Kara EL, Hipsey M, McMahon KD, Read J, Kratz T. "Time-scale dependence in numerical simulations: Assessment of physical, chemical, and biological predictions in a stratified lake at temporal from scales of hours to months" Environmental Modelling & Software, v.35, 2012, p..

Kamarainen, A. M., R. M. Penczykowski, M. Van de Bogert, P. C. Hanson and S. R. Carpenter "Phosphorus sources and demand during summer in a eutrophic lake" Aquatic Science, v.71, 2009, p.214.

Johnson, P. T., J. D. Olden and M. J. Vander Zanden "Dam invaders: Impoundments facilitate biological invasion into freshwaters" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, v.6, 2008, p.357.

Polasky, S., S. R. Carpenter, et al. "Decision making under great uncertainty: Environmental management in an era of global change" Trends in Ecology and Evolution, v.26, 2011, p.398. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2100.04.007 

Read, J. S., D. P. Hamilton, et al. "Derivation of lake mixing and stratification indices from high-resolution lake buoy data" Environmental Modelling & Software, v.26, 2011, p.1325.

Horsch, E. J. and D. J. Lewis "Effects of aquatic invasive species on property values: Evidence from a quasi experiment" Land Economics, v.85, 2009, p.391.

Shade, A., J. S. Read, et al. "Resistance, resilience, and recovery: aquatic bacterial dynamics after water column disturbance" Environmental Microbiology, v.13, 2011, p.2752.

Karatayev, A. Y., L. E. Burlakova, M. J. Vander Zanden, R. C. Lathrop and D. K. Padilla "A century of change in a lake benthic community: Evidence for alternative community."" Hydrobiologia, v.700, 2013, p.287.

Remsburg, Alysa "Relative influence of prior life stages and habitat variables on dragonfly (Odonata: Gomphidae) densities among lake sites" Diversity, v.3, 2011, p.200. doi:10.3390/d3020200 

Lathrop, R. C. and S. R. Carpenter "Water quality implications from three decades of phosphorus loads and trophic dynamics in the Yahara chain of lakes" Inland Waters, v.4, 2014, p.1.

Rose K.C., L.A. Winslow, J.S. Read, E.K. Read, C. Solomon, R. Adrian, and P.C. Hanson "Improving the precision of lake ecosystem metabolism estimates by identifying predictors of model uncertainty" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, v.12, 2014, p.303. doi:10.4319/lom.2014.12.303 

Crawford, J.T., Stanley, E.H., Spawn, S.A., Finley, J.C., Loken, L.C., and Striegl, R.G. "Ebullitive methane emissions from oxygenated wetland streams" Global Change Biology, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1111/gcb.12614 

Tsai, J. W., T. K. Kratz, P. C. Hanson, J. T. Wu, W. Y. B. Chang, P. W. Arzberger, B. S. Lin, F. P. Lin, H. M. Chou and C. Y. Chiu "Seasonal dynamics and regulation of lake metabolism in a sub-tropical alpine lake" Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, v.30, 2008, p.381.

Rusak, J. A. and P. K. Montz "Sampling requirements and the implications of reduced sampling effort for the estimation of annual zooplankton population and community dynamics in north temperate lakes" Limnology and Oceanography, Methods, v.7, 2009, p.535.

Porter, J. C., E. Nagy, P. C. Hanson, T. K. Kratz, S. Collins and P. Arzberger "New eyes on the world: advanced sensors for ecology" Bioscience, v.59, 2009, p.385.

Keitt, T. H. "Coherent ecological dynamics induced by large-scale disturbance" Nature, v.454, 2008, p.331.

Solomon, C. T., D. A. Bruesewitz, D. C. Richardson, K. C. Rose, M. C. Van de Bogert, P. C. Hanson, T. K. Kratz, B. Larget, R. Adrian, B. L. Babin, C.-Y. Chiu, D. P. Hamilton, E. E. Gaiser, S. Hendricks, V. Istvanovics, A. Laas, D. M. O?Donnell, M. L. Pace "Ecosystem respiration: drivers of daily variability and background respiration in lakes around the globe" Limnology and Oceanography, v.58, 2013, p.849.

Bartrons, M., M. Papes, M. Diebel, C. Gratton and M. J. Vander Zanden "Regional-level inputs of emergent aquatic insects from water to land" Ecosystems, v.16, 2013, p.1353.

Ball, B.A.;Kominoski, J.S.;Adams, H.E.;Jones, S. E.;Kane, E.S.;Loecke, T.D.;Mahaney, W.M.;Martina, J.P.;Prather, C.M.;Robinson, T.M.P.;Solomon, C.T.; "Direct and terrestrial vegetation-mediated effects of environmental change on aquatic ecosystem processes" BioScience, v.60, 2010, p.590-601.

Biggs R., S.R. Carpenter, W.A. Brock "Spurious certainty: How ignoring measurement error and environmental heterogeneity may contribute to environmental controversies" BioScience, v.59, 2009, p.65.

Beardmore,Ben "Boater perceptions of environmental issues affecting lakes in northern Wisconsin." Journal of the American Water Resources Association, v.51, 2015, p.537.

Marburg, A. E., S. B. Bassak, T. K. Kratz, and M. G. Turner "The demography of coarse wood in north temperate lakes" Freshwater Biology, v.54, 2009, p.1110.

Hansen, G. J. A., M. J. Vander Zanden, M. J. Blum, M. K. Clayton, E. F. Hain, J. Hauxwell, M. Izzo, M. S. Kornis, P. B. McIntyre, A. Mikulyuk, E. Nilsson, J. D. Olden, M. Papes and S. Sharma "Commonly Rare and Rarely Common: Comparing Population Abundance of Invasive and Native Aquatic Species" PLOSone, v.8, 2013, p.. doi:10.1371 

Carpenter, S. R., C. Folke, M. Scheffer and F. Westley "Resilience: Accounting for the noncomputable" Ecology and Society, v.14, 2009, p.13.

Biggs, R;F.R. Westley;S.R. Carpenter; "Navigating the back loop:Fostering social innovation and transformation in ecosystem management" Ecology and Society, v.15, 2010, p.part 9.

Bennett, E. M., S. R. Carpenter and J. A. Cardille "Estimating the risk of exceeding thresholds in environmental systems" Water Air Soil Polution, v.191, 2008, p.131.

Shade, A., C.-Y. Chiu and K. D. McMahon "Seasonal and episodic lake mixing stimulate differential planktonic bacterial dynamics" Microbial Ecology, v.59, 2009, p.546.

Alexander, M. L., M. Woodford and S. C. Hotchkiss "Freshwater macrophyte communities across landscape position and development gradients" Aquatic Botany, v.88, 2008, p.77.

Bustic, V.;Lewis, D.J.;Radeloff, V.C.; "Lakeshore zoning has heterogenous effects on ecological indicators as predicted with coupled economic-biological models" Ecological Applications, v.20, 2010, p.867-879.

Krugner-Higby, L., D. Haak, P.T.J. Johnson, J.D. Shields, W.M. Jones, K.S. Reece, T. Meinke, A. Gendron and J.A. Rusak "Spatial and temporal patterns of an outbreak of ulcerative disease in crayfish (Orconectes propinquus) linked to Saprolegnia australis in Big Muskellunge Lake, Wisconsin" Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, v.91, 2010, p.57.

Gratton, C. G. and M. J. Vander Zanden "Flux of aquatic insect productivity to land: comparison of lake and river ecosystems" Ecology, v.90, 2009, p.2689.

McDonald, C. P., N. R. Lottig, J. L. Stoddard, A. T. Herlihy, S. Lehmann, S. G. Paulsen, D. V. Peck, A. I. Pollard and R. J. Stevenson "Comment on Bachmann et al.(2013): A nonrepresentative sample cannot describe the extent of cultural eutrophication of natural lakes in the United States" Limnology and Oceanography, v.59, 2014, p.2226.

S. W. Hoover W. D. Marner II A. K. Brownson R. M. Lennen T. M. Wittkopp J. Yoshitani S. Zulkifly L. E. Graham S. Chaston K. D. McMahon B. F. Pfleger "Bacterial production of free fatty acids from freshwater macroalgal cellulose" Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, v.91, 2011, p.435. doi:10.1007/s00253-011-3344-x 

Hoover, S.W., W. D. Marner II A. K. Brownson R. M. Lennen T. M. Wittkopp J. Yoshitani S. Zulkifly L. E. Graham S. Chaston K. D. McMahon B. F. Pfleger "Bacterial production of free fatty acids from freshwater macroalgal cellulose" Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, v.91, 2011, p.435. doi:10.1007/s00253-011-3344-x 

Johnson, P. T. J., A. R. Ives, R. C. Lathrop and S. R. Carpenter "Long-term disease dynamics in lakes: causes and consequences of chytrid infections in Daphnia populations" Ecolog, v.90, 2009, p.132.

Winslow, L. A., J. S. Read, P. C. Hanson and E. H. Stanley "Lake shoreline in the contiguous United States: quantity, distribution and sensitivity to observation resolution" Freshwater Biology, v.59, 2014, p.213.

Wigdahl-Perry, C.R., J.E. Saros, J. Schmitz, R. Calcote, J. Rusak, D. Anderson, S. Hotchkiss "Response of temperate lakes to drought: a paleolimnological perspective on the landscape position concept using diatom-based reconstructions" Journal of Paleolimnology, v.55, 2016, p.. doi:10.1007/s10933-016-9883-5 

Leavitt, P. R., S. C. Fritz, N. J. Anderson, P. A. Baker, T. Blenckner, L. Bunting, J. Catalan, D. J. Conley, W. Hobbs, E. Jeppesen, K. A., S. McGowan, K. Ruhland, J. A. Rusak, G. Simpson, N. Solovieve and W. J. "Paleolimnological evidence of the effects on lakes of energy and mass transfer from climate and humans" Limnology and Oceanography, v.54, 2009, p.2330.

Gaeta, J. W. and M. S. Kornis "Stem borer frequency and composition in healthy Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) and deiback zones in a southern atlantic coast salt marsh" Estuaries and Coasts, v.34, 2011, p.1078.

Hanson, P. C., S. R. Carpenter, N. Kimura, C. Wu, S. P. Cornelius and T. K. Kratz "Evaluation of metabolism models for free-water dissolved oxygen method in lakes" Limnology and Oceanography-Methods, v.6, 2008, p.454.

Remsburg, A. J. and M. G. Turner "Aquatic and terrestrial drivers of dragonfly (order Odonata) assemblages within and among north-temperate lakes" Journal of the North American Benthological Society, v.28, 2009, p.44.

Sharma, Sapna Vander Zanden, M. Jake Magnuson, John J. Lyons, John "Comparing climate change and species invasions as drivers of coldwater fish population extripations" PLoS ONE, v.6, 2011, p.E22906.

Biggs, R., H. Simons, M. Bakkenes, R. J. Scholes, B. Eickhout, D. van Vuuren and R. Alkemade "Scenarios of biodiversity loss in southern Africa in the 21st century" Global Environmental Change, v.18, 2008, p.296.

R. J. Newton;K. D. McMahon; "Seasonal differences in bacterial community composition following nutrient additions in a eutrophic lake" Environmental Microbiology, v.13, 2011, p.887-899.

Newton,R.J., K. D. McMahon "Seasonal differences in bacterial community composition following nutrient additions in a eutrophic lake" Environmental Microbiology, v.13, 2011, p.887-899.

Fienen, M.N.;Muffels, C.T.;Hunt, R.J.; "On constraining pilot point calibration with regularization in PEST" Ground Water, v.46, 2009, p.935-844.

Sheffer, M., J. Bascompte, W. A. Brock, V. Brovkin, S. R. Carpenter, V. Dakos, H. Held, E. van Nes, M. Rietkerk and G. Sugihara "Early-warning signals for critical transitions" Nature, v.461, 2009, p.53.

Jones, S. E., T. K. Kratz, C.-Y. Chiu and K. McMahon "Influence of typhoons on annual CO2 flux from a subtropical, humic lake" Global Change Biology, v.15, 2009, p.243.

Folke, C.S.;Carpenter, S.R.;Walker, B.;Scheffer, M.;Chapin, T.;Rockstrom, J.; "Resilience thinking: Integrating resilience, adaptability abd transformability" Ecology and Society, v.15, 2010, p.20 (onlin.

Ghai, R. K. D. McMahon F. Rodriguez-Valera "Breaking a paradigm: cosmopolitan and abundant freshwater Actinobacteria are low GC" Environmental Microbiology Reports, v.4, 2012, p.29. doi:10.1111/j.1758-2229.2011.00274.x 

Magee, M.R. and Wu, C.H. "Effects of changing climate on ice cover in three morphometrically different lakes" Hydrological Processes, v., 2016, p.. doi:doi:10.1002/hyp.10996 

Hogsden, K. L., M. A. Xenopoulos and J. A. Rusak "Asymmetrical food web responses in trophic-level richness, biomass, and function following lake acidification" Aquatic Ecology, v.43, 2009, p.591.

Shurin, J.B., M. Winder, R. Adrian, W. Keller, B. Matthews, A.M. Paterson, M. Paterson, B. Pinel-Alloul, J.A. Rusak, N. Yan. "Environmental stability and lake plankton diversity- contrasting effects of chemical and thermal variability" Ecology Letters, v.13, 2010, p.453.

Gosz, James R.;Waide, Robert B.;Magnuson, John J.; "Chapter 5: Twenty-eight years of the US-LTER program: experience, results, and research questions" Long-Term Ecological Research: Between Theory and Application, v., 2010, p.59-74.

Kamarainen, A. M., H. Yuan, C. H. Wu and S. R. Carpenter "Estimates of phosphorus entrainment in Lake Mendota: a comparison of one-dimensional and three-dimensional approaches" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, v.7, 2009, p.553.

Carpenter, S.R. Stanley, E.H. Vander Zanden, M.J. "State of the world's freshwater ecosystems: Physical, chemical and biological changes" Annual Review of Environment and Resources, v.36, 2011, p.75.

Curtis, Katherine, Annemarie Schnieder "Understanding the demographic implications of climate change: estimates of localized population predictions under future scenarios of sea-level rise" Population & Environment, v.33, 2011, p.28. doi:10.1007/s11111-011-0136-2 

Helmus, M.R., W.B. Keller, M.J. Paterson, N.D. Yan, C.H. Cannon, and J.A. Rusak "Communities contain closely related species during ecosystem disturbance" Ecology Letters, v.13, 2010, p.162.

Rusak, J. A., S. E. Jones, A. D. Kent, A. L. Shade and T. M. McMahon "Spatial synchrony in microbial community dynamics: testing among-year and lake patterns" Verhandlungen Internationale Vereinigung fur Theoretische und Angewandte Limnologie, v.30, 2009, p.936.

Hansen, G. J. A., A. R. Ives, M. J. Vander Zanden and S. R. Carpenter "Are rapid transitions between invasive and native species caused by alternative stable states, and does it matter?" Ecology, v.94, 2013, p.2207.

Nilsson, E. Solomon, C.T. WIlson, K.A. Willis, T.V. Larget, B. Vander Zanden, M. J "Effects of an invasive crayfish on benthic invertebrate abundance, fish benthivory and trophic position" Freshwater Biology, v.57, 2012, p.10.

Hammond, C.;E. Luschei;C. Boerboom;P. Nowak; "Convenience Sample of On-Farm Research Cooperators Representative of Wisconsin Farmers" Weed Technology, v.23, 2009, p.300-307.

Ahrenstorff, T. D., T. R. Hrabik, P. C. Jacobson and D. L. Pereira "Food resource effects on diel movements and body size of cisco (Coregonus artedi) in north-temperate lakes" Oecologia, v.173, 2013, p.1309. doi:10.1007/s00442-013-2719-3 

Olden, J.D. Vander Zanden, M. J Johnson, P.T.J. "Assessing ecosystem vulnerablity to invasive rusty crayfish (Orconectes rusticus)" Ecological Applications, v.21, 2011, p.2587.

Hammond, C.;E. Luschei;C. Boerboom;P. Nowak; "Convenience Sample of On-Farm Research Cooperators Representative of Wisconsin Farmers" Weed Technology, v.23, 2009, p.300-307.

Doherty, J., and R. Hunt "Two statistics for evaluating parameter identifiability and error reduction" Hydrology, v.366, 2009, p.119.

Devlin, S. P., M. J. Vander Zanden and Y. Vadeboncoeur "Depth-specific variation in carbon isotopes demonstrates resource partitioning among the littoral zoobenthos" Freshwater Biology, v.58, 2013, p.2389.

Papes, M. Sallstrom, M. Asplund, T.R. Vander Zanden, M.J. "Invasive species research to meet the needs of resource management and planning" Conservation Biology, v.25, 2011, p.867.

Gaeta, J.W., Beardmore, B., Latzka, A.W., Provencher, B. & Carpenter, S.R. "Catch-and-release rates of sport fishes in northern Wisconsin from an angler diary survey" North American Journal of Fisheries Management, v.33, 2013, p.606.

Campbell, J. L., L. E. Rustad, J. H. Porter, J. R. Taylor, E. W. Dereszynski, J. B. Shanley, C. Gries, D. L. Henshaw, M. E. Martin, W. M. Sheldon and E. R. Boose "Quantity is nothing without quality: automated QA/QC for streaming environmental sensor data" BioScience, v.63, 2013, p.574.

Solomon, C. T., J. D. Olden, P. T. J. Johnson, R. T. Dillon and M. J. Vander Zanden "Distribution and community-level effects of the Chinese mystery snail (Bellamya chinensis) in northern Wisconsin lakes" Biological Invasions, v.12, 2010, p.1591.

McDonald, C.P. and Urban, N.R. "Using a model selection criterion to identify appropriate complexity in aquatic biogeochemical models" Ecological Modelling, v., 2010, p.1. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.10.021 

McDonald, C.P. and Urban, N.R. "Using a model selection criterion to identify appropriate complexity in aquatic biogeochemical models" Ecological Modelling, v., 2010, p.1. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2009.10.021 

Vadeboncoeur, Y., G. D. Peterson, M. J. Vander Zanden and J. Kalff "Benthic algal productions across lake size gradients: Interactions among morphometry, nutrients, and ligh" Ecology, v.89, 2008, p.2542.

Gaeta, J.W., Sass, G.G., and Carpenter, S.R "Drought-driven lake level decline: effects on coarse woody habitat and fishes" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.71, 2014, p.1. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2013-0451 

Solomon, C. T., S. R. Carpenter, J. A. Rusak and M. J. V. Zanden "Long-term variation in isotopic baselines and implications for estimating consumer tropic niches" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p.2191.

Hammond, M. and J. Kolasa "Spatial variation as a tool for inferring temporal variation and diagnosing types of mechanisms in ecosystems" PLoS One, v.9, 2014, p.e89245.

Jones, S. E., T. A. Cadkin, R. J. Newton and K. D. McMahon "Spatial and temporal scales of aquatic bacterial beta diversity." Frontiers in Microbiology, v.3, 2012, p.318.

Read J. S., L. A. Winslow, G.A. Hansen, J. Van Den Hoek, P.C. Hanson, L.C. Bruce, C.D. Markfort "Simulating 2,368 temperate lakes reveals weak coherence in stratification phenology" Ecological Modelling, v.291, 2014, p.142.

Lottig, N. R., I. Buffam and E. H. Stanley "Comparisons of wetland and drainage lake influences on stream dissolved carbon concentrations and yields in a north temperate lake-rich region" Aquatic Sciences, v.75, 2013, p.619.

Fienen, M., R. Hunt, D. Krabbenhoft, and T. Clemo "Obtaining parsimonious hydraulic conductivity fields using head and transport observations: A Bayesian geostatistical parameter estimation approach" Water Resources Research, v.45, 2009, p.w08405.

Hanson, P. C., I. Buffam, J. A. Rusak, E. H. Stanley and C. Watras "Quantifying lake allochthonous organic carbon budgets using a simple equilibrium model" Limnology and Oceanography, v.59, 2014, p.167.

Stow, C. A., E. C. Lamon, T. K. Kratz, and C. E. Sellinger "Lake level coherence supports common driver" EOS, v.89, 2008, p.389.

Ghylin, T.W., S.L. Garcia, F. Moya, B.O. Oyserman, P.Schwientek, K.T. Forest, J.Mutschler, L.-K. Chan, M. Martinez-Garcia, A. Sczyrba, R. Stepanauskas, H.-P. Grossart, T. Woyke, F. Warnecke, R. Malmstrom, S. Bertilsson, K.D. McMahon "Comparative single-cell genomics reveals potential ecological niches for the freshwater acI Actinobacteria lineage" ISME Journal, v., 2014, p..

Carpenter, S. R., W. A. Brock, J. J. Cole, J. F. Kitchell and M. L. Pace "Leading indicators of trophic cascades" Ecology Letters, v.11, 2008, p.128.

Sass, G.G. S.R. Carpenter J.W. Gaeta J.F. Kitchell T.D. Ahrenstorff "Whole-lake addition of coarse woody habitat: response of fish populations" Aquatic Sciences- Research Across Boundaries, v.74, 2012, p.223.

Magee, M.R., Wu, C.H., Robertson, D.M., Lathrop, R.C., and Hamilton, D.P. "rends and regime shifts in 100-year ice cover and water temperatures in a dimictic lake in response to changes in air temperature, wind speed, and water clarity" Hydrology and Earth Systems Sciences, v.20, 2016, p.. doi:doi:10.5194/hess-20-1-2016 

Hammond, C., E. Luschi, C. Boerboom and P. Nowak "Convenience sample of on-farm research cooperators representative of Wisconsin farmers" Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, v.23, 2009, p.300.

Read, J. S. and K. C. Rose "Physical responses of small temperate lakes to variation in dissolved organic carbon concentrations" Limnology and Oceanography, v.58, 2013, p.921.

Vander Zanden, M. J Vadeboncoeur, Y. Chandra, S. "Fish reliance on littoral-benthic resources and the distribution of primary production in lakes" Ecosystems, v.6, 2011, p.894.

Benson, B.J., J.J. Magnuson, O.Jensen, V. Card, G. Hodgkins, J. Korhonen, D.M. Livingstone, K.M. Stewart, G.A. Wyehenmeyer, and N.G. Granin "Extreme events, trends and variability in Northern Hemisphere lake ice phenology (1855 - 2005)" Climate Change, v.112, 2012, p.299. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0212-8 

Buffam,I., Carpenter, S.R., Yeck, W., Hanson, P.C. and Turner, M.G. "Filling holes in regional carbon budgets:Predicting peat depth in a north temperate lake district" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.115, 2010, p.1.

Fienen, M.N., C.T. Muffels, and R.J. Hunt "On constraining pilot point calibration with regularization in PEST" Ground Water, v.47, 2009, p.835. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2009.00579.x 

Hayes, N. K. Butkas, J. D. Olden and M. J. Vander Zanden "Behavioural and growth differences between experienced and naive populations of native crawfish" Freshwater Biology, v.54, 2009, p.1876.

Hayes, N. K. Butkas, J. D. Olden and M. J. Vander Zanden "Behavioural and growth differences between experienced and naive populations of native crawfish" Freshwater Biology, v.54, 2009, p.1876.

Gaeta, J. W., J. S. Read, J. F. Kitchell and S. R. Carpenter "Eradication via destratification: whole-lake mixing to selectively remove rainbow smelt, a cold-water invasive species" Ecological Applications, v.22, 2012, p.817.

Read, E.K., M. Ivancic, P. C. Hanson, B. J. Cade-Menun, K. D. McMahon "Phosphorus speciation in a eutrophic lake by 31P NMR spectroscopy" Water Research, v.62, 2014, p.229.

Buffam, I., M.G. Turner, A.R. Desai, P.C. Hanson, J.A. Rusak, N.R. Lottig, E.H. Stanley, and S.R. Carpenter "Integrating aquatic and terrestrial components to construct a complete carbon budget for a north temperate lake district" Global Change Biology, v.17, 2011, p.1193.

Watras, C. J., J. S. Read, K. D. Holman, Z. Liu, Y.-Y. Song, A. J. Watras, S. Morgan and E. H. Stanley "Decadal oscillation of lakes and aquifers in the upper Great Lakes region of North America: hydroclimatic implications" Geophysical Research Letters, v.41, 2014, p.456.

Lewis, D.J.; "An economic framework for forecasting land-use and ecosystem change" Resource and Energy Economics, v.32, 2010, p.98-116.

Creswell, J. E., S. C. Kerr, M. H. Meyer, C. L. Babiarz, M. M. Shafer, D. E. Armstrong and E. E. Roden "Factors controlling temporal and spatial distribution of total mercury and methylmercury in hyporheic sediments of the Allequash Creek wetland" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.13, 2008, p.1. doi:10.1029/2008JG000742 

Hui, D., R. Biggs, R. J. Scholes and R. B. Jackson "Measuring uncertainty in estimates of biodiversity loss: The example of biodiversity intactness variance" Biological Conservation, v.141, 2008, p.1091.

Hunt, R.J.;Walker, J.F.;Doherty, J. "Parameter estimation and coupled groundwater/surface-water models: A PEST approach" 1st International PEST Conference, v., 2009, p.304.

Allen, T. F. H., P. C. Allen, A. Malek, J. Flynn and M. Flynn "Confronting economic profit with hierarchy theory: The concept of gain in ecology" Systems Research and Behavioral Science, v.26, 2009, p.583.

Preston, N.D.;Rusak, J. A.; "Homage to Hutchinson: Does inter-annual climate variability affect zooplankton density and diversity?" Hydrobiologia, v.653, 2010, p.165-177.

Read J.S., E.K. Read, K.C. Rose and L.A. Winslow "A method for estimating a bulk diffuse attenuation coefficient (Kd) from paired temperature sensors" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, v.12, 2015, p.53.

Magnuson, J. J. "History and heroes: the thermal niche of fishes and long-term lake ice dynamics" Journal of Fish Biology, v.77, 2010, p.1731.

Buffam, I., M.G. Turner, A.R. Desai, P.C. Hanson, J.A. Rusak, N.R. Lottig, E.H. Stanley, and S.R. Carpenter "Integrating aquatic and terrestrial components to construct a complete carbon budget for a north temperate lake district" Global Change Biology, v.17, 2011, p.1193.

Lewis, D. J. "An economic method for forecasting land use and ecosystem change" Resource and Energy Economics, v.32, 2010, p.98.

Hunt, R. J., D. E. Prudic, J. F. Walker and M. P. Anderson "Importance of unsaturated zone flow in simulating ground water recharge in a humid climate" Groundwater, v.46, 2008, p.551.

Hunt, R. J., D. E. Prudic, J. F. Walker and M. P. Anderson "Importance of unsaturated zone flow in simulating ground water recharge in a humid climate" Groundwater, v.46, 2008, p.551. doi:doi:10.1111/j.1745-6584.2007.00427.x 

Kamarainen, A. M., F. E. Rowland, R. Biggs and S. R. Carpenter "Zooplankton and the total phosphorus-chlorophyll a relationship: hierarchical Bayesian analysis of measurement error" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p.2644.

Butsica, V., J. W. Gaeta and V. Radeloff "The ability of zoning and land acquisition to increase property values and maintain largemouth bass growth rates in an amenity rich region" Landscape and Urban Palnning, v.107, 2012, p.69.

Sass, G. G., T. R. Cook, K. S. Irons, M. A. McClelland, N. N. Michaels, T. M. Oâ??Hara and M. R. Stroub "A mark-recapture population estimate for invasive silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) in the La Grange Reach, Illinois River" Biological Invasions, v.12, 2010, p..

Solomon, C.T.;B.M. Roth;T.R. Hrabik;M.J. Vander Zanden; "Comparing energetic and dynamic description of food web linkages" Oikos, v.120, 2011, p.194-199.

Carpenter, S.R. "Changing views of ecological change" Trends in Ecology and Evolution, v.25, 2010, p.205. doi:10.1016/j.tree.2009.12.002 

Walker, J.F.;Hunt, R.J.;Doherty, J.;Hay L.; "Processing time-series data to calibrate a surface-water model in small headwater watersheds" ST Conference, v., 2009, p.304.

Beversdorf, L. J., T. R. Miller and K. D. McMahon "The Role of Nitrogen Fixation in Cyanobacterial Bloom Toxicity in a Temperate, Eutrophic Lake." PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p.e56103.

Lottig, N. R., E. H. Stanley, P. C. Hanson and T. K. Kratz "Comparison of regional stream and lake chemistry: Differences, similarities, and potential drivers" Limnology and Oceanography, v.56, 2011, p.1551.

Yan, N. D., K. M. Somers, R. E. Girard, A. M. Paterson, C. Ramcharan, J. A. Rusak, R. Ingram, G. E. Morgan and J. Gunn "Long-term changes in zooplankton of Dorset, Ontario lakes: the probable interactive effects of changes in pH, total phosphorus, dissolved organic carbon, and predators" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p..

Kara, E. L., P. C. Hanson, Y. H. Hu, L. A. Winslow and K. D. McMahon "A decade of seasonal dynamics and co-occurrences within freshwater bacterioplankton communities from eutrophic Lake Mendota, WI, USA." The ISME Journal, v.7, 2013, p.680.

Foley, J. A., N. Ramankutty, K. A. Brauman, E. S. Cassidy, J. S. Gerber, M. Johnston, N. D. Mueller, C. Oâ??Connell, D. K. Ray, P. C. West, C. Balzer, E. M. Bennett, S. R. Carpenter, J. Hill, C. Monfreda, S. Polasky, J. Rockström, J. Sheehan, S. Siebert, "Solutions for a cultivated planet" nature, v.478, 2011, p.337.

Walker, J.F.;R.J. Hunt;S.L. Markstrom;L.E. Hay;J. Doherty; "Using a Coupled Ground-Water/Surface-Water Model to Predict Climate-Change Impacts to Lakes in the Trout Lake Watershed, Northern Wisconsin" 3rd Interagency Conference on Research in the Watersheds, v., 2009, p.155-161.

Powers, S. M., D. M. Robertson and E. H. Stanley "Effects of lakes and reservoirs on annual river nitrogen, phosphorus, and sediment export in agricultural and forested landscapes" Hydrological Processes, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1002/hyp.10083 

West, Paul C.;Gibbs, Holly K.;Monfreda, Chad;Wagner, John;Barford, Carol;Carpenter, Stephen R.;Foley, Jonathan A.; "Trading carbon for food: Global comparison of carbon stocks vs. crop yields on agricultural land" PNAS, v.107, 2010, p.19645-196.

Chapin, F.S. III, S.R. Carpenter, G.P. Kofinas, C. Folke, N. Abel, W.C. Clark, P. Olsson, D.M. Stafford Smith, B. Walker, O.R. Young, F. Berkes, R. Biggs, J.M. Grove, R.L. Naylor, E. Pinkerton, W. Steffen and F.J. Swanson "Ecosystem stewardship: sustainability strategies for a rapidly changing planet" Trends in Ecology and Evolution, v.25, 2010, p.241.

Thompson, J. R., A. Wiek, F. J. Swanson, S. R. Carpenter, N. Fresco, T. Hollingsworth, T. A. Spies and D. R. Foster "Scenario Studies as a Synthetic and Integrative Research Activity for Long-Term Ecological Research" BioScience, v.62, 2012, p.367.

Kara, E. L., P. Hanson, D. Hamilton, M. Hipsey, K. D. McMahon, J. Read, L. Winslow, J. Dedrick, K. Rose, C. Carey, S. Bertilsson, D. da Motta Marques, L. Beversdorf, T. Miller, C. Wu, Y.-F. Hsieh, E. Gaiser and T. Kratz "Time-scale dependence in numerical simulations: Assessment of physical, chemical, and biological predictions in a stratified lake at temporal from scales of hours to months" Environmental Modelling and Software, v.35, 2012, p.104.

Shade,A., C.-Y. Chiu, K. D. McMahon "Differential bacterial dynamics promote emergent community robustness to lake mixing: an epilimnion to hypolimnion transplant experiment" Environmental Microbiology, v.12, 2010, p.455.

Lewis, D. J., B. Provencher and V. Butsic "The dynamic effects of open-space conservation policies on residential development density" Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, v.57, 2009, p.239.

Weyhenmeyer, G.A.;D.M. Livingstone;M. Meili, O. Jensen;B. Benson;J.J. Magnuson; "Large geographical differences in the sensitivity of ice covered lakes and rivers in the Northern Hemisphere to temperature changes" Global Change Biology, v.17, 2011, p.268-275.

Hoffman, Adam R., Armstrong, David E., Lathrop,Richard C. "Influence of phosphorus scavenging by iron in contrasting dimictic lakes" Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., v.70, 2013, p.941.

Lottig, N. R., T. Wagner, E. N. Henry, K. S. Cheruvelil, K. E. Webster, J. A. Downing and C. A. Stow "Long-term citizen-collected data reveal geographical patterns and temporal trends in lake water clarity" PLoS One, v.9, 2014, p.e95769.

Shade, A., J. S. Read, N. D. Youngblut, N. Fierer, R. Knight, T. K. Kratz, N. R. Lottig, E. E. Roden, E. H. Stanley, J. Stombaugh, R. J. Whitaker, C. H. Wu and K. D. McMahon "Lake microbial communities are resilient after a whole-ecosystem disturbance" The ISME Journal, v.12, 2012, p.2153.

Crawford, J. T., N. R. Lottig, E. H. Stanley, J. F. Walker, P. C. Hanson, J. C. Finlay and R. G. Striegl "CO2 and CH4 emissions from streams in a lake-rich landscape: Patterns, controls and regional significance" Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v.28, 2014, p.197.

Butkas, Katrina J.;Vadeboncoeur, Yvonne;Vander Zanden, M. Jake; "Estimating benthic invertebrate production in lakes: a comparison of methods and scaling from individual taxa to the whole-lake level" Aquatic Sciences, v.73, 2010, p.153-169.

Jones, M.B., Gries, C., "Advances in environmental information management" Ecological Informatics, v.5, 2010, p.1.

Watras, C. J. and K. A. Morrison "The response of two remote, temperate lakes to changes in atmospheric mercury deposition, sulfate, and the water cycle" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.65, 2008, p.100.

Tsai. J.W., T.K. Kratz, P.C. Hanson, J.T. Wu, W.Y.B. Chang, P.W. Arzberger, B.S. Lin, F.P. Lin, H.M. Chou, C.Y. Chiu "Seasonal dynamics, typhoons and the regulation of lake metabolism in a subtropical humic lake" Freshwater Biology, v.53, 2008, p.1929.

Carpenter, S. R.;Cole, J. J.;Pace, M. L.;Batt, R.;Brock, W. A.;Cline, T.;Coloso, J.;Hodgson, J. R.;Kitchell, J. F.;Seekell, D. A.;Smith, L.;Weidel, B.; "Early Warnings of Regime Shifts: A Whole-Ecosystem Experiment" Science, v.332, 2011, p.1079-1082.

Miller, T. R., L. J. Beversdorf, S. D. Chaston and K. D. McMahon "Spatiotemporal molecular analysis of cyanobacteria blooms reveals microcystis-aphanizomenon interactions" PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p.e74933. doi:e74933 

Ahrenstorff, T. D., G. G. Sass and M. R. Helmus "The influence of littoral zone coarse woody habitat on home range size, spatial distribution, and feeding ecology of largemouth bass (micropterus salmoides)." Hydrobiologia, v.623, 2008, p.1.

Ahrenstorff, T. D., G. G. Sass and M. R. Helmus "The influence of littoral zone coarse woody habitat on home range size, spatial distribution, and feeding ecology of largemouth bass (micropterus salmoides)." Hydrobiologia, v.623, 2009, p.1.

Dornelas, M., N. J. Gotelli, B. McGill, H. Shimadzu, F. Moyes, C. Sievers and A. E. Magurran "Assemblage time series reveal biodiversity change but not systematic loss" Science, v.344, 2014, p.296.

McMahon KD, Read EK "Microbial contributions to phosphorus cycling in eutrophic lakes and wastewater" Ann Rev Microbiol, v.67, 2013, p.199.

Fraterrigo, J. M. and J. A. Rusak "Disturbance-driven changes in variability of ecological patterns and processes" Ecology Letter, v.11, 2008, p.756.

Carpenter, Stephen R.;Bennet, Elena M.; "Reconsiderations of the planetary boundary for phosphorous" Environmental Research Letters, v.6, 2011, p.1-12.

Carpenter, S. R. "Phosphorus control is critical to mitigating eutrophication" Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America, v.105, 2008, p.11039.

Scheffer, M., J. Bascompte, W.A. Brock, V. Brovkin, S.R. Carpenter, V. Dakos, H. Held, E.H. Van Nes, M. Rietkerk and G. Sugihara "Early warning signals for critical transitions" Nature, v.461, 2009, p.53.

Sacks, W. J. and C. J. Kucharika "Crop management and phenology trends in the U.S. Corn Belt: Impacts on yields, evapotranspiration and energy balance" Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v.151, 2011, p.882.

Youngblut, N. D., A. Shade, J. S. Read, K. D. McMahon and R. J. Whitakera ( "Lineage-specific responses of microbial communities to environmental change." Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v.79, 2013, p.39.

Stanley, E. H., S. M. Powers, N. R. Lottig, I. Buffam and J. T. Crawford "Contemporary changes in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in human-dominated rivers: is there a role for DOC management?" Freshwater Biology, v.57, 2012, p.26.

Gaeta, J.W.;Guarascio, M.J.;Sass, G.G.;Carpenter, S.R.; "Lakeshore residential development and growth of largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides): a cross-lakes comparison" Ecology of Freshwater Fish, v.20, 2011, p.92-101.

Hogsden, K. L., M. A. Xenopoulos and J. A. Rusak "Asymmetrical food web responses in trophic-level richness, biomass, and function following lake acidification" Aquatic Ecology, v.43, 2009, p.591.

Gaeta, J.W., Hrabik, T.R., Sass, G.G., Roth, B.M., Gilbert, S.J., and Vander Zanden "A whole-lake experiment to control invasive rainbow smelt via overharvest and a food web manipulation" Hydrobiologia, Special Issue: "Invasion Biology, v.746, 2015, p.433. doi:10.1007/s10750-014-1916-3 

Carpenter, S. R. and E. M. Bennett "Reconsideration of the planetary boundary for phosphorus" Environmental Research Letters, v.6, 2011, p..

Ball, B.A., J.S. Kominoski, H.E. Adams, S.E. Jones, E.S. Kane, T.D. Loecke, W.M. Mahaney, J.P. Martina, C.M. Prather, T.M.P. Robinson and C.T. Solomon "Direct and terrestrial vegetation-mediated effects of environmental change on aquatic ecosystem processes" BioScience, v.60, 2010, p.590.

Lawson, Z. and S.R. Carpenter "A Morphometric Approach for Stocking Walleye Fingerlings in Lakes Invaded by Rainbow Smelt" North American Journal of Fish Management, v.34, 2014, p.998.

Cardille, J.A., S.R. Carpenter, J.A. Foley, P.C. Hanson, M.G. Turner, and J.A. Vano "Climate perturbations and lakes: estimating sensitivities of water and carbon budgets" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.114, 2009, p.1. doi:10.1029/2008JG000891 

Read J.S. and K.C. Rose "Physical responses of small temperate lakes to variation in dissolved organic carbon concentrations." Limnology and Oceanography, v.58, 2013, p.921. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.3.0921 

Higgins, S. N.;Vander Zanden, M. J.;Joppa, L. N.;Vadeboncoeur, Y.; "The effect of dreissenid invasions on chlorophyll and the chlorophyll: total phosphorus ratio in north-temperate lakes" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v.68, 2011, p.319-329.

Zipper, S.C. & S.P. Loheide II "Using evapotranspiration to assess drought sensitivity on a subfield scale with HRMET, a high resolution energy balance model" Agricultural & Forest Meteorology, v.197, 2014, p.91. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2014.06.009 

Aguilar, R., J. Pan, C. Gries, I. San Gil and G. Palanisamy "A flexible online metadata editing and management system" Ecological Informatics, v.5, 2010, p.26.

Vano, J. A., J. A. Foley, C. Kucharik and M. T. Coe "Controls of climatic variability and land cover on land surface hydrology of northern Wisconsin, USA" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.113, 2008, p.GO4040.

Hanson, P. C., D. P. Hamilton, E. H. Stanley, N. Preston, O. C. Langman and E. L. Kara "Fate of allochthonous dissolved organic carbon in lakes: A quantitative approach" PLoS ONE, v.6, 2011, p.e21884.

Jones, S.E. and K.D. McMahon "Species sorting may explain an apparent minimal effect of immigration on freshwater bacterial community dynamics" Environmental Microbiology, v.11, 2009, p.905.

Langman, O.C., P.C. Hanson, S.R. Carpenter, Y.H. Hu "Control of dissolved oxygen in northern temperate lakes over scales ranging from minutes to days" aquatic biology, v.9, 2010, p.193. doi:10.3354/ab00249 

Batt, R. D. and S. R. Carpenter "Free-water lake metabolism: addressing noisy time series with a Kalman filter" Limnology and Oceanography:Methods, v.10, 2012, p.20.

R. J. Newton;K. D. McMahon; "Seasonal differences in bacterial community composition following nutrient additions in a eutrophic lake" Environmental Microbiology, v.13, 2011, p.887-899.

Shade, A., C.C. Carey, E. Kars, S. Bertilsson, K.D. McMahon, M.C. Smith "Can the black box be cracked? The augmentation of microbial ecology by high-resolution automated sensing technologies" ISME Journal, v.3, 2009, p.881.

Benson, B. J., J. J. Magnuson, O. P. Jensen,V. M. Card, G. Hodgkins, J. Korhonen, D. M. Livingstone, K. M. Stewart, G. A. Weyhenmeyer, and N. G. Granin "Extreme events, trends, and variability in Northern Hemisphere lake-ice phenology (1855 - 2005)." Climatic Change, v.112, 2012, p.299. doi:10.1007/s10584-011-0212-8 


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The North Temperate Lakes (NTL) Long-Term Ecological Research Program seeks to understand long-term change in lakes and lake districts. This is an ongoing program that began in 1981 and focuses on two sets of study lakes; one group of lakes resides in Wisconsin’s Northern Highland Lake District (forested landscape) and the other is in the Yahara Lake District (urban and agricultural landscape) in the south-central region of the state. During the 2008-2014 funding cycle, we focused on four interacting themes:

  1. Perception of long-term change: How and why have lake districts changed, and how will they change in the future?
  2. Climate forcing of change: What are the major ecological and social responses of lake districts to climate change?
  3. Interacting Drivers, Scales of Space and Time, and Regional Change: How do multiple interacting drivers affect regional change in lake districts at multiple scales?
  4. Ecosystem Services: Past, Present and Future: What are the magnitudes, interactions, and potential future flows of ecosystem services in lake districts?

 

Pursuit of these questions resulted in: 262 journal articles plus book chapters, 1 book, 24 graduate theses/dissertations, development of a suite of new tools to facilitate research and environmental monitoring, multiple data sets that are easily and freely downloadable,  direct and indirect support for hundreds of students, enhancement of K-12 and university-level educational activities, diverse outreach activities including an art-science initiative and open houses to share science with the public, and inspiration for several new, affiliated research initiatives.  Examples of project outcomes for each of the four study themes include the following:

A. construction of phosphorus (P) budgets for Lake Mendota over a 30-year period revealed substantial inter-annual variability, and despite aggressive management efforts, there has been no notable decline in P inputs to the lake. These budgets suggest that improvements associated with management activities have been countered by increasing occurrence of large storms that are particularly effective at delivering this critical nutrient to the lake.

B.  NTL researchers developed the first-ever model of climate effects on lake ice and temperature dynamics to better understand changes associated with warming and shortened ice duration over a time scale of 100 years

C.  Several NTL studies focused on the factors that determine the spread of aquatic invasive species across the landscape, and the ecological and economic consequences of these unwanted plants and animals. These studies revealed that invasives were far more prevalent in Wisconsin lakes than had been thought, but that populations of these unwanted invaders typically occur at relatively low densities. Along with this research, NTL scientists developed an interactive public web page that reports on the presence of the four major aquatic invaders for Wisconsin lakes.

D. Lakes provide a variety of ecosystem services, or human benefits, yet these benefits are difficult to quantify and manage. In an effort to improve understanding of ecosystem services, a group of NTL investigators developed an interdisciplinary class for graduate students on ecosystem services. This class resulted in a peer-reviewed article about the class, several new data sets and models for quantifying ecosystem services, and inspired a new study initiative on the future of ecosystem services in the Yahara Lakes watershed.

 

Collectively, these diverse activities have provided myriad insights into the nature and causes of long-term change in lakes, and the tools, data, and the next generation of scientists to study and manage these ecosystems, and sought to transfer the technology and understanding to resource managers, policy makers, and the public at large.


Last Modified: 01/29/2017
Modified by: Emily H Stanley

For specific questions or comments about this information including the NSF Project Outcomes Report, contact us.