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Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:Nevada System of Higher Education
  • Gayle L Dana
  • (775) 674-7538
  • Nicholas Lancaster
  • Scott A Mensing
  • Thomas C Piechota
Award Date:09/04/2008
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 15,000,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 15,000,000
  • FY 2009=$3,000,000
  • FY 2008=$3,000,000
  • FY 2010=$3,000,000
  • FY 2012=$3,000,000
  • FY 2011=$3,000,000
Start Date:09/01/2008
End Date:08/31/2013
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.083
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Nevada Infrastructure for Climate Change Science, Education, and Outreach
Federal Award ID Number:0814372
DUNS ID:041654195
Parent DUNS ID:067808063
Program:EPSCoR Research Infrastructure

Awardee Location

Street:2601 Enterprise Road
Awardee Cong. District:02

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Nevada System of Higher Education
Street:2601 Enterprise Road
Cong. District:02

Abstract at Time of Award

Abstract Proposal: EPS-08114372 Proposal Title: Nevada Infrastructure for Climate Change Science, Education, and Outreach Institution: Nevada System of Higher Education This Nevada EPSCoR Rll project seeks to create a statewide interdisciplinary program that stimulates research, education, and outreach centered on the effects of regional climate change on ecosystem resources. The six focus areas in this project are: climate modeling; ecological change; water resources; cyberinfrastructure; education; and policy, including related decision-making and public outreach. The goal is to build capacity to model regional climate change, evaluate methods to downscale model output, understand and quantify key ecological and hydrological processes, translate climate change science into formats usable by decision-makers, integrate models and data, and improve how students learn about climate change. Intellectual Merit: Ongoing climate changes in Nevada are resulting in complex interactions among climate, biophysical, and human systems. To date, most efforts to address these issues have been directed at the global scale. There is limited understanding of regional processes and their impacts. This project will take an integrated approach to learning how climate change will affect water resources, linked ecosystem services, and human systems. The primary questions to be addressed are (1) How will climate change affect water resources and linked ecosystem services and human systems? and (2) How will climate change affect disturbance regimes and linked systems? Related questions include identification of forcing factors underlying recent climate changes; feedback mechanisms between climate and vegetation; impact of locally generated aerosols on climate; and effects of change in precipitation type on hydrology. This project in the unique natural laboratory of the Great Basin has the potential to transform climate change studies at regional and sub-regional scales. Broader Impacts: Strategies to increase diversity are woven throughout the six components that will drive the research. A key strategy is to make results from the research easily available via an accessible, on-line data portal. Outreach to diverse stakeholders will be accomplished by identifying important needs in climate change research as well as informing and involving the public in climate change science. Nevada has a strong history of involvement in K-12 outreach as well as undergraduate and graduate research. This outreach will continue with summer research programs, academic year scholarships, mentorship programs for graduate students, and training for teachers in climate change science. Recruitment of new faculty and graduate students will target underrepresented groups. A statewide virtual information center for climate change will be created to focus on outreach, and visualization strategies will be employed to communicate findings to the public and policy makers.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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M. Gautam, K. Chief, and W. Smith Jr. "Climate Change in Arid Lands and Native American Socioeconomic Vulnerability: The Case of the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe" Climatic Change, v.120, 2013, p.588-599.

Dorman, C., Mejia, J., Koracin, D. "Impact of U.S. west coastline inhomogeneity and synoptic forcing on winds, wind stress, and wind stress curl during upwelling season" Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, v.118, 2013, p.1-6. doi:10.1002/jgrc.20282 

Tang, C.; Piechota T. "Spatial and Temporal Soil Moisture and Drought Variability in the Upper Colorado River Basin" Journal of Hydrology, v., 2009, p.122.

Liu, Z. and S.T.Y. Tong "Using HSPF to model the hydrologic and water quality impacts of riparian land-use change in a small watershed" Journal of Environmental Informatics, v.17(1), 2011, p.1-14.

A. Kalra, W.P. Miller, K.W. Lamb, S. Ahmad, and T. Piechota "Using large scale climatic patterns for improving long lead time streamflow forecasts for Gunnison and San Juan River Basins" Hydrological Processes, v.27, 2013, p.1543-1559.

A. Kalra, W.P. Miller, K.W. Lamb, S. Ahmad, T. Piechota "Using large scale climatic patterns for improving long lead time streamflow forecasts for Gunnison and San Juan River Basins" Hydrological Processes, v.27, 2013, p.1543-1559.

Y. Choi and S. Latifi "Modern Flash Memory Technologies: A Flash Translation Layer Perspective" International Journal of High Performance Systems Architecture, v.4, 2013, p.167-182.

Stephen, H.; Ahmad S.; Piechota, T.C. "Relating surface backscatter response from TRMM precipitation radar to soil moisture: results over a semi-arid region" Hydrology and Earth System Science, v., 2010, p.193.

E. Sharifahmadian and S. Latifi "Cognitive Congestion Control for Data Portals with Variable Link Capacity" International Journal of Communications, Network and System Sciences, v.5, 2012, p.481-489.

Dawadi, S., & Ahmad, S. "Evaluating the Impact of Demand-Side Management on Water Resources Under Changing Climatic Conditions and Increasing Population" Journal of Environmental Management, v.114, 2013, p.261-75. doi:0364-152X 

Zang, C., and F. Biondi "Dendroclimatic calibration in R: The bootRes package for response and correlation function analysis" Dendrochronologia, v.31, 2013, p.68-74.

Tootle, G.T.; Piechota T.C.; Aziz O.; Miller W.P.; Lakshmi V.; Dracup J.A.; Jerla C. "2009-2010 El Niño: Hydrologic Relief for Parts of the U.S.?" EOS Transactions, v., 2009, p.481.

S. Strachan, F. Biondi, and J. Leising "A 550-year reconstruction of streamflow variability in Spring Valley, Nevada, USA" Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, v.138, 2012, p.326-333.

Kauneckis, D. , Tosun, M. S "Examining the theoretical linkages between climate change, food security and migration" Border-Lines: Food Security and International Migration, v.5, 2011, p.69-89.

Miller, W.P, Piechota, T.C, Gangopadhyay, S., Pruitt, T. "Development of Streamflow Projections under Changing Climate Conditions over Colorado River Basin Headwaters" Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, v.15, 2011, p.2145-2164. doi:DOI:10.5194/hess-15-2145-2011 

Stephen, H.; Ahmad S.; Piechota, T.C. "Land Surface Brightness Temperature Modeling Using Solar Insolation" IEEE Transaction on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v., 2010, p.491.

Biondi, F.; Jamieson L.; Strachan S.; Sibold, J. "Dendroecological testing of the pyroclimatic hypothesis in the central Great Basin, Nevada, USA" Ecosphere, v., 2011, p.. doi:10.1890/ES10-00068.1 

Kleppe, J. A., Brothers, D. S., Kent, G., Biondi, F., Jensen, S. E., Driscoll, N. "Duration and severity of Medieval drought in the Lake Tahoe Basin" Quaternary Science Reviews, v.30(23-2, 2011, p.3269-3279.

Baghzouz M.; Devitt D.A.; Fenstermaker L.F.,; and Young M.H. "Monitoring Vegetation Phenological Cycles in Two Different Semi-Arid Environmental Settings Using a Ground-Based NDVI System: A Potential Approach to Improve Satellite Data Interpretation" Remote Sensing, v., 2011, p.. doi:10.3390/rs2040990 

Culbert, P.D., Radeloff, V.C., St-Louis, V., Flather, C.H., Rittenhouse, C.D., Albright, T.P. & Pidgeon, A.M. "Modeling broad-scale patterns of avian species richness across the Midwestern United States with measures of satellite image texture" Remote Sensing of Environment,, v.118, 2012, p.140-150. doi:DOI:10.1016/j.rse.2011.11.004 

Miller, W.P.; Piechota T.C. "Regional Analysis of Trend and Step Changes Observed in Hydroclimatic Variables Around the Colorado River Basin" Journal of Hydrometeorology, v.9, 2009, p.1020.

Soukup, T.; Aziz O.; Tootle G.; Piechota T.; Wulff S. "Long Lead-time Streamflow Forecasting of the North Platte River Incorporating Oceanic-Atmospheric Climate Variability" Journal of Hydrology, v.368, 2009, p.131.

Li, Z., Q. Dong, T.P. Albright, & Q.F. Guo "Natural and human dimensions of a quasi-wild species: The case of kudzu" Biological Invasions, v.13, 2011, p.2167-2179. doi:DOI:10.1007/s10530-011-0042-7 

R. Guida, S. Abella, H. Stephen, and C. Roberts "Climatic Change and desert vegetation distribution: Assessing 30 years of change in southern Nevada's Mojave Desert" The Professional Geographer, v., 2013, p.1-12. doi:10.1080/00330124.2013.787007 

Aziz, O.A.; Tootle, G.A.; Gray, S.T.; and Piechota, T.C. "Identification of Pacific Ocean sea surface temperature influences of Upper Colorado River Basin snowpack" Water Resources Research, v., 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2009WR008053 

S Dawadi and S Ahmad "Changing Climatic Conditions in the Colorado River Basin: Implications for Water Resources Management" Journal of Hydrology, v.430-431, 2012, p.127-141. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.02.010. 

S. Mensing S. Strachan, J. Arnone, L. Fenstermaker, F. Biondi, D. Devitt, B. Johnson, B. Bird, and E. Fritzinger "A Network for Observing Great Basin Climate Change" Eos, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union (AGU), v.94, 2012, p.105-106.

Biondi, F. "Space-time kriging extension of precipitation variability at 12 km spacing from tree-ring chronologies and its implications for drought analysis" Hydrology and Earth System Science Discussions, v.10, 2013, p.4301-4335.

Biondi, F., Jamieson, L., Strachan, S., Sibold, J., "Dendroecological testing of the pyroclimatic hypothesis in the central Great Basin, Nevada, USA" Ecosphere, v.2(1), 2011, p.art5, 20. doi:DOI:10.1890/ES10-00068.1 

G. Tang and J.A. Arnone III "Trends in surface air temperature and temperature extremes in the Great Basin during the 20th century from ground-based observations." Journal of Geophysical Research-- Atmosphere, v.118, 2013, p.3579-3589. doi:10.1002/JGRD.50360. 

J. W. Cheek, F. Biondi, J. S. Sibold, and R. Tausch "Fuel analysis and potential fire behavior in mixed conifer woodlands of the Great Basin, Nevada, USA" Physical Geography, v.33, 2012, p.205-228.

C. Carrier, A. Kalra, and S. Ahmad, "Using Paleo Reconstructions to Improve Streamflow Forecast Lead-Time in the Western United States" Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA), v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1111/jawra.12088. 

Saito L, Loucks D.P., Grayman W.M. "Road to 2050: visions for a more sustainable future" Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, v.138, 2012, p.1-2.

T.P. Albright, S. Ferguson, J. Li, B. Perryman, and R.S. Nowak "Explaining patterns of species dominance in the shrub steppe systems of the Junggar Basin (China) and Great Basin (USA)" Journal of Arid Lands, v.5, 2013, p.415-427. doi:10.1007/s40333-013-0174-y 

Solander, K.; Saito L.; Biondi, F. "Streamflow simulation using a water-balance model with annually-resolved inputs" Journal of Hydrology, v., 2010, p.. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.03.028 

Brandstetter III, W.E.,Mahsman, J.D., White C.J., Dascalu, S.M., and Harris, F.C., Jr. "Multi-Resolution Deformation in Out-of-Core Terrain Rendering" International Journal of Computers and Their Applications, v.vol. 18, 2011, p.263-272.

Mensing, S., Sharpe, S.. Tunno, I., Sada, D., Thomas, J., Starratt, S., Smith, J. "The Late Holocene Dry Period: multiproxy evidence for an extended drought between 2800 and 1850 cal yr BP across the central Great Basin, USA" Quaternary Science Reviews, v.78, 2013, p.266-282.

Jiang, P., Gautam, M.R., Zhu, J., Yu, Z., "How well do the GCM/RCMs capture the multi-scale temporal variability of precipitation in the Southwestern United States" Journal of Hydrology, v.479, 2013, p.75-85. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2012.11.041 

Miller, W.P., Piechota, T.C. "Trends in Western U.S. Snowpack and Related Upper Colorado River Basin Streamflow" Journal of American Water Resources Association, v.47, 2011, p.1197-1210. doi:DOI: 10.1111/j.1752-1688.2011.00565.x 

Devitt, D. A.; Fenstermaker, L. F.; Young, M. H.; Conrad, B.; Baghzouz, M.; and Bird, B. M. "Evapotranspiration of mixed shrub communities in phreatophytic zones of the Great Basin region of Nevada (USA)" Ecohydrology, v., 2011, p.. doi:10.1002/eco.169 

Timilsena, J.; Piechota T.; Tootle G.; Singh A. "Associations of Interdecadal/Interannual Climate Variability and Long-Term Colorado River Basin Streamflow" Journal of Hydrology, v.365, 2009, p.289.

Safi A., W. Smith Jr., Z. Liu. "Rural Nevada and Climate Change: Vulnerability, Beliefs, and Risk Perception" Risk Analysis, v.32, 2012, p.57958. doi:DOI: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2012.01836x 

Xie, Z., Z. Liu, J.W. Jones, A.L. Higer, and P. A. Telis "Landscape unit based digital elevation model development for the freshwater wetlands within the Arthur C. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge, Southeastern Florida" Applied Geography, v.31, 2011, p.401-412.

Biondi, F., Strachan, S. "The Nevada NSF-EPSCoR Instrumented Transects: A Tool for Mountain-to-Valley Ecohydrology" Mountain Views, v.5(1), 2011, p.2-4.

Strachan, S.; Biondi, F.; Leising, J. "A 550-year reconstruction of streamflow variability in Spring Valley, Nevada, USA" Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, v., 2012, p.. doi:DOI:10.1061/(ASCE)WR.1943-5452.0000180 

Mejia, J.F., Huntington, J., Hatchett, B., Koracin, D., Niswonger,R.G., "Linking Global Climate Models to an Integrated Hydrologic Model: Using an Individual Station Downscaling Approach" Journal of Contemporary Water Research and Education, v.147, 2012, p.17-27.

Tang, C., Piechota, T.C., Tang, D. "Relationships between oceanic atmospheric patterns and soil moisture in the Upper Colorado River Basin" Journal of Hydrology, v.411, 2011, p.77-90. doi:DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.09.035 

Lamb, K.W., Piechota, T.C., Aziz, O.A., Toottle, G.A. "A Basis For Extending Long-Term Streamflow Forecasts In The Colorado River Basin" Journal of Hydrologic Engineering, v.16, 2011, p.1000. doi:DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0000153 

Project Outcomes Report


This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.