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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA
Doing Business As Name:University of Arizona
PD/PI:
  • Jenny J Lee
  • (520) 621-0954
  • jennylee@arizona.edu
Award Date:05/11/2021
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 199,999
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 199,999
  • FY 2021=$199,999
Start Date:05/15/2021
End Date:04/30/2022
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.079
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:RAPID International Type I: Understanding the Nature of US-China Research Collaborations on COVID-19
Federal Award ID Number:2129476
DUNS ID:806345617
Parent DUNS ID:072459266
Program:International Research Collab
Program Officer:
  • Maija Kukla
  • (703) 292-4940
  • mkukla@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:888 N Euclid Ave
City:Tucson
State:AZ
ZIP:85719-4824
County:Tucson
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:03

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Arizona
Street:1430 E 2nd St, Rm 305
City:Tucson
State:AZ
ZIP:85721-0158
County:Tucson
Country:US
Cong. District:03

Abstract at Time of Award

Part 1. During the SARS-COV-2 pandemic, scientists from the U.S. and China collaborated more frequently on pandemic-related research papers than they had on papers in general over the previous five years, underscoring the value of international collaboration in addressing global crises. What remains largely unknown is how such collaboration occurred. The primary objective of this study is to examine how U.S.-China research collaboration on COVID-19 occurred and, in particular, how scientific nationalism and global competitiveness shaped these collaborations. The project will move beyond standard bibliometric analysis of research collaborations to conduct mixed method survey research to better understand how collaborative relationships were established or maintained and the challenges experienced or overcome by scientists collaborating on COVID-19 research. The findings will generate crucial insights on how to effectively balance the need to rapidly produce knowledge, overcome disruptions to research processes, and ensure research abides by established regulatory protocols. The long-ranging impact will be to enhance understanding of how science and technology cooperation can more effectively be supported in the future, especially in times of global crisis. Part 2. The research addresses the intensifying intersection between geopolitics and global science by engaging directly with US and Chinese scientists collaborating on COVID-19. The study employs a multi-disciplinary approach incorporating frameworks from research policy studies and securitization studies to identify the range of challenges scientists experienced during the pandemic and how scholarly relationships were created or maintained. Data will be based on a survey and interviews among US and Chinese scientists who have coauthored a US-China scientific paper on COVID-19. Among the key data analyses will be to examine the extent to which securitization may have supported or hindered the COVID-19 research collaboration, as well as its impact on future collaboration. Additional analyses will investigate potential differences based on whether the scientific research was federally funded. The findings will contribute to current understandings of the relationship between the nation-state and international science cooperation, particularly the impact that global crises and geopolitics may have on scientists’ abilities to engage in the global knowledge network to produce knowledge on urgent cross-border issues. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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