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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:Louisiana State University
  • Shisheng Li
  • (225) 578-9102
  • Weiguo A Tao
Award Date:05/12/2021
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 685,032
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 685,032
  • FY 2021=$685,032
Start Date:06/01/2021
End Date:05/31/2024
Transaction Type:Grant
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.074
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Regulation of transcription coupled DNA repair
Federal Award ID Number:2102072
DUNS ID:075050765
Parent DUNS ID:940050792
Program:Genetic Mechanisms
Program Officer:
  • Manju Hingorani
  • (703) 292-7323

Awardee Location

Street:202 Himes Hall
City:Baton Rouge
County:Baton Rouge
Awardee Cong. District:06

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Louisiana State University
Street:Department of Comparative Biomed
City:Baton Rouge
County:Baton Rouge
Cong. District:06

Abstract at Time of Award

Nucleotide excision repair (NER) is a conserved DNA repair process that removes bulky and/or helix-distorting lesions in damaged DNA. Transcription coupled repair (TCR) and global genomic repair (GGR) are two pathways that constitute NER. TCR is triggered by stalling of RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) at DNA damage sites and is dedicated to rapid removal of lesions in the transcribed strand of actively transcribed genes. TCR in eukaryotic cells is a complicated process and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unresolved. In this project, a variety of approaches, including yeast genetics and proteomics, will be used to address long-standing questions about how TCR is regulated. This research on a fundamental DNA repair pathway will yield new insights into biological processes that maintain genome stability in the face of constant exposure to DNA damage. The project also includes substantive educational components, including training of graduate and undergraduate students as well as STEM outreach to local school students. The project has three objectives. The first will address how the RNAPII stalk, consisting of Rpb4 and Rpb7 proteins, regulates TCR. Rpb4 and Rpb7 can either repress or facilitate TCR and directly interact with many as-yet-unidentified proteins. Rpb4 and Rpb7-interacting proteins will be identified and their functions in TCR will be analyzed. The second objective will examine how TCR facilitators, including Rad26, Rpb9, Sen1 and Elf1, interplay with each other, with the TCR repressors Spt4/Spt5, and with RNAPII to regulate transcriptional lesion bypass and TCR. Finally, the third objective will investigate the role of the Pleckstrin homology domain (PHD) of Tfb1, a TFIIH subunit, in TCR and GGR. Together these studies will advance our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of transcription coupled DNA repair. This research is funded by the Genetic Mechanisms program in the Division of Molecular and Cellular Biosciences in the Directorate of Biological Sciences. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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