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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:RECTOR & VISITORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINIA
Doing Business As Name:University of Virginia Main Campus
PD/PI:
  • Karen McGlathery
  • (434) 924-0558
  • kjm4k@virginia.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Patricia L Wiberg
  • John H Porter
Award Date:12/06/2006
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 4,919,999
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 5,613,271
  • FY 2012=$933,994
  • FY 2009=$935,000
  • FY 2010=$960,761
  • FY 2008=$913,998
  • FY 2011=$943,350
  • FY 2007=$926,168
Start Date:12/15/2006
End Date:11/30/2014
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.074
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Long-Term Drivers, State Change and Disturbance on the Virginia Coast Reserve: LTER V
Federal Award ID Number:0621014
DUNS ID:065391526
Parent DUNS ID:065391526
Program:LONG TERM ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH

Awardee Location

Street:P.O. BOX 400195
City:CHARLOTTESVILLE
State:VA
ZIP:22904-4195
County:Charlottesville
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:05

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Virginia Main Campus
Street:P.O. BOX 400195
City:CHARLOTTESVILLE
State:VA
ZIP:22904-4195
County:Charlottesville
Country:US
Cong. District:05

Abstract at Time of Award

Humans are altering ecosystems at unprecedented rates, especially in the coastal zone. The Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR) LTER aims to develop predictive understanding of how long-term environmental change and short-term disturbances control the dynamic nature of coastal barrier landscapes. The landscape is heterogeneous, comprised of mainland watersheds, tidal marshes, lagoons and barrier islands. The central hypothesis is that ecosystem dynamics and pattern on the landscape are controlled by the interactions of vertical positions of the land, sea, and groundwater free surfaces, and the fluxes of organisms and materials across the landscape. Proposed and continuing research is organized around synthetic questions: (1) How do long-term drivers of change (climate, rising sea level, and land-use change) and short-term disturbances interact to alter ecosystem dynamics and state change, and how is their effect modified by internal processes and feedbacks at the local scale? (2) How do fluxes of organisms and materials across the landscape influence ecosystem dynamics and state change? (3) In the future, what will be the structure of the landscape and what processes will drive state changes? The first question is a continuation of past VCR research, while the latter questions are new. Modeling and process-level studies also address the biogeochemical and trophic consequences of state change on the landscape. The project uses a combination of long-term monitoring and experiments, shorter-term process studies, and modeling. Patterns, processes and interactions are examined within landscape units (watershed, tidal marsh, lagoon, barrier island), within mainland-lagoon-island box transects, and across the entire system of islands and lagoons. Processes are considered at temporal scales from hours (e.g., element cycling) to decades (e.g., succession) to more than a century (e.g., sea-level rise). Research includes ecologists, hydrologists, biogeochemists, atmospheric scientists, oceanographers, modelers, and specialists in remote sensing and informatics. Understanding and predicting how multiple factors influence ecosystems and their services are critical challenges for environmental scientists and resource managers. VCR is a relatively pristine coastal system that can be compared with other sites to understand how coastal systems in general respond to drivers of global change. VCR has been very active in outreach, training and network activities. Its Schoolyard Program contributes important training and infrastructure to the primary and secondary schools in the local county, which is one of the poorest in the state; over half the students are women and minorities. Training of future environmental scientists through graduate programs at participating institutions is one of the priorities of the program. Each funding cycle VCR trains over 40 graduate students and about 20 undergraduates, about half of which are women and minorities. Scientific findings and technical information are broadly disseminated through the VCR website, scientific publications and presentations, and the media. VCR has developed links with conservation organizations, and local, state, and federal agencies through outreach efforts. VCR also has a strong partnership with The Nature Conservancy to address the important management and conservation problems facing this region. This puts VCR in an excellent position to provide a solid, scientific foundation for making decisions related to planning, management, and ecosystem restoration. This partnership can also serve as a model for science-based management of other dynamic coastal barrier systems.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Thomsen, M. S. and Muth, M. F. and McGlathery, K. J. "Tube-forming polycheates enhance invertebrate density and abundance in sandy sediments in Mozambique, Africa" African Journal of Marine Science, v.33, 2011, p.327-332.

Mied, Richard P. and Schulz, William J. and Handler, Robert A. and Snow, Charlotte M. and Fusina, Robert A. and Porter, John H. "Remote and local forcing of a coastal lagoon: The Virginia Coast Reserve" Continental Shelf Research, v.30, 2010, p.2057-2066.

Steven T. Brantley;Donald R. Young; "Shrub expansion stimulates soil C and N storage along a coastal soil chronosequence" Global Change Biology, v.16, 2010, p.2052-2061.

Moore, LJ; List, JH; Williams, SJ; Stolper, D "Complexities in barrier island response to sea level rise: Insights from numerical model experiments, North Carolina Outer Banks" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, v.115, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2009JF00129  View record at Web of Science

John H. Porter; "A Brief History of Data Sharing in the U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network" Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, v.91, 2010, p.14-20.

Kirwan, M.L. and Christian, R.R. and Blum, L.K. and Brinson, M.M. "On the relationship between sea level and Spartina alterniflora production" Ecosystems, v.15, 2012, p.140-147.

Erwin, R. M., and R. A. Beck "Restoration of waterbird habitats in Chesapeake Bay: Great expectations or Sisyphus revisited?" Waterbirds, v.30, 2007, p.163.  

Feagin, RA; Smith, WK; Psuty, NP; Young, DR; Martinez, ML; Carter, GA; Lucas, KL; Gibeaut, JC; Gemma, JN; Koske, RE "Barrier Islands: Coupling Anthropogenic Stability with Ecological Sustainability" JOURNAL OF COASTAL RESEARCH, v.26, 2010, p.987. doi:10.2112/09-1185.  View record at Web of Science

Leach, A. M. and Galloway, J. N. and Bleeker, A. and Erisman, J. W. and Kohn, R. and Kitzes, J. "A nitrogen footprint model to help consumers understand their role in nitrogen losses to the environment" Environmental Development, v.1, 2012, p.40-66.

Erwin, R. M. and Haramis, G. M. and Perry, M. C. and Watts, B. D. "Waterbirds of the Chesapeake region: An introduction" Waterbirds, v.30, 2007, p.1-3.

Naumann, J.D. and Anderson, D.R. and Young, D.R. "Spatial variations in salinity stress across a coastal landscape using vegetation indices derived from hyperspectral imagery" Plant Ecology, v.202, 2009, p.285-297.

Feagin, R.A. and Smith, W.K. and Psuty, N.P. and Nordstrom, K.F. and Carter, G.A. and Gemma, J.N. and Gibeaut, J.C and Koske, R.E. and Martinez, M.L. and Young, D.R. "Barrier islands: coupling anthropogenic stability with ecological sustainability" Journal of Coastal Research, v.26, 2010, p.987-992.

Fagherazzi, S., M. Hannion, and P. D?Odorico. "Geomorphic structure of tidal hydrodynamics in salt marsh creeks." Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p.W02419.

Day, J. W., R. R. Christian, D. M. Boesch, A. Yáñez-Arancibia, J. T. Morris, R. R. Twilley, L. Naylor, L. Schaffner, and C. Stevenson "Consequences of Climate Change on the Ecogeomorphology of Coastal Wetlands" Estuaries and Coasts, v.31, 2008, p.477.

Thomsen, M. S. and McGlathery, K. J. "Stress tolerance of the invasive macroalgae Codium fragile and Gracilaria vermiculophylla in a soft-bottom turbid lagoon" Biological Invasions, v.9, 2007, p.499-513.

McFrederick, Quinn S. and Kathilankal, James C. and Fuentes, Jose D. "Air pollution modifies floral scent trails" Atmospheric Environment, v.42, 2008, p.2336?234.

OConnell, M.;Shugart, Herman H.;Okin, G.; "Measurement and monitoring of barrier island forest sensitivity to ecohydrological change using LiDAR remote sensing" Journal of Coastal Research, v., 2012, p.doi:10.21.

Orth, R. J.;McGlathery, Karen J.; "Eelgrass recovery in the coastal bays of the Virginia Coast Reserve, USA" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.173-176.

Thomsen, M. S. and McGlathery, K. J. and Schwartzchild, A. and Silliman, B. R. "Distribution and ecological role of the non-native macroalga Gracilaria vermiculophylla in Virginia salt marshes" Biological Invasions, v.11, 2009, p.2303-2316.

Gedan, Keryn and Kirwan, Matthew and Wolanski, Eric and Barbier, Edward and Silliman, Brian "The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: answering recent challenges to the paradigm" Climatic Change, v.106, 2011, p.7-29.

Moncrief, N. D. and Van den Bussche, R. A. and Dueser, R. D. and Loftis, D. and Cockett, N. E. and Culver, M. "Diagnostic genetic marker that differentiates eastern fox squirrels from eastern gray squirrels" Journal of Wildlife Management, v.72, 2008, p.320-323.

Hardison, AK; Canuel, EA; Anderson, IC; Veuger, B "Fate of macroalgae in benthic systems: carbon and nitrogen cycling within the microbial community" MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES, v.414, 2010, p.41. doi:10.3354/meps0872  View record at Web of Science

Kathilankal, James C. and Mozdzer, Thomas and Fuentes, Jose D and D?Odorico, Paolo and McGlathery, Karen J. and Zieman, Jay C. "Tidal influences on carbon assimilation by a salt marsh" Environmental Research Letters, v.3, 2008, p.044010.

Naumann, Julie C. and Anderson, John E. and Young, Donald R. "Linking physiological responses, chlorophyll fluorescence and hyperspectral imagery to detect salinity stress using the physiological reflectance index in the coastal shrub, Myrica cerifera" Remote Sensing of Environment, v.112, 2008, p.3865-3875.

Orth, R. J.;Moore, K. A.;Marion, S. R.;Wilcox, D.;Parrish, D.; "Seed addition facilitates Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) recovery in a coastal bays system (USA)" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.177-195.

Ksiazek, K. and McGlathery, K. and Reynolds, L. and Schwarzschild, A. and Wilkerson, C. and Carruthers, T.J.B. "Learning about Coastal Trends: what is the story with seagrasses... and how does it affect me?" Science Activities, v.46, 2009, p.27-31.

Charles M. Bachmann; Nichols, C. R.; Montes, M.; Li, R.; Woodward, P.; Fusina, R. A.; Chen, W.; Mishra, V.; Kim, W.; Monty, J.; McIlhany, K.; Kessler, K.; Korwan, D.; Miller, D.; Bennert, E.; Smith, G.; Gillis, D.; Sellers, J.; Parrish, C., et al. "Retrieval of Substrate Bearing Strength from Hyperspectral Imagery During the Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR 07) Multi-Sensor Campaign" Marine Geodesy, v.33, 2010, p.101-116.

Thomsen, M. S. and Silliman, B. R. and McGlathery, K. J. "Spatial variation in recruitment of native and invasive sessile species onto oyster reefs in a temperate soft-bottom lagoon" Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, v.72, 2007, p.89-101.

Orth, R. J. and Moore, K. A. and Marion, S. R. and Wilcox, D. and Parrish, D. "Seed addition facilitates Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) recovery in a coastal bays system (USA)" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.177-195.

Bachmann, CM; Montes, MJ; Fusina, RA; Parrish, C; Sellars, J; Weidemann, A; Goode, W; Nichols, CR; Woodward, P; McIlhany, K; Hill, V; Zimmerman, R; Korwan, D; Truitt, B; Schwarzschild, A "Bathymetry Retrieval from Hyperspectral Imagery in the Very Shallow Water Limit: A Case Study from the 2007 Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR'07) Multi-Sensor Campaign" MARINE GEODESY, v.33, 2010, p.53. doi:10.1080/0149041090353433  View record at Web of Science

McFrederick, QS; Fuentes, JD; Roulston, T; Kathilankal, JC; Lerdau, M "Effects of air pollution on biogenic volatiles and ecological interactions" OECOLOGIA, v.160, 2009, p.411. doi:10.1007/s00442-009-1318-  View record at Web of Science

Erwin, R Michael and McGowan, Peter C and Reese, Jan "Predator removal enhances waterbird restoration in Chesapeake Bay (Maryland)" Ecological Restoration, v.29, 2011, p.20-21. doi:10.1353/ecr.2011.0017 

Egge, N and Macko, S "Determining Historic Extent of Seagrass (Zostera Marina) Cover in Virginia's Coastal Bays" Mineralogical Magazine, v.76, 2012, p.1677.

McGinnis, D. F. and Berg, P. and Brand, A. and Lorrai, C. and Edmonds, T. J. and Wuest, A. "Measurements of eddy correlation oxygen fluxes in shallow freshwaters: Towards routine applications and analysis" Geophysical Research Letters, v.35, 2008, p..

Flewelling, Samuel A. and Herman, Janet S. and Hornberger, George M. and Mills, Aaron L. "Travel time controls the magnitude of nitrate discharge in groundwater bypassing the riparian zone to a stream on Virginia's coastal plain" Hydrological Processes, v.26, 2012, p.1242-125.

Gu, C. H., G. M. Hornberger, J. S. Herman, and A. L. Mills "Effect of freshets on the flux of groundwater nitrate through streambed sediments" Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p..  

Porter, John H.;Hanson, P.C.;Lin, Chau-Chin; "Staying Afloat in the Sensor Data Deluge" Evolution, v.27, 2012, p.122-129.

Thomsen, MS and Muth, MF and McGlathery, KJ "Tube-forming polychaetes enhance invertebrate diversity and abundance in sandy sediments of Mozambique, Africa" African Journal of Marine Science, v.33, 2011, p.327-332. doi:10.2989/1814232X.2011.600433 

Mozdzer, TJ; Zieman, JC; McGlathery, KJ "Nitrogen Uptake by Native and Invasive Temperate Coastal Macrophytes: Importance of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen" ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v.33, 2010, p.784. doi:10.1007/s12237-009-9254-  View record at Web of Science

Priestas, A.M.;Sergio Fagherazzi; "Morphological barrier island changes and recovery of dunes after Hurricane Dennis, St. George Island, Florida" Geomorphology, v.114, 2010, p.614-626.

Gu, C., G.M. Hornberger, A.L. Mills, J.S. Herman "Influence of stream-groundwater interactions in the streambed sediments on NO3- flux to a low-relief coastal stream" Water Resour. Res., v.44, 2008, p.W11432.

Ramsey I. I.I, E.;Rangoonwala, A.;Thomsen, Mads S.;Arthur C. Schwarzschild; "Coastal Research Center spectral definition of the macroalgae Ulva curvata in the back-barrier bays of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, USA." International Journal of Remote Sensing, v.33, 2012, p.586-603.

Tonelli, M. and Fagherazzi, S. and Petti, M. "Modeling wave impact on salt marsh boundaries" J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, v.115, 2010, p.C09028.

Ramsey III, E. and Rangoonwala, A. and Thomsen, M. and Schwarzschild, A.C. "Coastal Research Center spectral definition of the macroalgae Ulva curvata in the back-barrier bays of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, USA." International Journal of Remote Sensing, v.33, 2012, p.586-603.

Carr, J. A.;D;McGlathery, Karen J.;Wiberg, Patricia; "Stability and resilience of seagrass meadows to seasonal and interannual dynamics and environmental stress" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.117, 2012, p.doi:10.10.

Hardison, A. K. and Canuel, E. A. and Anderson, I. C. and Veuger, B. "Fate of macroalgae in benthic systems: carbon and nitrogen cycling within the microbial community" Mar. Ecol. Prog. Ser., v.414, 2010, p.41-55.

Vick, J. K. and Young, D. R. "Corticular photosynthesis: a mechanism to enhance shrub expansion in coastal environments" Photosynthetica, v.47, 2009, p.26-32.

Ramsey I. I.I, E.;Rangoonwala, A.;Thomsen, Mads S.;Arthur C. Schwarzschild; "Flat-plate techniques for measuring reflectance of macro-algae (Ulva curvata)" International Journal of Remote Sensing, v.33, 2012, p.3147-3155.

Bachmann, CM; Ainsworth, TL; Fusina, RA "Improved manifold coordinate representations of large-scale hyperspectral scenes" IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, v.44, 2006, p.2786. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2006.88180  View record at Web of Science

Cole, L. W. and McGlathery, K. J. "Dinitrogen fluxes from restored seagrass meadows" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.235-246.

Vick, J. K. and Young, D. R. "Spatial variation in environment and physiological strategies for forb distribution on coastal dunes" Journal of Coastal Research, v.27, 2011, p.1113-1121.

Reynolds, Laura K.;Waycott, M.;McGlathery, K.J.;Orth, R. J.;Zieman, Joseph C.; "Zostera marina restoration by seed maintains genetic diversity: A case study from a coastal bay system" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.223-233.

Erwin, R. M., G. M. Haramis, M. C. Perry, and B. D. Watts "Waterbirds of the Chesapeake region: An introduction" Waterbirds, v.30, 2007, p.1.  

Brantley, ST; Zinnert, JC; Young, DR "Application of hyperspectral vegetation indices to detect variations in high leaf area index temperate shrub thicket canopies" REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, v.115, 2011, p.514. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2010.09.02  View record at Web of Science

Whitman, E.R. and Reidenbach, M.A. "Benthic flow environments affect recruitment of Crassostrea virginica larvae to an intertidal oyster reef" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.463, 2012, p.177-191.

Naumann, JC; Bissett, SN; Young, DR; Edwards, J; Anderson, JE "Diurnal patterns of photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, and PRI to evaluate water stress in the invasive species, Elaeagnus umbellata Thunb." TREES-STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION, v.24, 2010, p.237. doi:10.1007/s00468-009-0394-  View record at Web of Science

Thomsen, MS; Silliman, BR; McGlathery, KJ "Spatial variation in recruitment of native and invasive sessile species onto oyster reefs in a temperate soft-bottom lagoon" ESTUARINE COASTAL AND SHELF SCIENCE, v.72, 2007, p.89. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2  View record at Web of Science

Sergio;Kirwan, M.L.;Mudd, S.M.;Guntenspergen, G.R.;Temmerman, S.;DAlpaos, A. D.;Rybczyk, J.M.;van de Koppel, J.;Reyes, Enrique;Craft, C.;Clough, J.; "Numerical Models of Salt Marsh Evolution: Ecological and Climatic Factors" Reviews of Geophysics, v.50, 2012, p.doi:10.10.

Oertel, G. F., T. R. Allen, and A. M. Foyle "The influence of drainage hierarchy on pathways of barrier retreat: An example from Chincoteague Bight, Virginia, U.S.A." Southeastern Geology, v.45, 2007, p.179.

Hardison, A; Tobias, C; Stanhope, J; Canuel, E; Anderson, I "An Experimental Apparatus for Laboratory and Field-Based Perfusion of Sediment Porewater with Dissolved Tracers" ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v.34, 2011, p.243. doi:10.1007/s12237-010-9285-  View record at Web of Science

Brantley, ST; Young, DR "Shrub expansion stimulates soil C and N storage along a coastal soil chronosequence" GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, v.16, 2010, p.2052. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2009.02129.  View record at Web of Science

McGlathery, K. J. and Reynolds, L. and Cole, L. W. and Orth, R. J. and Schwarzschild, A. "Recovery trajectories during state change from bare sediment to eelgrass dominance" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.209-221.

Heyel, SM; Day, FP "Long-term residual effects of nitrogen addition on a barrier island dune ecosystem" JOURNAL OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL SOCIETY, v.133, 2006, p.297. View record at Web of Science

Moore, K. A. and Shields, E. C. and Parrish, D. B. and Orth, R. J. "Zostera marina L. (eelgrass) survival within two contrasting systems in the western mid-Atlantic: the critical role of turbidity and summer water temperatures" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.247-258.

McFrederick, Quinn S.;Jose D. Fuentes;Roulston, T.;Kathilankal, James C.;Lerdau, Manuel; "Effects of air pollution on biogenic volatiles and ecological interactions" Oecologia, v., 2009, p..

Ksiazek, K.;Karen J. McGlathery;Reynolds, L.;Arthur C. Schwarzschild;Wilkerson, C.;Carruthers, T. J.B.; "Learning about Coastal Trends: what is the story with seagrasses... and how does it affect me?" Science Activities, v.46, 2009, p.27-31.

Fagherazzi, S. and Mariotti, G. and Porter, J. H. and McGlathery, K. J. and Wiberg, P. L. "Wave energy asymmetry in shallow bays" Geophys. Res. Lett., v.37, 2010, p.L24601.

Sun, Ge;McLaughlin, Samuel B.;Porter, John H.;Uddling, Johan;Mulholland, Patrick J.;Adams, Mary B.;Pederson, Neil; "Interactive influences of ozone and climate on streamflow of forested watersheds" Global Change Biology, v., 2012, p..

Christian, RR; DiGiacomo, PM; Malone, TC; Talaue-McManus, L "Opportunities and challenges of establishing coastal observing systems" ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v.29, 2006, p.871. View record at Web of Science

Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., P. D'Odorico, F. Laio. L. Ridolfi, and S. Tamea "Challenges in wetland ecohydrology: interactions of water table and unsaturated zone with climate, soil, and vegetation" Water Resour Res., v.43, 2007, p.W09301. doi:doi:10.1029/2007WR006073 

Naumann, Julie C. and Young, Donald R. "Relationship between community structure and seed bank to describe successional dynamics of an Atlantic Coast maritime forest" Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, v.134, 2007, p.89-98.

Young, D. R. and Porter, J. H. and Bachmann, C. M. and Shao, G. F. and Fusina, R. A. and Bowles, J. H. and Korwan, D. and Donato, T. F. "Cross-scale patterns in shrub thicket dynamics in the Virginia barrier complex" Ecosystems, v.10, 2007, p.854-863.

Berg, P; Huettel, M "Monitoring the Seafloor Using the Noninvasive Eddy Correlation Technique: Integrated Benthic Exchange Dynamics" OCEANOGRAPHY, v.21, 2008, p.164. View record at Web of Science

Thomsen, MS; McGlathery, KJ "Stress tolerance of the invasive macroalgae Codium fragile and Gracilaria vermiculophylla in a soft-bottom turbid lagoon" BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS, v.9, 2007, p.499. doi:10.1007/s10530-006-9043-  View record at Web of Science

Thomsen, Mads S.;Muth, M. F.;McGlathery, Karen J.; "Tube-forming polycheates enhance invertebrate density and abundance in sandy sediments in Mozambique, Africa" African Journal of Marine Science, v.33, 2011, p.327-332.

Clarkson, C.E.; "Applicability of ptilochronology as a conservation tool in waterbird studies." Ecological Indicators, v.11, 2011, p.1707-1709.

Ramsey III, E. and Rangoonwala, A. and Thomsen, M. and Schwarzschild, A.C. "Flat-plate techniques for measuring reflectance of macro-algae (Ulva curvata)" International Journal of Remote Sensing, v.33, 2012, p.3147-3155.

Laio, F. and Tamea, S. and Ridolfi, L. and D'Odorico, P. and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. "Ecohydrology of groundwater-dependent ecosystems: 1. Stochastic water table dynamics" Water Resources Research, v., 2009, p.doi:10.1.

Fagherazzi, S; Wiberg, PL "Importance of wind conditions, fetch, and water levels on wave-generated shear stresses in shallow intertidal basins" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, v.114, 2009, p.. doi:10.1029/2008JF00113  View record at Web of Science

Young, D.R. and Brantley, Steven T. and Zinnert, Julie C. and Vick, Jaclyn K. "Landscape position and habitat polygons in a dynamic coastal barrier environment" Ecosphere, v.2, 2011, p.Article 7.

Allen, T. R., H. T. Tolvanen, G. F. Oertel, and G. M. McCleod "Spatial characterization of environmental gradients in a coastal lagoon, Chincoteague Bay" Estuaries and Coasts, v.30, 2007, p.959-977.

Gulbransen, Dana J and McGlathery, Karen J and Marklund, Maria and Norris, James N and Gurgel, Carlos Frederico D "Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Rhodophyta, Gracilariales) in the Virginia coastal bays, USA: cox1 analysis reveals high genetic richness of an introduced macroalga" Journal of Phycology, v.48, 2012, p.1278-1283. doi:10.1111/j.1529-8817.2012.01218.x 

Fagherazzi, S; Howard, AD; Niedoroda, AW; Wiberg, PL "Controls on the degree of fluvial incision of continental shelves" COMPUTERS & GEOSCIENCES, v.34, 2008, p.1381. doi:10.1016/j.cageo.2008.02.00  View record at Web of Science

Zhu, Gao-ru and Porter, John H. and Xu, Xue-gong "Thirty years of US Long-Term Ecological Research: Characteristics, results, and lessons learned of - taking the Virginia Coastal Reserve as an example" Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, v.22, 2011, p.1615-1622.

Brantley, Steven T and Young, Donald R. "Leaf-area index and light attenuation in rapidly expanding shrub thickets" Ecology, v.88, 2007, p.525-530.

Thomsen, Mads S.;Wernberg, T.;Engelen, A.;Tuya, F.;Vanderklift, M.;Holmer, M.;McGlathery, Karen J.;Arenas, F.;Kotta, J.;Silliman, Brian R.; "Impacts of seaweeds on seagrasses: generalities and knowledge gaps" PLoS ONE, v.7, 2012, p.e28595.

Mozdzer, TJ; Hutto, CJ; Clarke, PA; Field, DP "Efficacy of imazapyr and glyphosate in the control of non-native Phragmites australis" RESTORATION ECOLOGY, v.16, 2008, p.221. doi:10.1111/j.1526-100X.2008.00386.  View record at Web of Science

Vick, J.K.;Young, Donald R.; "Spatial variation in environment and physiological strategies for forb distribution on coastal dunes" Journal of Coastal Research, v.27, 2011, p.1113-1121.

Ridolfi, L; D'Odorico, P; Laio, F "Vegetation dynamics induced by phreatophyte-aquifer interactions" JOURNAL OF THEORETICAL BIOLOGY, v.248, 2007, p.301. doi:10.1016/j.jtbi.2007.04.02  View record at Web of Science

Zhu, Gaoru and Xu, Xuegong and Ma, Zongwen and Xu, Lifen and Porter, John H. "Spatial Dynamics and Zoning of Coastal Land-Use Change along Bohai Bay, China, during 1979?2008" Journal of Coastal Research, v.28, 2012, p.1186?1196.

Dame, JK; Christian, RR "A statistical test of network analysis: Can it detect differences in food web properties?" ECOSYSTEMS, v.10, 2007, p.906. doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9068-  View record at Web of Science

Hume, AC; Berg, P; McGlathery, KJ "Dissolved oxygen fluxes and ecosystem metabolism in an eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadow measured with the eddy correlation technique" LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, v.56, 2011, p.86. doi:10.4319/lo.2011.56.1.008  View record at Web of Science

Berg, P. and Roy, H. and Wiberg, P.L. "Eddy correlation flux measurements - the sediment surface area that contributes to the flux" Limnology and Oceanography., v.52, 2007, p.1672-1684.

Rheinhardt, R; Brinson, M; Brooks, R; McKenney-Easterling, M; Rubbo, JM; Hite, J; Armstrong, B "Development of a reference-based method for identifying and scoring indicators of condition for coastal plain riparian reaches" ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, v.7, 2007, p.339. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2006.02.00  View record at Web of Science

Porter, J. H. and Hanson, P.C. and Lin, Chau-Chin "Staying Afloat in the Sensor Data Deluge" Trends in Ecology & Evolution, v.27, 2012, p.122-129.

McGlathery, K. J. and Sundback, K. and Anderson, I. C. "Eutrophication in shallow coastal bays and lagoons: the role of plants in the coastal filter" Marine Ecology-Progress Series, v.348, 2007, p.1-18.

Brantley, ST; Young, DR "Linking light attenuation, sunflecks, and canopy architecture in mesic shrub thickets" PLANT ECOLOGY, v.206, 2010, p.225. doi:10.1007/s11258-009-9637-  View record at Web of Science

Carr, J. and D?Odorico, P. and McGlathery, Karen J. and Wiberg, Patricia "Stability and bistability of seagrass ecosystems in shallow coastal lagoons: Role of feedbacks with sediment suspension and light availability" Journal of Geophysical Research ? Biogeosciences, v.115, 2010, p.G03011.

Falcini, F. and Fagherazzi, S. and Jerolmack, D. J. "Wave-supported sediment gravity flows currents: Effects of fluid-induced pressure gradients and flow width spreading" Continental Shelf Research, v.33, 2012, p.37-50.

Fagherazzi, S. and Priestas, A.M. "Sediments and water fluxes in a muddy coastline: interplay between waves and tidal channel hydrodynamics" Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v.35, 2010, p.284-293.

Sergio Fagherazzi;Priestas, A.M.; "Sediments and water fluxes in a muddy coastline: interplay between waves and tidal channel hydrodynamics" Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v.35, 2010, p.284-293.

Young, D. R., S. T. Brantley, J. C. Zinnert, and J. K. Vick "Landscape position and habitat polygons in a dynamic coastal barrier environment" Ecosphere, v.2, 2011, p.1. doi:10.1890/ES10-00186.1 

Reynolds, L. and Waycott, M. and McGlathery, K. J. and Orth, R. J. and Zieman, J. C. "Eelgrass Restoration by seed maintains genetic diversity: case study from a coastal bay system" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.223-233.

Cole, L. W.;McGlathery, Karen J.; "Nitrogen fixation in restored eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) meadows" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.235-246.

Porter, J.H. "A Brief History of Data Sharing in the U.S. Long Term Ecological Research Network" Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, v.91, 2010, p.14-20.

Mariotti, G. and Fagherazzi, S. "Modeling the effect of tides and waves on benthic biofilms" J. of Geophys. Res., v.117, 2012, p.G04010.

Aguilar, C. and Zinnert, J.C. and Polo, M.J. and Young, D.R. "NDVI as an indicator for changes in water availability to woody vegetation" Ecological Indicators, v.23, 2012, p.290-300.

Fourqurean, J. W. and Duarte, C. M. and Kennedy, H. and Marba, N. and Holmer, M. and Mateo, M. A. and Apostolaki, E. T. and Kendrick, G. A. and Krause-Jensen, D. and McGlathery, K. J. and Serrano., O. "Global carbon stocks in seagrass ecosystems" Nature ? Geosciences, v., 2012, p..

Hume, A. and Berg, P. and McGlathery, K. J. "Dissolved oxygen fluxes and ecosystem metabolism in an eelgrass (Zostera marina) meadow measured with the eddy correlation technique" Limnology & Oceanography, v.56, 2011, p.86-96.

Dame, J. K. and Christian, R. R. "A statistical test of network analysis: can it detect differences in food web properties?" Ecosystems, v.10, 2007, p.906-923.

Zinnert, J.C. and Shiflett, S.A. and Vick, J.K. and Young, D.R. "Woody vegetative cover dynamics in response to recent climate change on an Atlantic Coast barrier island using Landsat TM imagery" Geocarto International Special Issue "Remote Sensing of Coastal System Dynamics", v.26, 2011, p.595-612.

Carr, J; D'Odorico, P; McGlathery, K; Wiberg, P "Stability and bistability of seagrass ecosystems in shallow coastal lagoons: Role of feedbacks with sediment resuspension and light attenuation" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES, v.115, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2009JG00110  View record at Web of Science

Giordano, J. P. and Brush, M. J. and Anderson, I. C. "Ecosystem metabolism in shallow coastal lagoons: patterns and partitioning of planktonic, benthic, and integrated community rates" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.458, 2012, p.21?38.

D'Odorico, P. and Laio, F. and Porporato, A. and Ridolfi, L. and Rinaldo, A. and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. "Ecohydrology of terrestrial ecosystems" Bioscience, v.60, 2010, p.898-907.

Naumann, JC; Anderson, JE; Young, DR "Remote detection of plant physiological responses to TNT soil contamination" PLANT AND SOIL, v.329, 2010, p.239. doi:10.1007/s11104-009-0148-  View record at Web of Science

Nordstrom, K.F. and Jackson, N.L. and Kraus, N.C. and Kana, T.W. and Bearce, R. and Hecht, A. and Bocamazo, L.M. and Young, D.R. and Butts., H.A. De "Enhancing geomorphic and biologic functions and values on backshores and dunes of developed shores: a review of opportunities and constraints." Environmental Conservation, v.38, 2011, p.288-302.

Ridolfi, L; D'Odorico, P; Laio, F; Tamea, S; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I "Coupled stochastic dynamics of water table and soil moisture in bare soil conditions" WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, v.44, 2008, p.. doi:10.1029/2007WR00670  View record at Web of Science

Fenster, M. S., and B. P. Hayden "Ecotone displacement trends on a highly dynamic barrier island: Hog Island, Virginia" Estuaries and Coasts, v.30, 2007, p.978.

Zinnert, Julie;Nelson, Jean;Hoffman, Ava; "Effects of salinity on physiological responses and the photochemical reflectance index in two co-occurring coastal shrubs" Plant and Soil, v., 2012, p.doi: 10.1.

Zhu, G., J.H. Porter, X. Xu "Thirty years of US Long-Term Ecological Research: Characteristics, results, and lessons learned of - taking the Virginia Coastal Reserve as an example" Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, v.22, 2011, p.1615.

Lin, C.C., J. H. Porter, C.W. Hsiao, S.S. Lu, and M.R. Jeng "Establishing an EML-based Data Management System for Automating Analysis of Field Sensor Data" Taiwan J For Sci, v.23, 2008, p.279.

Zinnert, Julie and Nelson, Jean and Hoffman, Ava "Effects of salinity on physiological responses and the photochemical reflectance index in two co-occurring coastal shrubs" Plant and Soil, v.354, 2012, p.45-55.

Porter, John H. and Lin, Chau-Chin and Smith, David E. and Lu, Sheng-Shan "Ecological Image Databases: From the Webcam to the Researcher" Ecological Informatics, v.5, 2010, p.51-58.

Lin, C.C. and Kassim, A.R. and Vanderbilt, K. and Henshaw, D. and Melendez-Colom, E.C. and Porter, J.H. and Niiyama, K. and Yagihashi, T. and Tan, S.A. and S.S., Lu and Hsiao, C.W. and Chang, L.W. and Jeng, M.R. "An ecoinformatics application for forest dynamics plot data management and sharing" Taiwan Journal of Forest Science, v.26, 2011, p.357-369.

Naumann, JC; Young, DR "Relationship between community structure and seed bank to describe successional dynamics of an Atlantic Coast maritime forest" JOURNAL OF THE TORREY BOTANICAL SOCIETY, v.134, 2007, p.89. View record at Web of Science

Moore, L. J. and List, J. H. and Williams, S. J. and Stolper, D. "Complexities in barrier island response to sea-level rise: Insights from model experiments, North Carolina Outer Banks, U.S.A." Journal of Geophysical Research, v.115, 2010, p.F03004, 2.

Priestas, AM; Fagherazzi, S "Morphology and hydrodynamics of wave-cut gullies" GEOMORPHOLOGY, v.131, 2011, p.1. doi:10.1016/j.geomorph.2011.04.00  View record at Web of Science

Carr, J. A. and D?Odorico, P. and McGlathery, K. J. and Wiberg, P. L. "Stability and resilience of seagrass meadows to seasonal and interannual dynamics and environmental stress" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.117, 2012, p.doi:10.10.

Mcleod, Elizabeth and Poulter, Benjamin and Hinkel, Jochen and Reyes, Enrique and Salm, Rodney "Sea-level rise impact models and environmental conservation: A review of models and their applications" Ocean & Coastal Management, v.53, 2010, p.507-517.

Mariotti, G. and Fagherazzi, S. and Wiberg, P.L. and McGlathery, K.J. and Carniello, L. and Defina, A. "Influence of storm surges and sea level on shallow tidal basin erosive processes" J. Geophys. Res., v.115, 2010, p.C11012.

Sergio Fagherazzi;Patricia Wiberg; "Importance of wind conditions, fetch, and water levels on wave-generated shear stresses in shallow intertidal basins" J. Geophys. Res., v.114, 2009, p.F03022.

Fagherazzi, S., C. Palermo, M. C. Rulli, L. Carniello, and A. Defina "Wind waves in shallow microtidal basins and the dynamic equilibrium of tidal flats" J. Geophys. Res., v.112, 2007, p.F02024. doi:doi:10.1029/2006JF000572 

Reynolds, L. K. and Waycott, M. and McGlathery, K .J. and Orth, R. J. and Zieman, J. C. "Zostera marina restoration by seed maintains genetic diversity: A case study from a coastal bay system" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.223-233.

Kirwan, Matthew L. and Guntenspergen, Glenn R. and D?Alpaos, Andrea and Morris, James T. and Mudd, Simon M. and Temmerman, Stijn "Limits on the adaptability of coastal marshes to rising sea level" Geophysical Research Letters, v.37, 2010, p.L23401.

Falcini, F.;Fagherazzi, Sergio;Jerolmack, D. J.; "Wave-supported sediment gravity flows currents: Effects of fluid-induced pressure gradients and flow width spreading" Continental Shelf Research, v.33, 2012, p.37-50.

Johnson, JC; Christian, RR; Brunt, JW; Hickman, CR; Waide, RB "Evolution of Collaboration within the US Long Term Ecological Research Network" BIOSCIENCE, v.60, 2010, p.931. doi:10.1525/bio.2010.60.11.  View record at Web of Science

Mozdzer, T. J. and Kirwan, M. and McGlathery, K. J. and Zieman, J. C. "Importance of shoot nitrogen uptake by the smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v., 2011, p.doi: 10.3.

Mazzilli, S., and R. R. Christian "Defining the coast and sentinel ecosystems for coastal observations of global change" Hydrobiologia, v.577, 2007, p.55.  

Crusius, J. and Berg, P. and Koopmans, D. J. and Erban, L. "Eddy correlation measurements of submarine groundwater discharge" Marine Chemistry, v.109, 2008, p.77-85.

Hardison, A and Tobias, C and Stanhope, J. and Canuel, E. and Anderson, I. "An experimental apparatus for laboratory and field-based perfusion of sediment porewater with dissolved tracers" Estuaries and Coasts, v.34, 2011, p.243-255.

Porter, John H. and Nagy, Eric and Kratz, Timothy K. and Hanson, Paul and Collins, Scott L. and Arzberger, Peter "New Eyes on the World: Advanced Sensors for Ecology" BioScience, v.59, 2009, p.385-397.

Steven T. Brantley;Donald R. Young; "Contribution of sunflecks is minimal in expanding shrub thickets compared to temperate forests" Ecology, v.90, 2009, p.1021-1029.

Knapp, A. K., J. M. Briggs, S. L. Collins, S. R. Archer, M. S. Bret-Harte, B. E. Ewers, D. P. Peters, D. R. Young, G. R. Shaver, E. Pendall, and M. B. Cleary "Shrub encroachment in North American grasslands: shifts in growth form dominance rapidly alters control of ecosystem carbon inputs" Global Change Biology, v.14, 2008, p.615.  

Porter, JH; Nagy, E; Kratz, TK; Hanson, P; Collins, SL; Arzberger, P "New Eyes on the World: Advanced Sensors for Ecology" BIOSCIENCE, v.59, 2009, p.385. doi:10.1025/bio.2009.59.5.  View record at Web of Science

Flewelling, Samuel A.;Herman, Janet S.;Hornberger, George M.;Mills, Aaron L.; "Travel time controls the magnitude of nitrate discharge in groundwater bypassing the riparian zone to a stream on Virginias coastal plain" ess., v., 2011, p.DOI:10.10.

Ramsey III, E.;Rangoonwala, A.;Thomsen, M.;Schwarzschild, A.C.; "Coastal Research Center spectral definition of the macroalgae Ulva curvata in the back-barrier bays of the Eastern Shore of Virginia, USA." International Journal of Remote Sensing, v.33, 2012, p.586-603.

Nyberg, C. D. and Thomsen, M. S. and Walleninus, I. "Flora and fauna associated with the introduced red alga Gracilaria vermiculophylla" Eur. J. of Phycol., v.44, 2009, p.395-403.

Marion, S. R. and Orth, R. J. "Seedling establishment in the seagrass Zostera marina: Seed burial effects on winter losses of developing seedlings" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.197-207.

Cole, L. W. and McGlathery, K. J. "Nitrogen fixation in restored eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) meadows" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.235-246.

Allen, Thomas R. and Oertel, George and McLeod, George "Synoptic assessment of repletion and residual water dynamics in a coastal lagoon by thermal remote sensing: Great Machipongo Lagoon (Hog Island Bay), Virginia, USA" IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, v., 2010, p.1-12.

Reynolds, L.K. and McGlathery, K.J. and Waycott, M. "Genetic diversity enhances restoration success by augmenting ecosystem services" PLoS ONE, v.7, 2012, p.e38397.

Brantley, S.T. and Young, D.R. "Linking light attenuation, sunflecks and canopy architecture in mesic shrub thickets" Plant Ecology, v.206, 2010, p.225-236.

Gu, C. H. and Hornberger, G. M. and Herman, J. S. and Mills, A. L. "Effect of freshets on the flux of groundwater nitrate through streambed sediments" Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p.W5415.

Hardison, A;Tobias, C;Jennifer Wu. Stanhope;Canuel, E.;Iris Anderson; "An experimental apparatus for laboratory and field-based perfusion of sediment porewater with dissolved tracers" Estuaries and Coasts, v., 2010, p..

Fagherazzi, Sergio and Hannion, Muriel and D?Odorico, Paolo "Geomorphic structure of tidal hydrodynamics in salt marsh creeks" Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p.W02419.

Rheinhardt, R. and Brinson, Mark M. and Brooks, R. and McKenney-Easterling, M. and Rubbo, J. M. and Hite, J. and Armstrong, B. "Development of a reference-based method for identifying and scoring indicators of condition for coastal plain riparian reaches" Ecological Indicators, v.7, 2007, p.339-361.

Gedan, Keryn;Kirwan, Matthew;Wolanski, Eric;Barbier, Edward;Silliman, Brian R.; "The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: answering recent challenges to the paradigm" Climatic Change, v.106, 2011, p.7-29.

Mariotti, G. and Fagherazzi, S. "A numerical model for the coupled long-term evolution of salt marshes and tidal flats" J. Geophys. Res.,, v.115, 2010, p.F01004.

Clarkson, CE "Applicability of ptilochronology as a conservation tool in waterbird studies" ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS, v.11, 2011, p.1707. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.04.01  View record at Web of Science

Lawson, S. E. and McGlathery, K. J. and Wiberg, P. L. "Enhancement of sediment suspension and nutrient flux by benthic macrophytes at low biomass" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.259-270.

Aguilar, C.;Zinnert, J.C;Polo, M. J.;Young, Donald R.; "NDVI as an indicator for changes in water availability to woody vegetation" Ecological Indicators, v.23, 2012, p.290-300.

Pratolongo, P. and Kandus, P. and Brinson, Mark M. "Net aboveground primary production and soil properties of floating and attached freshwater tidal marshes in the Rio de la Plata estuary, Argentina" Estuaries and Coasts, v.30, 2007, p.618-626.

Mozdzer, T. J. and Zieman, J. C. and McGlathery, K. J. "Nitrogen uptake by invasive and temperate coastal macrophytes: Importance of dissolved organic nitrogen" Estuaries and Coasts, v.33, 2010, p.784-797.

Crusius, J., P. Berg, D. J. Koopmans, and L. Erban "Eddy correlation measurements of submarine groundwater discharge" Marine Chemistry, v.109, 2008, p.77.  

Fenster, M. S. and Hayden, Bruce P. "Ecotone displacement trends on a highly dynamic barrier island: Hog Island, Virginia" Estuaries and Coasts, v.30, 2007, p.978-989.

Giordano, J.P.;Brush, M.J.;Anderson, Iris; "Quantifying annual nitrogen loads to Virginias coastal lagoons: sources and water quality response" Estuaries and Coasts, v.34, 2011, p.297-309.

Ridolfi, L and D'Odorico, P. and Laio, F. "Vegetation dynamics induced by phreatophyte-water table interactions" J. Theor. Biol., v.248, 2007, p.301-310.

Kirwan, ML; Blum, LK "Enhanced decomposition offsets enhanced productivity and soil carbon accumulation in coastal wetlands responding to climate change" BIOGEOSCIENCES, v.8, 2011, p.987. doi:10.5194/bg-8-987-201  View record at Web of Science

McMillan, B.A. and Day., F.P. "Microenvironment and plant assemblage structure on Virginia's barrier islands" Northeastern Naturalist, v.17, 2010, p.473-492.

Mariotti, G. and Fagherazzi, S. "Asymmetric fluxes of water and sediments in a mesotidal mudflat channel" Cont. Shelf Res., v.31, 2011, p.23-36.

Giordano, J.P.;Brush, M.J.;Anderson, Iris; "Ecosystem metabolism in shallow coastal lagoons: patterns and partitioning of planktonic, benthic, and integrated community rates" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.458, 2012, p.21.

Porter, J; Li, CC; Smith, DE; Lu, SS "Ecological image databases: From the webcam to the researcher" ECOLOGICAL INFORMATICS, v.5, 2010, p.51. doi:10.1016/j.ecoinf.2009.09.00  View record at Web of Science

Mariotti, G. and Faherazzi, S. "Wind waves on a mudflat: the influence of fetch and depth on bottom shear stresses" Continental shelf Research, v., 2012, p..

Clarkson, C.E. "Applicability of ptilochronology as a conservation tool in waterbird studies." Ecological Indicators, v.11, 2011, p.1707-1709.

Priestas, A.M. and Fagherazzi, S. "Morphology and hydrodynamics of wave-cut gullies" Geomorphology, v.131, 2011, p.1-13.

Amber K. Hardison;Canuel, E.;Tobias, Craig R.;Anderson, Iris;Veuger, B.; "Carbon and nitrogen dynamics in shallow photic systems: Interactions between macroalgae, microalgae, and bacteria" Oceanography, v.56, 2011, p.1489-1503.

Ridolfi, L. and D'Odorico, P. and Laio, F. and Tamea, S. and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. "Coupled stochastic dynamics of water table and soil moisture in bare soil conditions" Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p.W01435.

Erwin, R. and Watts, B. and Haramis, G. and Perry, M. and Hobson, K. "Waterbirds of the Chesapeake Bay and vicinity: harbingers of change?" Waterbirds ., v.30 (Spe, 2007, p..

Berg, P. and Huettel, M. "Monitoring the Seafloor using the Non-Invasive Eddy Correlation Technique: Integrated Benthic Exchange Dynamics" Oceanography, v.21, 2008, p.164-167.

Racchetti, E; Bartoli, M; Soana, E; Longhi, D; Christian, RR; Pinardi, M; Viaroli, P "Influence of hydrological connectivity of riverine wetlands on nitrogen removal via denitrification" BIOGEOCHEMISTRY, v.103, 2011, p.335. doi:10.1007/s10533-010-9477-  View record at Web of Science

Lin, Chau-Chin and Porter, John H and Lu, Sheng-Shan and Jeng, Meei-Ru and Hsiao, Chi-Wen "Using Structured Metadata to Manage Forest Research Information: A New Approach" Taiwan Journal of Forest Science, v.23, 2008, p.133-143.

Brantley, ST; Young, DR "Leaf-area index and light attenuation in rapidly expanding shrub thickets" ECOLOGY, v.88, 2007, p.524. View record at Web of Science

Hansen, J. C. R.;Matthew A. Reidenbach; "Wave and tidally driven flows within Zostera marina seagrass beds and their impact on sediment suspension" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.271-287.

Lawson, SE; Wiberg, PL; McGlathery, KJ; Fugate, DC "Wind-driven sediment suspension controls light availability in a shallow coastal lagoon" ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v.30, 2007, p.102. View record at Web of Science

Fagherazzi, S. and Mariotti, G. "Mudflat runnels: Evidence and importance of very shallow flows in intertidal morphodynamics" Geophys. Res. Letters, v.39, 2012, p.L14402.

Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. and DíOdorico, P. and Laio., F. and Ridolfi, L. and Tamea, S. "Challenges in wetland ecohydrology: interactions of water table and unsaturated zone with climate, soil, and vegetation" Water Resour Res., v.43, 2007, p.W09301.

Erwin, R.M. and Brinker, D. and Watts, B. and Costanzo, G. and Morton, D. "Islands at bay: rising seas, eroding islands, and waterbird habitat loss in Chesapeake Bay, USA" Journal of Coastal Conservation, v.15, 2011, p.51-60.

Thomsen, MS; McGlathery, KJ; Schwarzschild, A; Silliman, BR "Distribution and ecological role of the non-native macroalga Gracilaria vermiculophylla in Virginia salt marshes" BIOLOGICAL INVASIONS, v.11, 2009, p.2303. doi:10.1007/s10530-008-9417-  View record at Web of Science

O'Connell, M. and Shugart, H.H. and Okin, G. "Measurement and monitoring of barrier island forest sensitivity to ecohydrological change using LiDAR remote sensing" Journal of Coastal Research, v., 2012, p.doi:10.21.

Fagherazzi, S; Mariotti, G; Porter, JH; McGlathery, KJ; Wiberg, PL "Wave energy asymmetry in shallow bays" GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, v.37, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2010GL04525  View record at Web of Science

Erwin, R. M. and Beck, R. A. "Restoration of waterbird habitats in Chesapeake Bay: Great expectations or Sisyphus revisited?" Waterbirds, v.30, 2007, p.163-176.

Kathilankal, J. C.;Mozdzer, Thomas J.;Fuentes, Jose D.;McGlathery, Karen J.;McGlathery, Karen J.;Zieman, Joseph C.; "Physiological responses of Spartina alterniflora to varying environmental conditions in Virginia marshes" Hydrobiologia, v.669, 2011, p.167-181.

Stanhope, JW; Anderson, IC; Reay, WG "Base Flow Nutrient Discharges from Lower Delmarva Peninsula Watersheds of Virginia, USA" JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY, v.38, 2009, p.2070. doi:10.2134/jeq2008.035  View record at Web of Science

Berg, P., H. Roy, and P. L. Wiberg. "Eddy correlation flux measurements - the sediment surface area that contributes to the flux" Limnology and Oceanography, v.52, 2007, p.1672.

Runyan, C.W. and D'Odorico, P. "Ecohydrological feedbacks between salt accumulation and vegetation dynamics: the role of vegetation-groundwater interactions" Water Resources Research, v.46, 2010, p.W11561.

Allen, T. R. and Tolvanen, H. T. and Oertel, G. F. and McCleod, G. M. "Spatial characterization of environmental gradients in a coastal lagoon, Chincoteague Bay" Estuaries and Coasts, v.30, 2007, p.959-977.

Knapp, A. K. and Briggs, J. M. and Collins, S. L. and Archer, S. R. and Bret-Harte, M. S. and Ewers, B. E. and Peters, D. P. and Young, D. R. and Shaver, G. R. and Pendall, E. and Cleary, M. B. "Shrub encroachment in North American grasslands: shifts in growth form dominance rapidly alters control of ecosystem carbon inputs" Global Change Biology, v.14, 2008, p.615-623.

Day, J. W. and Christian, R. R. and Boesch, D. M. and Yáñez-Arancibia, A. and Morris, J. T. and Twilley, R. R. and Naylor, L. and Schaffner, L. and Stevenson, C. "Consequences of Climate Change on the Ecogeomorphology of Coastal Wetlands" Estuaries and Coasts, v.31, 2008, p.477-491.

Kirwan, ML; Guntenspergen, GR; D'Alpaos, A; Morris, JT; Mudd, SM; Temmerman, S "Limits on the adaptability of coastal marshes to rising sea level" GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, v.37, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2010GL04548  View record at Web of Science

Michener, William K. and Porter, John and Servilla, Mark and Vanderbilt, Kristin "Long term ecological research and information management" Ecological Informatics, v.6, 2011, p.13?24.

Johnson, J.C. and Christian, R.R. and Brunt, J.W. and Hickman, C.R. and Waide, R.B. "Evolution of Collaboration within the US Long-term Ecological Research Network" Bioscience, v.60, 2010, p.931-940.

Kirwan, M.L.;Christian, Robert R.;Blum, Linda K.;Brinson, Mark M.; "On the relationship between sea level and Spartina alterniflora production" Ecosystems, v.15, 2012, p.140-147.

Mariotti, Giulio and Fagherazzi, Sergio "Channels?tidal flat sediment exchange: The channel spillover mechanism" Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans (1978?2012), v.117, 2012, p.. doi:10.1029/2011JC007378 

Defina, A; Carniello, L; Fagherazzi, S; D'Alpaos, L "Self-organization of shallow basins in tidal flats and salt marshes" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, v.112, 2007, p.. doi:10.1029/2006JF00055  View record at Web of Science

Mariotti, G.;Sergio Fagherazzi; "A numerical model for the coupled long-term evolution of salt marshes and tidal flats" J. Geophys. Res.,, v.115, 2010, p.F01004.

Shiflett, S. A.;Donald R. Young; "Avian seed dispersal on Virginia barrier islands: potential influence on vegetation community structure and patch dynamics" American Midland Naturalist, v.164, 2010, p.91-106.

Scanlon, T. M., and P. Sahu "On the correlation structure of water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmospheric surface layer: A basis for flux partitioning" Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p.W10418.

Mozdzer, T.J. and Hutto, C. J. and Clarke, P.A. and Field, D.P. "Efficacy of imazapyr and glyphosate in the control of non-native Phragmites australis" Restoration Ecology, v.16, 2008, p.221-224.

Christian, RR; Mazzilli, S "Defining the coast and sentinel ecosystems for coastal observations of global change" HYDROBIOLOGIA, v.577, 2007, p.55. doi:10.1007/s10750-006-0417-  View record at Web of Science

Kathilankal, JC; Mozdzer, TJ; Fuentes, JD; D'Odorico, P; McGlathery, KJ; Zieman, JC "Tidal influences on carbon assimilation by a salt marsh" ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, v.3, 2008, p.. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/4/04401  View record at Web of Science

Hansen, J. C. R. and Reidenbach, M. A. "Wave and tidally driven flows within Zostera marina seagrass beds and their impact on sediment suspension" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.271-287.

Brantley, ST; Young, DR "Shifts in litterfall and dominant nitrogen sources after expansion of shrub thickets" OECOLOGIA, v.155, 2008, p.337. doi:10.1007/s00442-007-0916-  View record at Web of Science

Oertel, G. F. and Allen, T.R. and Foyle, A.M. "The influence of drainage hierarchy on pathways of barrier retreat: An example from Chincoteague Bight, Virginia, U.S.A." Southeastern Geology, v.45, 2007, p.179-201.

Young, DR; Porter, JH; Bachmann, CM; Shao, GF; Fusina, RA; Bowles, JH; Korwan, D; Donato, TF "Cross-scale patterns in shrub thicket dynamics in the Virginia barrier complex" ECOSYSTEMS, v.10, 2007, p.854. doi:10.1007/s10021-007-9084-  View record at Web of Science

Aranibar, J. N. and Anderson, I. C. and Epstein, H. E. and Feral, C. J. W. and Swap, R. J. and Ramontso, J. and Macko, S. A. "Nitrogen isotope composition of soils, C3 and C4 plants along land use gradients in southern Africa" J. Arid Environ., v.72, 2008, p.326-337.

Shiflett, S.A. and Young, D.R. "Avian seed dispersal on Virginia barrier islands: potential influence on vegetation community structure and patch dynamics" American Midland Naturalist, v.164, 2010, p.91-106.

Koopmans, D.;Berg, Peter; "An alternative to traditional seepage meters: Dye displacement" Water Resources Research, v.47, 2011, p.W01506.

Shiflett, SA; Young, DR "Avian Seed Dispersal on Virginia Barrier Islands: Potential Influence on Vegetation Community Structure and Patch Dynamics" AMERICAN MIDLAND NATURALIST, v.164, 2010, p.91. View record at Web of Science

McFrederick, Q. S., J. C. Kathilankal, and J. D. Fuentes "Air pollution modifies floral scent trails" Atmospheric Environment, v.42, 2008, p.2336.  

Brantley, S. T., and D. R. Young "Shifts in litter production and dominant nitrogen sources after expansion of shrub thickets" Oecologia, v.155, 2008, p.337.

Brantley, S.R. and Naumann, J.C. and Young, D.R. "Application of hyperspectral vegetation indices to detect variations in high leaf area index temperate shrub thicket canopies" Remote Sensing of Environment., v.115, 2011, p.514-523.

Stanhope, Jennifer W. and Anderson, Iris C. and Reay, William G. "Base Flow Nutrient Discharges from Lower Delmarva Peninsula Watersheds of Virginia, USA." Journal of Environmental Quality, v.38, 2009, p.2070-2083.

Lawson, Sarah;McGlathery, Karen J.;Wiberg, Patricia; "Enhancement of sediment suspension and nutrient flux by benthic macrophytes at low biomass" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.259-270.

Mozdzer, T. J.;Zieman, J. C.;McGlathery, K.J.; "Nitrogen uptake by invasive and temperate coastal macrophytes: Importance of dissolved organic nitrogen" Estuaries and Coasts, v.33, 2010, p.784-797.

Mariotti, G; Fagherazzi, S; Wiberg, PL; McGlathery, KJ; Carniello, L; Defina, A "Influence of storm surges and sea level on shallow tidal basin erosive processes" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, v.115, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2009JC00589  View record at Web of Science

Sun, Ge and McLaughlin, Samuel B. and Porter, John H. and Uddling, Johan and Mulholland, Patrick J. and Adams, Mary B. and Pederson, Neil "Interactive influences of ozone and climate on streamflow of forested watersheds" Global Change Biology, v.18, 2012, p.3395-3409.

Leach, A. M.;Galloway, James N.;Bleeker, A.;Erisman, J. W.;Kohn, R.;Kitzes, J.; "A nitrogen footprint model to help consumers understand their role in nitrogen losses to the environment" Environmental Development, v.1, 2012, p.40-66.

Naumann, JC; Young, DR; Anderson, JE "Linking leaf chlorophyll fluorescence properties to physiological responses for detection of salt and drought stress in coastal plant species" PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM, v.131, 2007, p.422. doi:10.1111/j.1399-3054.2007.00973.  View record at Web of Science

Bachmann, C. M. and Nichols, C. R. and Montes, M. and Li, R. and Woodward, P. and Fusina, R. A. and Chen, W. and Mishra, V. and Kim, W. and Monty, J. and McIlhany, K. and Kessler, K. and Korwan, D. and Miller, D. and Bennert, E. and Smith, G. and Gillis, "Retrieval of Substrate Bearing Strength from Hyperspectral Imagery During the Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR '07) Multi-Sensor Campaign" Marine Geodesy, v.33, 2010, p.101-116.

Thomas, CR; Blum, LK "Importance of the fiddler crab Uca pugnax to salt marsh soil organic matter accumulation" MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES, v.414, 2010, p.167. doi:10.3354/meps0870  View record at Web of Science

Orth, R. J. and McGlathery, K. J. "Eelgrass recovery in the coastal bays of the Virginia Coast Reserve, USA" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.173-176.

Nardin, W. and Fagherazzi, S. "The effect of wind waves on the development of river mouth bars" Geophys. Res. Lett., v.39, 2012, p.L12607.

Jiménez, J. E., M. R. Conover, R. D. Dueser, and T. A. Messmer "Influence of habitat patch characteristics on the success of upland duck nests." Human-Wildlife Conflicts, v.1, 2007, p.244.

Gu, C. H. and Hornberger, G. M. and Mills, A. L. and Herman, J. S. and Flewelling, S. A. "Nitrate reduction in streambed sediments: Effects of flow and biogeochemical kinetics" Water Resources Research, v.43, 2007, p.W12413.

Dame, J. K., and R. R. Christian "Evaluation of ecological network analysis: Validation of output" Ecological Modelling, v.210, 2008, p.327.  

Mariotti, G; Fagherazzi, S "A numerical model for the coupled long-term evolution of salt marshes and tidal flats" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, v.115, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2009JF00132  View record at Web of Science

Ridolfi, L., P. D'Odorico, F. Laio, S. Tamea, and I. Rodriguez-Iturbe "Coupled stochastic dynamics of water table and soil moisture in bare soil conditions" Water Resources Research, v.44, 2008, p.W01435.

Marion, S. R.;Orth, R. J.; "Seedling establishment in the seagrass Zostera marina: Seed burial effects on winter losses of developing seedlings" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.197-207.

Lawson, S.E. and Wiberg, P.L. and McGlathery, K.J. and Fugate, D.C. "Wind-driven sediment suspension controls light availability in a shallow coastal lagoon" Estuaries and Coasts, v.30, 2007, p.102-112.

Dame, J. K. and Christian, R. R. "Evaluation of ecological network analysis: Validation of output" Ecological Modelling, v.210, 2008, p.327-338.

Naumann, J. C. and Young, D. R. and Anderson, J. E. "Linking leaf chlorophyll fluorescence properties to physiological responses for detection of salt and drought stress in coastal plant species" Physiologia Plantarum, v.131, 2007, p.422-433.

Fagherazzi, S; Palermo, C; Rulli, MC; Carniello, L; Defina, A "Wind waves in shallow microtidal basins and the dynamic equilibrium of tidal flats" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, v.112, 2007, p.. doi:10.1029/2006JF00057  View record at Web of Science

Naumann, J. C., and D. R. Young "Relationship between community structure and seed bank to describe successional dynamics of an Atlantic Coast maritime forest" Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, v.134, 2007, p.89.

Kathilankal, J. C. and Mozdzer, T. J. and Fuentes, J. D. and McGlathery, K. J. and D'Odorico, P. and Zieman, J. C. "Physiological responses of Spartina alterniflora to varying environmental conditions in Virginia marshes" Hydrobiologia, v.669, 2011, p.167-181.

Swallow, Stephen K. and Smith, Elizabeth C. and Uchida, Emi and Anderson., Christopher M. "Ecosystem Services beyond Valuation, Regulation, and Philanthropy: Integrating Consumer Values into the Economy" Choices, v.23, 2008, p.47-52.

Fagherazzi, S. and Kirwan, M.L. and Mudd, S.M. and Guntenspergen, G.R. and Temmerman, S. and D'Alpaos, A.D. and Rybczyk, J.M. and van de Koppel, J. and Reyes, E. and Craft, C. and Clough, J. "Numerical Models of Salt Marsh Evolution: Ecological and Climatic Factors" Reviews of Geophysics, v.50, 2012, p.doi:10.10.

Mark M. Brinson;Robert R. Christian; "Assessing functions of wetlands and the need for reference" Biologia Ambientale, v.24, 2010, p.1-12.

Mariotti, G.;Fagherazzi, Sergio; "Asymmetric fluxes of water and sediments in a mesotidal mudflat channel" Cont. Shelf Res., v.31, 2011, p.23-36.

Defina, A. and Carniello, L. and Fagherazzi, S. and D'Alpaos, L. "Self-organization of shallow basins in tidal flats and salt marshes" Journal of Geophysical Research-Earth Surface, v.112, 2007, p..

Defina, A., Carniello, L., Fagherazzi, S., and D'Alpaos, L. "Self organization of shallow basins in tidal flats and salt marshes" J. Geophys. Res., v.112, 2007, p.F03001. doi:doi:10.1029/2006JF000550 

Tonelli, M; Fagherazzi, S; Petti, M "Modeling wave impact on salt marsh boundaries" JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS, v.115, 2010, p.. doi:10.1029/2009JC00602  View record at Web of Science

Martin, J.D. and Dueser, R.D. and Moncrief, N.D. "Method for casting large numbers of clay eggs for use in artificial-nest studies" Southwestern Naturalist, v.55, 2010, p.591-596.

Clarkson, Charles E and Riscassi, Ami "Using ptilochronology to determine daily mercury deposition in feathers of nestling waterbirds" Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v.30, 2011, p.2081-2083. doi:10.1002/etc.591 

Brantley, S.T. and Young, D.R. "Contribution of sunflecks is minimal in expanding shrub thickets compared to temperate forests" Ecology, v.90, 2009, p.1021-1029.

Kirwan, M.L. and Blum, Linda K. "Enhanced decomposition offsets enhanced productivity and soil carbon accumulation in coastal wetlands responding to climate change" Biogeosciences, v.8, 2011, p.987-993.

Carr, J.;DOdorico, P.;Karen J. McGlathery;Patricia Wiberg; "Stability and bistability of seagrass ecosystems in shallow coastal lagoons: Role of feedbacks with sediment suspension and light availability" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.115, 2010, p.G03011.

Lin, Chau-Chin and Porter, John H. and Hsiao, Chi-Wen and Lu, Sheng-Shan and Jeng, Meei-Ru "Establishing an EML-based Data Management System for Automating Analysis of Field Sensor Data" Taiwan J For Sci, v.23, 2008, p.279-285.

Julie C. Naumann;Anderson, D. R.;Donald R. Young; "Spatial variations in salinity stress across a coastal landscape using vegetation indices derived from hyperspectral imagery" Plant Ecology, v.202, 2009, p.285-297.

Steven T. Brantley;Donald R. Young; "Linking light attenuation, sunflecks and canopy architecture in mesic shrub thickets" Plant Ecology, v.206, 2010, p.225-236.

McGlathery, KJ; Sundback, K; Anderson, IC "Eutrophication in shallow coastal bays and lagoons: the role of plants in the coastal filter" MARINE ECOLOGY-PROGRESS SERIES, v.348, 2007, p.1. doi:10.3354/meps0713  View record at Web of Science

Wolner, C. V.;Moore, L. J.;Donald R. Young;Steven T. Brantley;Bissett, S. N.; "Dune builders vs. overwash maintainers: the potential influence of an ecomorphodynamic overwash feedback on barrier island response to climate change" Coastal Sediments 11, v., 2010, p..

Aranibar, J. N., I. C. Anderson, H. E. Epstein, C. J. W. Feral, R. J. Swap, J. Ramontso, and S. A. Macko. "Nitrogen isotope composition of soils, C3 and C4 plants along land use gradients in southern Africa" J. Arid Environ., v.72, 2008, p.326.

Brantley, S.T. and Young, D.R. "Shrub expansion stimulates soil C and N storage along a coastal soil chronosequence" Global Change Biology, v.16, 2010, p.2052-2061.

Giordano, J.P. and Brush, M.J. and Anderson, I.C. "Quantifying annual nitrogen loads to Virginia's coastal lagoons: sources and water quality response" Estuaries and Coasts, v.34, 2011, p.297-309.

Bachmann, C. M. and Gray, D. and Abelev, A. and Philpot, W. and Montes, Marcos J. and Fusina, Robert and Musser, Joseph and Li, Rong-Rong and Vermillion, Michael and Smith, Geoffrey and Korwan, Daniel and Snow, Charlotte and Miller, W. David and Gardner, "Linking goniometer measurements to hyperspectral and multi-sensor imagery for retrieval of beach properties and coastal characterization" Proc. Of SPIE, v.8390, 2012, p.83901D-1.

Masetti, R. and Fagherazzi, S. and Montanari, A "Application of a barrier island translation model to the millennial-scale evolution of Sand key, Florida" Continental Shelf Research, v.28, 2008, p.1116-1126.

Tamea, S. and Laio, F. and Ridolfi, L. and D'Odorico, P. and Rodriguez-Iturbe, I. "Ecohydrology of groundwater-dependent ecosystems: 2. Stochastic soil moisture dynamics" Water Resour. Res., v., 2009, p.doi:10.10.

Mariotti, G.;Faherazzi, S.; "Wind waves on a mudflat: the influence of fetch and depth on bottom shear stresses" Continental shelf Research, v., 2012, p..

Fagherazzi, Sergio and Priestas, Anthony M "Back?barrier flooding by storm surges and overland flow" Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, v.37, 2012, p.400-410.

Briske, D.D. and Washington-Allen, R.A. and Johnson, C.R. and Lockwood, J.A. and Lockwood, D.R. and Stringham, T.K. and Shugart, H.H. "Catastrophic thresholds: A synthesis of concepts, perspectives and applications" Ecology and Society, v.15, 2010, p.article 3.

Scanlon, TM; Sahu, P "On the correlation structure of water vapor and carbon dioxide in the atmospheric surface layer: A basis for flux partitioning" WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH, v.44, 2008, p.. doi:10.1029/2008WR00693  View record at Web of Science

FitzGerald, D. M., M. S. Fenster, B. A. Argow, and I. V. Buynevich "Coastal impacts due to sea-level rise" Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v.36, 2008, p.601.

Carr, J. A. and D'Odorico, P. and McGlathery, K. J. and Wiberg, P. L. "Modeling the effects of climate change on seagrass stability and reslience: future scenarios and leading indicators of collapse" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.289-301.

Thomas, Cassondra R. and Blum, Linda K. "Importance of the fiddler crab Uca pugnax to salt marsh soil organic matter accumulation" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.414, 2010, p.167-177.

Jiménez, J. E. and Conover, M. R. and Dueser, R. D. and Messmer, T. A. "Influence of habitat patch characteristics on the success of upland duck nests." Human-Wildlife Conflicts, v.1, 2007, p.244-256.

Fagherazzi, S. and Palermo, C. and Rulli, M.C. and Carniello, L. and Defina, A. "Wind waves in shallow microtidal basins and the dynamic equilibrium of tidal flats" J. Geophys. Res., v.112, 2007, p.F02024.

Canestrelli, Alberto and Fagherazzi, Sergio and Lanzoni, Stefano "A mass-conservative centered finite volume model for solving two-dimensional two-layer shallow water equations for fluid mud propagation over varying topography and dry areas" Advances in Water Resources, v.40, 2012, p.54-70.

Naumann, J. C., D. R. Young, and J. E. Anderson "Leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, reflectance, and physiological response to freshwater and saltwater flooding in the evergreen shrub, Myrica cerifera." Environmental and Experimental Botany, v.63, 2008, p.402.

Thomas, W.G. III and Barnes, Brookes Miles and Szuba, Thomas "The Countryside Transformed: The Eastern Shore of Virginia, the Pennsylvania Railroad, and the Creation of a Modern Landscape" Southern Spaces, v., 2007, p..

Naumann, J. C. and Young, D. R. and Anderson, J. E. "Leaf chlorophyll fluorescence, reflectance, and physiological response to freshwater and saltwater flooding in the evergreen shrub, Myrica cerifera" Environmental and Experimental Botany, v.63, 2008, p.402-409.

Martin, JD; Dueser, RD; Moncrief, ND "METHOD FOR CASTING LARGE NUMBERS OF CLAY EGGS FOR USE IN STUDIES OF ARTIFICIAL NESTS" SOUTHWESTERN NATURALIST, v.55, 2010, p.591. View record at Web of Science

Thomas, W. G. I., Brookes Miles Barnes, and Thomas Szuba "The Countryside Transformed: The Eastern Shore of Virginia, the Pennsylvania Railroad, and the Creation of a Modern Landscape." Southern Spaces, v., 2007, p..

Swallow, S. K., E. C. Smith, E. Uchida, and C. M. Anderson "Ecosystem Services beyond Valuation, Regulation, and Philanthropy: Integrating Consumer Values into the Economy." Choices, v.23, 2008, p.47.

FitzGerald, D. M. and Fenster, M. S. and Argow, B. A. and Buynevich, I. V. "Coastal impacts due to sea-level rise" Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences, v.36, 2008, p.601-647.

McGlathery, Karen J.;Reynolds, Laura K.;Cole, L. W.;Orth, R. J.;Arthur C. Schwarzschild; "Recovery trajectories during state change from bare sediment to eelgrass dominance" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.209-221.

Brantley, S. T., and D. R. Young "Leaf-area index and light attenuation in rapidly expanding shrub thickets" Ecology, v.88, 2007, p.525.

Rheinhardt, RD; Brinson, MM; Christian, RR; Miller, KH; Meyer, GF "A reference-based framework for evaluating the ecological condition of stream networks in small watersheds" WETLANDS, v.27, 2007, p.524. View record at Web of Science

Brantley, Steven T. and Young, Donald R. "Shifts in litter production and dominant nitrogen sources after expansion of shrub thickets" Oecologia, v.155, 2008, p.337-345.

Mied, R. and Snow, C. M. and Smith, G. B. and Bachmann, C. M. and Korwan, D. and R. A. Fusina and Vermillion, M. S. and Hagen, R. A. "Tidal Constituents from Remote Sensing Image Sequences" Journal of Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, v.117, 2012, p.159-167.

Hardison, A. and Canuel, E. and Tobias, C. and Anderson, Iris and Veuger, B. "Carbon and nitrogen dynamics in shallow photic systems: Interactions between macroalgae, microalgae, and bacteria" Limnology & Oceanography, v.56, 2011, p.1489-1503.

Fagherazzi, S; Priestas, AM "Sediments and water fluxes in a muddy coastline: interplay between waves and tidal channel hydrodynamics" EARTH SURFACE PROCESSES AND LANDFORMS, v.35, 2010, p.284. doi:10.1002/esp.190  View record at Web of Science

Koopmans, D. and Berg, P. "An alternative to traditional seepage meters: Dye displacement" Water Resources Research, v.47, 2011, p.W01506.

Carr, J. A.;D;McGlathery, Karen J.;Wiberg, Patricia; "Modeling the effects of climate change on seagrass stability and reslience: future scenarios and leading indicators of collapse" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.289-301.

Racchetti, E. and Bartoli, M. and Soana, E. and Longhi, D. and Christian, R.R. and Pinardi, M. and P.Viaroli "Influence of hydrological connectivity of riverine wetlands on nitrogen removal via denitrification" Biogeochemistry, v.103, 2011, p.335-354.

Naumann, J.C. and Anderson, J.E. and Young, Donald R. "Remote detection of plant physiological responses to TNT soil contamination" Plant and Soil, v.329, 2010, p.239-248.

Allen, TR; Oertel, G; McLeod, G "Synoptic Assessment of Repletion and Residual Water Dynamics in a Coastal Lagoon by Thermal Remote Sensing: Great Machipongo Lagoon (Hog Island Bay), Virginia, USA" IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, v.4, 2011, p.147. doi:10.1109/JSTARS.2010.207048  View record at Web of Science

Mcleod, E; Poulter, B; Hinkel, J; Reyes, E; Salm, R "Sea-level rise impact models and environmental conservation: A review of models and their applications" OCEAN & COASTAL MANAGEMENT, v.53, 2010, p.507. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.06.00  View record at Web of Science

Pratolongo, P; Kandus, P; Brinson, MM "Net aboveground primary production and soil properties of floating and attached freshwater tidal marshes in the Rio de la Plata estuary, Argentina" ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v.30, 2007, p.618. View record at Web of Science

Bachmann, C. M. and Montes, Marcos J. and Fusina, R. A. and Parrish, Christopher and Sellars, Jon and Weidemann, Alan and Goode, Wesley and Nichols, C. Reid and Woodward, Patrick and McIlhany, Kevin and Hill, Victoria and Zimmerman, Richard and Korwan, Da "Bathymetry retrieval from hyperspectal imagery in the very shallow water limit: a case study from the 2007 Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR'07) multi-sensor campaign" Marine Geodesy, v.33, 2010, p.53-75.

Moore, K. A.;Shields, E. C.;Parrish, D. B.;Orth, R. J.; "ina L. (eelgrass) survival within two contrasting systems in the western mid-Atlantic: the critical role of turbidity and summer water temperatures" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.448, 2012, p.247-258.

Gu, C. H., G. M. Hornberger, A. L. Mills, J. S. Herman, and S. A. Flewelling "Nitrate reduction in streambed sediments: Effects of flow and biogeochemical kinetics" Water Resources Research, v.43, 2007, p..  

Brinson, M. M. and Christian, R. R. "Assessing functions of wetlands and the need for reference" Biologia Ambientale, v.24, 2010, p.1-12.

Thomsen, M. and Wernberg, T. and Engelen, A. and Tuya, F. and Vanderklift, M. and Holmer, M. and McGlathery, K. and Arenas, F. and Kotta, J. and Silliman, B. "Impacts of seaweeds on seagrasses: generalities and knowledge gaps" PLoS ONE, v.7, 2012, p.e28595.

Mazzilli, S. and Christian, Robert R. "Defining the coast and sentinel ecosystems for coastal observations of global change" Hydrobiologia, v.577, 2007, p.55-70.

McFrederick, Quinn S. and Fuentes, Jose D. and Roulston, T. and Kathilankal, James C. and Lerdau, Manuel "Effects of air pollution on biogenic volatiles and ecological interactions" Oecologia, v., 2009, p..

Clarkson, Charles E and Erwin, R Michael and Riscassi, Ami "The use of novel biomarkers to determine dietary mercury accumulation in nestling waterbirds" Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v.31, 2012, p.1143-1148. doi:10.1002/etc.1767 

Thomsen, M. and Wernberg, T. and Tuya, F. and Gulbransen, D. and McGlathery, K. and Altieri, A. and Holmer, M. and Silliman, B. "Habitat cascades: the conceptual context and global relevance of indirect positive effects.facilitation cascades via habitat formation and modification." Integrative and Comparative Biology, v.50, 2010, p.158-175.

Charles M. Bachmann; Montes, Marcos J.; Fusina, R. A.; Parrish, Christopher; Sellars, Jon; Weidemann, Alan; Goode, Wesley; Nichols, C. Reid; Woodward, Patrick; McIlhany, Kevin; Hill, Victoria; Zimmerman, Richard; Korwan, Daniel; Barry Truitt, et al. "Bathymetry retrieval from hyperspectal imagery in the very shallow water limit: a case study from the 2007 Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR07) multi-sensor campaign" Marine Geodesy, v.33, 2010, p.53-75.

Mozdzer, Thomas J.;Kirwan, M.;McGlathery, Karen J.;Zieman, Joseph C.; "Importance of shoot nitrogen uptake by the smooth cordgrass, Spartina alterniflora" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v., 2011, p.doi: 10.3.

Michener, WK; Porter, J; Servilla, M; Vanderbilt, K "Long term ecological research and information management" ECOLOGICAL INFORMATICS, v.6, 2011, p.13. doi:10.1016/lecoinf.2010.11.00  View record at Web of Science

Bachmann, CM; Nichols, CR; Montes, MJ; Li, RR; Woodward, P; Fusina, RA; Chen, W; Mishra, V; Kim, W; Monty, J; Mcilhany, K; Kessler, K; Korwan, D; Miller, WD; Bennert, E; Smith, G; Gillis, D; Sellars, J; Parrish, C; Schwarzschild, A; Truitt, B "Retrieval of Substrate Bearing Strength from Hyperspectral Imagery during the Virginia Coast Reserve (VCR'07) Multi-Sensor Campaign" MARINE GEODESY, v.33, 2010, p.101. doi:10.1080/01490419.2010.49227  View record at Web of Science

Naumann, J.C. and Bissett, S.N. and Young, D.R. and Edwards, J. and Anderson, J.E. "Diurnal patterns of photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, and PRI to evaluate water stress in the invasive species, Eleangus umbellata Thunb." Trees, v.24, 2010, p.237?245.

McGinnis, D. F., P. Berg, A. Brand, C. Lorrai, T. J. Edmonds, and A. Wuest "Measurements of eddy correlation oxygen fluxes in shallow freshwaters: Towards routine applications and analysis" Geophysical Research Letters, v.35, 2008, p..  

Lin, C.C., J. H. Porter, S.S. Lu, M.R. Jeng, and C.W. Hsiao "Using Structured Metadata to Manage Forest Research Information: A New Approach" Taiwan Journal of Forest Science, v.23, 2008, p.133.

Fagherazzi, S and Howard, A.D. and Niedoroda, A and Wiberg, P.L. "Controls on fluvial incision of continental shelves" Computers & Geosciences, v.34, 2008, p.1381-1393.

Fagherazzi, S. and Wiberg, P. L. "Importance of wind conditions, fetch, and water levels on wave-generated shear stresses in shallow intertidal basins" J. Geophys. Res., v.114, 2009, p.F03022.

Nordstrom, K.F.;Jackson, N.L.;Kraus, N.C.;Kana, T.W.;Bearce, R.;Hecht, A.;Bocamazo, L.M.;Young, Donald R.;Young, Donald R.; "Enhancing geomorphic and biologic functions and values on backshores and dunes of developed shores: a review of opportunities and constraints." Environmental Conservation, v.38, 2011, p.288-302.

Day, JW; Christian, RR; Boesch, DM; Yanez-Arancibia, A; Morris, J; Twilley, RR; Naylor, L; Schaffner, L; Stevenson, C "Consequences of climate change on the ecogeomorphology of coastal wetlands" ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v.31, 2008, p.477. doi:10.1007/s12237-008-9047-  View record at Web of Science

Moncrief, N. D., R. A. Van den Bussche, R. D. Dueser, D. Loftis, N. E. Cockett, and M. Culver "Diagnostic genetic marker that differentiates eastern fox squirrels from eastern gray squirrels" Journal of Wildlife Management, v.72, 2008, p.320.

Publications Produced as Conference Proceedings

Sundback, K;McGlathery, KJ;Anderson, IC "Lagoons and shallow bays as filters in the coastal ecosystem" IEEE/OES Us/EU-Baltic International Symposium, v. , 2008, p.516 View record at Web of Science

Christian, RR;Brinson, MM;Dame, JK;Johnson, G;Peterson, CH;Baird, D "Ecological network analyses and their use for establishing reference domain in functional assessment of an estuary" 3rd Workshop on Ecological Network Analysis, v.220, 2009, p.3113 View record at Web of Science

Franklin, RB;Mills, AL "Importance of spatially structured environmental heterogeneity in controlling microbial community composition at small spatial scales in an agricultural field" 2nd International Conference on Rhizosphere, v.41, 2009, p.1833 View record at Web of Science


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

    The Virginia Coast Reserve Long-Term Ecological Research project focused  barrier island, salt marsh, watershed and lagoon systems located on the Atlantic Coast of the Delmarva Peninsula (Figure 1).  We investigated whether ecosystem dynamics and pattern on the landscape are controlled by the interaction between the vertical positions of the land, sea, and groundwater surfaces, and the movements of organisms and materials across the landscape.  The project monitored the processes, such as plant growth, movement of nutrients and organisms, organic matter dynamics, population growth and disturbance, which will determine the future landscape of the Virginia Coast Reserve.

    In 2007, a large-scale seagrass experiment was initiated, with the planting of seagrass in a 509-acre set-aside area in Hog Island Bay, which had been unoccupied by seagrass since the 1930s. We documented the recovery of key ecosystem functions related to primary productivity, carbon and nitrogen sequestration, increased water column clarity, and bottom stabilization with the growth of seagrass, with full recovery expected in a decade.  The showed that the positive feedback of seagrass on water clarity is sufficient to induce bistable dynamics between bare and seagrass-vegetated states.

     Our long-term record of salt-marsh elevation indicates that some of the mainland marshes are accumulating new material at a rate sufficient to keep up with existing rates of sea-level rise (Fig. 2), but that bay marshes are more vulnerable to submergence, which has adverse effects on waterbirds.  Additionally, disturbance promotes fragmentation and pond formation, which in turn causes dynamic changes in salt-marsh food webs.

    On the barrier islands, we showed that controls on plant community distribution can be explained by two key environmental parameters: distance from the shoreline (beach face) and elevation above sea level  (Fig 3). These two parameters integrate a number of important physical and biotic variables. For example, distance from the shoreline affects exposure to sea spray, burial by windblown sand, and vulnerability to storm-related disturbance (i.e., overwash) and, as a result, the extent to which ecological succession can take place. Elevation above sea level determines disturbance vulnerability, and influences groundwater and nutrient availability. The presence of plants feeds back to influence elevation by trapping and accumulating sand, or by maintaining low elevations. These relationships can be used to assess changes in species distribution with variations in island geomorphology and with climate change scenarios of accelerating sea-level rise and altered storm frequencies.  Over the last 30 years, we have observed a dramatic increase in shrub thickets by >400% as shrubs encroach onto grasslands (Fig. 4).

     Additionally, we used our observations to develop several quantitative models. A model of the seagrass ecosystem was used to explore the role of depth, water clarity and temperature on seagrass. Results from this model can be used to predict areas where seagrass reestablishment might occur in future scenarios of climate and land-use change.  We also developed a model that describes the strong coupling between the evolution of marshes and tidal flats. Marsh edge erosion and sediment transport influence the dynamics of these alternative states. Our decadal scale (1957 – 2009) and detailed short-term measurements show that erosion rates vary more than an order of magnitude (0.1 m to 1.5 m per year). We showed that wave attack at the marsh boundary increases with tidal elevation until the marsh is submerged and then rapidly decreases. Wave energy at the marsh boundary produces a wide array of marsh edge morphologies (wave-cut gullies, terrace...

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