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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Doing Business As Name:California Institute of Technology
PD/PI:
  • David H Reitze
  • (626) 395-6274
  • reitze@ligo.caltech.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Albert J Lazzarini
Award Date:10/15/2008
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 347,150,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 340,220,000
  • FY 2014=$36,430,000
  • FY 2012=$30,400,000
  • FY 2015=$33,000,000
  • FY 2017=$41,930,000
  • FY 2010=$28,500,000
  • FY 2018=$39,430,000
  • FY 2011=$30,300,000
  • FY 2013=$30,500,000
  • FY 2016=$39,430,000
  • FY 2009=$30,300,000
Start Date:10/01/2008
End Date:09/30/2019
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.049
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:The Operation and Maintenance of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO)
Federal Award ID Number:0757058
DUNS ID:009584210
Parent DUNS ID:009584210
Program:LIGO, OPERATIONS & ADVANC R&D
Program Officer:
  • Mark Coles
  • (703) 292-4432
  • mcoles@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:1200 E California Blvd
City:PASADENA
State:CA
ZIP:91125-0600
County:Pasadena
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:27

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:California Institute of Technology
Street:1200 E California Blvd
City:PASADENA
State:CA
ZIP:91125-0600
County:Pasadena
Country:US
Cong. District:27

Abstract at Time of Award

ABSTRACT LIGO Continuing Operations The LIGO Laboratory will continue operation of the LIGO observatories at Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana and the associated science programs at Caltech and MIT over FY 2009 ? FY 2013. The effort includes: - The maintenance and operation of the LIGO sites and interferometers, - Research and development to support advanced interferometer technology and provide potential backup approaches for Advanced LIGO should the need arise, - Instrument science and the analysis and interpretation of data, - A visitors program that was previously partially funded by separate grants but which will be incorporated into the proposed program, - An expanded education outreach program to fully use the LIGO facilities, - Contributions by the LIGO Laboratory in data management, information technology support, and general support to the LIGO Scientific Collaboration. LIGO is currently operating the three initial LIGO interferometers at the two LIGO observatories in Hanford, Washington and Livingston, Louisiana. Intellectual merit: LIGO fostered the creation and development of the LIGO Scientific Collaboration (LSC), which consists of more than 563 researchers from the LIGO Laboratory and from 55 external institutions in the USA and abroad. The creation of the LSC has enabled broad participation in LIGO and promoted the growth and development of experimental gravity research in the USA. There have been new faculty appointments at LSC and other institutions that have made significant and strategic intellectual investments in the emerging field of gravitational-wave astronomy. The LSC will guide gravitational-wave research and define the developing program of improvements in the state of the art. Broader impacts: The LIGO Laboratory also will build upon its program of education at each of the four laboratory sites, communicating the excitement experienced by LIGO scientists to young people from elementary to graduate levels. Community outreach activities will be extended to include new demonstration and interpretive programs. LIGO collaboration with industry will encourage new technologies and applications stimulated by the extraordinarily precise measurements required for observing gravitational waves.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Alberto Stochino, Benjamin Abbott, Yoichi Aso, Mark Barton, Alessandro Bertolinia, Valerio Boschi, Dennis Coyne, Riccardo DeSalvoaCarlo Galli, Yumei Huang, Alex Ivanov, Szabolcs Marka, David Ottaway, Virginio Sannibale, Chiara Vanni, Hiroaki Yamamoto and "The Seismic Attenuation System (SAS) for the Advanced LIGO gravitational wave interferometric detectors" Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, v.598-3, 2009, p.737. doi:doi:10.1016/j.nima.2008.10.023 

V. Predoi (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration), K. Hurley for the IPN "Search for gravitational waves associated with the InterPlanetary Network short gamma ray bursts" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012034 

J. Harms, B. O'Reilly "Velocity and Attenuation Characterization of the LIGO Site near Livingston, Louisiana" Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v.101, 2011, p.1478. doi:10.1785/0120100095 

C. Gill ( for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "A Bayesian search for gravitational waves from the Vela Pulsar in Virgo VSR2 data" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012039 

S. Klimenko, G. Vedovato, M. Drago, G. Mazzolo, G. Mitselmakher, C. Pankow, G. Prodi, V. Re, F. Salemi, I. Yakushin "Localization of Gravitational Wave Sources with Networks of Advanced Detectors" Phys. Rev. D, v.83, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.102001 

K. Cannon, R. Cariou, A. Chapman, M. Crispin-Ortuzar, N. Fotopoulos, M. Frei, C. Hanna, E. Kara, D. Keppel, L. Liao, S. Privitera, A. Searle, L. Singer, A. Weinstein "Toward early-warning detection of gravitational waves from compact binary coalescence" The Astrophysical Journal, v.748, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/748/2/136 

B. Baret, I. Bartos, B Bouhou, A. Corsi, I. Di Palma, C. Donzaud, V. Van Elewyck, C. Finley, G. Jones, A. Kouchner, S. Marka, Z. Marka, L. Moscoso, E. Chassande-Mottin, M.A. Papa, T. Pradier, P. Raffai, J. Rollins, P. Sutton "Bounding the Time Delay Between High-energy Neutrinos and Gravitational-wave Transients from Gamma-ray Bursts" Astroparticle Physics, v.35, 2011, p.. doi:10.1016/j.astropartphys.2011.04.001 

Sukanta Bose, Shaon Ghosh, P Ajith "Systematic errors in measuring parameters of non-spinning compact binary coalescences with post-Newtonian templates" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.114001. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/11/114001 

P. Ajith, M. Boyle, D.A. Brown, B. Brügmann, L.T. Buchman, L. Cadonati, M. Campanelli, T. Chu, Z.B. Etienne, S. Fairhurst, M. Hannam, J. Healy, I. Hinder, S. Husa, L. E. Kidder, B. Krishnan, P. Laguna, Y. Liu, L. London, C.O. Lousto, G. Lovelace, I. MacD "The NINJA-2 catalog of hybrid post-Newtonian/numerical-relativity waveforms for non-precessing black-hole binaries" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/12/124001 

Mark Hannam, Sascha Husa, Frank Ohme, P. Ajith "Length Requirements for Numerical-Relativity Waveforms" Phys. Rev. D, v.82, 2010, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.124052 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Search for Gravitational Waves from Compact Binary Coalescence in LIGO and Virgo Data from S5 and VSR1" Phys. Rev. D, v.82, 2010, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.102001 

A. Singer, W. Anderson "Rethinking Password Policies" login:, v., 2013, p.. doi:Volume 38 #4. August 2013. Usenix Association 

A Cumming, A Heptonstall, R Kumar, W Cunningham, C Torrie, M Barton, K A Strain, J Hough, S Rowan "Finite element modelling of the mechanical loss of silica suspension fibres for advanced gravitational wave detectors" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.26, 2009, p.215012. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/26/21/215012 

P Barriga, D G Blair, D Coward, J Davidson, J-C Dumas, E Howell, L Ju, L Wen, C Zhao, D E McClelland, S M Scott, B J J Slagmolen, R Inta, J Munch, D J Ottaway, P Veitch, D Hosken, A Melatos, C Chung, L Sammut, D K Galloway, J Marx, S Whitcomb, D Shoemaker "AIGO: a southern hemisphere detector for the worldwide array of ground based interferometric gravitational wave detectors" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.084005. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084005 

N. Smith-Lefebvre, S. Ballmer, M. Evans, S. Waldman, K. Kawabe, V. Frolov, and N. Mavalvala "Optimal Alignment Sensing of a Mode Cleaner Cavity Used for Optical Readout" Optics Letters, v.36, 2011, p.4365. doi:10.1364/OL.36.004365 

J R Smith et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "The path to the enhanced and advanced LIGO gravitational-wave detectors" Class. Quantum Grav, v.26, 2009, p.114013. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/26/11/114013 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, VIRGO Collaboration "Beating the Spin-Down Limit on Gravitational Wave Emission from the Vela Pulsar" The Astrophysical Journal, v.737, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/737/2/93 

A.J. Drake, S.G. Djorgovski, A. Mahabal, J.L. Prieto, E. Beshore, M.J. Graham, M. Catalan, S. Larson, E. Christensen, C. Donalek, R. Williams "A.J. Drake, S.G. Djorgovski, A. Mahabal, J.L. Prieto, E. Beshore, M.J. Graham, M. Catalan, S. Larson, E. Christensen, C. Donalek, R. Williams" Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1017/S1743921312000889 

A.J. Drake, M. Catelan, S.G. Djorgovski, G. Torrealba, M.J. Graham, A. Mahabal, J.L. Prieto, C. Donalek, R. Williams, S. Larson, E. Christensen, E. Beshore "EVIDENCE FOR A MILKY WAY TIDAL STREAM REACHING BEYOND 100 kpc" The Astrophysical Journal, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/765/2/154 

P. Shawhan (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "Rapid alerts for following up gravitational wave event candidates" Proc. SPIE 8448, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1117/12.926372 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Predictions for the Rates of Compact Binary Coalescences Observable by Ground-based Gravitational-wave Detectors" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27 No 1, 2010, p.. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/27/17/173001 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Search for gravitational waves from low mass compact binary coalescence in 186 days of LIGOâ??s fifth science run" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.047101. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.047101 

R. Frey (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "Recent searches for gravitational-wave bursts associated with magnetar flares with LIGO, GEO, and Virgo" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012026 

L. Santamaria, F. Ohme, P. Ajith, B. Bruegmann, N. Dorband, M. Hannam, S. Husa, P. Moesta, D. Pollney, C. Reisswig, E. L. Robinson, J. Seiler, B. Krishnan "Matching Post-Newtonian and Numerical Relativity Waveforms: Systematic Errors and a New Phenomenological Model for Non-precessing Black Hole Binaries" Phys. Rev. D, v.82, 2010, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.064016 

B. P. Abbott et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "All-Sky LIGO Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Early Fifth-Science-Run Data" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.102, 2009, p.111102. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.111102 

B. P. Abbott et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "All-Sky LIGO Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Early Fifth-Science-Run Data" Physical Review Letters, v.102, 2009, p.111102. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.111102 

S. Babak, R. Biswas, P. Brady, D. Brown, K. Cannon, C. Capano, J. Clayton, T. Cokelaer, J. Creighton, T. Dent, A. Dietz, S. Fairhurst, N. Fotopoulos, G. Gonzalez, C. Hanna, I. Harry, G. Jones, D. Keppel, D. McKechan, L. Pekowsky, S. Privitera, C. Robinso "Searching for gravitational waves from binary coalescence" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.024033 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Search for Gravitational Waves from Intermediate Mass Binary Black Holes" Phys. Rev. D, v.85, 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.102004 

D.E. McClelland, N. Mavalvala, Y. Chen, R. Schnabel "Advanced Interferometry, Quantum Optics and Optomechanics in Gravitational Wave Detectors" Laser & Photonics Reviews, v.5, 2011, p.677. doi:10.1002/lpor.201000034 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Searches for gravitational waves from known pulsars with S5 LIGO data" The Astrophysical Journal, v.713, 2009, p.671. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/713/1/671 

Patrick J. Sutton, Gareth Jones, Shourov Chatterji, Peter Michael Kalmus, Isabel Leonor, Stephen Poprocki, Jameson Rollins, Antony Searle, Leo Stein, Massimo Tinto, Michal Was "X-Pipeline: An analysis package for autonomous gravitational-wave burst searches" New Journal of Physics, v.12, 2010, p.053034. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/12/5/053034 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, VIRGO Collaboration "Calibration and Sensitivity of the Virgo Detector During its Second Science Run" Class. Quantum Grav., v.28, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/28/2/025005 

A. Weinstein (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "Astronomy and astrophysics with gravitational waves in the Advanced Detector Era" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/12/124012 

R. Adhikari, Y. Chen, H. Miao, H. Yang "Quantum Limits of Interferometer Topologies for Gravitational Radiation Detection" arXiv, v., 2013, p.. doi:arXiv:1305.3957 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Stacked Search for Gravitational Waves from the 2006 SGR 1900+14 Storm" The Astrophysical Journal, v.701, 2009, p.L68. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/2/L68 

T. Hong, H. Yang, E. Gustafson, R. Adhikari, Y. Chen "Brownian Thermal Noise in Multilayer Coated Mirrors" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.082001 

S. Hooper, L. Wen, C. Hanna, K. Cannon, D. Keppel, D. Blair, S.Chung, L. Singer, Y. Chen "Progress on the Low-Latency Inspiral Gravitational Wave Detection algorithm known as SPIIR" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012027 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, VIRGO Collaboration "Transient Multimessenger Astronomy with Gravitational Waves" Class. Quantum Grav., v.28, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/28/11/114013 

P. Kalmus, K.C. Cannon, S. Marka, B.J. Owen "Stacking Gravitational Wave Signals from Soft Gamma Repeater Bursts" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.042001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.042001 

A. G. Shah, T.S. Keidi, J.L. Friedman, D.H. Kim, L. R. Price "Conservative, Gravitational Self-Force for a Particle in Circular Orbit Around a Schwarzschild Black Hole in a Radiation Gauge" Phys. Rev. D, v.83, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.064018 

T. Fricke, N.D. Smith-Lefebvre, R. Abbott, R. Adhikari, K.L. Dooley, M. Evans, P. Fritschel, V.V. Frolov, K. Kawabe, J.S. Kissel, B.J. Slagmolen, S.J. Waldman "DC Readout Experiment in Enhanced LIGO" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/6/065005 

L. Carbone, S. M. Aston, R. M. Cutler, A. Freise, J. Greenhalgh, J. Heefner, D. Hoyland, N. A. Lockerbie, D. Lodhia, N. A. Robertson, C. C. Speake, K. A. Strain, A. Vecchio "Sensors and Actuators for the Advanced LIGO Mirror Suspensions" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/11/115005 

Aidan F. Brooks, David Hosken, Jesper Munch, Peter J. Veitch, Zewu Yan, Chunnong Zhao, Yaohui Fan, Li Ju, David Blair, Phil Willems, Bram Slagmolen, and Jerome Degallaix "Direct measurement of absorption-induced wavefront distortion in high optical power systems" Applied Optics, v.48, 2009, p.355. doi:10.1364/AO.48.000355 

Kipp Cannon, Adrian Chapman, Chad Hanna, Drew Keppel, Antony C. Searle, Alan J. Weinstein "Singular Value Decomposition Applied to Compact Binary Coalescence Gravitational-Wave Signals" Phys. Rev. D, v.82, 2010, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.044025 

A.J. Drake, M. Catelan, S.G. Djorgovski, G. Torrealba, M.J. Graham, V. Belokurov, S.E. Koposov, A. Mahabal, J.L. Prieto, C. Donalek, R. Williams, S. Larson, E. Christensen, E. Beshore "PROBING THE OUTER GALACTIC HALO WITH RR LYRAE FROM THE CATALINA SURVEYS" The Astrophysical Journal, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/763/1/32 

Gregg Harry, LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Advanced LIGO: The next generation of gravitational wave detectors" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.084006. doi:doi: 10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084006 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, VIRGO Collaboration "Sensitivity Studies for Third Generation Gravitational Wave Observatories" Class. Quantum Grav., v.28, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/28/9/094013 

Patricia Schmidt, Mark Hannam, Sascha Husa, P. Ajith "Tracking the Precession of Compact Binaries from their Gravitational-Wave Signal" Phys. Rev. D, v.84, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.84.024046 

E. Howell, T. Regimbau, A. Corsi, D. Coward, R. Burman "Gravitational Wave Background from Sub-luminous GRBs: Prospects for Second and Third Generation Detectors" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v.410, 2010, p.2123. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.17585.x 

K Wette et al "Searching for gravitational waves from Cassiopeia A with LIGO" Class. Quantum Grav., v.25, 2008, p.235011. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/25/23/235011 

S. S. Y. Chua, M.S. Stefszky, C.M. Mow-Lowry, B.C. Buchler, S. Dwyer, D.A. Shaddock, PK Lam, and D.E. McClelland "Back scatter tolerant squeezed light source for advanced gravitational-wave detectors" Optics Letters, v.36, 2011, p.4680. doi:10.1364/OL.36.004680 

P. Leaci (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "Searching for continuous gravitational wave signals using LIGO and VIRGO detectors" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.354, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/354/1/012010 

M.J. Graham, S.G. Djorgovski, A. Drake, A. Mahabal, R. Williams, R. Seaman "The VAO Transient Facility" Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, v., 2011, p.. doi:10.1017/S1743921312000920 

Eric Thrane, Stefan Ballmer, Joseph D. Romano, Sanjit Mitra, Dipongkar Talukder, Sukanta Bose, Vuk Mandic "Probing the anisotropies of a stochastic gravitational-wave background using a network of ground-based laser interferometers" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.122002. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.122002 

P. Ajith, M. Hannam, S. Husa, Y. Chen, B. Bruegmann, N. Dorband, D. Mueller, F. Ohme, D. Pollney, C. Reisswig, L. Santamaria, J. Seiler "Inspiral-Merger-Ringdown Waveforms for Black-Hole Binaries with Nonprecessing Spins" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.106, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.241101 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "SEARCH FOR GRAVITATIONAL WAVES ASSOCIATED WITH GAMMA-RAY BURSTS DURING LIGO SCIENCE RUN 6 AND VIRGO SCIENCE RUNS 2 AND 3" The Astrophysical Journal, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/12 

R. Seaman, R. Williams, M. Graham, T. Murphy "Using the VO to Study the Time Domain" Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1017/S1743921312000634 

P. Kwee, C. Bogan, K. Danzmann, M. Frede, H. Kim, P. King, J. Pöld, O. Puncken, R. L. Savage, F. Seifert, P. Wessels, L. Winkelmann, B. Willke "Stabilized high-power laser system for the gravitational wave detector Advanced LIGO" Optics Express, v.20, 2012, p.. doi:10.1364/OE.20.010617 

J Slutsky, L Blackburn, D A Brown, L Cadonati, J Cain, M Cavaglià, S Chatterji, N Christensen, M Coughlin, S Desai, G González, T Isogai, E Katsavounidis, B Rankins, T Reed, K Riles, P Shawhan, J R Smith, N Zotov, J Zweizig "Methods for reducing false alarms in searches for compact binary coalescences in LIGO data" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.165023. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/16/165023 

M. Abernathy, S. Reid, E. Chalkley, R Bassiri, I W Martin, K Evans, M M Fejer, A Gretarsson, G M Harry, J Hough, I MacLaren, A Markosyan, P Murray, R Nawrodt, S Penn, R Route, S Rowan, P. Sneidel "Cryogenic mechanical loss measurements of heat-treated hafnium dioxide" Class. Quantum Grav, v.28, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/28/19/195017 

P. Astone( for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "Recent results for the search of continuous waves with the LIGO and Virgo detectors" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:1088/0264-9381/29/12/124011 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Search for gravitational wave ringdowns from perturbed black holes in LIGO S4 data" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.062001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.062001 

Pau Amaro-Seoane, Lucia Santamaria "Detection of IMBHs with Ground-Based Gravitational Wave Observatories: A Biography of a Binary of Black Holes, From Birth to Death" The Astrophysical Journal, v.722, 2010, p.1197. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/722/2/1197 

The LIGO Scientific Collaboration & The Virgo Collaboration "An upper limit on the stochastic gravitational-wave background of cosmological origin" Nature, v.460, 2009, p.990. doi:10.1038/nature08278 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "First LIGO search for gravitational wave bursts from cosmic (super)strings" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.062002. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.062002 

Anand Sengupta, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "LIGO-Virgo searches for gravitational waves from coalescing binaries: a status update" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.228, 2010, p.012002. doi:doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/228/1/012002 

V. Dergachev "Novel Universal Statistic for Computing Upper Limits in an ill-behaved Background" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.062001 

E Goetz, P Kalmus, S Erickson, R L Savage, G Gonzalez, K Kawabe, M Landry, S Marka, B O'Reilly, K Riles, D Sigg, P Willems "Precise calibration of LIGO test mass actuators using photon radiation pressure" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.26, 2009, p.245011. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/26/24/245011 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Prospects for Localization of Gravitational Wave Transients by the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo Observatories" arXiv, v., 2013, p.. doi:arXiv:1304.0670 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Directional limits on persistent gravitational waves using LIGO S5 science data" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.107, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.271102 

Eiichi Hirose, Keita Kawabe, Daniel Sigg, Rana Adhikari, and Peter R. Saulson "Angular instability due to radiation pressure in the LIGO gravitational wave detector" Applied Optics, v.49, 2010, p.3474. doi:10.1364/AO.49.003474 

E. Goetz, R. Savage "Calibration of the LIGO Displacement Actuators via Laser Frequency Modulation" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/21/215001 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Search for high frequency gravitational-wave bursts in the first calendar year of LIGOâ??s fifth science run" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.102002. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.102002 

Sukanta Bose, Shaon Ghosh, P. Ajith "Systematic Errors in Measuring Parameters of Non-Spinning Compact Binary Coalescences with Post-Newtonian Templates" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/11/114001 

Jan Harms, Riccardo DeSalvo, Steven Dorsher, Vuk Mandic "Simulation of underground gravity gradients from stochastic seismic fields" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.122001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.122001 

A. Mahabal, A. Kembhavi, R. Williams, S. Navelkar "Astronomy with Cutting-Edge ICT: From Transients in the Sky to Data over the Continents (India-US)" Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Advanced Network, v., 2011, p.. doi:10.7125/APAN.32.18 

D.M. Macleod, S. Fairhurst, B. Hughey, A.P. Lundgren, L. Pekowsky, J. Rollins, J.R. Smith "Reducing the effect of seismic noise from LIGO data by targeted veto generation" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/5/055006 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Scientific Objectives of Einstein Telescope" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/12/124013 

Jan Harms, Fausto Acernese, Fabrizio Barone, Imre Bartos, Mark Beker, J.F.J. van den Brand, Nelson Christensen, Michael Coughlin, Riccardo DeSalvo, Steven Dorsher, Jaret Heise, Shivaraj Kandhasamy, Vuk Mandic, Szabolcs MÃ?¡rka, Guido MÃ?¼ller, Luca Nati "Characterization of the Seismic Environment at the Sanford Underground Laboratory, South Dakota" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/22/225011 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "The characterization of Virgo data and its impact on gravitational-wave searches" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/15/155002 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, VIRGO Collaboration "Predictions for the Rates of Compact Binary Coalescences Observable by Ground-Based Gravitational-Wave Detectors" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/17/173001 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "IMPLICATIONS FOR THE ORIGIN OF GRB 051103 FROM LIGO OBSERVATIONS" The Astrophysical Journal, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/755/1/2 

J. Miller, M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Fritschel, M. MacInnis, R. Mittleman, B. Shapiro, J. Soto, C. Torrie "Damping Parametric Instabilities in Future Gravitational Wave Detectors by Means of Electrostatic Actuators" Physics Letters A, v.375, 2010, p.788. doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2010.12.032 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Search for Gravitational Waves from Low Mass Binary Coalescences in the First Year of LIGO's S5 Data" Physical Review D, v.79, 2009, p.122001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.122001 

B. Abbott, et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "First joint search for gravitational-wave bursts in LIGO and GEO 600 data" Class. Quantum Grav., v.25, 2008, p.245008. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/25/24/245008 

D. Keppel, P. Ajith "Constraining the Mass of the Graviton Using Coalescing Black-Hole Binaries" Phys. Rev. D, v.82, 2010, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.82.122001 

I. Bartos, C. Finley, A. Corsi, and S. Márka "Observational Constraints on Multi-messenger Sources of Gravitational Waves and High-energy" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.107, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.107.251101 

Imre Bartos, Rolf Bork, Maxim Factourovich, Jay Heefner, Szabolcs Márka, Zsuzsa Márka, Zoltán Raics, Paul Schwinber, Daniel Sigg "The Advanced LIGO timing system" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.084025. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084025 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "All-sky search for gravitational-wave bursts in the second joint LIGO-Virgo run" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.122007 

J Miller, P Willems, H Yamamoto, J Agresti3 and R DeSalvo "Thermal distortions of non-Gaussian beams in Fabry-Perot cavities" Class. Quantum Grav., v.25, 2008, p.235016. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/25/23/235016 

Rupal S. Amin, Joseph A. Giaime "Gravitational Wave Detector Derived Error Signals for the LIGO Thermal Compensation System" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/21/215002 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Search for gravitational-wave inspiral signals associated with short Gamma-Ray Bursts during LIGO's fifth and Virgo's first science run" The Astrophysical Journal, v.715, 2010, p.1453. doi:doi: 10.1088/0004-637X/715/2/1453 

J. Giblin Jr., L. Price, X. Siemens, B. Vlcek "Gravitational Waves from Global Second Order Phase Transitions" Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2012/11/006 

Akira E. Villar, Eric D. Black, Riccardo DeSalvo, Kenneth G. Libbrecht, Christophe Michel, Nazario Morgado, Laurent Pinard, Innocenzo M. Pinto, Vincenzo Pierro, Vincenzo Galdi, Maria Principe, Ilaria Tauras "Measurement of Thermal Noise in Multilayer Coatings with Optimized Layer Thickness" Physical Review D, v.81, 2010, p.122001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.81.122001 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "A Search For Gravitational Waves Associated With The August 2006 Timing Glitch Of The Vela Pulsar" Phys. Rev. D, v.83, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.042001 

I. Leonor, L. Cadonati, E. Coccia, S. D'Antonio, A. Di Credico, V. Fafone, R. Frey, W. Fulgione, E. Katsavounidis, C. D. Ott, G. Pagliaroli, K. Scholberg, E. Thrane, F. Vissani "Searching for prompt signatures of nearby core-collapse supernovae by a joint analysis of neutrino and gravitational wave data" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.084019. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084019 

Alessandra Corsi, Benjamin J. Owen "Maximum Gravitational-Wave Energy Emissible in Magnetar Flares" Phys. Rev. D, v.83, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.104014 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Search for Gravitational Wave Bursts from Six Magnetars" The Astrophysical Journal Letters, v.734, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/734/2/L35 

B. Abbott, et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory" General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology (gr-qc), v.arXiv:0, 2009, p..

LIGO Scientific Collaboration,LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Search for gravitational-wave bursts associated with gamma-ray bursts using data from LIGO Science Run 5 and Virgo Science Run 1" The Astrophysical Journal, v.715, 2010, p.1438. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/715/2/1438 

L.K. Nuttall (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration), W. Zheng, C. Akerlof "The Analysis of ROTSE Images of Potential Counterparts to Gravitational Wave Events" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012033 

B. Abbott, et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "Search for Gravitational Waves from Low Mass Binary Coalescences in the First Year of LIGO's S5 Data" Phys.Rev.D, v.79, 2009, p.122001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.122001 

Chad Hanna, LIGO Scientific Collaboation, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Gravitational-wave data analysis overview of compact binary searches using waveforms inspired by numerical relativity" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.114003. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/11/114003 

J. Markowitz, M. Zanolin, L. Cadonati, and E. Katsavounidis "Gravitational wave burst source direction estimation using time and amplitude information" Phys. Rev. D, v.78, 2008, p.122003. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.78.122003 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Einstein@Home all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S5 data" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.042001 

A. Heptonstall, M.A. Barton, A. Bell, G. Cagnoli, C.A. Cantley, D.R.M. Crooks, A. Cumming, A. Grant, G.D. Hammond, G. M. Harry, J. Hough, R. Jones, D. Kelley, R. Kumar, I.W. Martin, N.A. Robertson, S. Rowan, K.A. Strain, K. Tokmakov, M. Van Veggel "Invited Article: CO2 Laser Production of Fused Silica Fibers for use in Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detector Mirror Suspensions" Rev Sci. Instrum., v.82, 2011, p.. doi:10.1063/1.3532770 

Riccardo DeSalvo "Accelerometer Development for Use in Gravitational Wave-Detection Interferometers" ulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v.99, 2009, p.990. doi:10.1785/0120080155 

I.W. Martin, R. Bassiri, R. Nawrodt, M.M. Fejer, A. Gretarsson, E. Gustafson, G. Harry, J. Hough, I. MacLaren, S. Penn, S. Reid, R. Route, S. Rowan, C. Schwarz, P. Seidel, J. Scott, A.L. Woodcraft "Effect of Heat Treatment on Mechanical Dissipation in Ta2O5 Coatings" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/22/225020 

H P Daveloza, M Afrin Badhan, M Diaz, K Kawabe, P N Konverski, M Landry and R L Savage "Controlling calibration errors in gravitational-wave detectors by precise location of calibration forces" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012007 

A. Cumming, R. Jones, M. Barton, G. Cagnoli, C.A. Cantley, D.R.M. Crooks, G.D. Hammond, A. Heptonstall, J. Hough, S. Rowan, K.A. Strain "Apparatus for Dimensional Characterization of Fused Silica Fibers for the Suspensions of Advanced Gravitational Wave Detectors" Rev. Sci. Instrum., v.82, 2011, p.. doi:10.1063/1.3581228 

R. Essick, L. Blackburn, E. Katsavounidis "Optimizing Vetoes for Gravitational-wave Transient Searches" Optimizing Vetoes for Gravitational-wave Transient Searches, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/30/15/155010 

Alessandra Corsi, Dafne Guetta, Luigi Piro "High-Energy Emission Components in the Short GRB 090510" The Astrophysical Journal, v.720, 2010, p.1008. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/720/2/1008 

M. Coughlin, J. Harms "Seismic topographic scattering in the context of GW detector site selection" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/7/075004 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Calibration of the LIGO Gravitational Wave Detectors in the Fifth Science Run" Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, v.A624, 2010, p.223. doi:10.1016/j.nima.2010.07.089 

H. Yamamoto "Optical System Design of Laser Interferometer for Gravitational Wave Detection" OplusE (Japanese Optics Magazine), v., 2012, p..

E. Goetz, R.L. Savage Jr., J. Garofoli, G. Gonzalez, E. Hirose, P. Kalmus, K. Kawabe, J. Kissel, M. Landry, B. O'Reilly, X. Siemens, A. Stuver, M. Sung "Accurate Calibration of Test Mass Displacement in the LIGO Interferometers" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084024 

R. Biswas, P. Brady, J. Burguet-Castell, K. Cannon, J. Clayton, A. Dietz, N. Fotopoulos, L. Goggin, D. Keppel, C. Pankow, L. Price, R. Vaulin "Detecting transient gravitational waves in non-Gaussian noise with partially redundant analysis methods" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.122009 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Observation of a kilogram-scale oscillator near its quantum ground state" New Journal of Physics, v.11, 2009, p.073032. doi:10.1088/1367-2630/11/7/073032 

Yoichi Aso, Evan Goetz, Peter Kalmus, Luca Matone, Szabolcs Márka, Joshua Myers, Brian O'Reilly, Rick Savage, Paul Schwinberg, Xavier Siemens, Daniel Sigg and Nicolas Smith "Accurate measurement of the time delay in the response of the LIGO gravitational wave detectors" Class. Quantum Grav., v.26, 2009, p.055010. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/26/5/055010 

Shin Kee Chung, Linqing Wen, David Blair, Kipp Cannon, Amitava Datta "Application of Graphics Processing Units to Search Pipeline for Gravitational Waves from Coalescing Binaries of Compact Objects" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.135009. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/13/135009 

T. Hong, J. Miller, H. Yamamoto, Y. Chen and R.Adhikari "Effects of mirror aberrations on Laguerre-Gaussian beams in interferometric gravitational-wave detectors" Phys. Rev. D, v.84, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.84.102001 

P. Ajith, M. Hannam, S. Husa, Y. Chen, Brugmann, N. Dorband, D. Muller, F. Ohme, D. Pollney, C. Reisswig, L. Santamaria, J. Seiler "Inspiral-Merger-Ringdown Waveforms for Black-Hole Binaries with Nonprecessing Spins" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.106, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.106.241101 

Kipp Cannon, Chad Hanna, Drew Keppel, Antony C. Searle "Composite Gravitational-Wave Detection of Compact Binary Coalescence" Phys. Rev. D, v.83, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.084053 

A. Mahabal, C. Donalek, S. G. Djorgovski, A.J. Drake, M.J. Graham, R. Williams, Y. Chen, B. Moghaddam, M. Turmon "Real-Time Classification of Transient Events in Synoptic Sky Surveys" Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1017/S1743921312001056 

J. Driggers, J. Harms, R. Adhikari "Subtraction of Newtonian Noise Using Optimized Sensor Arrays" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.86.102001 

A. Dietz, N. Fotopoulos, L. Singer, C. Cutler "Outlook for detection of GW inspirals by GRB-triggered searches in the Advanced detector era" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.064033 

A.J. Mullavey, B.J. Slagmolen, J. Miller, M. Evans, P. Fritschel, D. Sigg, S.J. Waldman, D.A. Shaddock, D. E. McClelland "Arm-length stabilisation for interferometric gravitational-wave detectors using frequency-doubled auxiliary lasers" Optics Express, v.20, 2012, p.81. doi:10.1364/OE.20.000081 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "First Search for Gravitational Waves from the Youngest Known Neutron Star" The Astrophysical Journal, v.722, 2010, p.1504. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/722/2/1504 

E. Goetz, R. L. Savage Jr., J. Garofoli, G. Gonzalez, E. Hirose, P. Kalmus, K. Kawabe, J. Kissel, M. Landry, B. O'Reilly, X. Siemens, A. Stuver, M. Sung "Accurate calibration of test mass displacement in the LIGO interferometers" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.084024. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084024 

P. A. Evans, J. K. Fridriksson, N. Gehrels, J. Homan, J. P. Osborne, M. Siegel, A. Beardmore, P. Handbauer, J. Gelbord, J. A. Kennea, M. Smith, Q. Zhu, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "SWIFT FOLLOW-UP OBSERVATIONS OF CANDIDATE GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE TRANSIENT EVENTS" The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0067-0049/203/2/28 

E. Thrane "Measuring the non-Gaussian stochastic gravitational-wave background: A method for realistic interferometer data" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.043009 

M. Evans, S. Ballmer, M. Fejer, P. Fritschel, G. Harry, and G. Ogin "Thermo-optic noise in coated mirrors for high-precision optical measurements" Phys. Rev. D, v.78, 2008, p.102003. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.78.102003 

B. Baret, I. Bartos, B. Bouhou, E. Chassande-Mottin, A. Corsi, I. Di Palma, C. Donzaud, M. Drago, C. Finley, G. Jones, S. Klimenko, A. Kouchner, S. Márka, Z. Márka, L. Moscoso, M.A. Papa, T. Pradier, G. Prodi, P. Raffai, V. Re, J. Rollins, F. Salemi, P. "Multimessenger Science Reach and Analysis Method for Common Sources of Gravitational Waves and High-energy Neutrinos" Phys. Rev. D, v.85, 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.103004 

S. Aston, M. Barton, A. Bell, N. Beveridge, B. Bland, A. Brummitt, G. Cagnoli, C. Cantley, L. Carbone, A. Cumming, L. Cunningham, R. Cutler, R. Greenhalgh, G. Hammond, K. Haughian, T. Hayler, A. Heptonstall, J. Heefner, D. Hoyland, J. Hough, R. Jones, J. "Update on Quadruple Suspension Design for Advanced LIGO" Class. Quantum Grav, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/23/235004 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Search for gravitational waves from binary black hole inspiral, merger, and ringdown in LIGO-Virgo data from 2009?2010" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.87.022002 

P. Patel, X. Siemens, R. Dupuis, J. Betzwieser "Implementation of barycentric resampling for continuous wave searches in gravitational wave data" Physical Review D, v.81, 2010, p.084032. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.81.084032 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Parameter estimation for compact binary coalescence signals with the first generation gravitational wave detector network" arXiv, v., 2013, p.. doi:arXiv:1304.1775 

J. McIver (for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration & Virgo Collaboration) "Data Quality Studies of Enhanced Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors" Class. Quantum Grav, v.29, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/12/124010 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "First Low-Latency LIGO+Virgo Search for Binary Inspirals and their Electromagnetic Counterparts" Astronomy & Astrophysics, v.541, 2012, p.. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201218860 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Search for Gravitational Waves from Binary Black Hole Inspiral, Merger and Ringdown" Phys. Rev. D, v.83, 2011, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.122005 

L Barsotti , M Evans and P Fritschel "Alignment sensing and control in advanced LIGO" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.084026. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/8/084026 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Search for Gravitational Waves from Low Mass Compact Binary Coalescence in LIGO's Sixth Science Run and Virgo's Science Runs 2 and 3" Phys. Rev. D, v.85, 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.082002 

P Ajith and K G Arun "Gravitational-Wave Astronomy: A new window to the Universe" Resonance, v.16, 2011, p.922.

A. Corsi, E. O. Ofek, D. A. Frail, D. Poznanski, I. Arcavi, A. Gal-Yam, S. R. Kulkarni, K. Hurley, P. A. Mazzali, D. A. Howell, M. M. Kasliwal, Y. Green, D. Murray, M. Sullivan, D. Xu, S. Ben-ami, J. S. Bloom, S. B. Cenko, N. M. Law, P. Nugent, R. M. Quim "PTF 10bzf (SN 2010ah): A BROAD-LINE Ic SUPERNOVA DISCOVERED BY THE PALOMAR TRANSIENT FACTORY" The Astrophysical Journal, v.741, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/76 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Sensitivity Achieved by the LIGO and Virgo Gravitational Wave Detectors during LIGO's Sixth and Virgo's Second and Third Science Runs" arXiv, v., 2012, p.. doi:arXiv:1203.2674 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "A gravitational wave observatory operating beyond the quantum shot-noise limit" Nature Physics, v.7, 2011, p.962. doi:10.1038/nphys2083 

B. Abbott, et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "Search for Gravitational-Wave Bursts from Soft Gamma Repeaters" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.101, 2008, p.211102. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.101.211102 

Antony C. Searle, Patrick J. Sutton, Massimo Tinto "Bayesian detection of unmodeled bursts of gravitational waves" Class.Quant.Grav., v.26, 2009, p.155017. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/26/15/155017 

R. DeRosa, J. Driggers, D. Atkinson, H. Miao, V. Frolov, M. Landry, J. Giaime, R. Adhikari "Global feed-forward vibration isolation in a km scale interferometer" Class. Quantum Grav, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/29/21/215008 

Roman Schnabel, Nergis Mavalvala, David E. McClelland, Ping K. Lam "Quantum Metrology for Gravitational Wave Astronomy" Nature Communications, v.1, 2010, p.. doi:10.1038/ncomms1122 

J. Centrella, S. Nissanke, R. Williams "Gravitational Waves and Time Domain Astronomy" Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1017/S1743921312000592 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "All-sky search for gravitational-wave bursts in the first joint LIGO-GEO-Virgo run" Physical Review D, v.81, 2010, p.1020001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.81.102001 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "All-sky Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Full S5 LIGO Data" Phys. Rev. D, v.85, 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.022001 

Lee Lindblom, Benjamin J. Owen, and Duncan A. Brown "Model waveform accuracy standards for gravitational wave data analysis" Phys. Rev. D, v.78, 2008, p.124020. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.78.124020 

Aylott, B; et al "Testing gravitational-wave searches with numerical relativity waveforms: Results from the first Numerical INJection Analysis (NINJA) project" General Relativity and Quantum Cosmology, v.26, 2009, p.165008. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/26/16/165008 

M. Coughlin, J. Harms "The Relevance of Seismic Fields for Gravitational-Wave Detection" IRIS DMS Newsletter, v.14, 2012, p..

Alastair Heptonstall, Mark Barton, Caroline Cantley, Alan Cumming, Geppo Cagnoli, James Hough, Russell Jones, Rahul Kumar, Iain Martin, Sheila Rowan, Calum Torrie, Steven Zech "Investigation of mechanical dissipation in CO2 laser drawn fused silica fibres and welds" Classical and Quantum Gravity, v.27, 2010, p.035013. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/3/035013 

K. Izumi, K. Arai, B. Barr, J. Betzwieser, A. Brooks, K. Dahl, S. Doravari, J. Driggers, W. Korth, H. Miao, J. Rollins, S. Vass, D. Yeaton-Massey, R. Adhikari "Multicolor cavity metrology" JOSA A, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1364/JOSAA.29.002092 

B. Baret, I. Bartos, B. Bouhou, E. Chassande-Mottin, A. Corsi, I. Di Palma, C. Donzaud, M. Drago, C. Finley, G. Jones, S. Klimenko, A. Kouchner, S. Márka, Z. Márka, L. Moscoso, M.A. Papa, T. Pradier, G. Prodi, P. Raffai, V. Re, J. Rollins, F. Salemi, P. "Multimessenger Sources of Gravitational Waves and High-energy Neutrinos: Science Reach and Analysis Method" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.363, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/363/1/012022 

Antares Collaboration, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "A FIRST SEARCH FOR COINCIDENT GRAVITATIONAL WAVES AND HIGH ENERGY NEUTRINOS USING LIGO, VIRGO AND ANTARES DATA FROM 2007" Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1088/1475-7516/2013/06/008 

D.J. Ottaway, P. Fritschel, S.J. Waldman "The Impact of Upconverted Scattered Light on Advanced Interferometric Gravitational Wave Detectors" Optics Express, v.20, 2012, p.8329. doi:10.1364/OE.20.008329 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration "Einstein@Home search for periodic gravitational waves in early S5 LIGO data" Physical Review D, v.80, 2009, p.042003. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.80.042003 

O. Palashov, D. Zheleznov, A. Voitovich, V. Zelenogorsky, E. Kamenetsky, E. Khazanov, R. Martin, K. Dooley, L. Williams, A. Lucianetti, V. Quetschke, G. Mueller, D. Reitze, D. Tanner, E. Genin, B. Canuel, J. Marque "High vacuum compatible high power Faraday isolators for gravitational-wave interferometers" JOSA B, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1364/JOSAB.29.001784 

V. Dergachev "Loosely coherent searches for sets of well-modeled signals" Phys. Rev. D, v.85, 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.062003 

R. Biswas, P. Brady, J. Burguet-Castell, K. Cannon, J. Clayton, A. Dietz, N. Fotopoulos, L. Goggin, D. Keppel, C. Pankow, L. Price, R. Vaulin "Likelihood-ratio ranking of gravitational-wave candidates in a non-Gaussian background" Phys. Rev. D, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.122008 

LIGO Scientific Collaboration, Virgo Collaboration "Upper limits on a stochastic gravitational wave background using LIGO and Virgo interferometers at 600-1000 Hz" Phys. Rev. D, v.85, 2012, p.. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.85.122001 

M. Evans, L. Barsotti, P. Fritschel "A general approach to optomechanical parametric instabilities" Physics Letters A, v.374, 2010, p.665. doi:0.1016/j.physleta.2009.11.023 

Laura Cadonati, LIGO Scientific Collaboration, LIGO Virgo Collaboration "Laser Interferometers, Gravitational waves and Echos from the Universe" Journal of Physics: Conference Series, v.222, 2010, p.012030. doi:10.1088/1742-6596/222/1/012030 

R. Biswas, P. Brady, J. Creighton, S. Fairhurst, G. Mendell, S. Privitera "Corrigendum: The loudest event statistic: general formulation, properties and applications" Class. Quantum Grav, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/30/7/079502 

B. Abbott, et al (LIGO Scientific Collaboration) "Einstein@Home search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data" Phys. Rev. D, v.79, 2009, p.022001. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.022001 

A. Corsi, E. O. Ofek, A. Gal-Yam, D. A. Frail, D. Poznanski, P. A. Mazzali, S. R. Kulkarni, M. M. Kasliwal, I. Arcavi, S. Ben-Ami, S. B. Cenko, A. V. Filippenko, D. B. Fox, A. Horesh, J. L. Howell, I. K. W. Kleiser, E. Nakar, I. Rabinak, R. Sari, J. M. Si "EVIDENCE FOR A COMPACT WOLF-RAYET PROGENITOR FOR THE TYPE Ic SUPERNOVA PTF 10vgv" The Astrophysical Journal, v.747, 2012, p.. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/747/1/L5 

R. Williams, S. Barthelmy, R. Denny, M. Graham, J. Swinbank "Responding to the Event Deluge" Proc. SPIE 8448, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1117/12.925252 

Melissa Anholm, Stefan Ballmer, Jolien D. E. Creighton, Larry R. Price, and Xavier Siemens "Optimal strategies for gravitational wave stochastic background searches in pulsar timing data" Phys. Rev. D, v.79, 2009, p.084030. doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.79.084030 

Vladimir Dergachev "On Blind Searches for Noise Dominated Signals: A Loosely Coherent Approach" Class. Quantum Grav., v.27, 2010, p.. doi:10.1088/0264-9381/27/20/205017 

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Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

NSF's Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory (LIGO) produced two of the most spectacular scientific results of the 21st century, opening a new observational window on the Universe. Gravitational waves emitted during the final instant of the collision of two black holes (figures 1, 2) were detected by LIGO in late 2015, almost exactly 100 years after Einstein predicted them.  This was followed in the summer of 2017 by the first detection of two colliding neutron stars, an event that was subsequently detected by its emissions across the entire electromagnetic (EM) spectrum (ranging from gamma rays to radio waves). 

Each of these detections has in their own way revolutionized our understanding of the Cosmos and have ushered in the era of gravitational-wave astrophysics and multi-messenger astronomy. Answers to longstanding fundamental questions about the nature of gravity, black holes, neutron stars, gamma ray bursts, and even the origin of the elements have been uncovered through the observation of these two events.  Additional detections of black hole collisions with LIGO and its partner Virgo in Italy have firmly established gravitational waves as a unique and powerful tool in the astronomical observatory arsenal. NSF's LIGO is significantly advancing our knowledge of the fundamental nature of gravity and has opened an entirely new window into the high-energy, 'dark side' side of the gravitational-wave Universe.  

These long-awaited discoveries required instruments capable of measuring changes in distances with incredible precision--comparable to measuring the distance from the earth to the sun to the precision of the diameter of a hydrogen atom--and were the result of a highly successful multi-decade dedicated partnership among the NSF, Caltech, MIT, and the LIGO Scientific Collaboration, a large group of scientists, engineers, and students around the world.  The LIGO detectors employ precision laser interferometry to compare the time-varying changes in distance between pairs of isolated 'test masses' -- mirrors suspended under ultra-vacuum over a 4 km long baseline. By arranging two such baselines at right angles, the changing strains produced by gravitational waves are read out as a fluctuating difference between the arms' lengths.  Several advances in precision interferometry were enabled by this award, enabling the LIGO Hanford and Livingston Observatories to become the most sensitive gravitational wave detectors in the world.

Support from this award enabled the LIGO Open Science Center to provide public access to LIGO data to a broad user community with the aim of making scientific analysis with LIGO data accessible to professional scientists as well as amateur scientists and students with a wide range of backgrounds.   During the award period, the LIGO Laboratory hosted education and public outreach programs that reached more than 140,000 visitors at and around the two observatories at Hanford, WA and Livingston, LA.  The Hanford and Livingston LIGO Observatories utilized dozens of educational partnerships to deepen and extend their outreach program and developed active teacher programs impacting nearly 2500 teachers through professional development workshops. 

 


Last Modified: 11/06/2019
Modified by: David H Reitze

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