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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:TRUSTEES OF THE COLORADO SCHOOL OF MINES
Doing Business As Name:Colorado School of Mines
PD/PI:
  • Brajendra Mishra
  • (508) 831-5711
  • bmishra@wpi.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Corby G Anderson
  • Patrick R Taylor
Award Date:01/14/2010
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 325,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 343,500
  • FY 2011=$220,000
  • FY 2013=$35,500
  • FY 2014=$33,000
  • FY 2010=$55,000
Start Date:01/15/2010
End Date:12/31/2015
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Collaborative Research: Center for Resource Recovery and Recycling (CR3)
Federal Award ID Number:0968802
DUNS ID:010628170
Parent DUNS ID:010628170
Program:IUCRC-Indust-Univ Coop Res Ctr

Awardee Location

Street:1500 Illinois
City:Golden
State:CO
ZIP:80401-1887
County:Golden
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:07

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Colorado School of Mines
Street:1500 Illinois
City:Golden
State:CO
ZIP:80401-1887
County:Golden
Country:US
Cong. District:07

Abstract at Time of Award

I/UCRC for Resource Recovery and Recycling 0968839 Worcester Polytechnic Institute; Diran Apelian 0968802 Colorado School of Mines; Brajendra Mishra The Center for Resource Recovery and Recycling (CR3) will conduct research that enables innovative recovery and recycling processing technologies that maximize the capture of post-consumer scrap and minimize the quantity of manufacturing scrap. Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) and Colorado School of Mines (CSM) are collaborating to establish the proposed center, with WPI as the lead institution. The research efforts at the proposed Center will enable innovative recovery and recycling processing technologies. The PIs will apply a systems approach to identify best strategies and build optimal recovery and recycling technologies. The proposed research will include establishing methods to design metallic alloys that meet performance requirements while increasing recyclability; developing sensors to identify metals and separation technologies to sort the waste stream; and establishing materials sensors, processes and controls to achieve greater tolerance of scrap metal input for downstream recycling processes. The Center research projects will be multi-disciplinary and will involve faculty and both graduate and under-graduate students from a spectrum of disciplines. The societal impact of the proposed Center includes the energy savings and emissions reductions that are inherent in increased resource recovery and recycling. Materials recovery and recycling is practiced by diverse and often fragmented supply chain (scrap yards, municipal waste centers and others). The proposed IUCRC plans to bring together industrial members from across this spectrum, and provide a forum where all can gain an understanding of the entire supply chain, identify issues, explore and develop innovative, integrated solutions. Broadening participation is also a top priority for CR3, and will involve underrepresented minorities and women within the Center activities through targeted provision of research and educational opportunities for its graduates at companies that belong to the Center.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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D. Marinos and B. Mishra, DOI 10.1007/s40831-015-0024-6, ., Vol. 1(4), pp. [2015]. "?An Approach to Processing of Lithium-Ion Batteries for the Zero-Waste Recovery of Materials?," J. Sustain. Metall, v.1, 2015, p.DOI 10.10.


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

For the past two decades, U.S. citizens, including those within academia, government, and industry have grown to understand the importance of environmental, climate, and energy sustainability. As consumers of one third of the world’s material supply, we must improve the recovery of materials from our waste stream and rely more on recycled materials to offset the use of primary materials and the associated depletion of non-renewable material resources and energy. We have made progress during these past decades; yet we typically recover less than one half of the metallic content of retired products and still depend on primary metals to fulfill two thirds of domestic manufacturing needs.
The Center for Resource Recovery and Recycling (CR3) has brought together three universities and about 20 industry partners and in a short five year period has become the premier cooperative research center focused on sustainable stewardship of the earth’s resources. Supported as an I/UCRC—industry/university cooperative research center—by the National Science Foundation (NSF) since 2009, CR3 has brought industry leaders to the table to solve the problems of materials recovery and recycling. CR3 research and scholarship aims to advance the recovery and recycling of materials from initial product design through manufacture to end-of-life disposition.
The products companies are building are chomping through nearly every element on the periodic table, resulting in scarcity, unnecessary waste, and costly pollution. The rate at which we are consuming nonrenewable (inorganic) materials is already affecting corporate strategies from product design to pricing. Until we proactively reverse the trend, companies will be forced to react to ever-escalating problems, including supply chain disruption, pricing volatility, and more stringent environmental mandates. Companies cannot work in isolation to find the best solutions with speed and cost-effectiveness. Given the magnitude of the problem, the solutions need to come from strong industry- academic-government partnerships. That is what makes the landmark Center for Resource Recovery and Recycling (CR3) distinctive.
The Center has developed innovative solutions to recover and recycle materials from initial product design through manufacture to end-of-life disposition. These advancements help corporations reduce energy consumption and increase profitability. Some of the key projects that we have conducted during our Phase I of the Center are:
• Beneficiation of Flat Panel Functional Coatings
• Development of a Novel Recycling Process for Li-Ion Battery Magnets
• Metal Recovery via Automated Sortation
• Recovery of Rare Earth Metals from Phosphor Dust of Waste Fluorescent Light Fixtures
• Recovery of Value-Added Products from Red Mud and Foundry Bag House Dust
• Recovery of Zinc and Iron from EAF Dusts

Synthesis of Inorganic Polymers from Metallurgical Residue.

Intellectual Merit of the Center

CR3 has conducted r...

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