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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO, THE
Doing Business As Name:University of Chicago
PD/PI:
  • John E Carlstrom
  • (773) 834-0269
  • jc@kicp.uchicago.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • John E Ruhl
  • William L Holzapfel
  • Joseph J Mohr
  • Nils W Halverson
Award Date:09/17/2007
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 13,791,619
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 17,449,975
  • FY 2007=$1,381,374
  • FY 2013=$1,500,000
  • FY 2009=$2,857,566
  • FY 2011=$2,461,565
  • FY 2012=$1,164,279
  • FY 2010=$5,262,410
  • FY 2008=$2,822,781
Start Date:10/01/2007
End Date:03/31/2014
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.078
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Cosmological Research with the 10 meter South Pole Telescope
Federal Award ID Number:0638937
DUNS ID:005421136
Parent DUNS ID:005421136
Program:ANT Astrophys & Geospace Sci
Program Officer:
  • Vladimir Papitashvili
  • (703) 292-7425
  • vpapita@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:6054 South Drexel Avenue
City:Chicago
State:IL
ZIP:60637-2612
County:Chicago
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:01

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Chicago
Street:6054 South Drexel Avenue
City:Chicago
State:IL
ZIP:60637-2612
County:Chicago
Country:US
Cong. District:01

Abstract at Time of Award

OPP-0638937 Carlstrom This is a program of research activities broadly directed toward using the new ten-meter South Pole Telescope (SPT) to probe the nature of dark energy and inflation. The telescope and the initial detector array were constructed under a prior award, and science observations are starting during the austral winter 2007. This study includes support for operation of the SPT, storage and reduction of the data, and science analysis. The initial project is a four-thousand square degree survey, using the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect (SZE) to detect all galaxy clusters more massive than a specific limiting value, independent of their redshift. Combining these results with optical redshifts, both currently available and yet to be observed, will place tight constraints on the equation of state of the dark energy. SPT observations will also measure fine-scale temperature anisotropies, which can determine whether a departure from exact scale invariance exists, as is predicted by the current 'standard' inflationary cosmology. Longer-term projects include developing a new one-thousand-pixel, dual-polarization, multi-band polarimeter for the SPT, to measure the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) polarization anisotropy over scales of an arc-minute to several degrees. Measuring the angular power spectrum of the so-called B-mode polarization, as well as the large angular scale modes imprinted on the CMB by inflationary gravitational waves generated in the first instants of the Universe, exploits the unique and powerful capabilities of the SPT for research at the cutting edge of cosmology and astrophysics. The critical questions, and recommendations for research programs to help answer them, have been the focus of several national reports, including the 2000 NRC Decadal Report on Astronomy and Astrophysics, the NRC report Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos, the OSTP inter-agency report Physics of the Universe, and the reports of the Task Force on CMB Research and the Dark Energy Task Force. The science of the SPT research projects is at the heart of cosmology, is directed at answering some of these most compelling questions, and will have significant broader impacts throughout cosmology and physics. More broadly, the project contributes to the training of the next generation of scientists by integrating graduate and undergraduate education with technology and instrumentation development, astronomical observations, and scientific analysis. The SPT surveys will also lead to large, publicly available datasets. The sharing of forefront research with non-scientists extends beyond the university to both established and new programs based on exploiting the growing popularity of video and audio content on the web. The International Polar Year celebration also offers a special opportunity to contribute to public awareness of polar science.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Crites, AT; Benson, BA; Bleem, L; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Datesman, A; Divan, R; George, EM; Holzapfel, WL; Lee, A; Lueker, M; McMahon, JJ; Mehl, J; Meyer, SS; Montroy, T; Natoli, T; Novosad, V; Pearson, J; Ruhl, J; Sayre, J; Shirokoff, E; Story, K; Wan "Progress on ANL/KICP Bolometers for SPTpol" IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, v.21, 2011, p.184. doi:10.1109/TASC.2010.209499  View record at Web of Science

Staniszewski, Z; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, JD; Joy, M; Keisler, R; Lanting, TM; Lee, AT; Leitch, EM; Loe "GALAXY CLUSTERS DISCOVERED WITH A SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT SURVEY" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.701, 2009, p.32. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/701/1/3  View record at Web of Science

George, E. M.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H.-M.; Crites, A. T.; Dobbs, M. A.; Everett, W.; Halverson, N. W.; Henning, J. W.; Hilton, G. C.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Hubmayr, J.; "A Study of Al-Mn Transition Edge Sensor Engineering for Stability" Journal of Low-Temperature Physics, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1007/s10909-013-0994-3 

Benson, B. A.; de Haan, T.; Dudley, J. P.; Reichardt, C. L.; Aird, K. A.; Andersson, K.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; Bayliss, M.; and 70 coauthors "Cosmological Constraints from Sunyaev-Zel'dovich-selected Clusters with X-Ray Observations in the First 178 deg2 of the South Pole Telescope Survey" The Astrophysical Journal, v.763, 2013, p.147-168. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/147 

Saro, A. and Liu, J. and Mohr, J.J. and Aird, K.A. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Bayliss, M. and Benson, B.A. and Bleem, L.E. and Bocquet, S. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Chiu, I. and Cho, H.M. and Clocchiatti, A. and Crawford, "{Constraints on the CMB temperature evolution using multiband measurements of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect with the South Pole Telescope}" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v.440, 2014, p.2610-2615. doi:10.1093/mnras/stu575 

Shirokoff, E; Reichardt, CL; Shaw, L; Millea, M; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; Dudley, J; George, EM; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, JD; Jo "IMPROVED CONSTRAINTS ON COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND SECONDARY ANISOTROPIES FROM THE COMPLETE 2008 SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE DATA" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.736, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/736/1/6  View record at Web of Science

Crawford, T.M. and Schaffer, K.K. and Bhattacharya, S. and Aird, K.A. and Benson, B.A. and Bleem, L.E. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Cho, H.-M. and Crites, A.T. and de Haan, T. and Dobbs, M.A. and Dudley, J. and George, E.M. and Halverson, "{A Measurement of the Secondary-CMB and Millimeter-wave-foreground Bispectrum using 800 deg$^{2}$ of South Pole Telescope Data}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.784, 2014, p.143. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/784/2/143 

Mocanu, L.M. and Crawford, T.M. and Vieira, J.D. and Aird, K.A. and Aravena, M. and Austermann, J.E. and Benson, B.A. and Bethermin, M. and Bleem, L.E. and Bothwell, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Chapman, S. and Cho, H.-M. and Crites, "{Extragalactic Millimeter-wave Point-source Catalog, Number Counts and Statistics from 771 deg$^{2}$ of the SPT-SZ Survey}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.779, 2013, p.61. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/61 

Vieira, JD; Crawford, TM; Switzer, ER; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Ashby, MLN; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Brodwin, M; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; Everett, W; George, EM; Gladders, M; Hall, NR; Halverson, NW; High, FW; Holder, "EXTRAGALACTIC MILLIMETER-WAVE SOURCES IN SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY DATA: SOURCE COUNTS, CATALOG, AND STATISTICS FOR AN 87 SQUARE-DEGREE FIELD" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.719, 2010, p.763. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/719/1/76  View record at Web of Science

Story, K.T. and Reichardt, C.L. and Hou, Z. and Keisler, R. and Aird, K.A. and Benson, B.A. and Bleem, L.E. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Cho, H.-M. and Crawford, T.M. and Crites, A.T. and de Haan, T. and Dobbs, M.A. and Dudley, J. and Fol "{A Measurement of the Cosmic Microwave Background Damping Tail from the 2500-Square-Degree SPT-SZ Survey}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.779, 2013, p.86. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/86 

Shaw, LD; Zahn, O; Holder, GP; Dore, O "SHARPENING THE PRECISION OF THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH POWER SPECTRUM" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.702, 2009, p.368. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/702/1/36  View record at Web of Science

Bhattacharya, Suman; Nagai, Daisuke; Shaw, Laurie; Crawford, Tom; Holder, Gilbert P. "Bispectrum of the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect" The Astrophysical Journal, v.760, 2012, p.5-15. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/760/1/5 

Keisler, Ryan; Schmidt, Fabian "Prospects for Measuring the Relative Velocities of Galaxy Clusters in Photometric Surveys Using the Kinetic Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect" The Astrophysical Journal, v.765, 2013, p.L32-L36. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/765/2/L32 

Story, K.; Leitch, E.; Ade, P.; Aird, K. A.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Bender, A. N.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; and 57 coauthors "South Pole Telescope software systems: control, monitoring, and data acquisition" Software and Cyberinfrastructure for Astronomy II. Proceedings of the SPIE, v.8451, 2012, p.11 pages. doi:10.1117/12.925808 

Song, J.; Zenteno, A.; Stalder, B.; Desai, S.; Bleem, L. E.; Aird, K. A.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bayliss, M.; Bazin, G.; and 67 coauthors "Redshifts, Sample Purity, and BCG Positions for the Galaxy Cluster Catalog from the First 720 Square Degrees of the South Pole Telescope Survey" The Astrophysical Journal, v.761, 2012, p.22-42. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/1/22 

Weiß, A.; De Breuck, C.; Marrone, D. P.; Vieira, J. D.; Aguirre, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Aravena, M.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bayliss, M.; Benson, B. A.; and 57 coauthors "ALMA Redshifts of Millimeter-selected Galaxies from the SPT Survey: The Redshift Distribution of Dusty Star-forming Galaxies" The Astrophysical Journal, v.767, 2013, p.88-104. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/767/1/88 

Hou, Z. and Reichardt, C.L. and Story, K.T. and Follin, B. and Keisler, R. and Aird, K.A. and Benson, B.A. and Bleem, L.E. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Cho, H.-M. and Crawford, T.M. and Crites, A.T. and de Haan, T. and de Putter, R. and D "{Constraints on Cosmology from the Cosmic Microwave Background Power Spectrum of the 2500 deg$^{2}$ SPT-SZ Survey}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.782, 2014, p.74. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/782/2/74 

Keisler, R; Reichardt, CL; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; Dudley, J; George, EM; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hoover, S; Hou, Z; Hrubes, JD; Joy, M; Knox, L "A MEASUREMENT OF THE DAMPING TAIL OF THE COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND POWER SPECTRUM WITH THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.743, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/743/1/2  View record at Web of Science

Padin, S; Staniszewski, Z; Keisler, R; Joy, M; Stark, AA; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; Dobbs, MA; Halverson, NW; Heimsath, S; Hills, RE; Holzapfel, WL; Lawrie, C; Lee, AT; Leitch, EM; Leong "South Pole Telescope optics" APPLIED OPTICS, v.47, 2008, p.4418. View record at Web of Science

Vieira, J. D.; Marrone, D. P.; Chapman, S. C.; De Breuck, C.; Hezaveh, Y. D.; Wei?, A.; Aguirre, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Aravena, M.; Ashby, M. L. N.; and 60 coauthors "Dusty starburst galaxies in the early Universe as revealed by gravitational lensing" Nature, v.495, 2013, p.344-347. doi:10.1038/nature12001 

Zahn, O.; Reichardt, C. L.; Shaw, L.; Lidz, A.; Aird, K. A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; and 41 coauthors "Cosmic Microwave Background Constraints on the Duration and Timing of Reionization from the South Pole Telescope" The Astrophysical Journal, v.756, 2012, p.65-80. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/1/65 

V. Yefremenko, G. Wang, V. Novosad, A. Datesman, J. Pearson, R. Divan, C. L. Chang, T. P. Downes, J. J. McMahon, L. E. Bleem, A. T. Crites, S. S. Meyer, and J. E. Carlstrom "Low temperature thermal transport in partially perforated silicon nitride membranes" Applied Physics Letters, v.94(18), 2009, p.183504.

J. Hubmayr · J.W. Appel · J.E. Austermann · J.A. Beall · D. Becker · B.A. Benson · L.E. Bleem · J.E. Carlstrom · C.L. Chang · H.M. Cho · A.T. Crites · T. Essinger-Hileman · A. Fox · E.M. George · N.W. Halverson · N.L. Harrington · J.W. Hen "An All Silicon Feedhorn-Coupled Focal Plane for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarimetry" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v., 2012, p.. doi:DOI 10.1007/s10909-011-0420-7 

Lueker, M; Reichardt, CL; Schaffer, KK; Zahn, O; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; George, EM; Hall, NR; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, JD; Joy "MEASUREMENTS OF SECONDARY COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND ANISOTROPIES WITH THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.719, 2010, p.1045. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/719/2/104  View record at Web of Science

McDonald, M.; Bayliss, M.; Benson, B. A.; Foley, R. J.; Ruel, J.; Sullivan, P.; Veilleux, S.; Aird, K. A.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; and 76 coauthors "A massive, cooling-flow-induced starburst in the core of a luminous cluster of galaxies" Nature, v.488, 2012, p.349-352. doi:10.1038/nature11379 

High, FW; Stalder, B; Song, J; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Allam, SS; Armstrong, R; Barkhouse, WA; Benson, BA; Bertin, E; Bhattacharya, S; Bleem, LE; Brodwin, M; Buckley-Geer, EJ; Carlstrom, JE; Challis, P; Chang, CL; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Desai, "OPTICAL REDSHIFT AND RICHNESS ESTIMATES FOR GALAXY CLUSTERS SELECTED WITH THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT FROM 2008 SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.723, 2010, p.1736. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/723/2/173  View record at Web of Science

Zenteno, A; Song, J; Desai, S; Armstrong, R; Mohr, JJ; Ngeow, CC; Barkhouse, WA; Allam, SS; Andersson, K; Bazin, G; Benson, BA; Bertin, E; Brodwin, M; Buckley-Geer, EJ; Hansen, SM; High, FW; Lin, H; Lin, YT; Liu, J; Rest, A; Smith, RC; Stalder, B; Stark, "A MULTIBAND STUDY OF THE GALAXY POPULATIONS OF THE FIRST FOUR SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT SELECTED GALAXY CLUSTERS" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.734, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/734/1/  View record at Web of Science

Chang, C. L.; Ade, P.; Aird, K.; Austermann, J.; Beall, J.; Becker, D.; Benson, B.; Bleem, L.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J.; and 49 coauthors "Optical and Thermal Properties of ANL/KICP Polarization Sensitive Bolometers for SPTpol" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.167, 2012, p.865-871. doi:10.1007/s10909-012-0491-0 

Sayre, J. T.; Ade, P.; Aird, K. A.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J. E.; and 51 coauthors "Design and characterization of 90 GHz feedhorn-coupled TES polarimeter pixels in the SPTPol camera" Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. Proceedings of the SPIE, v.8452, 2012, p.12 pages. doi:10.1117/12.927035 

Bothwell, M.S. and Aguirre, J.E. and Chapman, S.C. and Marrone, D.P. and Vieira, J.D. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Aravena, M. and Benson, B.A. and Bock, J.J. and Bradford, C.M. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Crawford, T.M. and de Breuck, C. and "{SPT 0538-50: Physical Conditions in the Interstellar Medium of a Strongly Lensed Dusty Star-forming Galaxy at z = 2.8}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.779, 2013, p.67. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/779/1/67 

Wang, G; Yefremenko, V; Novosad, V; Datesman, A; Pearson, J; Divan, R; Chang, CL; Bleem, L; Crites, AT; Mehl, J; Natoli, T; McMahon, J; Sayre, J; Ruhl, J; Meyer, SS; Carlstrom, JE "Thermal Properties of Silicon Nitride Beams Below One Kelvin" IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, v.21, 2011, p.232. doi:10.1109/TASC.2010.208940  View record at Web of Science

Shaw, LD; Holder, GP "The impact of halo properties, energy feedback, and projection effects on the mass-SZ flux relation" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.686, 2008, p.206. View record at Web of Science

Holder, G.P. and Viero, M.P. and Zahn, O. and Aird, K.A. and Benson, B.A. and Bhattacharya, S. and Bleem, L.E. and Bock, J. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Cho, H.-M. and Conley, A. and Crawford, T.M. and Crites, A.T. and d "{A Cosmic Microwave Background Lensing Mass Map and Its Correlation with the Cosmic Infrared Background}" Astrophysical Journal Letters, v.771, 2013, p.L16. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/771/1/L16 

Hubmayr, J.; Appel, J. W.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; and 24 coauthors "An All Silicon Feedhorn-Coupled Focal Plane for Cosmic Microwave Background Polarimetry" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.167, 2012, p.904-910. doi:10.1007/s10909-011-0420-7 

Story, K; Aird, KA; Andersson, K; Armstrong, R; Bazin, G; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Bonamente, M; Brodwin, M; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Clocchiatti, A; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Desai, S; Dobbs, MA; Dudley, JP; Foley, RJ; George, EM; Gladders, MD "SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE DETECTIONS OF THE PREVIOUSLY UNCONFIRMED PLANCK EARLY SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH CLUSTERS IN THE SOUTHERN HEMISPHERE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS, v.735, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/735/2/L3  View record at Web of Science

Andersson, K; Benson, BA; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Armstrong, B; Bautz, M; Bleem, LE; Brodwin, M; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Desai, S; Dobbs, MA; Dudley, JP; Foley, RJ; Forman, WR; Garmire, G; George, EM; Gladders, MD; Halv "X-RAY PROPERTIES OF THE FIRST SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT SELECTED GALAXY CLUSTER SAMPLE FROM THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.738, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/738/1/4  View record at Web of Science

Suhada, R; Song, J; Bohringer, H; Benson, BA; Mohr, J; Fassbender, R; Finoguenov, A; Pierini, D; Pratt, GW; Andersson, K; Armstrong, R; Desai, S "XMM-Newton detection of two clusters of galaxies with strong SPT Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect signatures" ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, v.514, 2010, p.. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/20101443  View record at Web of Science

Crawford, TM; Switzer, ER; Holzapfel, WL; Reichardt, CL; Marrone, DP; Vieira, JD "A METHOD FOR INDIVIDUAL SOURCE BRIGHTNESS ESTIMATION IN SINGLE- AND MULTI-BAND DATA" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.718, 2010, p.513. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/718/1/51  View record at Web of Science

Plagge, T; Benson, BA; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; George, EM; Hall, NR; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, JD; Joy, M; Keisler, R; Knox, L; Lee, AT; Lei "SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH CLUSTER PROFILES MEASURED WITH THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.716, 2010, p.1118. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/716/2/111  View record at Web of Science

Keisler, R "THE STATISTICAL SIGNIFICANCE OF THE "DARK FLOW"" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS, v.707, 2009, p.L42. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/707/1/L4  View record at Web of Science

Schaffer, KK; Crawford, TM; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crites, AT; de Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; George, EM; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hoover, S; Hrubes, JD; Joy, M; Keisler, R; Knox, L; Lee, AT; Leitch, E "THE FIRST PUBLIC RELEASE OF SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE DATA: MAPS OF A 95 deg(2) FIELD FROM 2008 OBSERVATIONS" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.743, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/743/1/9  View record at Web of Science

Hanson, D. and Hoover, S. and Crites, A. and Ade, P.A.R. and Aird, K.A. and Austermann, J.E. and Beall, J.A. and Bender, A.N. and Benson, B.A. and Bleem, L.E. and Bock, J.J. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Chiang, H.C. and Cho, H.-M. and C "{Detection of B-Mode Polarization in the Cosmic Microwave Background with Data from the South Pole Telescope}" Physical Review Letters, v.111, 2013, p.141301. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.141301 

Weiss, A. and De Breuck, C. and Marrone, D.P. and Vieira, J.D. and Aguirre, J.E. and Aird, K.A. and Aravena, M. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Bayliss, M. and Benson, B.A. and Bethermin, M. and Biggs, A.D. and Bleem, L.E. and Bock, J.J. and Bothwell, M. an "{ALMA Redshifts of Millimeter-selected Galaxies from the SPT Survey: The Redshift Distribution of Dusty Star-forming Galaxies}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.767, 2013, p.88. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/767/1/88 

Hezaveh, Y. D.; Marrone, D. P.; Fassnacht, C. D.; Spilker, J. S.; Vieira, J. D.; Aguirre, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Aravena, M.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bayliss, M.; and 57 coauthors "ALMA Observations of SPT-discovered, Strongly Lensed, Dusty, Star-forming Galaxies" The Astrophysical Journal, v.767, 2013, p.132-142. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/767/2/132 

C.L. Chang · P. Ade · K. Aird · J. Austermann · J. Beall · D. Becker · B. Benson · L. Bleem · J. Britton · J. Carlstrom · H. Cho · T. de Haan · T. Crawford · A. Crites · A. Datesman ·M. Dobbs ·W. Everett · A. Ewall-Wice · E. George · N. "Optical and Thermal Properties of ANL/KICP Polarization Sensitive Bolometers for SPTpol" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v., 2012, p.. doi:DOI 10.1007/s10909-012-0505-y 

Austermann, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Bender, A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; and 51 coauthors "SPTpol: an instrument for CMB polarization measurements with the South Pole Telescope" Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. Proceedings of the SPIE, v.8452, 2012, p.18 pages. doi:10.1117/12.927286 

Semler, D. R.; ?uhada, R.; Aird, K. A.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; Bayliss, M.; Bazin, G.; Bocquet, S.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; and 69 coauthors "High-redshift Cool-core Galaxy Clusters Detected via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect in the South Pole Telescope Survey" The Astrophysical Journal, v.761, 2012, p.183-192. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/761/2/183 

Chang, C. L., Carlstrom, J. E., Datesman, A., Meyer, S. S., Novosad, V., Yefremenko, V.G., Crawford, T., Downes, T., McMahon, J., Miknaitis, K. and Vieira, J.D., "Design and Fabrication of Absorber Coupled TES Microbolometers on Continuous Silicon-Nitride Windows" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.151, 2008, p.245.

Williamson, R; Benson, BA; High, FW; Vanderlinde, K; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Andersson, K; Armstrong, R; Ashby, MLN; Bautz, M; Bazin, G; Bertin, E; Bleem, LE; Bonamente, M; Brodwin, M; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Chapman, SC; Clocchiatti, A; Crawford, TM; Crite "A SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH-SELECTED SAMPLE OF THE MOST MASSIVE GALAXY CLUSTERS IN THE 2500 deg(2) SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE SURVEY" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.738, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/738/2/13  View record at Web of Science

Reichardt, C. L.; Stalder, B.; Bleem, L. E.; Montroy, T. E.; Aird, K. A.; Andersson, K.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; Bayliss, M.; and 70 coauthors "Galaxy Clusters Discovered via the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect in the First 720 Square Degrees of the South Pole Telescope Survey" The Astrophysical Journal, v.763, 2013, p.127-147. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/127 

Henning, J. W.; Ade, P.; Aird, K. A.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J. E.; and 51 coauthors "Feedhorn-coupled TES polarimeter camera modules at 150 GHz for CMB polarization measurements with SPTpol" Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. Proceedings of the SPIE, v.8452, 2012, p.15 pages. doi:10.1117/12.927172 

High, F. W.; Hoekstra, H.; Leethochawalit, N.; de Haan, T.; Abramson, L.; Aird, K. A.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; Bayliss, M.; and 76 coauthors "Weak-lensing Mass Measurements of Five Galaxy Clusters in the South Pole Telescope Survey Using Magellan/Megacam" The Astrophysical Journal, v.758, 2012, p.68-90. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/758/1/68 

Padin, S; Carlstrom, JE; Chauvin, E; Busetti, S "Panel gap cover for millimetre-wave antenna" ELECTRONICS LETTERS, v.44, 2008, p.950. doi:10.1049/el:2008138  View record at Web of Science

Hubmayr, J; Austermann, JE; Beall, JA; Becker, D; Bennett, DA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Chang, CL; Carlstrom, JE; Cho, HM; Crites, AT; Dobbs, M; Everett, W; George, EM; Holzapfel, WL; Halverson, NW; Henning, JW; Hilton, GC; Irwin, KD; Li, D; Lowell, P; Luek "Stability of Al-Mn Transition Edge Sensors for Frequency Domain Multiplexing" IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON APPLIED SUPERCONDUCTIVITY, v.21, 2011, p.203. doi:10.1109/TASC.2010.209063  View record at Web of Science

McDonald, Michael; Swinbank, Mark; Edge, Alastair C.; Wilner, David J.; Veilleux, Sylvain; Benson, Bradford A.; Hogan, Michael T.; Marrone, Daniel P.; McNamara, Brian R.; Wei, Lisa H.; Bayliss, Matthew B.; Bautz, Marshall W. "The State of the Warm and Cold Gas in the Extreme Starburst at the Core of the Phoenix Galaxy Cluster (SPT-CLJ2344-4243)" The Astrophysical Journal, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/784/1/18 

McDonald, M. and Benson, B.A. and Vikhlinin, A. and Stalder, B. and Bleem, L.E. and de Haan, T. and Lin, H.W. and Aird, K.A. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Bautz, M.W. and Bayliss, M. and Bocquet, S. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and "{The Growth of Cool Cores and Evolution of Cooling Properties in a Sample of 83 Galaxy Clusters at 0.3 {\lt} z {\lt} 1.2 Selected from the SPT-SZ Survey}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.774, 2013, p.23. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/774/1/23 

Reichardt, C. L.; Shaw, L.; Zahn, O.; Aird, K. A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; Crawford, T. M.; and 39 coauthors "A Measurement of Secondary Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropies with Two Years of South Pole Telescope Observations" The Astrophysical Journal, v.755, 2012, p.70-93. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/755/1/70 

Hezaveh, Y.D. and Marrone, D.P. and Fassnacht, C.D. and Spilker, J.S. and Vieira, J.D. and Aguirre, J.E. and Aird, K.A. and Aravena, M. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Bayliss, M. and Benson, B.A. and Bleem, L.E. and Bothwell, M. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstr "{ALMA Observations of SPT-discovered, Strongly Lensed, Dusty, Star-forming Galaxies}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.767, 2013, p.132. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/767/2/132 

Yefremenko, V; Wang, G; Novosad, V; Datesman, A; Pearson, J; Divan, R; Chang, CL; Downes, TP; McMahon, JJ; Bleem, LE; Crites, AT; Meyer, SS; Carlstrom, JE "Low temperature thermal transport in partially perforated silicon nitride membranes" APPLIED PHYSICS LETTERS, v.94, 2009, p.. doi:10.1063/1.312723  View record at Web of Science

High, FW; Stubbs, CW; Rest, A; Stalder, B; Challis, P "STELLAR LOCUS REGRESSION: ACCURATE COLOR CALIBRATION AND THE REAL-TIME DETERMINATION OF GALAXY CLUSTER PHOTOMETRIC REDSHIFTS" ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL, v.138, 2009, p.110. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/138/1/11  View record at Web of Science

George, E. M.; Ade, P.; Aird, K. A.; Austermann, J. E.; Beall, J. A.; Becker, D.; Bender, A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Britton, J.; and 55 coauthors "Performance and on-sky optical characterization of the SPTpol instrument" Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy VI. Proceedings of the SPIE, v.8452, 2012, p.15 pages. doi:10.1117/12.925586 

Spilker, J.S. and Marrone, D.P. and Aguirre, J.E. and Aravena, M. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Bethermin, M. and Bradford, C.M. and Bothwell, M.S. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chapman, S.C. and Crawford, T.M. and de Breuck, C. and Fassnacht, C "{The Rest-frame Submillimeter Spectrum of High-redshift, Dusty, Star-forming Galaxies}" The Astrophysical Journal, v.785, 2014, p.149. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/785/2/149 

Hall, NR; Keisler, R; Knox, L; Reichardt, CL; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; De Haan, T; Dobbs, MA; George, EM; Halverson, NW; Holder, GP; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, JD; Joy, M; Lee, AT; "ANGULAR POWER SPECTRA OF THE MILLIMETER-WAVELENGTH BACKGROUND LIGHT FROM DUSTY STAR-FORMING GALAXIES WITH THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.718, 2010, p.632. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/718/2/63  View record at Web of Science

Vanderlinde, K; Crawford, TM; de Haan, T; Dudley, JP; Shaw, L; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Brodwin, M; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Crites, AT; Desai, S; Dobbs, MA; Foley, RJ; George, EM; Gladders, MD; Hall, NR; Halverson, NW; High, FW; Holder "GALAXY CLUSTERS SELECTED WITH THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT FROM 2008 SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE OBSERVATIONS" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.722, 2010, p.1180. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/722/2/118  View record at Web of Science

M. Millea, O. Dore, J. Dudley, G. Holder, L. Knox, L. Shaw, Y.-S. Song, O. Zahn "Modeling Extragalactic Foregrounds and Secondaries for Unbiased Estimation of Cosmological Parameters From Primary CMB Anisotropy" Astrophysical Journal, v.746, 2012, p.4.

Foley, RJ; Andersson, K; Bazin, G; de Haan, T; Ruel, J; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Armstrong, R; Ashby, MLN; Bautz, M; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Bonamente, M; Brodwin, M; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Clocchiatti, A; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; Desai, S; Dobbs, MA; Dudle "DISCOVERY AND COSMOLOGICAL IMPLICATIONS OF SPT-CL J2106-5844, THE MOST MASSIVE KNOWN CLUSTER AT z > 1" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.731, 2011, p.. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/731/2/8  View record at Web of Science

Bleem, L.; Ade, P.; Aird, K.; Austermann, J.; Beall, J.; Becker, D.; Benson, B.; Britton, J.; Carlstrom, J.; Chang, C. L.; "An Overview of the SPTpol Experiment" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v.167, 2012, p.859-864. doi:10.1007/s10909-012-0505-y 

Dobbs, M. A.; Lueker, M.; Aird, K. A.; Bender, A. N.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H.-M.; Clarke, J.; and 37 coauthors "Frequency multiplexed superconducting quantum interference device readout of large bolometer arrays for cosmic microwave background measurements" Review of Scientific Instruments, v.83, 2012, p.073113-24. doi:10.1063/1.4737629 

van Engelen, A.; Keisler, R.; Zahn, O.; Aird, K. A.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Cho, H. M.; Crawford, T. M.; and 40 coauthors "A Measurement of Gravitational Lensing of the Microwave Background Using South Pole Telescope Data" The Astrophysical Journal, v.756, 2012, p.142-162. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/2/142 

Brodwin, M; Ruel, J; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Andersson, K; Ashby, MLN; Bautz, M; Bazin, G; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Carlstrom, JE; Chang, CL; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; De Haan, T; Desai, S; Dobbs, MA; Dudley, JP; Fazio, GG; Foley, RJ; Forman, WR; Garmire, G; Ge "SPT-CL J0546-5345: A MASSIVE z > 1 GALAXY CLUSTER SELECTED VIA THE SUNYAEV-ZEL'DOVICH EFFECT WITH THE SOUTH POLE TELESCOPE" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.721, 2010, p.90. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/721/1/9  View record at Web of Science

Bleem, L. E.; van Engelen, A.; Holder, G. P.; Aird, K. A.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Becker, M. R.; Benson, B. A.; Biesiadzinski, T.; Brodwin, M.; and 61 coauthors "A Measurement of the Correlation of Galaxy Surveys with CMB Lensing Convergence Maps from the South Pole Telescope" The Astrophysical Journal Letters, v.753, 2012, p.L9-15. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/753/1/L9 

Aravena, M. and Murphy, E.J. and Aguirre, J.E. and Ashby, M.L.N. and Benson, B.A. and Bothwell, M. and Brodwin, M. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chapman, S.C. and Crawford, T.M. and de Breuck, C. and Fassnacht, C.D. and Gonzalez, A.H. and Greve, T.R. and "{Large gas reservoirs and free-free emission in two lensed star-forming galaxies at z = 2.7}" Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, v.433, 2013, p.498-505. doi:10.1093/mnras/stt741 

Reichardt, C. L.; de Putter, R.; Zahn, O.; Hou, Z. "New Limits on Early Dark Energy from the South Pole Telescope" The Astrophysical Journal Letters, v.749, 2012, p.L9-L13. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/749/1/L9 

Carlstrom, JE; Ade, PAR; Aird, KA; Benson, BA; Bleem, LE; Busetti, S; Chang, CL; Chauvin, E; Cho, HM; Crawford, TM; Crites, AT; Dobbs, MA; Halverson, NW; Heimsath, S; Holzapfel, WL; Hrubes, JD; Joy, M; Keisler, R; Lanting, TM; Lee, AT; Leitch, EM; Leong, "The 10 Meter South Pole Telescope" PUBLICATIONS OF THE ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY OF THE PACIFIC, v.123, 2011, p.568. doi:10.1086/65987  View record at Web of Science

Finoguenov, A; Sanderson, AJR; Mohr, JJ; Bialek, JJ; Evrard, A "Hydrodynamic simulations of correlation and scatter in galaxy cluster maps" ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS, v.509, 2010, p.. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/20091164  View record at Web of Science

Geach, J.E. and Hickox, R.C. and Bleem, L.E. and Brodwin, M. and Holder, G.P. and Aird, K.A. and Benson, B.A. and Bhattacharya, S. and Carlstrom, J.E. and Chang, C.L. and Cho, H.-M. and Crawford, T.M. and Crites, A.T. and de Haan, T. and Dobbs, M.A. "{A Direct Measurement of the Linear Bias of Mid-infrared-selected Quasars at z {\ap} 1 Using Cosmic Microwave Background Lensing}" The Astrophysical Journall, v.776, 2013, p.L41. doi:10.1088/2041-8205/776/2/L41 

Stalder, B.; Ruel, J.; ?uhada, R.; Brodwin, M.; Aird, K. A.; Andersson, K.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Bautz, M.; Bayliss, M.; and 73 coauthors "SPT-CL J0205?5829: A z = 1.32 Evolved Massive Galaxy Cluster in the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Effect Survey" The Astrophysical Journal, v.763, 2013, p.93-103. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/93 

Greve, T. R.; Vieira, J. D.; Weiß, A.; Aguirre, J. E.; Aird, K. A.; Ashby, M. L. N.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Bradford, C. M.; Brodwin, M.; and 58 coauthors "Submillimeter Observations of Millimeter Bright Galaxies Discovered by the South Pole Telescope" The Astrophysical Journal, v.756, 2012, p.101-114. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/756/1/101 

Bleem, L., Ade, P., Aird, K., Austermann, J., Beall, J., Becker, D., Benson, B., Britton, J., Carlstrom, J., Chang, C., Cho, H., de Haan, T., Crawford, T., Crites, A., Datesman, A., Dobbs, M., Everett, W., Ewall-Wice, A., George, E., Halverson, et al. "An Overview of the SPTpol Experiment" Journal of Low Temperature Physics, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1007/s10909-012-0505-y 

Shaw, LD; Holder, GP; Dudley, J "NON-GAUSSIAN SCATTER IN CLUSTER SCALING RELATIONS" ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL, v.716, 2010, p.281. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/716/1/28  View record at Web of Science

Publications Produced as Conference Proceedings

Yefremenko, V;Wang, GS;Novosad, V;Datesman, AM;Pearson, JE;Divan, R;Chang, CL;Downes, TP;McMahon, J;Bleem, L;Crites, AT;Meyer, SS;Carlstrom, JE "Control of Membrane Thermal Transport Supporting Superconducting Detector Development" Applied Superconductivity Conference, v.19, 2009, p.489 View record at Web of Science

Wang, GS;Yefremenko, V;Novosad, V;Bleem, L;Chang, CL;McMahon, J;Datesman, A;Pearson, J;Divan, R;Downes, T;Crites, AT;Meyer, SS;Carlstrom, JE "Development of Absorber Coupled TES Polarimeter at Millimeter Wavelengths" Applied Superconductivity Conference, v.19, 2009, p.544 View record at Web of Science

Datesman, AM;Downes, TP;Perera, TA;Wang, GS;Yefremenko, VG;Pearson, JE;Novosad, V;Divan, R;Chang, CL;Logan, DW;Meyer, SS;Wilson, GW;Bleem, LE;Crites, AT;McMahon, JJ;Carlstrom, JE "TES Development for a Frequency Selective Bolometer Camera" Applied Superconductivity Conference, v.19, 2009, p.548 View record at Web of Science

Datesman, A;Pearson, J;Wang, G;Yefremenko, V;Divan, R;Downes, T;Chang, C;McMahon, J;Meyer, S;Carlstrom, J;Logan, D;Perera, T;Wilson, G;Novosad, V "Frequency selective bolometer development at Argonne National Laboratory - art. no. 702029" Conference on Millimeter and Submillimeter Detectors and Instrumentation for Astonomy IV, v.7020, 2008, p.2029 View record at Web of Science

Chang, CL;Carlstrom, JE;Datesman, A;Meyer, SS;Novosad, V;Yefremenko, VG;Crawford, T;Downes, T;McMahon, J;Miknaitis, K;Vieira, JD "Design and fabrication of absorber coupled TES microbolometers on continuous Silicon-Nitride windows" 12th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.151, 2008, p.245 View record at Web of Science

Carlstrom, JE "The sunyaev-Zel'dovich array and the 10-m south pole telescope" Symposium on Revealing the Molecular Universe - One Antenna is Never Enough, v.356, 2006, p.35 View record at Web of Science

Lueker, M;Benson, BA;Chang, CL;Cho, HM;Dobbs, M;Holzapfel, WL;Lanting, T;Lee, AT;Mehl, J;Plagge, T;Shirokoff, E;Spieler, HG;Vieira, JD "Thermal Design and Characterization of Transition-Edge Sensor (TES) Bolometers for Frequency-Domain Multiplexing" Applied Superconductivity Conference, v.19, 2009, p.496 View record at Web of Science

Shirokoff, E;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Chang, CL;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Dobbs, MA;Holzapfel, WL;Lanting, T;Lee, AT;Lueker, M;Mehl, J;Plagge, T;Spieler, HG;Vieira, JD "The South Pole Telescope SZ-Receiver Detectors" Applied Superconductivity Conference, v.19, 2009, p.517 View record at Web of Science

Lanting, TM;Arnold, K;Cho, HM;Clarke, J;Dobbs, M;Holzapfel, W;Lee, AT;Lueker, M;Richards, PL;Smith, AD;Spieler, HG "Frequency-domain readout multiplexing of transition-edge sensor arrays" 11th International Workshop on Low-Temperature Detectors, v.559, 2006, p.793 View record at Web of Science

Wilson, RW;Stark, AA "Cosmology from Antarctica" Smithsonian Poles Symposium 2007, v. , 2009, p.359 View record at Web of Science

Henning, JW;Appel, JW;Austermann, JE;Beall, JA;Becker, D;Bennett, DA;Bleem, LE;Benson, BA;Britton, J;Carlstrom, JE;Chang, CL;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Essinger-Hileman, T;Everett, W;George, EM;Halverson, NW;Hilton, GC;Holzapfel, WL;Hubmayr, J;Irwin, KD;Li, D;McM "Optical Efficiency of Feedhorn-Coupled TES Polarimeters for Next-Generation CMB Instruments" Conference on Millimeter, Submillimeter, and Far-Infrared Detectors and Instrumentation for Astronomy V, v.7741, 2010, p. View record at Web of Science

Crites, AT;Bleem, LE;Carlstrom, JE;Chang, CL;Datesman, A;Divan, R;Everett, W;McMahon, J;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Novosad, V;Pearson, J;Ruhl, J;Sayre, J;Wang, G;Yefremenko, V "Optical Properties of Argonne/KICP TES Bolometers for CMB Polarimetry" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.203 View record at Web of Science

Appel, JW;Austermann, JE;Beall, JA;Becker, D;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Britton, J;Chang, CL;Carlstrom, JE;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Essinger-Hileman, T;Everett, W;Halverson, NW;Henning, JW;Hilton, GC;Irwin, KD;McMahon, J;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Niemack, MD;Parker, LP;Simon "Characterizing and Modeling the Noise and Complex Impedance of Feedhorn-Coupled TES Polarimeters" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.211 View record at Web of Science

Wang, G;Yefremenko, V;Datesman, A;Novosad, V;Pearson, J;Shustakova, G;Divan, R;Lee, J;Chang, CL;McMahon, J;Bleem, L;Crites, AT;Downes, T;Mehl, J;Everett, W;Meyer, SS;Carlstrom, JE;Sayer, J;Ruhl, J "Thermal Modeling of Absorber-Coupled TES Polarimeter" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.334 View record at Web of Science

Yefremenko, V;Datesman, A;Wang, G;Pearson, J;Novosad, V;Divan, R;Bleem, LE;Chang, CL;Crites, AT;Everett, W;McMahon, J;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Ruhl, J;Sayre, J;Carlstrom, JE "Design and Fabrication of Argonne/KICP Detectors for CMB Polarization" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.359 View record at Web of Science

Chang, CL;Ade, PAR;Aird, KA;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Carlstrom, JE;Cho, HM;de Haan, T;Crawford, TM;Crites, AT;Dobbs, MA;Everett, W;Halverson, NW;Holder, GP;Holzapfel, WL;Hrubes, D;Joy, M;Keisler, R;Lanting, TM;Lee, AT;Leitch, EM;Loehr, A;Lueker, M;McMahon, JJ "SPT-SZ: a Sunyaev-Zel'dovich survey for galaxy clusters" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.475 View record at Web of Science

Bleem, LE;Appel, JW;Austermann, JE;Beall, JA;Becker, DT;Benson, BA;Britton, J;Carlstrom, JE;Chang, CL;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Essinger-Hileman, T;Everett, W;Halverson, NW;Henning, JW;Hilton, GC;Irwin, KD;McMahon, J;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Niemack, MD;Parker, LP;Simo "Optical properties of Feedhorn-coupled TES polarimeters for CMB polarimetry" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.479 View record at Web of Science

McMahon, J;Bleem, LE;Crites, AT;Carlstrom, JE;Chang, CL;Datesman, A;Divan, R;Everett, W;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Novosad, V;Pearson, J;Ruhl, J;Sayre, J;Wang, G;Yefremenko, V "Optical design of Argonne/KICP detectors for CMB polarization" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.487 View record at Web of Science

McMahon, J;Appel, JW;Austermann, JE;Beall, JA;Becker, D;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Britton, J;Chang, CL;Carlstrom, JE;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Essinger-Hileman, T;Everett, W;Halverson, NW;Henning, JW;Hilton, GC;Irwin, KD;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Mossley, S;Niemack, MD;Parke "Planar Orthomode Transducers for Feedhorn-coupled TES Polarimeters" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.490 View record at Web of Science

Austermann, JE;Niemack, MD;Appel, JW;Beall, JA;Becker, D;Bennett, DA;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Britton, J;Carlstrom, JE;Chang, CL;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Essinger-Hileman, T;Everett, W;Halverson, NW;Henning, JW;Hilton, GC;Irwin, KD;McMahon, J;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Park "Measurements of Bolometer Uniformity for Feedhorn Coupled TES Polarimeters" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.498 View record at Web of Science

McMahon, JJ;Aird, KA;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Britton, J;Carlstrom, JE;Chang, CL;Cho, HS;de Haan, T;Crawford, TM;Crites, AT;Datesman, A;Dobbs, MA;Everettt, W;Halverson, NW;Holder, GP;Holzapfel, WL;Hrubes, D;Irwin, KD;Joy, M;Keisler, R;Lanting, TM;Lee, AT;Leit "SPTpol: an instrument for CMB polarization" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.511 View record at Web of Science

Yoon, KW;Appel, JW;Austermann, JE;Beall, JA;Becker, D;Benson, BA;Bleem, LE;Britton, J;Chang, CL;Carlstrom, JE;Cho, HM;Crites, AT;Essinger-Hileman, T;Everett, W;Halverson, NW;Henning, JW;Hilton, GC;Irwin, KD;McMahon, J;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Moseley, S;Niemack, "Feedhorn-Coupled TES Polarimeters for Next-Generation CMB Instruments" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.515 View record at Web of Science

Wang, G;Yefremenko, V;Novosad, V;Datesman, A;Pearson, J;Shustakova, G;Divan, R;Chang, C;McMahon, J;Bleem, L;Crites, AT;Downes, T;Mehl, J;Meyer, SS;Carlstrom, JE "THERMAL PROPERTIES OF SILICON NITRIDE BEAMS BELOW 1 KELVIN" Joint Cryogenic Engineering Conference/International Cryogenic Materials Conference, v.1219, 2010, p.75 View record at Web of Science

Lueker, M;Benson, B;Bleem, L;Chang, C;Cho, HM;Clarke, J;Crites, A;Crawford, T;Dobbs, M;Holzapfel, W;Lanting, T;Lee, A;Mehl, J;Plagge, T;Shirokoff, E;Spieler, H;Vieira, J "A Frequency Domain Multiplexed Receiver for the South Pole Telescope" 13th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.1185, 2009, p.241 View record at Web of Science

Myers, MJ;Arnold, K;Ade, P;Engargiola, G;Holzapfel, W;Lee, AT;Meng, X;O'Brient, R;Richards, PL;Spieler, H;Tran, HT "Antenna-coupled bolometer arrays for measurement of the cosmic microwave background polarization" 12th International Workshop on Low Temperature Detectors, v.151, 2008, p.464 View record at Web of Science


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The South Pole Telescope (SPT) is a 10 meter diameter telescope optimized for low-noise, high-resolution imaging surveys of the sky at millimeter and submillimeter wavelengths. All aspects of the SPT — the site, the telescope, the shielding, and the cryogenic receivers — have been optimized for making ultra-sensitive measurements of the anisotropy in the 14 billion year old fossil light from the big bang, i.e., the cosmic microwave background (CMB), from degree to arcminute angular scales over thousands of square degrees of the sky.  The research we are pursuing with the SPT addresses some of the most basic and compelling questions in science: What is the Universe made of? What is the fate of the Universe? What is dark energy? What are the neutrino masses?  Is General Relativity the correct description of our Universe? When did the first stars and structures form?

Over period supported by this award, we used a state-of-the-art superconducting kilo-pixel detector array cooled to 1/4 of a degree above absolute zero to make detailed images of the CMB over 1/16th of the sky. These images provide detailed information on the conditions in the early universe and reveal the seeds of the structures that we see in the universe today. Analysis of the data has led to precision constraints on the primordial fluctuations, the number of neutrinos and their masses, limits on early dark energy models, and increased precision of the parameters of the Lambda Cold Dark Matter (LCDM) cosmological model. The data also allow us to trace the growth of structure in the universe directly through small “secondary” perturbations to the cosmic microwave background. The SPT was used, for example, to detect the faint shadows against the cosmic microwave background (the Sunyeav-Zel’dovich effect) caused by the most massive objects in the universe, clusters of galaxies. The data also allowed us to measure spatial distortions in the maps of the background caused by the gravitational lensing — bending of light — by structure in the universe as the light makes it 14 billion year trip to reach us. The SZ and gravitational lensing measurements allow us to explore the growth of structure in the universe and thereby test models for the mysterious dark energy.

In 2012 we deployed a new polarization sensitive superconducting detector array. This has been used to measure the intrinsic polarization of the cosmic microwave background — a measure of the dynamics in the early universe — as well as the so-called B-mode polarization caused by the gravitational lensing described above.  The polarization data will allow increased precision measurements and tests of the cosmological model as well as a direct probe of the gravitational waves from the first instants of the universe at enormously high energies.

The SPT surveys also fills a unique role as the only large-area surveys currently capable of detecting significant numbers of faint distant galaxies at mm wavelengths. A remarkable and unanticipated result was the discovery of large numbers of strongly massive, dusty galaxies that make up the high-redshift component of the cosmic infrared background light and are crucial to our understanding of massive galaxy formation. The large area of the SPT survey and its high sensitivity make it ideal for detecting and spectrally identifying the brightest such galaxies in the universe, which are preferentially high-redshift sources that have been gravitationally magnified by massive galaxies that lie along the line of sight. By identifying these important and rare sources, the SPT is an important complement to the high spatial and spectral resolution of the international Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), which is used to obtain high-resolution imaging of the SPT discovered lensed galaxies. These observ...

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