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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:University of Washington
  • Gregory Ettl
  • (206) 616-4120
  • Sandor F Toth
  • Ludmila M Moskal
  • Robert B Harrison
  • Eric C Turnblom
Award Date:02/06/2009
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 280,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 381,598
  • FY 2012=$70,000
  • FY 2011=$77,998
  • FY 2013=$78,000
  • FY 2009=$147,600
  • FY 2014=$8,000
Start Date:03/01/2009
End Date:02/28/2015
Transaction Type:Grant
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Proposal for the University of Washington to Join the I/UCRC Center for Advanced Forest Systems (CAFS)
Federal Award ID Number:0855690
DUNS ID:605799469
Parent DUNS ID:042803536
Program:IUCRC-Indust-Univ Coop Res Ctr

Awardee Location

Street:4333 Brooklyn Ave NE
Awardee Cong. District:07

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Washington
Street:4333 Brooklyn Ave NE
Cong. District:07

Abstract at Time of Award

IIP 0855690 University of Washington Briggs University of Washington (UW) is planning to join the existing multi-university Industry/University Cooperative Research Center (I/UCRC) entitled "The Center for Advanced Forestry Systems" (CAFS) which was established in 2007 with four member institutions: North Carolina State University (lead university), Oregon State University, Purdue University and Virginia Tech. UW expertise and proposed projects will expand and complement the areas of managing plantation site resources; measuring and monitoring their growth, yield and quality response with remote sensing; developing improved growth and yield and wood quality prediction models; and improving landscape-level decision support systems. The proposed activities at UW will augment current CAFS projects, and will more fully address the needs for scientific and technological advances for enhancing the competitiveness of the US forestry sector. The effort at UW has the potential to improve the competitiveness of the forest products industry by solving key problems using applied research and enhanced institutional collaboration. Members will benefit by becoming knowledgeable about a wider range of technological capabilities. Technology transfer will be facilitated by direct interactions between the scientist of member academic institutions forest sector members, refereed publications and presentations at scientific meetings, and training of graduate and under-graduate students. Aggressive recruiting for graduate students among under-represented groups will be conducted, increasing the diversity of the workforce for both academia and industry. The diversity promoting activities are part of the UW's overall commitment to and plan for increasing diversity.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Himes, A.J., R. Harrison, D. Zabowski, E. Turnblom, D. Briggs, W. Devine, K. Hanft "Predicting risk of long-term nitrogen depletion under whole-tree harvesting in the coastal Pacific Northwest" Forest Science, (Currently available in PDF only.), v., 2013, p..

Zheng, G., L. M. Moskal and S-H. Kim "Retrieval of effective leaf area index in heterogeneous forests with terrestrial laser scanning" IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v.99, 2012, p.10.

Littke, K.M. and Zabowski D. "Influence of calcium fertilization on Douglas-fir foliar nutrition, soil nutrient availability, and sinuosity in coastal Washington" Forest Ecology and Management, v.247(1-3, 2007, p.140.

Zheng, G., L. M. Moskal "Spatial variability of terrestrial laser scanning based leaf area index" International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, v.19, 2012, p.226.

Holub, SM, TA Terry, CA Harrington, RB Harrison and R Meade "Tree growth ten years after residual biomass removal, soil compaction, tillage, and competing vegetation control in a highly-productive Douglas-fir plantation" Forest Ecology and Management, v.305, 2013, p..

Passolt, Gregor, Miranda J. Fix and Sándor F. Tóth "A Voronoi Tesselation-based Approach to Generate Hypothetical Forest Landscapes." Canadian Journal of Forest Reseach, v.43, 2013, p..

Himes, AJ, EC Turnblom, RB Harrison, KM Littke, WD Devine, D. Zabowski and DG Briggs "Predicting Risk of Long-Term Nitrogen Depletion under Whole-Tree Harvesting in the Coastal Pacific Northwest" Forest Science, v.60, 2013, p..

Jandl, R., M. Rodeghiero, C. Martinez, M.F. Cotrufo, F. Bampa, B van Wesemael, R.B. Harrison, I.A. Guerrini, D.D. Richter, L. Rustad, K. Lorenz, A. Chabbi and F. Miglietta "Current status, uncertainty and future needs in soil organic carbon monitoring" Science of the Total Environment, v.468, 2014, p..

Tóth, Sándor F., Nóra Könny?, Marc E. McDill, and Sonney George "Lazy Constraints for Area-Based Adjacency Formulations in Harvest Scheduling Models" Forest Science, v.59, 2013, p..

Zheng, G., L. M. Moskal "Computational Geometry-Based Retrieval of Effective Leaf Area Index Using Terrestrial Laser Scanning" IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v.50 (10), 2012, p.12.

Halabisky, M., M. Hannam, A. L. Long, C. Vondrasek and L. M. Moskal "The Sharper Image: Hyperspatial Remote Sensing in Wetland Science" Wetland Science and Practice,, v., 2013, p..

Tóth, Sándor F., Marc E. McDill, Nóra Könny?, and Sonney George "A Strengthening Procedure for the Path Formulation of the Area-based Adjacency Problem in Harvest Scheduling Models" Mathematical and Computational Forestry & Natural-Resource Sciences, v.4, 2012, p..

Zheng, G., L. M. Moskal and S-H. Kim, "Retrieval of effective leaf area index in heterogeneous forests with terrestrial laser scanning" IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v.51, 2013, p..

Zheng G., Moskal L.M "Retrieving Leaf Area Index (LAI) Using Remote Sensing: Theories, Methods and Sensors" Sensors, v.9(4), 2009, p.2719.

Moskal, L.M. and M. Jakubauskas "Monitoring post disturbance forest regeneration with hierarchical object-based image analysis, in Forests" LiDAR and Other Remote Sensing Applications in Mapping and Monitoring of Forests Structure and Biomass, v.4, 2013, p..

Knoth, J. L., S.-H. Kim, G.J. Ettl and S.L. Doty "Biological nitrogen fixation and biomass accumulation within poplar clones as a result of inoculations with diazotrophic endophyte consortia" New Phytologist, v.201, 2014, p.599. doi:10.1111/nph.12536 

Tóth, Sándor F., Könny?, Nóra, Gregory J. Ettl, Luke W. Rogers and Sergey S. Rabotyagov "ECOSEL: Selling Forest Ecosystem Services" Forest Policy & Economics, v.35, 2013, p..

Zheng, G., L. M. Moskal "Leaf Orientation Retrieval from Terrestrial Laser Scanning Data" IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, v.50 (10), 2012, p.11.

Littke, K.M., Harrison, R.B., Briggs, D.G., and Grider, A.R. "Understanding soil nutrients and characteristics in the Pacific Northwest through parent material origin and soil nutrient regimes" Can. J. For. Res, v.42 (10), 2011, p.2001.

James, Jason, Warren Devine, Rob Harrison and Thomas Terry "Deep Soil Carbon: Quantification and Modeling in Subsurface Layers" Soil Science Society of America Journal, v.78, 2013, p.11. doi:10.2136/sssaj2013.08.0327nafsc 

W.B Devine, T.B. Harrington, T.A. Terry, R.B. Harrison, R.A. Slesak, D.H. Peter, C.A. Harrington, C.J. Shilling, and S.H. Schoenholtz "Five-year vegetation control effects on aboveground biomass and nitrogen content and allocation in Douglas-fir plantations on three contrasting sites" Forest Ecology and Management, v.262, 2011, p.2187.

Burns, Eileen S., Sándor F. Tóth, and Robert G. Haight ": A Modeling Framework for Life History-Based Conservation Planning" Biological Conservation, v.158, 2013, p..

Suntana, A.S., E.C. Turnblom, K.A. Vogt "Addressing Unknown Variability in Seemingly Fixed National Forest Estimates: Aboveground Forest Biomass for Renewable Energy" Energy Sources, Part A: Recovery, Utilization, and Environmental Effects, v.35, 2013, p..

Könny?, Nóra and Sándor F. Tóth "A Cutting Plane Algorithm for Area-Based Adjacency Formulations in Harvest Scheduling Models" European Journal of Operational Research, v.228, 2013, p..

Gehringer, K.R., E.C. Turnblom "Constructing a virtual forest: Using hierarchical nearest neighbor imputation to generate simulated tree lists" Canadian Journal of Forest Research (CAN J FOREST RES), v.44, 2014, p.711. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2014-0020 

Rabotyagov, Sergey S., Sándor F. Tóth, and Gregory J. Ettl "Testing the Design Variables of ECOSEL: A Market Mechanism for Forest Ecosystem Services" Forest Science, v.59, 2013, p..

Moskal, L. M. and G. Zheng "Retrieving Forest Inventory Variables with Terrestrial Laser Scanning (TLS) in Urban Heterogeneous Forest" Remote Sensing, v.4 (1), 2012, p.1.

Lowell, E.C., D.A. Maguire, D.G. Briggs, E.C. Turnblom, K.J.S. Jayawickrama, J. Bryce "Effects of silviculture and genetics on branch/knot attributes of Coastal Pacific Northwest Douglas-fir and implications for wood quality - a synthesis." Forest, v.5, 2014, p.1717. doi:10.3390/f5071717 

Littke, K.M. and Zabowski D. "Calcium uptake, partitioning, and sinuous growth in Douglas-fir seedlings" Forest Science, v.53 (6), 2007, p.692.

Miller, C., E. Turnblom, D. Zabowski "Assessing a Modified Forestry Reclamation Approach using Douglas-fir seedlings in the Pacific Northwest" Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J, v., 2013, p..

Project Outcomes Report


This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The University of Washington (UW) was one of three universities that joined the original four Center for Advanced Forestry Systems (CAFS) sites in 2009. The UW work focuses on Douglas-fir plantation response to stocking and other silvicultural treatments including fertilization in the Pacific Northwest through industry and public agency partners in the Stand Management Cooperative (SMC) and Precision Forestry Cooperative (PFC).

The research projects involve multi-year laboratory and/or field trials that were initiated during the last five years and will require several more years before final results are available. We have and will continue to focus our research on improving understanding and methods to: (1) measure and monitor the response of Douglas-fir to nitrogen fertilization, (2) identify specific site characteristics that may predict Douglas-fir productivity and response,  (3) assess the effects of fertilization on Douglas-fir wood properties through the use of nondestructive testing methods, and (4) develop models for biomass growth (carbon storage) of Douglass-fir trees as affected by treatments and climate.


As part of the University of Washington CAFS study 9.19, fertilizer response has been analyzed on Douglas-fir plantations throughout the Pacific Northwest at 2, 4 and 6 year intervals since fertilizer application. We have identified readily-available (from maps, GIS and models) variables that can predict fertilizer response in Douglas-fir. Results from this study will allow industry professionals to estimate the timing of repeated fertilization throughout the region. Previous research stated that 70% of Douglas-fir stands will respond to fertilization. Our research suggests that the percent of responding stands on intensively-managed industry forestlands is a bit lower due to recent silviculture and the concentration of forest plantations on high productivity soils. Research from the paired-tree study demonstrates that tree-based fertilization with on-site replication are able to measure fertilizer response at a cheaper cost and a smaller land requirement than plot-based studies. This study also improves our understanding of where to avoid fertilization, which will save money spent on fertilization throughout the Pacific Northwest as well as lessening the amount of unnecessary nitrogen fertilizer applied to the environment.

Last Modified: 06/25/2015
Modified by: Gregory Ettl

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