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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF ARKANSAS SYSTEM
Doing Business As Name:University of Arkansas
PD/PI:
  • Clinton M Wood
  • (479) 575-6084
  • cmwood@uark.edu
Award Date:07/28/2021
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 502,214
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 502,214
  • FY 2021=$502,214
Start Date:01/01/2022
End Date:12/31/2024
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Advancing the Development of Realistic and Probabilistic Shear Wave Velocity Profiles Using Advanced Inversion Strategies
Federal Award ID Number:2100889
DUNS ID:191429745
Parent DUNS ID:055600001
Program:ECI-Engineering for Civil Infr
Program Officer:
  • Giovanna Biscontin
  • (703) 292-2339
  • gibiscon@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:1125 W. Maple Street
City:Fayetteville
State:AR
ZIP:72701-3124
County:Fayetteville
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:03

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Arkansas
Street:800 West Dickson Street
City:Fayetteville
State:AR
ZIP:72701-4033
County:Fayetteville
Country:US
Cong. District:03

Abstract at Time of Award

This project will advance our ability to image the subsurface by utilizing surface wave methods to develop more realistic and probabilistic shear wave velocity profiles. In situ site characterization still remains mired in the past and continues to rely heavily on empirical approaches developed over 100 years ago, while the medical industry has made leaps forward in the field of non-invasive imaging. As the profession moves forward, the advancement of non-invasive methods is critical to meeting the challenges of tomorrow in a cost-effective manner. As a step toward this goal, this project plans to advance our ability to develop realistic and probabilistic subsurface models through advanced inversion schemes. The researched framework will harness artificial intelligence and additional wavefield information to replace a level of user skill now required to develop subsurface models. Realistic subsurface models are critical for applications including liquefaction triggering, site response analysis, bedrock rippability, and settlement analyses. In addition, the boarder impacts of the project center on promoting the use of non-invasive methods by educating students through an international student exchange program, and providing training to practicing engineers through a speaker’s bureau. The intellectual merit of this research lies in the development of state-of-the-art surface wave inversion algorithms. These algorithms will incorporate a Bayesian statistical framework into high-level inversion algorithms using machine learning and trans-dimensional Monte Carlo methodologies. The algorithms will incorporate expert knowledge into the inverse problem and characterize the uncertainty of the developed shear wave velocity profiles based on the experimental data. The use of Bayesian and machine learning methods will allow uncertainty in the solution to be considered and presented in a more robust way than current approaches. In addition, further understanding of the petrophysical link between multiple data types advances our knowledge of how different data types work together within joint inversion frameworks to constrain the inversion problem. Advances in the inversion framework will produce broader impacts for multiple applications including site response, liquefaction analysis, and infrastructure evaluation. Moreover, the development of more accurate, realistic, and probabilistic shear wave velocity profiles allows for their inclusion into performance-based designs. Lastly, advancements in inversion algorithms and knowledge of petrophysical links are transferable to other non-invasive geophysical methods, which all suffer from non-uniqueness issues. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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