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Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:LELAND STANFORD JUNIOR UNIVERSITY, THE
Doing Business As Name:Stanford University
PD/PI:
  • Ruike Renee Zhao
  • (401) 601-4266
  • rrzhao@stanford.edu
Award Date:09/21/2021
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 546,511
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 549,669
  • FY 2020=$549,669
Start Date:09/01/2021
End Date:02/28/2025
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:CAREER: Multiphysics Mechanics of Magnetic Shape Memory Polymers
Federal Award ID Number:2145601
DUNS ID:009214214
Parent DUNS ID:009214214
Program:Mechanics of Materials and Str
Program Officer:
  • Nakhiah Goulbourne
  • (703) 292-7715
  • ngoulbou@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:450 Jane Stanford Way
City:Stanford
State:CA
ZIP:94305-2004
County:Stanford
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:18

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Stanford University
Street:
City:Stanford
State:CA
ZIP:94305-2004
County:Stanford
Country:US
Cong. District:18

Abstract at Time of Award

This Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER) grant investigates multiple physical behaviors of magnetic shape memory polymers. The shape memory effect refers to the ability of a material to remember and recover a pre-programmed shape in response to a combination of magnetic and mechanical fields. These materials are composites with embedded magnetic particles in shape memory polymer matrices. They utilize superposed alternating and direct magnetic fields to regulate the stiffness and shape changing actuation of the materials. They combine untethered fast and reversible transformation, shape-locking ability, and reprogrammability in one material system and have potential applications in soft robots, flexible electronics, and biomedical devices for minimum invasive surgery. However, the complicated magneto-thermo-viscoelastic behaviors of these materials make the design of applications using these materials very challenging. The success of this work will lead to a systematic understanding of the magnetic shape memory polymer, a material model to describe the magneto-thermo-viscoelastic behavior and a multiphysics simulation platform to accelerate the design of applications. This work will provide hands-on interactive multi-disciplinary research experience for middle and high school students through 3D Printed Magnetically Actuated Soft Robots. This work will also demonstrate material research to K-12 students and the general public through the local Science and Industry Science Festival and the Ohio State University STEAM factory Franklinton Friday Events. Soft active materials are widely used but have limitations such as slow actuation speed, irreversible actuation, or no shape-locking. Magnetic shape memory polymers overcome these limitations by integrating rapid magnetic actuation with shape memory effects in polymers. These materials use the alternative current magnetic field to control the temperature and the direct current magnetic field to actuate the materials. The coupling of magnetic actuation with thermoviscoelastic material behavior demands intensive fundamental mechanics research. This CAREER award will provide new understandings on how the interactions among magnetic particles and magnetic particles-polymer matrix can alter the thermoviscoelastic and shape memory behavior of a polymer. These understandings will enable the establishment of a thermodynamic framework for magneto-thermo-viscoelastic solids. The new framework can provide a clear description of the complicated multiphysics processes and guide the development of a new constitutive model for magneto-thermo-viscoelastic solids. The new constitutive model will be implemented into finite element analysis to simulate the magnetic and thermal actuation of magnetic shape memory polymers with complicated geometry and complicated loading conditions. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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