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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:IOWA STATE UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
Doing Business As Name:Iowa State University
PD/PI:
  • Namrata Vaswani
  • (515) 294-4012
  • namrata@iastate.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Aditya Ramamoorthy
Award Date:05/28/2021
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 564,500
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 564,500
  • FY 2021=$564,500
Start Date:07/01/2021
End Date:06/30/2024
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.070
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:CIF: Small: Secure and Fast Federated Low-Rank Recovery from Few Column-wise Linear, or Quadratic, Projections
Federal Award ID Number:2115200
DUNS ID:005309844
Parent DUNS ID:005309844
Program:Comm & Information Foundations
Program Officer:
  • Scott Acton
  • (703) 292-2124
  • sacton@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:1138 Pearson
City:AMES
State:IA
ZIP:50011-2207
County:Ames
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:04

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Iowa State University
Street:1138 Pearson
City:AMES
State:IA
ZIP:50011-2207
County:Ames
Country:US
Cong. District:04

Abstract at Time of Award

Large-scale usage of Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices, smartphones and surveillance cameras has resulted in huge amounts of geographically distributed data in current times. This naturally leads to questions of algorithm design for efficient processing and inference on this data. There is a need to compress (sketch) this data before it can be stored, processed, or transmitted. At the other extreme, in projection-imaging settings, such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), Fourier ptychography, or sub-diffraction imaging, data is acquired one sample at a time, making the process very slow. In this scenario as well, data may be distributed, e.g., for a jointly reconstructed functional MR images of different human subjects, with scans that may have been acquired at different hospitals around the country. In many of these settings, privacy concerns dictate that the acquired measurements need to be processed in a federated manner. Moreover, the distributed nature of the data necessitates the design of secure approaches that are robust to attacks by potentially malicious nodes. Both efficient sketching and fast dynamic projection imaging require the ability to recover the true signal or image sequence from highly undersampled measurements. Since the early work on compressed sensing (CS), sparsity and structured sparsity assumptions have been exploited very fruitfully for both type of problems. However, there is limited literature on the use of the low-rank (LR) assumption on signal sequences, and almost none that theoretically analyzes the resulting approaches. This project develops fast, sample-efficient, and federated (private and communication-efficient) algorithms for provably correct subspace learning and low-rank matrix recovery from few column-wise independent linear, or quadratic projections. Extensions to LR plus sparse (LR+S) recovery are also examined. It should be noted that this problem setting is very different from other well-investigated LR recovery problems such as multivariate regression (due to the use of different independent measurement matrices for each signal), LR matrix sensing, or LR matrix completion. The team is investigating the design of Gradient Descent (GD) based solutions that are guaranteed, with high probability, to recover an n x q rank-r matrix from m independent linear projections of each of its q columns with m just large enough to satisfy mq > C (n+q) r^2 approximately, and that converge geometrically to the true matrix. Furthermore, this project designs novel secure algorithms that are robust to Byzantine nodes for the above classes of problems. This effort is expected to lead to newer solution approaches and analysis techniques, since commonly used assumptions such as strongly convex cost functions and i.i.d. measurements do not hold in this setting. Finally, this project partially supports the new CyMathKids initiative, whose goal is to provide sustained year-long support and extension in Mathematics to grade-school students from under-funded school districts in Des Moines, Iowa. It is intended to fill some of the academic achievement gaps between disadvantaged students and advantaged ones, and do so while the gaps are still small: the pilot phase focuses on elementary students with a plan to follow the same students through the school years. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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