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Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY, THE
Doing Business As Name:Johns Hopkins University
PD/PI:
  • Michael A Bevan
  • (410) 516-7907
  • mabevan@jhu.edu
Award Date:05/11/2021
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 425,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 425,000
  • FY 2021=$425,000
Start Date:07/01/2021
End Date:06/30/2024
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Field Mediated Assembly of Anisotropic Colloids on Surfaces
Federal Award ID Number:2113594
DUNS ID:001910777
Parent DUNS ID:001910777
Program:PMP-Particul&MultiphaseProcess
Program Officer:
  • William Olbricht
  • (703) 292-4842
  • wolbrich@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:1101 E 33rd St
City:Baltimore
State:MD
ZIP:21218-2686
County:Baltimore
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:07

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Johns Hopkins University
Street:
City:
State:MD
ZIP:21218-2625
County:Baltimore
Country:US
Cong. District:07

Abstract at Time of Award

The goal of this project is to understand how to create ordered coatings of different shaped particles with advanced material properties. The project aims to understand how different shaped particles, with different aspect ratios and curvature, interact with each other and dynamically assemble into microstructures with useful properties. The overall approach is to use optical microscopy experiments and computer simulations together to measure and model particle interactions, dynamics, and assembly processes. Electric fields applied through microelectrodes will be used to control how particles are concentrated, interact through tunable and directional attraction, and assemble into ordered configurations while avoiding disordered states. This project will provide new fundamental insights into the mechanisms governing the interactions among colloidal particles of different shape and the formation of microstructures. This understanding will provide a basis to engineer processes for assembling surface coatings with novel electromagnetic properties. Other benefits of the project include training a future advanced workforce and broadening participation of underrepresented groups in local schools. To achieve these goals, the project will systematically escalate complexity in microscopy measurements and analytical models of anisotropic colloidal interactions, microstructure, and dynamics. In the first step, the aim is to understand how to manipulate single and ensemble anisotropic particle position, orientation, and structure. This aim will be addressed by measuring and modeling electric field mediated interactions between anisotropic particles for systematic variations in particle shape. In the next step, the aim is to understand equilibrium phase behavior and non-equilibrium microstructure formation important to anisotropic particle based material properties. This aim will be attained by measuring and modeling how different thermodynamic conditions and field-mediated interactions control microstructures. In the third step, the aim is to understand how dynamic pathways towards ordered states in anisotropic particle systems determine processing of target microstructures. This aim will be achieved by measuring and modeling how interactions and particle shape determine collective dynamics and defect relaxation as functions as concentration and configuration. Finally, attempts will be made to scale-up processes using electrode arrays. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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