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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION
Doing Business As Name:Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
PD/PI:
  • Dennis J McGillicuddy
  • (508) 289-2683
  • dmcgillicuddy@whoi.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Peter H Wiebe
Award Date:08/08/2008
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 420,780
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 420,780
  • FY 2008=$420,780
Start Date:09/01/2008
End Date:08/31/2013
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Collaborative Research: Climate Forcing of Calanus finmarchicus Populations of the North Atlantic
Federal Award ID Number:0815047
DUNS ID:001766682
Parent DUNS ID:001766682
Program:BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
Program Officer:
  • David L. Garrison
  • (703) 292-8582
  • dgarriso@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:183 OYSTER POND ROAD
City:WOODS HOLE
State:MA
ZIP:02543-1041
County:Woods Hole
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:09

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Street:183 OYSTER POND ROAD
City:WOODS HOLE
State:MA
ZIP:02543-1041
County:Woods Hole
Country:US
Cong. District:09

Abstract at Time of Award

The overall goal of this project is to understand the processes that regulate the large-scale distribution and abundance of Calanus finmarchicus, a keystone species of the North Atlantic ecosystem. The investigators hypothesize that three main population centers in the North Atlantic are quasi-distinct and selfsustaining. This hypothesis will be tested with combined physical-biological modeling and genetic analysis of C. finmarchicus populations. The modeling approach is to assimilate observations of C. finmarchicus from the Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) into the North Atlantic Regional Ocean Modeling System using the adjoint method. The first phase of the project will be to investigate the mean seasonal cycle based on monthly mean CPR data together with the climatological mean circulation. The inverse model solution will be diagnosed to quantify the interconnectivity between the three population centers. Molecular population genetic analysis will yield independent estimates of the rates of exchange between the gyres, which will be compared with model predictions. This assessment of the climatological mean seasonal cycle will set the stage for a study of interannual variability, with particular emphasis on changes in the mean state of the system in association with the North Atlantic Oscillation. The intellectual merit of this effort includes its interdisciplinary approach (physics and biology) and integrated analysis (adjoint modeling and molecular population genetics), which can provide new insights into complex oceanographic phenomena, such as ocean basin-scale processes, that are difficult or impossible to observe directly. Broader impacts of the proposed research will include international collaboration, as well as training of both undergraduate and graduate students. The project will use the outreach capacity of the "Census of the Marine Zooplankton," a Census of Marine Life (CoML) field project led by A. Bucklin, to ensure broad dissemination of results to researchers, students, and educators. This project will produce a video, contribute to CoML synthesis publications, and produce researcher interviews for the CoML web site.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Aarbakke, O.N.S., A. Bucklin, C. Halsband-Lenk, and M.F. Norrbin. "Discovery of Pseudocalanus moultoni Frost 1989 in Northeast Atlantic waters based on mitochondrial COI sequence variation." Journal of Plankton Research, v.33, 2011, p.1487-1495. doi:doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbr057 

Lenz, P.H., E. Unal, R.P. Hassett, C.M. Smith, A. Bucklin, A.E. Christie, and D.W. Towle "Functional genomics resources for the North Atlantic copepod, Calanus finmarchicus: EST database and physiological microarray" Comp. Biochem. Physiol. Part D, v.7, 2012, p.110-123.

Lin, P., Ji, R., Davis C.S. and D.J. McGillicuddy "Optimizing plankton survey strategies using Observing System Simulation Experiments" Journal of Marine Systems, v.82, 2010, p.187-194.

McGillicuddy, D.J., de Young, B., Doney, S.C., Glibert, P.M., Stammer, D. and F.E. Werner "Models: Tools for Synthesis in International Oceanographic Research Programs" Oceanography, v.23 (3), 2011, p.126-139.

Unal, E. and A. Bucklin "Basin-scale population genetic structure of the planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus in the North Atlantic Ocean" Progress in Oceanography, v.87, 2010, p.175-186.

Wiebe, P.H., Rudels, B., Cadrin, S., Drinkwater, K., and Lavin, A. "ICES/NAFO - Variability of North Atlantic Marine Ecosystems 2000-2009" ICES Journal of Marine Science, v.69, 2012, p.225 pages.

Wiebe, P.H., Rudels, B., Cadrin, S.X., Drinkwater, K.F., and Lavin, A. "Introduction to Variability of the North Atlantic and its Marine Ecosystems, 2000-2009, the Proceedings of an ICES/NAFO Symposium held in Santander, Spain, 10-12 May 2011" ICES Journal of Marine Science, v.69, 2012, p.697.

Lin, P., et al. "Optimizing plankton survey strategies using Observing System Simulation Experiments" J. Mar. Syst., v., 2010, p.. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2010.05.005 

Lin, P., et al. "Optimizing plankton survey strategies using Observing System Simulation Experiments" J. Mar. Syst., v.82, 2010, p.. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2010.05.005 

McGillicuddy, D.J., de Young, B., Doney, S.C., Glibert, P.M., Stammer, D. and F.E. Werner "Models: Tools for Synthesis in International Oceanographic Research Programs" Oceanography, v.23(3), 2011, p.126.

Aarbakke, O.N.S., A. Bucklin, C. Halsband-Lenk, and M.F. Norrbin "Discovery of Pseudocalanus moultoni Frost 1989 in Northeast Atlantic waters based on mitochondrial COI sequence variation" Journal of Plankton Research, v., 2011, p.. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbr057 

Unal, E., and A. Bucklin "Basic-scale population genetic structure of the planktonic copepod Calanus finmarchicus in the North Atlantic Ocean" Progress in Oceanography, v.87, 2010, p.175.

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