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Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • Peter H Wiebe
  • (508) 289-2313
Award Date:03/27/2012
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 774,877
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 774,877
  • FY 2012=$774,877
Start Date:04/01/2012
End Date:03/31/2017
Transaction Type:Grant
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:The Continous Plankton Recorder (CPR) Survery: Monitoring the Plankton of the North Atlantic
Federal Award ID Number:1154661
DUNS ID:001766682
Parent DUNS ID:001766682
Program Officer:
  • Michael Sieracki
  • (703) 292-7585

Awardee Location

County:Woods Hole
Awardee Cong. District:09

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Street:266 Woods Hole Rd.
City:Woods Hole
County:Woods Hole
Cong. District:09

Abstract at Time of Award

The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey (1931 to present) is the only long-term and ocean basin wide operational survey of plankton in the world. This project will provide a continuation of USA support for a further five years, 2011-2016. A continuation of funding by the USA will help maintain core monitoring by the CPR routes in the western Atlantic from Iceland down to the eastern margin of the USA. There is a growing awareness that the quality of marine ecosystems is subject to a wide range of impacts from climate change, acidification, eutrophication, loss of biodiversity to over fishing. Long-term observations like the CPR survey are critical in evaluating and quantifying the scale and effects of such issues as well as providing a macroscale "backbone" to an ecosystem approach to environmental management. As a long-term program the main objective of the CPR survey is to maintain the spatial and temporal integrity of the survey and to continue to add further years to the time series. Other objectives include: facilitating innovative marine ecological research, data provision and model validation, contributing to international and integrated observing systems and to knowledge/policy transfer. Intellectual merit: The project will help monitor and describe the long-term, pelagic variability and diversity in the NW Atlantic. The data collected during this program will help scientists to interpret marine biological changes and begin to distinguish between anthropogenic, climatically forced and natural plankton variability. More specifically scientific research will be directed along four science themes: (i) Macroecology and climate change impacts including ocean acidification; (ii) Biodiversity and changes to ecosystem functionality including monitoring invasive species; (iii) Sustainable use of marine bioresources; (iv) Environment, pollution and ecosystem health including monitoring microplastics. All these four themes are crucial to increasing our scientific understanding of our changing oceans and are highly relevant USA marine policy requirements. Throughout the duration of the project it is envisaged that the data collected will provide invaluable information in addressing these highly topical themes and understanding these impacts on the marine ecosystems of the NW Atlantic. Broader impacts: The broader impact of this proposed project will be wide and will not only contribute to addressing U.S marine issues but will also significantly contribute to international programs such as IGBP/SCOR international programs as well as the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS) and Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS). New technologies have allowed CPR samples to be analyzed using molecular techniques and collect additional oceanographic information. Products from the survey are also being used to construct and validate a new generation of ecosystem, fishery and climate models. Securing the long-term maintenance of the CPR sample archive as well as the new microbial and metazoan archive will maximize its use by the wider scientific community by making it available for molecular, biogeochemical and other studies. SAHFOS has an Associated Researcher Program and education program and continuously disseminates KT policy with the production of a website, Annual Reports and Annual Ecological Status Reports.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Decelle, J., S. Romac, R.F. Stern, E.M. Bendif, A. Zingone, S. Audic, M.D. Guiry, L. Guillou, D. Tessier, and F. Le Gall. "Phytoref: A Reference Database of the Plastidial 16s Rrna Gene of Photosynthetic Eukaryotes with Curated Taxonomy." Molecular Ecology Resources, v.15, 2015, p.1435. doi:10.1111/1755-0998.12401 

Blackett, M., C. H. Lucas, K. Cook and P. Licandro "Occurrence of the siphonophore Muggiaea atlantica in Scottish coastal waters: source or sink?" Journal of Plankton Research, v., 2016, p..

Goberville, E., Beaugrand, G. *and Edwards, M. "Synchronous response of marine plankton ecosystems to climate in the Northeast Atlantic and the North Sea" Journal of Marine Systems, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.05.008 

Bode, A., �lvarez-Ossorio, M.T., Anadón, R., González-Gil, R., López-Urrutia, A., Miranda, A. and Valdés, L. "Cambio climático y oceanográfico en el Atlántico del norte de España" Zooplancton, v., 2012, p.221.

Evariste, E., P. Claquin, J.-P. Robin, A. Auber, A. McQuatters-Gollop and J.-C. Dauvin "The Channel ecosystem, a cross-roads of anthropogenic pressures and scientific studies: Lessons learned from the European INTERREG IV projects (2009?2015)" Marine Policy, v.63, 2016, p.158.

Melle, W., J. Runge, E. Head, S. Plourde, C. Castellani, P. Licandro, J. Pierson, S. Jonasdottir, C. Johnson, and C. Broms. "Biogeography of Key Mesozooplankton Species in the North Atlantic, by Manual Counting Methods, and Egg Production of Calanus Finmarchicus" Earth System Science Data, v.7, 2015, p.223.

Moriarty, R., Buitenhuis, E.T., Le Quéré, C. and Gosselin, M.P. "Distribution of known macrozooplankton abundance and biomass in the global ocean" Earth System Scientific Data, v.5, 2013, p.241. doi:10.5194/essd-5-241-2013 

McQuatters-Gollop, A. "Challenges for implementing the Marine Strategy Framework Directive in a climate of macroecological change" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, v.370, 2012, p.5636.

Maar, M., Rindorf, A., Møller, E. F., Christensen, A., Madsen, K. S., & van Deurs, M. "Zooplankton mortality in 3D ecosystem modelling considering variable spatial?temporal fish consumptions in the North Sea." Progress in Oceanography, v.124, 2014, p.78.

Friedland, K. D., N. R. Record, R. G. Asch, T. Kristiansen, V. S. Saba, K. F. Drinkwater, S. Henson, R. T. Leaf, R. E. Morse and D. G. Johns "Seasonal phytoplankton blooms in the North Atlantic linked to the overwintering strategies of copepods" Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, v.4, 2016, p..

Batten, S., Chiba, S., Edwards, M., Hall, J., Hosie, G., Melrose, C., Muxagata, E., Richardson, A. & Verheye, H. "The Status of Zooplankton Populations" Twap technical report, v., 2014, p.1.

McClellan, C. M., Brereton, T., Dell'Amico, F., Johns, D. G., Cucknell, A.-C., Patrick, S. C. & Godley, B. J. "Understanding the Distribution of Marine Megafauna in the English Channel Region: Identifying Key Habitats for Conservation within the Busiest Seaway on Earth." PLoS ONE, v.9, 2014, p.. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0089720 

Molinos, J.G., B.S. Halpern, D.S. Schoeman, C.J. Brown, W. Kiessling, P.J. Moore, J.M. Pandolfi, E.S. Poloczanska, A.J. Richardson, and M.T. Burrows. "Climate Velocity and the Future Global Redistribution of Marine Biodiversity." Nature Climate Change, v., 2015, p..

O'Brien, C.J., Peloquin, J.A., Vogt, M., Heinle, M., Gruber, N., Ajani, P., Andruleit, H., Arístegui, J., Beaufort, L., Estrada, M., Karentz, D., Kopczy?ska, E., Lee, R., Poulton, A.J., Pritchard, T. and Widdicombe, C. "Global marine plankton functional type biomass distributions: coccolithophores" Earth System Science Data, v.5, 2013, p.259. doi:10.5194/essd-5-259-2013 

Feng, J., Stige, L. C., Durant, J. M., Hessen, D. O., Zhu, L., Hjermann, D. O., & Stenseth, N. C. "Large-scale season-dependent effects of temperature and zooplankton on phytoplankton in the North Atlantic." Mar. Ecol. Progr. Ser., v.502, 2014, p.25.

Nogueira, E., Gonzalez-Nuevo, G. and Valdes, L. "The influence of phytoplankton productivity, temperature and environmental stability on the control of copepod diversity in the North East Atlantic" Progress In Oceanography, v.97 - 10, 2012, p.92.

Möllmann, C., C. Folke, M. Edwards, and A. Conversi.. "Marine Regime Shifts around the Globe: Theory, Drivers and Impacts." Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, v.370, 2015, p.. doi:10.1098/rstb.2013.0260 

Owens, N.J.P., Hosie, G.W., Batten, S.D., Edwards, M., Johns, D.G. and Beaugrand.G. "All plankton sampling systems underestimate abundance: Response to ?Continuous plankton recorder underestimates zooplankton abundance? by J.W. Dippner and M. Krause" Journal of Marine Systems, v., 2013, p.. doi:.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.05.003 

Gilg, I. C., S. D. Archer, S. A. Floge, D. M. Fields, A. I. Vermont, A. H. Leavitt, W. H. Wilson and J. M. Martínez "Differential gene expression is tied to photochemical efficiency reduction in virally infected Emiliania huxleyi" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.555, 2016, p.13.

Krueger-Hadfield, S.A., Balestreri, C., Schroeder, S.A., Highfield, A., Helaouët, P., Allum, P., Moate, R., Lohbeck, K.T., Miller, P.I., Riebesell, U., Reusch, T.B.H., Rickaby, R.E.M., Young, J., Hallegraeff, G., Brownlee, C., Schroeder, D.C. "Genotyping an Emiliania huxleyi (prymnesiophyceae) bloom event in the North Sea reveals evidence of asexual reproduction." Biogeoscience, v.11, 2014, p.5215.

Castellani, C., & Altunba?, Y. "Seasonal change in acclimatised respiration rate of Temora longicornis." MEPS, v.500, 2014, p.83.

Pitois, S.G., Lynam, C.P, Jansen, T., Halliday, N. and Edwards, M. "Bottom-up effects of climate on fish populations: data from the Continuous Plankton Recorder" Mar Ecol Prog Ser, v.456, 2012, p.169.

Gsell, A.S., U. Scharfenberger, D. Özkundakci, A. Walters, L.-A. Hansson, A.B. Janssen, P. Nõges, P. C. Reid, D.E. Schindler, and E. Van Donk "Evaluating Early-Warning Indicators of Critical Transitions in Natural Aquatic Ecosystems" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1073/pnas.1608242113 

Elliott, M., Á. Borja, A. McQuatters-Gollop, K. Mazik, S. Birchenough, J.H. Andersen, S. Painting, and M. Peck. "Force Majeure: Will Climate Change Affect Our Ability to Attain Good Environmental Status for Marine Biodiversity?" Marine Pollution Bulletin, v.95, 2015, p.7.

Montero-Serra, I., Edwards, M. & Genner, M.J. "Warming shelf seas drive the tropicalization of European pelagic fish communities." Global Change Biology, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1111/gcb.12747 

Poloczanska, E.S., Brown, C.J., Sydeman, W.J., Kiessling, W., Schoeman, D.S., Moore, P.J., Brander, K., Bruno, J.F., Buckley, L.B., Burrows, M.T., Duarte, C.M., Halpern, B.S., Holding, J., Kappel, C.V., O'Connor, M.I., Pandolfi, J.M., Parmesan, C., Schwin "Global imprint of climate change on marine life" Nature Climate Change, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1038/nclimate1958 

Chust, G., Castellani, C., Licandro, P., Ibaibarriaga, L., Sagarminaga, Y. and Irigoien, X "Are Calanus spp. shifting poleward in the North Atlantic? A habitat modelling approach" ICES Journal of Marine Science, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fst147 

Montero?Serra, I., M. Edwards, and M.J. Genner. "Warming Shelf Seas Drive the Subtropicalization of European Pelagic Fish Communities." Global Change Biology, v.21, 2015, p.144.

Pitois, S.G., Lynam, C.P, Jansen, T., Halliday, N. and Edwards, M. "Bottom-up effects of climate on fish populations: data from the Continuous Plankton Recorder" Mar Ecol Prog Ser, v.456, 2012, p.169.

McQuatters-Gollop, A., M. Edwards, P. Helaouët, D.G. Johns, N.J. Owens, D.E. Raitsos, D. Schroeder, J. Skinner, and R.F. Stern. "The Continuous Plankton Recorder survey: How can long-term phytoplankton datasets contribute to the assessment of Good Environmental Status?" Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, v., 2015, p.162. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2015.05.010 

Evariste, E., P. Claquin, J.-P. Robin, A. Auber, A. McQuatters-Gollop, S. Fletcher, G. Glegg, and J.-C. Dauvin. "What Did We Learn from Pegaseas Forum ?Science and Governance of the Channel Marine Ecosystem?"" Marine Pollution Bulletin, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.02.021 

Hátún, H., K. Lohmann, D. Matei, J. Jungclaus, S. Pacariz, M. Bersch, A. Gislason, J. Ólafsson and P. C. Reid "An inflated subpolar gyre blows life towards the northeastern Atlantic" Progress in Oceanography, v., 2016, p..

Nicolas, D., Rochette, S., Llope, M., & Licandro, P. "Spatio-Temporal Variability of the North Sea Cod Recruitment in Relation to Temperature and Zooplankton." PLoS ONE, v.9, 2014, p.. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0088447 

Middleton, J. E., J. Martínez Martínez, W. H. Wilson and N. R. Record "Functional dynamics of Emiliania huxleyi virus?host interactions across multiple spatial scales" Limnology and Oceanography, v., 2017, p..

Reid, P.C. and Beaugrand, G. "Global synchrony of an accelerating risein sea surface temperature" Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, v.92, 2012, p.1435.

Rivero-Calle, S. A. Gnanadesikan, C.E. Del Castillo, W.M. Balch and S.D. Guikema. "Multidecadal increase in North Atlantic coccolithophores and the potential role of rising CO2." Science, v.350, 2015, p.1533.

Raitsos D.E.*, Walne A., Lavender S.J, Licandro P.,Reid P.C and Edwards M. "A 60-year ocean colour data set from the continuous plankton recorder" Journal of Plankton Research, v.35, 2013, p.158. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbs079 

Gilbert, A., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Langmead, O., Mee, L., & Vermaat, J. "Visions for the North Sea: The Societal Dilemma Behind Specifying Good Environmental Status." AMBIO, v., 2014, p.1. doi:10.1007/s13280-014-0536-5 

Owens, N. J. P. "Sustained UK marine observations. Where have we been? Where are we now? Where are we going?" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, v.372, 2014, p.. doi:10.1098/rsta.2013.0332 

Henson, S., Lampitt, R., and Johns, D.G. "Variability in phytoplankton community structure in response to the North Atlantic Oscillation and implications for organic carbon flux" Limnol. Oceanogr, v.57, 2012, p.1591.

Corten, A. "Recruitment depressions in North Sea herring" ICES Journal of Marine Science, v.70, 2013, p.1. doi:10.1093/icesjms/fss187 

Barton, A. D., A. J. Irwin, Z. V. Finkel and C. A. Stock "Anthropogenic climate change drives shift and shuffle in North Atlantic phytoplankton communities" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.113, 2016, p.2964.

Hélaouët, P., G. Beaugrand and G. Reygondeau "Reliability of spatial and temporal patterns of C. finmarchicus inferred from the CPR survey" Journal of Marine Systems, v.153, 2016, p.18.

Stern, R.F., K.T. Picard, K.M. Hamilton, A. Walne, G.A. Tarran, D. Mills, A. McQuatters-Gollop, and M. Edwards. "Novel Lineage Patterns from an Automated Water Sampler to Probe Marine Microbial Biodiversity with Ships of Opportunity." Progress in Oceanography, v.137, 2015, p.409.

Rooper, C.N., Boldt, J.L., Batten, S.D. and Gburski, C. "Growth and production of Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus) in nursery habitats of the Gulf of Alaska" Fishery Oceanography, v.21, 2012, p.415.

Rees, S., Fletcher, S., Glegg, G., Marshall, C., Rodwell, L., Jefferson, R., Campbell, M., Langmead, O., Ashley, M., Bloomfield, H., Brutto, D., Colenutt, A., Conversi, A.*,Earll, B., Hamid, I.A., Hattam, C., Ingram, S., McKinley, E., Mee, L., Oates, J., "Priority questions to shape the marine and coastal policy research agenda in the United Kingdom" Marine Policy, v.38, 2013, p.531. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2012.09.002 

Villarino, E., G. Chust, P. Licandro, M. Butenschön, L. Ibaibarriaga, M. Kreus, A. Larrañaga, and X. Irigoien. "Modelling the Future Biogeography of North Atlantic Zooplankton Communities in Response to Climate Change." Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.531, 2015, p.121. doi:10.3354/meps11299 

Rombouts, I., Beaugrand, G.*, Fizzala, X., Gaill, F., Greenstreet, S.P.R., Lamare, S., Le Loc?h, F., McQuatters-Gollop, A.,Mialet, B., Niquil, N., Percelay, J., Renaud, F., Rossberg, A.G. and Féral, J.P. "Food web indicators under the Marine Strategy Framework Directive: From complexity to simplicity?" Ecological Indicators, v.29, 2013, p.246. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.12.021 

Patrick, S. C., Bearhop, S., Grémillet, D., Lescroël, A., Grecian, W. J., Bodey, T. W., & Votier, S. C. "Individual differences in searching behaviour and spatial foraging consistency in a central place marine predator." Oikos, v.123, 2014, p.33.

Jansen, T. "First-year survival of North East Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) from 1998 to 2012 appears to be driven by availability of Calanus, a preferred copepod prey" Fisheries Oceanography, v.25, 2016, p.457.

Scheef, L.P., Pendleton, D.E., Hampton, S.E., Katz, S.L., Holmes, E.E., Scheuerell, M.D. and Johns, D.G. "Assessing marine plankton community structure from long-term monitoring data with multivariate autoregressive (MAR) models: a comparison of fixed station versus spatially distributed sampling data" Limnology and Oceanography, v.10, 2012, p.54.

Racault, M.-F., Platt, T., Sathyendranath, S., A?irba?, E., Martinez Vicente, V., & Brewin, R. "Plankton indicators and ocean observing systems: support to the marine ecosystem state assessment." Journal of Plankton Research, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbu016 

Alvarez-Fernandez, S., Lindeboom, H. and Meesters, E. "Temporal changes in plankton of the North Sea: community shifts and environmental drivers" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.462, 2012, p.21.

Greene, C.H., Meyer-Gutbrod, E., Monger, B.C., McGarry, L.P., Pershing, A.J., Belkin, I.M., Fratantoni, P.S., Mountain, D.G., Pickart, R.S., Proshutinsky, A., Ji, R., Bisagni, J.J., Hakkinen, S.M.A., Haidvogel, D.B., Wang, J., Head, E., Smith, P., Reid, P "Remote climate forcing of decadal-scale regime shifts in Northwest Atlantic shelf ecosystems" Limnology and Oceanography, v.58, 2013, p.803. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.3.0803 

García Molinos, J., B.S. Halpern, D.S. Schoeman, C.J. Brown, W. Kiessling, P.J. Moore, J.M. Pandolfi, E.S. Poloczanska, A.J. Richardson, and M.T. Burrows. "Climate Velocity and the Future Global Redistribution of Marine Biodiversity." Nature Climate Change, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1038/nclimate2769 

Harris, V., Edwards, M. and Olhede, S.C. "Multidecadal Atlantic Climate Variability and its Impact on Marine Pelagic Communities" Journal of Marine Systems, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2013.07.001 

Mackas, D.L., Pepin, P. and Verheye, H. "Interannual variability of marine zooplankton and their environments: Within- and between-region comparisons" Progress in Oceanography, v.97 - 10, 2012, p.1.

Barton, A.D., Finkel, Z.V., Ward, B.A., Johns, D.G. and Follows, M.J. "On the roles of cell size and trophic strategy in North Atlantic diatom and dinoflagellate communities" Limnology and Oceanography, v.58, 2013, p.254. doi:10.4319/lo.2013.58.1.0254 

Alvarez-Fernandez, S., P. Licandro, C. van Damme, and M. Hufnagl "Effect of Zooplankton on Fish Larval Abundance and Distribution: A Long-Term Study on North Sea Herring (Clupea harengus)" ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, v.72, 2015, p.2569.

Wilson, R.J., D.C. Speirs, and M.R. Heath. "On the Surprising Lack of Differences between Two Congeneric Calanoid Copepod Species, Calanus finmarchicus and C. helgolandicus." Progress in Oceanography, v.134, 2015, p.413.

Shutler, J.D., Land, P. E., Brown, C. W , Findlay, H. S., Donlon, C. J., Medland, M., Snooke, R. and Blackford, J. C. "Coccolithophore surface distributions in the North Atlantic and their modulation of the air-sea �ux of CO2 from 10 years of satellite Earth observation data" Biogeosciences Discussions, v.9, 2012, p.5823.

Martinez, E., D. E. Raitsos and D. Antoine "Warmer, deeper, and greener mixed layers in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre over the last 50 years" Global Change Biology, v.22, 2016, p.604.

Bicknell, A. W., Knight, M. E., Bilton, D. T., Campbell, M., Reid, J. B., Newton, J., & Votier, S. C. "Intercolony movement of pre?breeding seabirds over oceanic scales: implications of cryptic age?classes for conservation and metapopulation dynamics." Diversity and Distributions, v.20, 2014, p.160.

Blackett, M ., C.H. Lucas, R.A. Harmer, and P. Licandro "Population Ecology of Muggiaea Atlantica (Cnidaria, Siphonophora) in the Western English Channel" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.535, 2015, p.129.

Spencer, M., Mieszkowska, N., Robinson, L.A., Simpson, S.D., Burrows, M.T., Birchenough, S.N.R., Capasso, E., Cleall-Harding, P., Crummy, J., Duck, C., Eloire, D., Frost, M., Hall, A.J., Hawkins, S.J., Johns, D.G., Sims, D.W., Smyth, T.J. and Frid, C.L.J. "Region-wide changes in marine ecosystem dynamics: state-space models to distinguish trends from step changes" Global Change Biology, v.18, 2012, p.1270.

Mullowney, D., G. Maillet, E. Dawe, G. Rose and S. Rowe "Spawning delays of northern capelin (Mallotus villosus) and recovery dynamics: A mismatch with ice-mediated spring bloom?" Progress in Oceanography, v.141, 2016, p.144.

Weynberg, K., M. Allen and W. H. Wilson "Marine Prasinoviruses and Their Tiny Plankton Hosts: A Review" Viruses, v.9, 2017, p.43.

Reiertsen T.K, Erikstad K.E, Anker-Nilssen T, Barrett R.T., Boulinier, T., Frederiksen, M., González-Solís, J., Gremillet, D., Johns, D., Moe, B., Ponchon, A., Skern-Mauritzen, M., Sandvik, H., Yoccoz., N,G. "Prey density in non-breeding areas affects adult survival of black-legged kittiwakes Rissa tridactyla." Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.509, 2014, p.289. doi:10.3354/meps10825 

Chust, G., Castellani, C., Licandro, P., Ibaibarriaga, L., Sagarminaga, Y., & Irigoien, X. "Are Calanus spp. shifting poleward in the North Atlantic?A habitat modelling approach." ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, v.71, 2014, p.241.

Wouters, N., V. Dakos, M. Edwards, M. Serafim, P. Valayer, and H. Cabral. "Evidencing a Regime Shift in the North Sea Using Early-Warning Signals as Indicators of Critical Transitions." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, v.152, 2015, p.65.

Batten, S. D., & Gower, J. F. "Did the iron fertilization near Haida Gwaii in 2012 affect the pelagic lower trophic level ecosystem?" Journal of Plankton Research, v., 2014, p.. doi:fbu049 

Beaugrand, G. and Reid, P.C. "Relationships between North Atlantic salmon, plankton and hydroclimatic change in the Northeast Atlantic" ICES Journal of Marine Science, v.69, 2012, p.1549.

Edwards, M., Helaouet, P. , Johns, D.G., Batten, S., Beaugrand, G., Chiba, S., Hall, J., Head, E., Hosie, G., Kitchener, J., Koubbi, P., Kreiner, A., Melrose, C., Pinkerton, M., Richardson, A.J., Robinson, K., Takahashi, K., Verheye. H.M., Ward, P. & Woot "Global Marine Ecological Status Report: results from the global CPR survey 2012/2013." SAHFOS Technical Report, v.10, 2014, p.1. doi:1744-0750 

Goberville E., Beaugrand G. and Edwards M. "Synchronous response of marine plankton ecosystems to climate in the Northeast Atlantic and the North Sea." Climate Research, v.129, 2014, p.189.

Saito, R., Yamaguchi, A., Yasuda, I., Ueno, H., Ishiyama, H., Onishi, H., & Imai, I. "Influences of mesoscale anticyclonic eddies on the zooplankton community south of the western Aleutian Islands during the summer of 2010." Journal of Plankton Research, v.36, 2014, p.117.

Vezzulli, L., Brettar, I., Pezzati, E., Reid, P. C., Colwell, R. R., Hofle, M. G., and Pruzzo, C. "Long-term effects of ocean warming on the prokaryotic community: evidence from the vibrios" The ISME Journal, v.6, 2012, p.21.

Pacariz, S. V., H. Hátún, J. A. Jacobsen, C. Johnson, S. Eliasen and F. Rey "Nutrient-driven poleward expansion of the Northeast Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus) stock: A new hypothesis" Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, v.4, 2016, p.4.

Yoshiki, T.M., S. Chiba, Y. Sasaki, H. Sugisaki, T. Ichikawa, and S. Batten. "Northerly Shift of Warm?Water Copepods in the Western Subarctic North Pacific: Continuous Plankton Recorder Samples (2001?2013)." Fisheries Oceanography, v.24, 2015, p.414.

Springer, A. M., & van Vliet, G. B. "Climate change, pink salmon, and the nexus between bottom-up and top-down forcing in the subarctic Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v., 2014, p..

Lynam, C.P., Halliday, N.C., Höffle, H., Wright, P.J., van Damme, C.J.G., Edwards, M. and Pitois, S.G. "Spatial patterns and trends in abundance of larval sandeels in the North Sea: 1950?2005" ICES Journal of Marine Science, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1017/ S1755267213000286 

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Zingone, A., P.J. Harrison, A. Kraberg*, S. Lehtinen, A. McQuatters-Gollop, T. O?Brien, J. Sun, and H.H. Jakobsen. "Increasing the Quality, Comparability and Accessibility of Phytoplankton Species Composition Time-Series Data." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, v.162, 2015, p.1.

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Reid, P. C., R. E. Hari, G. Beaugrand, D. M. Livingstone, C. Marty, D. Straile, J. Barichivich, E. *Goberville, R. Adrian and Y. Aono "Global impacts of the 1980s regime shift" Global Change Biology, v.22, 2016, p.682. doi:10.1111/gcb.13106 

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Schmidt, K., C. Schlosser, A. Atkinson, S. Fielding, H. J. Venables, C. M. Waluda and E. P. Achterberg "Zooplankton gut passage mobilizes lithogenic iron for ocean productivity" Current Biology, v.26, 2016, p.2667.

Chiba, S., S.D. Batten, T. Yoshiki, Y. Sasaki, K. Sasaoka, H. Sugisaki, and T. Ichikawa "Temperature and Zooplankton Size Structure: Climate Control and Basin-Scale Comparison in the North Pacific" Ecology and Evolution, v.5, 2015, p.968.

Bode, A., Alvarez-Ossorioa, M.T., Miranda A., López-Urrutiac, A. and Valdés, L. "Comparing copepod time-series in the north of Spain: Spatial autocorrelation of community composition" Progress in Oceanography, v., 2012, p.97.

Chivers, W. J., A. W. Walne mand G. C. Hays "Mismatch between marine plankton range movements and the velocity of climate change" Nature Communications, v., 2017, p.8.

Grimes, D. J., Ford, T. E., Colwell, R. R., Baker-Austin, C., Martinez-Urtaza, J., Subramaniam, A., & Capone, D. G. "Viewing Marine Bacteria, Their Activity and Response to Environmental Drivers from Orbit." Microbial Ecology, v., 2014, p.1.

Beaugrand, G. and R. R. Kirby "Quasi-deterministic responses of marine species to climate change" Climate Research, v.69, 2016, p.117.

Thackeray, S. J., P. A. Henrys, D. Hemming, J. R. Bell, M. S. Botham, S. Burthe, P. Hélaouët, D. G. Johns, I. D. Jones, D. I. Leech, E. B. Mackay, D. Massimino, S. Atkinson, P. J. Bacon, T. M. Brereton, L. Carvalho, T. H. Clutton-Brock, C. Duck, M. Edward "Phenological sensitivity to climate across taxa and trophic levels" Nature, v.535, 2016, p.241.

Edwards, M.,Beaugrand, G.*,Helaouet, P.,Alheit, J. and Coombs, S. "Marine Ecosystem response to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation" PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p.e57212. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057212 

Gilbert, A.J., A. McQuatters-Gollop, O. Langmead, L. Mee, and J. Vermaat. "Visions for the North Sea: The Societal Dilemma Behind Specifying Good Environmental Status." Ambio, v.44, 2015, p.142. doi:10.1007/s13280-014-0536-5 

Conversi, A., V. Dakos, A. Gårdmark, S. Ling, C. Folke, P.J. Mumby, C. Greene, M. Edwards, T. Blenckner, M. Casini, A. Pershing, and C. Möllmann "A Holistic View of Marine Regime Shifts" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1098/rstb.2013.0279 

Vezzulli, L., C. Grande, P. C. Reid, P. Hélaouët, M. Edwards, M. G. Höfle, I. Brettar, R. R. Colwell and C. Pruzzo "Climate influence on Vibrio and associated human diseases during the past half-century in the coastal North Atlantic" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v., 2016, p..

Castellani, C., Lindley, J.A., Wootton M. and Kirby, R. R. "Morphological and genetic variation in the north Atlantic copepod, Centropages typicus" Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, v.92, 2012, p.99.

Wiebe, P. H., R. Harris, A. Gislason, P. Margonski, H. R. Skjoldal, M. Benfield, S. Hay, T. O?Brien and L. Valdés "The ICES Working Group on Zooplankton Ecology: Accomplishments of the first 25 years" Progress in Oceanography, v.141, 2016, p.179.

Wigington, C. H., D. Sonderegger, C. P. D. Brussaard, A. Buchan, J. F. Finke, J. A. Fuhrman, J. T. Lennon, M. Middelboe, C. A. Suttle, C. Stock, W. H. Wilson, K. E. Wommack, S. W. Wilhelm and J. S. Weitz "Re-examination of the relationship between marine virus and microbial cell abundances" Nature Microbiology, v.1, 2016, p..

Beare, D., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Hall- Spencer, J., van der Hammen, T., Machiels, M. and Teoh, S.J. "Long- term trends in calcifying plankton and pH in the North Sea" PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p.e61175. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0061175 

Hinder, S.L., Manning, J.E., Gravenor, M.B., Edwards, M., Walne, A.W., Burkill, P.H., and Hays, G. C. "Long-term changes in abundance and distribution of microzooplankton in the NE Atlantic and North Sea" J. Plankton Res., v.34 (1), 2012, p.83.

Jansen, T. and Gislason, H. "Population structure of Atlantic Mackerel (Scomberscombrus)" PLoS ONE, v.8, 2013, p.e64744. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0064744 

Wilson, R. J., M. R. Heath and D. C. Speirs "Spatial Modeling of Calanus finmarchicus and Calanus helgolandicus: Parameter Differences Explain Differences in Biogeography" Frontiers in Marine Science, v.3, 2016, p..

Beaugrand, G., M. Edwards, V. Raybaud, E. Goberville, and R.R. Kirby. "Future Vulnerability of Marine Biodiversity Compared with Contemporary and Past Changes" Nature Climate Change, v.5, 2015, p..

Brown, T., D. D. Kelly, S. Vercauteren, W. H. Wilson and A. Werner "How Biobanks Are Assessing and Measuring Their Financial Sustainability" Biopreservation and Biobanking, v.15, 2017, p.65.

Evans, C., J. Brandsma, D. W. Pond, H. J. Venables, M. P. Meredith, H. J. Witte, S. Stammerjohn, W. H. Wilson, A. Clarke and C. P. Brussaard "Drivers of interannual variability in virioplankton abundance at the coastal Western Antarctic Peninsula and the potential effects of climate change" Environmental Microbiology, v.19, 2017, p.740.

Harrison, P., A. Zingone, M. Mickelson, S. Lehtinen, N. Ramaiah, A. Kraberg*, J. Sun, A. McQuatters-Gollop, and H. Jakobsen. "Cell Volumes of Marine Phytoplankton from Globally Distributed Coastal Data Sets." Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, v.162, 2015, p.1.

Llope, M., Licandro, P., Chan, K. and Stenseth, N.C. "Spatial variability of the plankton trophic interaction in the North Sea: a new feature after the early 1970s." Global Change Biology, v.18, 2012, p.106.

Constable, A. J., D. P. Costa, O. Schofield, L. Newman, E. R. Urban, E. A. Fulton, J. Melbourne-Thomas, T. Ballerini, P. W. Boyd, A. Brandt, W. K. de la Mare, M. Edwards, M. Eléaume, L. Emmerson, K. Fennel, S. Fielding, H. Griffiths, J. Gutt, M.A. Hindell "Developing priority variables (?ecosystem Essential Ocean Variables??eEOVs) for observing dynamics and change in Southern Ocean ecosystems" Journal of Marine Systems, v.161, 2016, p.26.

Jansen, T. "Pseudocollapse and rebuilding of North Sea mackerel (Scomber scombrus)." ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil, v.71, 2014, p.299.

Burthe, S., Daunt, F.H.J., Butler, A., Elston, D., Frederiksen, M., Johns, D.G., Thackeray S.J. and Wanless, S. "Phenological trends and trophic mismatch across multiple levels of a North Sea pelagic food web" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.454, 2012, p.119.

Costello, M.J., Appeltans, W., Bailly, N., Berendsohn, W.G., Jong, Y., Edwards, M., Froese, R., Huettmann, F., Los, W., Mees, J., Segers, H. & Bisby, F.A. "Strategies for the sustainability of online open-access biodiversity databases." Biological Conservation, v.173, 2014, p.155.

dos Santos Schmidt, T. C., A. Slotte, J. Kennedy, S. Sundby, A. Johannessen, G. J. Óskarsson, Y. Kurita, N. C. Stenseth and O. S. Kjesbu "Oogenesis and reproductive investment of Atlantic herring are functions of not only present but long-ago environmental influences as well" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.114, 2017, p.2634.

Brown, C. J., M. I. O?Connor, E. S. Poloczanska, D. S. Schoeman, L. B. Buckley, M. T. Burrows, C. M. Duarte, B. S. Halpern, J. M. Pandolfi, C. Parmesan and A. J. Richardson "Ecological and methodological drivers of species? distribution and phenology responses to climate change" Global Change Biology, v.22, 2016, p.1548.

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Beaugrand, G "Unanticipated biological changes and global warming" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.445, 2012, p.293.

Jessopp, M.J., Cronin, M., Doyle, T.K., Wilson, M., McQuatters-Gollop, A., Newton, S. and Phillips, R.A "Transatlantic migration by post-breeding puffins: a strategy to exploit a temporarily abundant food resource?" Marine Biology, v.160, 2013, p.2755. doi:10.1007/s00227-013-2268-7 

Lynam, C. P., M. Llope, C. Möllmann, P. Helaouët, G. A. Bayliss-Brown and N. C. Stenseth "Interaction between top-down and bottom-up control in marine food webs" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.114, 2017, p.1952.

Burthe, S.J., P.A. Henrys, E.B. Mackay, B.M. Spears, R. Campbell, L. Carvalho, B. Dudley, I.D.M. Gunn, D.G. Johns, S.C. Maberly, L. May, M.A. Newell, S. Wanless, I.J. Winfield, S.J. Thackeray, and F. Daunt "Do Early Warning Indicators Consistently Predict Nonlinear Change in Long-Term Ecological Data?" Journal of Applied Ecology, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12519 

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Project Outcomes Report


This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) Survey operates out of the United Kingdom, and has monitored plankton across the North Atlantic since 1931.  A CPR is a device towed behind ships such as passenger ferries, tankers, and cargo ships, as they ply their regular routes each month. The CPR collects plankton as it traverses the oceans, offering a highly cost-effective method for studying this important part of the marine ecosystem. Plankton are plants and animals that drift with the oceans’ currents forming the very base of the food web; the majority of life in the sea is dependent on them, from tiny fish up to whales, as well as humans. Many fish and shellfish that we enjoy eating either spend a proportion of their life as plankton, or actively depend on the plankton for food. The CPR Survey has collected data from over 6.6 million miles of towing in the oceans, amassing over a quarter of a million samples. These samples contain both phytoplankton (plant-like organisms) and zooplankton (animal), with over 800 types being recorded from the Arctic to the Antarctic. The long time series of the Survey provides a baseline against which environmental and potentially human impacts in the oceans can be assessed.

The USA, through NSF and via WHOI, has maintained support for the CPR Survey in the NW Atlantic continuously since the establishment of the Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science (SAHFOS), the non-profit organisation responsible for the Survey, in 1990. This contribution by the USA to the international funding consortium for the Survey helps ensure the survival and development of the Survey in the NW Atlantic. Currently funding by NSF ensures the only truly basin scale marine biological survey in the world is maintained in the North Atlantic.

Data collected by the Survey are available for both internal and external scientists to use, and are available by contacting SAHFOS ( The Survey has a strong reputation of outreach, engaging with not only research scientists (many of which are from the US, and collaborations have resulted in work in the most highly respected science journals), but also schoolchildren, students, governmental bodies and agencies as well private companies. Due to the importance of plankton in the marine food web, data on their abundance throughout not only the year, but over a long period of time, can provide important information to those investigating fish stocks and fishing pressures, climate change, and pollution impacts. The ongoing support of NSF funding has allowed such data to be used in research publications, internationally important climate change studies (i.e., IPCC), and has helped inform governmental policies on an international scale.

Last Modified: 05/10/2017
Modified by: Peter H Wiebe

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