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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF MIAMI
Doing Business As Name:University of Miami
PD/PI:
  • David C Kadko
  • (305) 348-5016
  • dkadko@fiu.edu
Award Date:09/16/2012
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 399,991
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 79,360
  • FY 2012=$79,360
Start Date:10/01/2012
End Date:09/30/2014
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:GEOTRACES Peru-Tahiti section: Measurement of 7Be as a Tracer of Upper Ocean Processes
Federal Award ID Number:1232794
DUNS ID:152764007
Parent DUNS ID:004146619
Program:Chemical Oceanography

Awardee Location

Street:4600 RICKENBACKER CSWY
City:Key Biscayne
State:FL
ZIP:33149-1031
County:Key Biscayne
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:27

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Miami, RSMAS
Street:4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
City:Key Biscayne
State:FL
ZIP:33149-1031
County:Key Biscayne
Country:US
Cong. District:27

Abstract at Time of Award

In the ocean, trace elements function variously as nutrients, as contaminants from human activity, and even as convenient tracers of current and past oceanographic processes. Their biogeochemical cycling has major impacts on the ocean carbon cycle and ecosystem dynamics as well as on global climate change. Many processes influencing the distribution and behavior of trace elements in the ocean cannot be directly observed, so consequently a variety of geochemical tracers are used to provide important constraints on their rates and pathways. Beryllium-7 (Be7) is a cosmogenic (i.e., produced in the upper atmosphere) radionuclide that, because of its half-life (53.3d), can be used in the study of environmental processes occurring over seasonal timescales. This timescale is important to studies of biological production, nutrient regeneration, and atmospheric deposition, to name a few. In this project, a research team from the University of Miami will make measurements of water column Be7 along the U.S.GEOTRACES transect from Peru to Tahiti in 2013. The mission of the International GEOTRACES Program (of which the US program is a component) is "to identify processes and quantify fluxes that control the distributions of key trace elements and isotopes in the ocean, and to establish the sensitivity of these distributions to changing environmental conditions." As part of the multi-institutional U.S.GEOTRACES Pacific campaign, the Miami team will address key tasks formulated within the GEOTRACES Science Plan. Specifically, they will: (1) provide realistic estimates of the underlying transport processes influencing measured trace elements of interest (TEI) distributions; they will use water column measurements of Be7 as a tracer of physical processes, such as mixing and upwelling, which redistribute biologically active species; and (2) develop and apply new Be7 methods for quantifying the atmospheric deposition of TEIs measured by other research teams participating in the campaign. Measurements of Be7 in the surface waters and in the lower atmosphere along the cruise track will provide estimates of the atmospheric input of relevant TEIs. The atmospheric input into the global ocean is an important budgetary component of numerous chemical species, yet is very difficult to constrain. The data generated in this work will be available to allow ground-truthing of aerosol deposition models and the atmospheric input of trace elements. Broader impacts: The proposed work is in support of the GEOTRACES program, and as such contributes to many of the broad intellectual objectives of that program. The ability to provide estimates of the atmospheric input of relevant TEIs is an important example, and one that will contribute widely to the field in the future beyond GEOTRACES, including understanding anthropogenic impacts on the oceans. Education and training of graduate students will be essential components of this research.

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