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Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS
Doing Business As Name:University of California-Davis
PD/PI:
  • Richard K Grosberg
  • (530) 752-1114
  • rkgrosberg@ucdavis.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Brian P Gaylord
Award Date:07/03/2012
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 122,691
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 122,691
  • FY 2012=$122,691
Start Date:07/15/2012
End Date:06/30/2016
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:RAPID: COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH: Ecological & genetic recovery from a massive invertebrate die-off along the central coast of California
Federal Award ID Number:1243958
DUNS ID:047120084
Parent DUNS ID:071549000
Program:BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY

Awardee Location

Street:OR/Sponsored Programs
City:Davis
State:CA
ZIP:95618-6134
County:Davis
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:03

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of California-Davis
Street:One Shields Avenue
City:Davis
State:CA
ZIP:95616-5270
County:Davis
Country:US
Cong. District:03

Abstract at Time of Award

The potentially important role that larval dispersal may play in determining gene flow, distributions, and population structure of marine invertebrates remains unclear despite many hundreds of descriptive comparisons of pelagic duration and population genetic structure. This lack of clarity suggests many factors may influence population genetic structure and their interactions may be complex. Difficulties studying these factors include (under normal circumstances) distinguishing local from exogenous recruitment and therefore the true distribution of dispersal distances. For example, experiments that normally could be undertaken to explore this issue are very small scale relative to the distances that many marine taxa may disperse. In August 2011, a large-scale natural removal experiment was initiated along a 100 km stretch of the central California coast. The PIs propose to use this rare opportunity to clarify the effects of dispersal and species interactions on marine population genetic variation and community structure. They propose to study three species that suffered very high rates of mortality: an ecosystem engineer (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus, ~100% mortality), a keystone species (Pisaster ochraceus, ~10-70% mortality), and one of its competitors (Leptasterias sp., ~100% mortality). Their objectives during this first year following the natural large-scale die-off are to [1] quantify the abundance and distribution of the target species at sites across the impacted range and reference sites to the south and north, [2] develop and use genetic markers to identify the sources and dispersal distances of new recruits of P. ochraceus, Leptasterias sp., and S. purpuratus that recolonize the impacted range, and [3] describe changes in abundance of these three species and their prey and competitors at sites throughout the impacted range.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Jurgens, L., L. Rogers-Bennett, P.T. Raimondi, L.M. Schiebelhut, M.N Dawson, R.K. Grosberg, & B. Gaylord "Patterns of mass mortality among rocky shore invertebrates across 100 km of northeastern Pacific coastline" PLoS ONE, v., 2015, p.. doi:http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126280 

Jurgens, L., L. Rogers-Bennett, P.T. Raimondi, L.M. Schiebelhut, M.N Dawson, R.K. Grosberg, & B. Gaylord "Patterns of mass mortality among rocky shore invertebrates across 100 km of northeastern Pacific coastline." PLoS ONE, v., 2015, p.. doi:http://dx.plos.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126280 


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

In Fall 2011 and during 2012, we documented the extent of a widespread and severe mass mortality of rocky shore invertebrates along the north-central California coast in the northeast Pacific Ocean, following a harmful algal bloom (which occurred in August 2011). Formerly abundant intertidal populations of the ecologically important purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) and the predatory six-armed sea star (Leptasterias sp.) were extirpated from approximately 100 km of coastline; some purple sea urchins survived at depth subtidally. Other invertebrates, including the ochre sea star (Pisaster ochraceus) and gumboot chiton (Cryptochiton stelleri), also experienced elevated mortality. The severity and spatial scale of effects suggest the potential for long-term population, community, and ecosystem consequences. Continued surveys in 2013 and 2014 showed that purple sea urchins are recolonizing the coastline from which they were extirpated, albeit spatially patchily and mostly in low numbers; the six-armed sea star has yet to return to most sites.  (The ochre seastar, one of the most important predators in this community, subsequently experienced a second mass mortality in 2014 attributed to seastar wasting disease.  A few individual seastars survived, and this project has begun to identify the genetic basis of resistance to this disease.)  Genetic analyses are revealing the diversity and geographic origins of the new colonists. As predicted, sea urchins, which produce vast numbers of long-lived planktonic larvae are recovering much faster and have much more local genetic dievrsity than other species that produce fewer offspring and with less dispersal potential. Understanding the cause and extent of, as well as recovery from, large scale disturbances may provide insight into marine rocky intertidal population dynamics, community dynamics, and potential short- and long-term consequences of future environmental change.

 


Last Modified: 12/08/2016
Modified by: Richard K Grosberg

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