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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, DAVIS
Doing Business As Name:University of California-Davis
PD/PI:
  • Steven G Morgan
  • (707) 875-1920
  • sgmorgan@ucdavis.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • John L Largier ~000488377
Award Date:07/18/2013
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 629,277
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 629,277
  • FY 2013=$629,277
Start Date:09/01/2013
End Date:08/31/2018
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Collaborative Research: Field test of larval behavior on transport and connectivity in an upwelling regime
Federal Award ID Number:1334448
DUNS ID:047120084
Parent DUNS ID:071549000
Program:BIOLOGICAL OCEANOGRAPHY
Program Officer:
  • David L. Garrison
  • (703) 292-8582
  • dgarriso@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:OR/Sponsored Programs
City:Davis
State:CA
ZIP:95618-6134
County:Davis
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:03

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:UCD Bodega Marine Lab
Street:2099 Westside Rd
City:Bodega Bay
State:CA
ZIP:94923-0247
County:Bodega Bay
Country:US
Cong. District:02

Abstract at Time of Award

Background: The majority of larvae of coastal marine species are planktonic and generally weak swimmers. Thus, they are thought to be dispersed widely by coastal currents. However, there is accumulating evidence that their behavior can strongly influence their transport: some remain within estuaries, while others make true migrations between adult and larval habitats, even out to the edge of the continental shelf and back. Rates and directions of larval transport are thought to be determined largely by the timing, duration, and amplitude of vertical migrations and the mean depth that larvae occupy in stratified flows. The PIs propose to provide one of the first direct tests of how behavior affects across-shelf and alongshore transport using biomimetic drifters. The study will be conducted in a region of persistent upwelling, where strong currents are widely believed to overwhelm larval swimming and limit recruitment to adult populations. Intellectual merit: Knowledge of underlying mechanisms regulating larval transport is central to understanding ecology and evolution in the sea and anticipating the impacts of climate change on marine populations and communities. The proposed research will provide the first experimental field-test of how larval behavior affects the rates, directions and distances of transport and population connectivity in an upwelling regime. The PIs will test three hypotheses: 1. Residence below the wind-driven surface layer and vertical migrations below that layer keep larvae closer to shore compared to residence in the surface layer or larvae without depth preferences and vertical migration. 2. Residence at depth enhances northward transport near shore, and vertical migration leads to decreased alongshore mean displacement but increased variance for a group. 3. Depth preferences and vertical migrations have pronounced effects on retention and transport of plankton in upwelling regions. The study will compare direct measurements from mimetic drifters with observed and modeled cross-shelf larval distributions, and with modeled alongshore transport. Results will be broadly applicable to upwelling regimes along the western margins of continents, and the approach can be applied to non-upwelling systems throughout the world. Broader impacts: The proposed research will support a graduate student and six undergraduates at two institutions. It will also provide volunteer research opportunities for college and high school students with diverse backgrounds and for members of the public. The research will be included in college courses taught by the PIs, and will be added to websites and visitor displays at the PIs' two institutions. Results will be disseminated to science teams managing and designing Marine Protected Area networks through the PIs' advisory associations.

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