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Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
  • Peter H Wiebe
  • (508) 289-2313
Award Date:01/31/2017
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 1,039,639
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 829,475
  • FY 2018=$390,413
  • FY 2020=$204,038
  • FY 2017=$235,024
Start Date:04/01/2017
End Date:03/31/2022
Transaction Type:Grant
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) Survey of the Plankton of the North Atlantic
Federal Award ID Number:1657887
DUNS ID:001766682
Parent DUNS ID:001766682
Program Officer:
  • Cynthia Suchman
  • (703) 292-2092

Awardee Location

County:Woods Hole
Awardee Cong. District:09

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Street:266 Woods Hole Road
City:Woods Hole
County:Woods Hole
Cong. District:09

Abstract at Time of Award

The Continuous Plankton Recorder (CPR) survey (1931 to present) is the only long-term and ocean basin wide operational survey of plankton in the world. CPR observations are critical in evaluating and quantifying the scale and effects of impacts from climate change, acidification, eutrophication, loss of biodiversity to over fishing as well as providing a "backbone" to developing Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management practices. The required ecosystem observing program includes phytoplankton and zooplankton that are measured by the Continuous Plankton Recorder surveys. These surveys represent some of the longest and most cost effective observing programs in marine systems. This project will significantly contribute to international programs such as the Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), GEO-BON, the International Oceanographic Commission (IOC), the Scientific Commission on Oceanic Research (SCOR), the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES), the Partnership for Observation of the Global Oceans (POGO), and the North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES). Products from the survey are also being used to construct and validate a new generation of ecosystem, fishery, and climate models. This award will support the continuation of USA support to help maintain core monitoring of zooplankton and phytoplankton by the CPR routes in the western Atlantic from Iceland down to the eastern margin of the USA. Maintaining the CPRs, their internal mechanisms, and the preparation of the silks is an important part of the work of the survey. Samples cut from the silk that represent ~10 nautical miles are analysed under a microscope and the species identified, all to standard procedures. In the analysis, the color of the silks is assessed visually to a standard scale as the "Phytoplankton Color Index". The data will be used to describe the long-term, pelagic variability and diversity of plankton in the NW Atlantic and will help scientists interpret marine biological changes and to distinguish between anthropogenic, climatically forced, and natural plankton variability. The analysis of the CPR data will be directed to incorporate marine management issues and include studies on: large-scale environmental change; biodiversity and invasive species; sustainable use of marine bio-resources; ecosystem health and ocean acidification. All these themes are highly relevant to emerging scientific questions, US marine policy and management interests, and the main societal concerns on the marine environment. Throughout the duration of the project it is envisaged that the data collected will provide invaluable information in addressing these highly topical themes and understanding these impacts on the marine ecosystems of the NW Atlantic.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Beaugrand, Grégory and Kirby, Richard R. "How Do Marine Pelagic Species Respond to Climate Change? Theories and Observations" Annual Review of Marine Science, v.10, 2018, p.. doi:10.1146/annurev-marine-121916-063304 Citation details  

Bax, Nicholas J. and Appeltans, Ward and Brainard, Russell and Duffy, J. Emmett and Dunstan, Piers and Hanich, Quentin and Harden Davies, Harriet and Hills, Jeremy and Miloslavich, Patricia and Muller-Karger, Frank Edgar and Simmons, Samantha and Aburto-O "Linking Capacity Development to GOOS Monitoring Networks to Achieve Sustained Ocean Observation" Frontiers in Marine Science, v.5, 2018, p.. doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00346 Citation details  

Hartman, S.E. and Humphreys, M.P. and Kivimäe, C. and Woodward, E.M.S. and Kitidis, V. and McGrath, T. and Hydes, D.J. and Greenwood, N. and Hull, T. and Ostle, C. and Pearce, D.J. and Sivyer, D. and Stewart, B.M. and Walsham, P. and Painter, S.C. and McG "Seasonality and spatial heterogeneity of the surface ocean carbonate system in the northwest European continental shelf" Progress in Oceanography, v., 2018, p.. doi:10.1016/j.pocean.2018.02.005 Citation details  

Chiba, Sanae and Batten, Sonia and Martin, Corinne S and Ivory, Sarah and Miloslavich, Patricia and Weatherdon, Lauren V "Zooplankton monitoring to contribute towards addressing global biodiversity conservation challenges" Journal of Plankton Research, v.40, 2018, p.. doi:10.1093/plankt/fby030 Citation details  

Batten, Sonia Dawn and Ruggerone, Gregory T. and Ortiz, Ivonne "Pink Salmon induce a trophic cascade in plankton populations in the southern Bering Sea and around the Aleutian Islands" Fisheries Oceanography, v.27, 2018, p.. doi:10.1111/fog.12276 Citation details  

Burns, F. and Eaton, M.A. and Hayhow, D.B. and Outhwaite, C.L. and Al Fulaij, N. and August, T.A. and Boughey, K.L. and Brereton, T. and Brown, A. and Bullock, D.J. and Gent, T. and Haysom, K.A. and Isaac, N. J.B. and Johns, D.G. and Macadam, C.R. and Mat "An assessment of the state of nature in the United Kingdom: A review of findings, methods and impact" Ecological Indicators, v.94, 2018, p.. doi:10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.06.033 Citation details  

Bonitz, Fabian Georg and Andersson, Carin and Trofimova, Tamara and Hátún, Hjálmar "Links between phytoplankton dynamics and shell growth of Arctica islandica on the Faroe Shelf" Journal of Marine Systems, v.179, 2018, p.. doi:10.1016/j.jmarsys.2017.11.005 Citation details  

Batten, Sonia D. and Raitsos, Dionysios E. and Danielson, Seth and Hopcroft, Russell and Coyle, Kenneth and McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail "Interannual variability in lower trophic levels on the Alaskan Shelf" Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, v.147, 2018, p.. doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2017.04.023 Citation details  

Miloslavich, Patricia and Bax, Nicholas J. and Simmons, Samantha E. and Klein, Eduardo and Appeltans, Ward and Aburto-Oropeza, Octavio and Andersen Garcia, Melissa and Batten, Sonia D. and Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro and Checkley, David M. and Chiba, Sanae "Essential ocean variables for global sustained observations of biodiversity and ecosystem changes" Global Change Biology, v.24, 2018, p.. doi:10.1111/gcb.14108 Citation details  

Zhao, Lei and Sheppard, Lawrence W. and Reid, Philip C. and Walter, Jonathan A. and Reuman, Daniel C. and Kuparinen, Anna "Proximate determinants of Taylor's law slopes" Journal of Animal Ecology, v., 2019, p.. doi:10.1111/1365-2656.12931 Citation details  

Di Cesare, Andrea and Petrin, Sara and Fontaneto, Diego and Losasso, Carmen and Eckert, Ester M. and Tassistro, Giovanni and Borello, Alessio and Ricci, Antonia and Wilson, William H. and Pruzzo, Carla and Vezzulli, Luigi "ddPCR applied on archived Continuous Plankton Recorder samples reveals long-term occurrence of class 1 integrons and a sulphonamide resistance gene in marine plankton communities: Antibiotic resistance in long-term CPR samples" Environmental Microbiology Reports, v.10, 2018, p.. doi:10.1111/1758-2229.12665 Citation details  

Record, Nicholas R. and Ji, Rubao and Maps, Frédéric and Varpe, Øystein and Runge, Jeffrey A. and Petrik, Colleen M. and Johns, David "Copepod diapause and the biogeography of the marine lipidscape" Journal of Biogeography, v.45, 2018, p.. doi:10.1111/jbi.13414 Citation details  

Fowler, Ashley M and Jørgensen, Anne-Mette and Svendsen, Jon C and Macreadie, Peter I and Jones, Daniel OB and Boon, Arjen R and Booth, David J and Brabant, Robin and Callahan, Emily and Claisse, Jeremy T and Dahlgren, Thomas G and Degraer, Steven and Dok "Environmental benefits of leaving offshore infrastructure in the ocean" Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, v.16, 2018, p.. doi:10.1002/fee.1827 Citation details  

Bedford, Jacob and Johns, David and Greenstreet, Simon and McQuatters-Gollop, Abigail "Plankton as prevailing conditions: A surveillance role for plankton indicators within the Marine Strategy Framework Directive" Marine Policy, v.89, 2018, p.. doi:10.1016/j.marpol.2017.12.021 Citation details  

Stern, R and Moore, SK and Trainer, VL and Bill, BD and Fischer, A and Batten, S "Spatial and temporal patterns of Pseudo-nitzschia genetic diversity in the North Pacific Ocean from the Continuous Plankton Recorder survey" Marine Ecology Progress Series, v.606, 2018, p.. doi:10.3354/meps12711 Citation details  

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