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Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
Doing Business As Name:University of Southern California
PD/PI:
  • James W Moffett
  • (213) 740-5779
  • jmoffett@usc.edu
Award Date:02/13/2018
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 263,342
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 263,342
  • FY 2018=$263,342
Start Date:03/01/2018
End Date:02/28/2021
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.050
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:U.S. GEOTRACES PMT: Measurement of the organic complexation and chemical lability of dissolved copper using multiple techniques
Federal Award ID Number:1756415
DUNS ID:072933393
Parent DUNS ID:072933393
Program:Chemical Oceanography
Program Officer:
  • Simone Metz
  • (703) 292-4964
  • smetz@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:University Park
City:Los Angeles
State:CA
ZIP:90089-0001
County:Los Angeles
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:37

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Southern California
Street:3616 Trousdale Parkway, AHF 204
City:Los Angeles
State:CA
ZIP:90089-0371
County:Los Angeles
Country:US
Cong. District:37

Abstract at Time of Award

Copper (Cu) is an element in the ocean that is essential for life. Like many elements taken up by marine life, its concentrations in seawater are very low; however, Cu has a distribution in the water column that is different from other biologically essential elements. This difference may be attributed to the presence of a residual fraction in seawater that is virtually inert. This project seeks to understand what this material is, why it is so unreactive, and how it can eventually be 'cracked" and re-enter the biological cycle. A scientist from the University of Southern California (USC) will characterize the Cu chemistry during the US GEOTRACES Pacific Meridional Transect (PMT) cruise. This cruise is a north-south transect from Alaska to Tahiti that spans a wide range of water depths, temperatures, biology, and chemistry. The Cu measurements will be made alongside many other trace elements that have different chemistries. By comparing their behavior, coupled with the knowledge of each element?s chemical properties, the scientist will further our knowledge of what controls the behavior of Cu in the ocean. Training of graduate students and outstanding undergraduates in the speciation techniques is planned. The graduate students will also mentor high school students from inner city schools through the USC Young Investigators Program. The cruise and its findings will be incorporated into outreach activities and courses taught at USC, including a general education class for non-science majors. A scientist from USC hypothesizes that non-labile complexes will predominate in high-scavenging regimes and that labile forms will accumulate in older deep waters above a non-labile background pool. To quantify the distribution and chemical properties, two different speciation techniques will be used based on competitive ligand exchange. The first, adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry, was used on previous GEOTRACES sections. The second is based on a ligand exchange, liquid/liquid partition methodology developed by the researcher. Partitioning leads to physical separation of fractions that are reactive or not with the competitive ligand allowing the exchangeability of strongly complexed copper by using Cu-65 as a tracer. The tracer enables much slower reactions to be studied experimentally. Samples will be analyzed using isotope dilution by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Samples will also be prepared for natural Cu isotope analysis of non-labile Cu by a colleague at USC (Seth John) to test the hypothesis that non-labile or semi-labile complexes contribute to the heavy isotope signature of dissolved Cu in seawater. The PMT enables high volume sample collection from deep waters at the terminus of the oceanic conveyor belt, along with data for particulate metals and isotope tracers of scavenging. Moreover, the relationship between labile and non-labile Cu can be studied over several distinct biomes, including high-nutrient, low chlorophyll regions and oligotrophic subtropical gyres along the PMT. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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