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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:PRESIDENT AND FELLOWS OF HARVARD COLLEGE
Doing Business As Name:Harvard University
PD/PI:
  • Robert M Westervelt
  • (617) 495-3296
  • westervelt@seas.harvard.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Bertrand I Halperin
Award Date:09/26/2006
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 12,908,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 8,297,050
  • FY 2009=$2,045,000
  • FY 2008=$2,182,500
  • FY 2010=$2,045,000
  • FY 2006=$2,024,550
Start Date:10/01/2006
End Date:09/30/2012
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.049
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Science of Nanoscale Systems and their Device Applications NSEC
Federal Award ID Number:0646094
DUNS ID:082359691
Parent DUNS ID:001963263
Program:PHYSICS-OTHER

Awardee Location

Street:1033 MASSACHUSETTS AVE
City:Cambridge
State:MA
ZIP:02138-5369
County:Cambridge
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:05

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Harvard University
Street:1033 MASSACHUSETTS AVE
City:Cambridge
State:MA
ZIP:02138-5369
County:Cambridge
Country:US
Cong. District:05

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Adagideli, I.;Bauer, G.E.W.;Halperin, B.I.; "Detection of current-induced spins by ferromagnetic contact" Physical Review Letters, v.97, 2006, p.256601.

Abkarian, M.A.;Subramaniam, Bala;Kim, S.H.;Larsen, R.;Yang, S.M.;Stone, H.A.; "Dissolution arrest and stability of armored bubbles through interfacial jamming" Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, v.103, 2006, p.538-542.

Abanin, D.A.;Shytov, A.A.;Levitov, L.S.;Halperin, B.I.; "Nonlocal charge transport mediated by spin diffusion in the Spin-Hall Effect regime" Physical Review B, v.79, 2009, p.035304.

.;J.B. Miller;C.M. Marcus;M.A. Kastner;L.N. Pfeiffer;K.W. West; "Quasiparticle properties from tunneling in the n ï? = 5/2 fractional quantum Hall state" Science, v.320, 2008, p.899.

Amasha, S.;MacLean, K.;Radu, I.P.;Zumbuhl, D.M.;Kastner, M.A;Hanson, M.P.;Gossard, A.C.; "Spin-dependent tunneling of single electrons into an empty quantum dot" Phys. Rev. B, v.78, 2008, p.041306.

Cubukcu, E.;E.A. Kort;K.B. Crozier;F. Capasso; "Plasmonic laser antenna" Appl. Phys. Lett., v.89, 2006, p.093-120.

Amasha, S.;MacLean, K.;Radu, I.P.;Zumbuhl, D.M.;Kastner, M.A.;Hanson, M.P.;Gossard, A.C.; "Electrical control of spin relaxation in a quantum dot" Physical Review Letters, v.100, 2008, p.046803.

Allen, P.M.;Bawendi, M.B.; "Ternary I-III-VI quantum dots luminescent in the red to near-infrared" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.130, 2008, p.924092.

Aidala, K.E.;R.E. Parrott;T. Kramer;E.J. Heller;R.M. Westervelt;M.P. Hanson;A.C. Gossard; "Imaging magnetic focusing of coherent electron waves" Nature Physics, v.3, 2007, p.464-468.

Ahn, K.;C. Kerbage;T.P. Hunt;R.M. Westervelt;D.R. Link;D.A. Weitz; "Dielectrophoretic manipulation of drops for high speed microfluidic sorting devices" Applied Physics Letters, v.88, 2006, p.024104-02.

Crozier, K.B.;E. Togan;E. Simsek;T. Yang; "Experimental measurement of the dispersion relations of the surface plasmon modes of gold nanoparticle chain arrays" Opt. Express, v.15, 2007, p.17482.

Crozier, K.B.; "Plasmonic laser antenna" Photonics West, v., 2007, p.6485-33.

Chu, Y.;E. Schonbrun;T. Yang;K.B. Crozier; "Experimental observation of narrow surface plasmon resonances in gold nanoparticle arrays" Applied Physics Letters, v.93, 2008, p.181108.

Choi, H.;V. Gkortsas;L. Diehl;D. Bour;S. Corzine;J. Zhu;G. Hofler;F. Capasso;F. Kartner;T. Norris; "Ultrafast Rabi flopping and coherent pulse propagation in a quantum cascade laser" Nature Photonics, v.4, 2010, p.706.

Chiechi, R.C.;E. Weiss;M.D. Dickey;G.M. Whitesides; "Eutectic Gallium-Indium (EGaIn): A moldable liquid metal for electrical characterizations of self-assembled monolayers (sAMs)" Angewandte Chemie International Edition, v.47, 2008, p.142-144.

Burgess, I.B.;Y. Zhang;M.W. McCutcheon;A.W. Rodriguez;J. Bravo-Abad;S.G. Johnson;M. Loncar; "Design of an efficient terahertz generation in triply resonant nonlinear photonic crystal microcavities" Optics Express, v.17, 2009, p.20099.

Burgess, I.B.;A.W. Rodriguez;M.W. McCutcheon;J. Bravo-Abad;Y. Zhang;S.G. Johnson;M. Loncar; "Difference-frequency generation with quantum-limited efficiency in triply-resonant nonlinear cavities" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.128, 2006, p.9314-9315.

Bruzewicz, D.A.;M. Boncheva;A. Winkleman;J.M. St. Clair;G. Engel;G.M. Whitesides; "Biomimetic fabrication of 3-D structures by spontaneous folding of tapes" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.128, 2006, p.9314-9315.

Bray, M.A.;W.J. Adams;N.A. Geisse;A.W. Feinberg;S.P. Sheehy;K.K. Parker; "Nuclear morphology and deformation in engineered cardiac myocytes and tissues" Biomaterials, v.31, 2010, p.5143-50.

Bray, M.A.;S.P. Sheehy;K.K. Parker; "Sarcomere alignment is regulated by myocyte shape" Cell Motil Cytoskeleton, v.65, 2008, p.641651.

Bray, M.-A.;N.A. Geisse;S.P. Sheehy;K.K. Parker; "Nuclear morphology and deformation in micropatterned cardiac myocytes" Biomedical Engineering Society Annual Meeting, v., 2007, p..

Bray, M.-A.;N.A. Geisse;K.K. Parker; "Multidimensional detection and analysis of Ca2+ sparks in cardiac myocytes" Biophysical Journal, v.92, 2007, p.4433-4443.

Bleszynski, A.C.;F.A. Zwanenburg;R.M. Westervelt;A.L. Roest;E.P.A.M. Bakkers;L.P. Kouwenhoven; "Scanned probe imaging of quantum dots in InAs nanowires" Nano letters, v.7, 2007, p.2559.

Biener, M.M.;J. Biener;C.M. Friend; "Sulfur-induced mobilization of Au surface atoms on Au(111) studied by real-time STM" Surface Science Reports, v.601, 2007, p.1659-1667.

Barrelet, C.J.;J. Bao;M. Loncar;H.G. Park;F. Capasso;C.M. Lieber; "Hybrid single nanowire photonic crystal and microresonator structures" Nano letters, v.6, 2006, p.11-15.

Barr, M.C.;Zaletel, M.P.;Heller, E.J.; "Quantum corral resonance widths: Lossy scattering as acoustics" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.3253-3260.

Bao, J.;N. Yu;F. Capasso;T. Mates;M. Troccoli;A. Belyanin; "Controlled modification of erbium lifetime in silicon dioxide with metallic overlayers" Applied Physics Letters, v.91, 2007, p..

Bao, J.;M.A. Zimmler;F. Capasso;X. Wang;Z.F. Ren; "Broadband ZnO single-nanowire light-emitting diode" Nano letters, v.6, 2006, p.1719.

Bao, J.;M. Tabbal;T. Kim;S. Charnvanichborikarn;J.S. Williams;M.J. Aziz;F. Capasso; "Point defect engineered Si sub-bandgap light-emitting diode" Opt. Express, v.15, 2007, p.6727.

Bao, J.;D.C. Bell;F. Capasso;J.B. Wagner;T. Martensson;J. Tragardh;L. Samuelson; "es" Nano letters, v.8, 2008, p.836.

Bao, J.;Bell, D.C.;F. Capasso;N. Erdman;D. Wei;L. Froberg;T. Martensson;L. Samuelson,; "Nanowire-induced wurtzite InAs thin film on zinc-blende InAs substrate" Advanced Materials, v.21, 2009, p.3654.

Baker, Thomas A.;Friend, Cynthia M.;Kaxiras, Efthimios; "Local bonding effects in the oxidation of CO on oxygen-covered Au(111) from ab initio molecular dynamics simulations" Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation, v.6, 2010, p.279-287.

Baker, T.A.;C.M. Friend;E. Kaxiras; "Effects of chlorine and oxygen coverage on the structure of the Au(111) surface" Journal of Chemical Physics, v.130, 2009, p.084701.

Baker, T.A.;B. Xu;X. Liu;E. Kaxiras;C.M. Friend; "Nature of oxidation of the Au(111) surface. Experimental and theoretical investigation" Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v.113, 2009, p.16561-165.

Badrossamay, M.R.;H.A. McIlwee;J.A. Goss;K.K. Parker; "ing" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.2257-2261.

Babinec, T.M.;J.T. Choy;K.J.M. Smith;M. Khan;M. Loncar; "Design and focused ion beam fabrication of single crystal diamond nanobeam cavities" JVST B, v.29, 2011, p.010601.

Babinec, T.M.;B.M. Hausmann;M. Khan;Y. Zhang;J. Maze;P.R. Hemmer;M. Loncar; "A bright single photon source based on a diamond nanowire" Nature Nanotechnology (cover page), v.5, 2010, p.195-199.

Babinec, T.M.;B.M. Hausmann;M. Khan;Y. Zhang;J. Maze;P.R. Hemmer;M. Loncar; "A diamond nanowire single photon source" Nature Nanotechnology, v.5, 2010, p.195-199.

Babinec, T.M.;B. Hausmann;M. Khan;K. Martinick;M.W. McCutcheon;P. Hemmer;M. Loncar; "Fabrication and characterization of diamond nanowires with embedded nitrogen vacancy color centers for nanophotonic devices" New Diamond and Nano Carbons Conference, Traverse City, MI, v., 2009, p..

Aptekar, J.W.;M.C. Cassidy;A.C. Johnson;R.A. Barton;M.Y. Lee;A.C. Ogier;C. Vo;M.N. Anahtar;Y. Ren;S.N. Bhatia;C. Ramanathan;D.G. Cory;A.L. Hill;R.W. Mair;M.S. Rosen;R.L. Walsworth;C.M. Marcus; "magnetic resonance imaging" ACS Nano, v.3, 2009, p.4003.

Zimmler, M.A.;Bao, J.;Shalish, I.;Yi, W.;Yoon, J.;Narayanamurti, V.;Capasso, F.; "Electroluminescence from single nanowires by tunnel injection: an experimental study" Nanotechnology, v.18, 2007, p.235205.

Zimmler, M.A.;Voss, T.;Ronning, C.;Capasso, F.; "Exciton-related electroluminescence from ZnO nanowire light-emitting diodes" Applied Physics Letters, v.94, 2009, p.241120.

Zimmler, M.A.;Voss, T.;Ronning, C.;Capasso, F.; "ire light-emitting diodes" Applied Physics Letters, v.94, 2009, p.241120.

Zimmler, Mariano A.;Federico Capasso;Sven Muller;Carsten Ronning; "Optically pumped nanowire lasers: Invited review" Semiconductor Science and Technology, v.25, 2010, p.024001.

Zumbuhl, D.M.;C. M. Marcus;M. P. Hanson;A. C. Gossard; "Asymmetry of Nonlinear Transport and Electron Interactions in Quantum Dots" Phys. Rev. Lett., v.96, 2006, p..

Zhang, Y.;Khan, M.;Huang, Y.;Ryou, J.;Deotare, P.;Dupuis, R.;Loncar, M.; "Photonic crystal nanobeam lasers" Applied Physics Letters, v.97, 2010, p.051104.

Zhang, Y.;Loncar, M.; "Ultra-high quality factor optical resonators based on semiconductor nanowires" Optics Express, v.16, 2008, p.17400-174.

Zhang, Y.;McClure, D.T.;Levenson-Falk, E.M.;Marcus, C.M.;Pfeiffer, L.N.;West, K.W.; "Distinct signatures for Coulomb blockade and Aharonov-Bohm interference in electronic Fabry-Perot interferometers" Physical Review B, v.79, 2009, p.241304.

Zimmler, M.A.;Bao, J.;Capasso, F.;Muller, S.;Ronning, C.; "Laser action in nanowires: Observation of the transition from amplified spontaneous emission to laser oscillation" Applied Physics Letters, v.93, 2008, p.051101.

Zimmler, M.A.;Bao, J.;Shalish, I.;Yi, W.;Narayanamurti, V.;Capasso, F.; "A two-colour heterojunction unipolar nanowire light-emitting diode by tunnel injection" Nanotechnology, v.18, 2007, p.395201.

Yu, N.;Wang, Q.J.;Kats, M.A.;Fan, J.A.;Khanna, S.P.;Li, L.;Davies, A.G.;Linfield, E.H.;Capasso, F.; "Designer spoof surface plasmon structures collimate terahertz laser beams" Nature Materials, v.9, 2010, p.730-735.

Yu, N.;Wang, Q.J.;Pflugl, C.;Diehl, L.;Capasso, F.;Edamura, T.;Furuta, S.;Yamanishi, M.;Kan, H.; "Semiconductor lasers with integrated plasmonic polarizers" Applied Physics Letters, v.94, 2009, p.151101-15.

Zhang, Y.;DiCarlo, L.;McClure, DT;Yamamoto, M.;Tarucha, S.;Marcus, CM;Hanson, MP;Gossard, AC; "Noise correlations in a Coulomb-blockade quantum dot" Physical Review Letters, v.99, 2007, p.036603.

Yu, N.;Blanchard, R.;Fan, J.;Wang, Q.J.;Pfl;Diehl, L.;Edamura, T.;Yamanishi, M.;Kan, H.;Capasso, F.; "Quantum cascade lasers with integrated plasmonic antenna-array collimators" Optics Express, v.16, 2008, p.19447-194.

Yu, N.;Cubukcu, E.;Diehl, L.;Belkin, M.A.;Crozier, K.B.;Capasso, F.;Bour, D.;Corzine, S.;Höfler, G.; "Plasmonic quantum cascade laser antenna" Applied Physics Letters, v.91, 2007, p.173113-17.

Yu, N.;Cubukcu, E.;Diehl, L.;Bour, D.;Corzine, S.;Zhu, J.;Crozier, K.B.;Capasso, F.; "Bowtie plasmonic quantum cascade laser antenna" Optics Express, v.15, 2007, p.13272-132.

Yu, N.;Diehl, L.;Cubukcu, E.;Pflugl, C.;Bour, D.;Corzine, S.;Zhu, J.;Hofler, G.;Crozier, K.B.;Capasso, F.; "Near-field imaging of quantum cascade laser transverse modes" Opt. Express, v.15, 2007, p.13227-132.

Yu, N.;F. Capasso; "Wavefront engineering for mid-infrared and terahertz quantum cascade lasers" Journal of Optical Society of America B, v.27, 2010, p..

Yu, N.;Fan, J.;Wang, Q.J.;Pflugl, C.;Diehl, L.;Edamura, T.;Yamanishi, M.;Kan, H.;Capasso, F.; "Small-divergence semiconductor lasers by plasmonic collimation" Nature Photonics, v.2, 2008, p.564-570.

Yu, N.;Kats, M.A.;Pflugl, C.;Geiser, M.;Wang, Q.J.;Belkin, M.A.;Capasso, F.;Fischer, M.;Wittmann, A.;Faist, J.; "Multi-beam multi-wavelength semiconductor lasers" Applied Physics Letters, v.95, 2009, p.161108-16.

Yi, W.;Narayanamurti, V.;Zide, J.M.O.;Bank, S.R.;Gossard, A.C.; "Probing energy barriers and quantum confined states of buried semiconductor heterostructures with ballistic carrier injection: An experimental study" Physical Review B, v.75, 2007, p.115333.

Yi, Wei;Appelbaum, Ian;Russell, Kassey J.;Narayanamurti, Venkatesh;Schalek, Richard;Hanson, Micah P.;Gossard, Arthur C.; "Vertically integrated optics for ballistic electron emission luminescence: Device and microscopy characterizations" Journal Applied Physics, v.100, 2006, p.013105.

Yoon, J.;Girgis, AM;Shalish, I.;Ram-Mohan, LR;Narayanamurti, V.; "Size-dependent impurity activation energy in GaN nanowires" Applied Physics Letters, v.94, 2009, p.142102-14.

Yu, D.;Brittman, S.;Lee, J.S.;Falk, A.L.;Park, H.; "Minimum voltage for threshold switching in nanoscale phase-change memory" Nano letters, v.8, 2008, p.3429-3433.

Yu, D.;Wu, J.;Gu, Q.;Park, H.; "Germanium telluride nanowires and nanohelices with memory-switching behavior" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.128, 2006, p.8148-8149.

Yu, N.;Belyanin, A.;Bao, J.;Capasso, F.; "Controlled modification of erbium lifetime by near-field coupling to metallic films" New Journal of Physics, v.11, 2009, p.015003.

Yu, N.;Blanchard, R.;Fan, J.;Capasso, F.;Edamura, T.;Yamanishi, M.;Kan, H.; "nce edge-emitting semiconductor lasers with two-dimensional plasmonic collimators" Applied Physics Letters, v.93, 2008, p.181101-18.

Xu, Q.;R. Perez-Castillejos;Z. Li;G.M. Whitesides; "Fabrication of high aspect-ratio metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving" Nano Letters, v.6, 2006, p.216321.

Xu, Q.;R.M. Rioux;G.M. Whitesides; "Fabrication of complex metallic nanostructures by nanoskiving" ACS Nano, v.1, 2007, p.215227.

Yang, Tian; "Dispersion and extinction of surface plasmons in an array of gold nanoparticle chains: influence of the air/glass interface" Optics Express, v.16, 2008, p.8570-8580.

Yang, Tian;Crozier, K.B.; "Surface plasmon coupling in periodic metallic nanoparticle structures: A semi-analytical model" Optics Express, v.16, 2008, p.-13079.

Yi, W.;Narayanamurti, V.;Lu, H.;Scarpulla, M.A.;Gossard, A.C.; "Probing semiconductor band structures and heterojunction interface properties with ballistic carrier emission: GaAs/Al_ x Ga_ 1â??íx As as a model system" Physical Review B, v.81, 2010, p.235325.

Yi, W.;Narayanamurti, V.;Lu, H.;Scarpulla, M.A.;Gossard, A.C.;Huang, Y.;Ryou, J.H.;Dupuis, R.D.; "Bandgap and band offsets determination of semiconductor heterostructures using three-terminal ballistic carrier spectroscopy" Applied Physics Letters, v.95, 2009, p.112102_1-.

Xia, Nan;Hunt, Tom P.;Mayers, Brian T.;Alserg, Eben;Whitesides, George M.; "Combined microfluidic-micromagnetic separation of living cells in continuous flow" Biomed Microdevices, v.8, 2006, p.299308.

Xiang, Jie;Vidan, A.;Tinkham, M.;Westervelt, R. M.;Lieber, Charles M.; "Ge/Si nanowire mesoscopic Josephson junctions" Nature Nanotechnology, v.1, 2006, p.208 - 213.

Xu, Q.;J. Bao;F. Capasso;G.M. Whitesides; "Surface plasmon resonances of free-standing gold nanowires fabricated by nanoskiving" Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., v.45, 2006, p.363136.

Woo, K.;Y. Liu;D. Ham; "Fast-lock hybrid PLL combining fractional-N and integer-N modes of differing bandwidths" Proc. IEEE VLSI Symp, v., 2008, p.260-261.

Woo, K.;Y. Liu;E. Nam;D. Ham; "Fast-lock hybrid PLL combining fractional-N and integer-N modes of differing bandwidths" IEEE J. Sol.-State Circ. (JSSC), v.43, 2008, p.379-389.

Winkleman, A.;R. Perez-Castillejos;M. Lahav;M. Narovlyansky;L.N.J. Rodriguez;G.M. Whitesides; "Patterning micron-sized features in a cross-linked poly(acrylic acid) film by a wet etching process" Soft Matter, v.3, 2007, p.108-116.

Wong, A.P.;R. Perez-Castillejos;C.J. Love;G.M. Whitesides; "Partitioning microfluidic channels with hydrogel to construct tunable 3-D cellular microenvironments" Biomaterials, v.29, 2008, p.1853-1861.

Winkleman, A.;L.S. McCarty;T. Zhu;D.B. Weibel;Z. Suo;G.M. Whitesides; "Templated self-assembly over patterned electrodes by an applied electric field: Geometric constraints and diversity of materials" J.MEMS, v.17, 2008, p.900-910.

Westervelt, R.M.; "Device physics: Chance match" Nature, v.453, 2008, p.166167.

Williams, J.R.;D.A. Abanin;L. DiCarlo;L.S. Levitov;C.M. Marcus; "Quantum Hall conductance of two-terminal graphene devices" Phys Rev B, v.80, 2009, p.045408.

Williams, J.R.;L. DiCarlo;C.M. Marcus; "Quantum Hall effect in a gate-controlled p-n junction of graphene" Science, v.317, 2007, p.638.

Weitz, R.T.;M.T.Allen;B.E. Feldman;J. Martin;A. Yacoby; "Broken-symmetry states in doubly gated suspended bilayer graphene" Science, v.330, 2010, p.812-816.

Weitz, Thomas R.;Monica T. Allen;Benjamin E. Feldman;Jens Martin;Amir Yacoby; "Coulomb-driven broken-symmetry states in doubly gated suspended bilayer graphene" E-print: arXiv:1010.0989v1, v., 2010, p..

Weiss, E.;V.J. Porter;R.C. Chiechi;S.M. Greyer;D.C. Bell;M.G. Bawendi;G.M. Whitesides; "The Use of size-selective excitation to study photocurrent through junctions containing single-size and multi-size arrays of colloidal CdSe quantum dots" J. Am. Chem. Soc., v.130, 2008, p.8392.

Weiss, E.A.;R.C. Chiechi;G.K. Kaufman;J.K. Kriebel;Z. L;M. Duati;M.A. Rampi;G.M. Whitesides; "Influence of defects on the electrical characteristics of mercury drop-junctions: Self-assembled monolayers of n-alkanethiolate on rough and smooth silver" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.129, 2007, p.49.

Weiss, E.;R.C. Chiechi;S.M. Greyer;V.J. Porter;D.C. Bell;M.G. Bawendi;G.M. Whitesides; "Size-dependent charge collection in junctions containing single-size and multi-size arrays of colloidal CdSe quantum dots" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.130, 2008, p.74-82.

Weiss, D.N.;X. Brokmann;L.E. Calvet;M.A. Kastner;M.G. Bawendi; "Multi-island single-electron devices from self-assembled colloidal nanocrystal chains" Applied Physics Letters, v.88, 2006, p.143,507.

Weiss, E.;G.K. Kaufman;J.K. Kriebel;Z. Li;G.M. Whitesides; "Si/Si02-templated formation of ultraflat metal surfaces on glass, polymer, and solder supports: Their use as substrates for self-assembled monolayers (SAMs)" Langmuir, v.23, 2007, p.9686-9694.

Walls, J.D.;J. Huang;R.M. Westervelt;E.J. Heller; "Multiple-scattering theory for two-dimensional electron gases in the presence of spin-orbit coupling" Phys Rev B, v.73, 2006, p.035,325.

Wan, J.;W.D. Ristenpart;H.A. Stone; "Dynamics of shear-induced ATP release from red blood cells" Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., v.105, 2008, p.16432-164.

Wang, W.L.;E. Kaxiras; "Graphene hydrate: Theoretical prediction of a new insulating form of graphene" New Journal of Physics, v.12, 2010, p.125012.

Walls, J.D.;E.J. Heller; "Spin-orbit coupling induced interference in quantum corrals" Nano letters, v.7, 2007, p.3377-3382.

W.;Stollenwerk, A.J.;Narayanamurti, V.; "Ballistic electron microscopy and spectroscopy of metal and semiconductor nanostructures" Surface Science Reports, v.64, 2009, p.169190.

Voss, T.;G.T. Svacha;E. Mazur;S. Mueller;C. Ronning;D. Konjhodzic;F. Marlow; "High order waveguide modes in ZnO nanowires" Nano letters, v.7, 2007, p.3675-3680.

Voss, T.;G.T. Svacha;E. Mazur;S. Muller;C. Ronning; "The influence of local heating by nonlinear pulsed laser excitation on the transmission characteristics of a ZnO nanowire waveguide" Nanotechnology, v.20, 2009, p.095702.

Vasquez, Y.;E. M. Fenton;V. F. Chernow;J. Aizenberg; "Growth Of Polygonal Rings And Wires Of Cus On Structured Surface" Cryst. Eng. Comm., v.13, 2011, p.1077-1080.

Vaishnav J.Y.;A. Itsara;E.J. Heller; "Hall of mirrors scattering from an impurity in a quantum wire" Phys Rev B, v.73, 2006, p.115,331.

Tracy, J.B.;M.G. Bawendi; "Defects in CoO in oxidized Co nanoparticles dominate exchange biasing and exhibit anomalous magnetic properties" Phys Rev B, v.74, 2006, p.184,434.

Tserkovnyak, Y.;B.I. Halperin; "Magnetoconductance oscillations in quasiballistic multimode nanowires" Phys Rev B, v.74, 2006, p.245,327.

Tserkovnyak, Y.;B.I. Halperin; "Boundary spin Hall effect in a Rashba semiconductor" Phys Rev B, v.76, 2007, p.085319.

Smistrup, K.;H.A. Stone; "A magnetically actuated ball valve applicable for small-scale fluid flows" Phys. Fluids, v.19, 2007, p.063101.

Sidorenko;T. Krupenkin;J. Aizenberg; "Controlled switching of the wetting behavior of biomimetic surfaces with hydrogel-supported nanostructures" J. Mater. Chem., v.18, 2008, p.3841-3846.

Schonbrun, E.;C. Tinzler;K.B. Crozier; "Microfabricated water immersion zone plate optical tweezer" Applied Physics Letters, v.92, 2008, p.071112.

Shytov, A.V.;E.G. Mishchenko;H.-A. Engel;B.I. Halperin; "Small-angle impurity scattering and the spin Hall conductivity in two-dimensional semiconductor systems" Phys Rev B, v.73, 2006, p.075,316.

Ruzmetov, D.;S. Senanayake;V. Narayanamurti;S. Ramanathan; "Correlation between metal-insulator transition characteristics and electronic structure changes in vanadium oxide thin films" Phys Rev B, v.77, 2008, p.195442.

Ruzmetov, D.;K. Zawilski;S. Senanayake;V. Narayanamurti;S. Ramanathan; "Infra-red reflectance and photo-emission spectroscopy studies across the phase transition boundary in thin film vanadium dioxide" J. Phys.: Condensed Matter, v.20, 2008, p.465204.

Ruzmetov, D.;S. Senanayake;S. Ramanathan; "X-ray absorption spectroscopy studies of vanadium oxide thin films across the phase transition boundary" Phys Rev B, v.75, 2007, p.195102.

Ruzmetov, D.;G. Gopalakrishnan;C. Ko;V. Narayanamurti;S. Ramanathan; "Three-terminal field effect devices utilizing thin film vanadium oxide as the channel layer" Journal of Applied Physics, v.107, 2010, p.114516.

Ruzmetov, D.;G. Gopalakrishnan;J.D. Deng.;V. Narayanamurti;S. Ramanathan; "Electrical triggering of metal-insulator transition in nanoscale oxide junctions" Journal Applied Physics, v.106, 2009, p.083702.

Rudner, Mark S.;Emmanuel I. Rashba; "Spin relaxation due to deflection coupling in nanotube quantum dots" Phys Rev B, v.81, 2010, p.125426.

Ruzmetov, D.;D. Heiman;B.B. Claflin;V. Narayanamurti;S. Ramanathan; "Hall carrier density and magnetoresistance measurements in thin-film vanadium dioxide across the metal-insulator transition" Phys Rev B, v.79, 2009, p.153107.

Rudner, M.S.;L.S. Levitov; "Phase transitions in dissipative quantum transport and mesoscopic nuclear spin pumping" Phys Rev B, v.82, 2010, p.155418.

Ristenpart, W.D.;J. Wan;H.A. Stone; "Enzymatic reactions in microfluidic devices: Michaelis-Menten kinetics" Anal. Chem, v.80, 2008, p.3270-3276.

Roper, M.;R. Dreyfus;J. Baudry;M. Fermigier;J. Bibette;H.A. Stone; "On the dynamics of magnetically driven elastic filaments" Journal of Fluid Mechanics, v.554, 2006, p.167-190.

Ristenpart, W.D.;A.L. Belmonte;J.C. Bird;F. Dollar;H.A. Stone; "Non-coalescence of oppositely charged drops" Nature, v.461, 2009, p.377-380.

Quian, J.;B.I. Halperin; "Hartree-Fock calculations of finite inhomogeneous quantum wire" Phys Rev B, v.77, 2008, p.085314.

Ramamurthi, K.S.;S. Lecuyer;H.A. Stone;R. Losick; "Geometric cue for protein localization in a bacterium" Science, v.323, 2009, p..

Quek, S.Y.;M.M. Biener;J. Biener;J. Bhattacharjee;C.M. Friend;V.U. Waghmare;E. Kaxiras; "Structure of incommensurate gold sulfide monolayer on Au(111)" Journal of Physical Chemistry, v.127, 2007, p.104704.

Porter, V.J.;T. Mentzel;S. Charpentier;M.A. Kastner;M.G. Bawendi; "Temperature-, gate-, and photo-induced conductance of close-packed CdTe nanocrystal films" Phys Rev B, v.73, 2006, p.155,303.

Qian, J.;B.I. Halperin; "Hartree-Fock calculations of finite inhomogeneous quantum wire" arXiv:0707.2992, v., 2007, p..

Quek, S.Y.;M.M. Biener;J. Biener;J. Bhattacharjee;C.M. Friend;U.V. Waghmare;E. Kaxiras; "Rich coordination chemistry of Au adatoms in gold sulfide monolayer on Au(111)" J. Phys. Chem. B, v.110, 2006, p..

Ozcan, A.;E. Cubukcu;A. Bilenca;K.B. Crozier;B.E. Bouma;F. Capasso;G.J. Tearney; "Differential near-field scanning optical microscopy" Nano letters, v.6, 2006, p.2609.

Oâ??Grady, M.;P. Kuo;K.K. Parker; "Optimization of electroactive hydrogel actuator" ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, v.2, 2010, p.343-346.

Oâ??Grady, M.L.;K.K. Parker; "Dynamic control of protein-protein interactions" Langmuir, v.24, 2008, p.316-322.

Payne, C.K.;S. Jones;C. Chen;X. Zhuang; "Internalization and trafficking of cell surface proteoglycans and proteoglycan binding ligands" Traffic, v.8, 2007, p.389-401.

Porter, V.J.;S. Geyer;J.E. Halpert;M.A. Kastner;M.G. Bawendi; "ly treated CdSe/ZnS inorganic nanocrystal films" Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v.112, 2008, p.2308.

Lee, H.;D. Ham;R.M. Westervelt; "CMOS Bioechnology" Integrated Circuits and Systems, v., 2007, p..

Lee, H.;D. Ham;R.M. Westervelt; "CMOS/Microfluidic Hybrid Systems" CMOS Biotechnology, v., 2007, p..

Lee, H.;E. Sun;D. Ham;R. Weissleder; "Chip-NMR biosensor for detection and molecular analysis of cells" Nature Medicine, v.14, 2008, p.869874.

Lee, H.;Y. Liu;D. Ham;R.M. Westervelt; "Integrated cell manipulation system â?? CMOS/microfluidic hybrid" Lab on a Chip, v.7, 2007, p.331-337.

Lin, Shiyun;Ethan Schonbrun;Kenneth Crozier; "Optical manipulation with planar silicon microring resonators" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.2408.

Lipomi, D.J.;F. Ilievski;B.J. Wiley;P.B.. Deotare;M. Loncar;G.M. Whitesides; "Integrated fabrication and magnetic positioning of metallic and polymeric nanowires embedded in thin epoxy slabs" ACS Nano, v.3, 2009, p.3315-3325.

Lipomi, D.J.;R.C. Chiechi;M.D. Dickey;G.M. Whitesides; "Fabrication of conjugated polymer nanowires by edge lithography" Nano letters, v.8, 2008, p.2100-2105.

Mack, E.T;R. Perez-Castillejos;Z. Suo, an;G.M. Whitesides; "Exact analysis of ligand-induced dimerization of monomeric receptors" Anal. Chem, v.80, 2008, p.5550-5555.

MacLean, K.;S. Amasha;I.P. Radu;D.M. Zumbuhl;M.A. Kastner;M.P. Hanson;A.C. Gossard; "Energy-dependent tunneling in a quantum dot" Phys Rev Lett, v.98, 2007, p.036802.

Mani, R.;S. Ramanathan; "Observation of uniform temperature dependence in the electrical resistance across the structural phase transition in thin film vanadium oxide" Applied Physics Letters, v.91, 2007, p.062104.

Marshall L.F.;J. Cui;X. Brokmann;M.G. Bawendi; "Extracting spectral dynamics from single chromophores in solution" Phys Rev Lett, v.105, 2010, p.053005.

McCarty, L.S.;A. Winkleman;G.M. Whitesides; "Ionic electrets: Electrostatic charging of surfaces by transferring mobile ions upon contact" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.129, 2007, p.4075-4087.

McClure, D.T.;L. DiCarlo;Y. Zhan;H.A. Engel;C.M. Marcus;M.P. Hanson;A.C. Gossard; "Tunable noise cross correlations in a double quantum dot" Phys Rev Lett, v.98, 2007, p.056801.

McCutcheon, M.W.;M. Loncar; "Design of an ultrahigh quality factor silicon nitride photonic crystal nanocavity for coupling to diamond nanocrystals" Opt. Express, v.16, 2008, p.19136.

Mentzel, T.S.;V.J. Porter;S. Geyer;K. MacLean;M.G. Bawandi;M.A. Kastner; "Charge transport in PbSe nanocrystal arrays" Phys Rev B, v.77, 2008, p.075316.

Miller, J.B.;I.P. Radu;D.M. Zumbuhl;E.M. Levenson-Falk;M.A. Kastner;C.M. Marcus;L.N. Pfeiffer;K.W. West; "Fractional quantum Hall effect in a quantum point contact at filling fraction 5/2" Nature Physics, v.3, 2007, p.561.

Munday, J.N.;D. Iannuzzi;F. Capasso; "Quantum electrodynamical torques in the presence of Brownian motion" New Journal of Physics, v.8, 2006, p.244.

Munday, J.N.;F. Capasso; "Precision measurement of the Casimir-Lifshitz force in a fluid" Phys. Rev. A Rapid Commun, v.75, 2007, p.60102.

Nair, G.;M.G. Bawendi; "Carrier multiplication yields of CdSe and CdTe nanocrystals by transient photoluminescence spectroscopy" Phys Rev B, v.76, 2007, p.081304.

Olson, M.R.;K.J. Russell;V. Narayanamurti;J.M. Olson;I. Appelbaum; "Linear photon upconversion of 400 meV in an AlGaInP/GaInP quantum well heterostructures to visible light at room temperature" Applied Physics Letters, v.88, 2006, p.161,108.

Gong, J.;D.J. Lipomi;J. Deng;Z. Nie,;X. Chen;N.X. Randall;R. Nair;G.M. Whitesides; "Micro- and nanopatterning of inorganic and polymeric substrates by indentation lithography" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.2702-2708.

Gopalakrishnan;G., D. Ruzmetov;S. Ramanathan; "hermal effects" Journal of Material Science, v.44, 2009, p.5345.

Guiton, B.S.;Q. Gu;A.L. Prieto;M.S. Gudiksen;H. Park; "Single-crystalline vanadium dioxide nanowires with rectangular cross section" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.127, 2005, p.498-499.

Hashimoto, M.;S.S. Shevkophlyas;B. Zasonska;T. Szymborski;P. Garstecki;G.M. Whitesides; "Formation of bubbles and droplets in parallel, coupled flow-focusing geometries" Small, v.4, 2008, p.1795-1805.

Haupt, Florian;Sumant S.R. Oemrawsingh;Susanna M.Thon;Hyochul Kim;Dustin Kleckner;Dapeng Ding;Donald, J. Suntrup;Pierre M. Petroff;Dirk Bouwmeester; "Fiber-connectorized micropillar cavities" Appl. Phys Lett., v.97, 2010, p.131113.

Hausmann, B.J.M.;M. Khan,;T.M. Babinec;Y. Zhang;K. Martinick;M.W. McCutcheon;P.R. Hemmer;M. Loncar; "Fabrication of diamond nanowires for quantum information processing applications" Diamond and Related Materials, v.19, 2010, p.621-629.

Hummon, M.R.;A.J. Stollenwerk;V. Narayanamurti;et al.; "Measuring charge trap occupation and energy level in CdSe/ZnS quantum dots using a scanning tunneling mircroscope" Phys Rev B, v.81, 2010, p.115439.

Hunt, T.P;R.M. Westervelt; "Dielectrophoresis tweezer227s for single cell manipulation" Biomed Microdevices, v.8, 2006, p..

Iannuzzi, D.;M. Lisanti;J.N. Munday;F. Capasso; "Quantum fluctuations in the presence of thin metallic films and anisotropic materials" J. Phys. A: Math. Gen., v.39, 2006, p.6445.

Insin, N.;J.B. Tracy;H. Lee;J.P. Zimmer;R.M. Westervelt;M.G. Bawendi; "Incorporation of iron oxide nanoparticles and quantum dots into silica microspheres" ACS Nano, v.2, 2008, p.197-202.

Khan, M.;T.M. Babinec;M.W. McCutcheon;P.B. Deotare;M. Loncar; "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality-factor silicon nitride nanobeam cavities" Optics Letters, v.36, 2011, p.421.

Kim, Jeehoon;Changhyun Ko;Alex Frenzel;Shriram Ramanathan;Jennifer E. Hoffman; "Nanoscale imaging and control of resistance switching in VO2 at room temperature" Applied Physics Letters, v.96, 2010, p.213106.

Krenner, H.J.;C. Pryor;J. He;J.P. Zhang;Y. Wu;C. Morris;M.S. Sherwin;P.M. Petroff; "Growth and optical properties of self-assembled InGaAs quantum posts" Physica E, v.40, 2008, p.1785-1789.

Krenner, H.J.;P.M. Petroff; "Quantum posts with tailored structural, electronic and optical properties for optoelectronic and quantum electronic device applications" Solid State Communications, v.149, 2009, p.1386-1394.

Krich, J.;B.I. Halperin; "Spin-polarized current generation from quantum dots without magnetic fields" Phys Rev B, v.78, 2008, p.035338.

Lahav, M.;E.A. Weiss;Q. Xu;G.M. Whitesides; "Core-shell and segmented polymer-metal composite nanostructures" Nano letters, v.6, 2006, p.2166-2171.

Lahav, M.;M. Narovlyansky;A. Winkleman;R. Perez-Castillejos;Weiss;G.M. Whitesides; "Patterning of polyacrylic acid by ionic exchange reactions in microfluidic channels" Advanced Materials, v.18, 2006, p.3174-3178.

Lecuyer, S.;W.D. Ristenpart;O. Vincent;H.A. Stone; "Electrohydrodynamic aggregation and size separation of giant vesicles" Phys Lett, v.92, 2008, p.104105.

Geyer, S.;V.J. Porter;J.E. Halpert;T.S. Mentzel;M.A. Kastner;M.G. Bawendi; "Charge transport in mixed CdSe and CdTe colloidal nanocrystal films" Phys Rev B, v.82, 2010, p.155201.

Genevet, P.;J. Tetienne;E. Gatzogiannis;R. Blanchard;M. Kats;M.O. Scully;F. Capasso; "Large enhancement of nonlinear optical phenomena by plasmonic nanocavity gratings" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.4880.

Gelfand, I.J.;S. Amasha;D.M. Zumbuhl;M.A. Kastner;C. Kadow;A.C. Gossard; "Surface-gated quantum Hall effect in an InAs heterostructure" Applied Physics Letters, v.88, 2006, p.252,105.

Geisse, N.A.;A.W. Feinberg;P. Kuo;S. Sheehy;M.A. Bray;K.K. Parker; "Micropatterning approaches for cardiac biology" and Applications, v., 2008, p..

Gattass, R.R.;G.T. Svacha;L. Tong;E. Mazur; "Supercontinuum generation in submicrometer diameter silica fibers" Opt. Express, v.14, 2006, p.9408-9414.

Finkler, I.G.;H.-A. Engel;E.I. Rashba;B.I. Halperin; "Spin generation away from boundaries by nonlinear transport" Phys Rev B, v.75, 2007, p.241202.

Fyta, M.;S. Melchionna;E. Kaxiras;S. Succi; "Multiscale modeling of biopolymer translocation through a nanopore" Lecture Notes in Computer Science, v.4487, 2007, p..

Finkler, I.G.;B.I. Halperin; "Are microwave-induced zero-resistance states necessarily static?" Phys Rev B, v.79, 2009, p.085315.

Engel, H.-A.;E.I. Rashba;B.I. Halperin; "Theory of spin Hall effects in semiconductors" Handbook of Magnetism and Advanced Magnetic Materials, v.5, 2007, p.2858-2877.

Engel, H.-A.;E.I. Rashba;B.I. Halperin; "Out-of-plane spin polarization from in-plane electric and magnetic fields" Phys Rev Lett, v.98, 2007, p.036602.

Elhadj, S.;R.M. Rioux;M.D. Dickey;J.J. DeYoreo;G.M. Whitesides; "Subnanometer replica molding of molecular Steps on ionic crystals" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.4140-4145.

Dorn, A.;P.M. Allen;D.K. Harris,;M.G. Bawendi; "In situ electrical monitoring of cation exchange innanowires" Nano letters, v.10, 2010, p.3948-3951.

Dorn, A.;P.M. Allen;M.G. Bawendi; "Electrically controlling and monitoring InP growth from solution" ACS Nano, v.3, 2009, p.3260.

Dorn, A.;C.R. Wong;M.G. Bawendi; "Electrically controlled catalytic nanowire growth from solution" Advanced Materials, v.21, 2009, p.3479.

Dorn, A.;H. Huang;M.G. Bawendi; "Elecroluminescence from nanosrystals in an electromigrated gap composed of two different metals" Nano Lett., v.8, 2008, p.1347.

Dickey, M.D.;R.C. Chiechi;R.J. Larsen;E. Weiss;D.A. Weitz;G.M. Whitesides; "Eutectic Gallium-Indium (EGaIn): A liquid metal alloy for the formation of stable structures in microchannels at room temperature" Advanced Functional Materials, v.18, 2008, p.1097-1104.

DiCarlo, L.;Y. Zhang;D.T. McClure;D.J. Reilly;C.M. Marcus;L.N. Pfeiffer;K.W. West; "Shot-noise signatures of 0.7 structure and spin in a quantum point contact" Physical Review Letters, v.97, 2006, p.036,810.

Dickey, M.D.;E.A. Weiss;E.J. Smythe;R.C. Chiechi;F. Capasso;G.M. Whitesides; "n" ACS Nano, v.2, 2008, p.800.

DiCarlo, L.;Y. Zhang;D.T. McClure;C.M. Marcus;L.N. Pfeiffer;K.W. West; "System for measuring auto- and cross correlation of current noise at low temperatures" Review of Scientific Instruments, v.77, 2006, p.036,810.

DiCarlo, L.;J.R. Williams;Yiming Zhang;D.T. McClure;C.M. Marcus; "Shot Noise in graphene" Physical Review Letters, v.100, 2008, p.156801.

Deng, X.;S.Y. Quek;M.M. Biener;J. Biener;D.-H. Kang;R. Schalek;E. Kaxiras;C.M. Friend; "Selective thermal reduction of single-layer MoO3 nanostructures on Au(111)" Surface Science Reports, v.602, 2008, p.1166-1174.


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

PROJECT OUTCOME REPORT

Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center

"Science of Nanoscale Systems and their Device Applications"

Harvard University / MIT / UC Santa Barbara / Museum of Science, Boston

Goals of our Center's Research Program

Tools for Biology  - Develop tools for Biology based using soft lithography and microfluidics, including advanced biological sensors and actuators and the low-cost nanofabrication of nanoscale structures using soft lithography. 

Nanoelectronics, Nanophotonics & Quantum Information Processing

Build and characterize devices from nanoscale structures and understand them theoretically for applications in signal processing, computing, sensing, and quantum information processing.

Three overlapping Research Areas address these goals: 

Research Area I: Tools for Integrated Nanobiology builds bridges between the physical sciences, biology, and medicine by developing new tools to manipulate and test biological cells and tissues, based on soft lithography, microfluidics, and semiconductor technology.

Research Area II: Nanoscale Building Blocks creates nanostructures with size-dependent properties including nanoparticles, nanowires and heterostructures, which serve as building blocks for nanoelectronics and nanophotonics as well as sensors for biological systems. 

Research Area III: Imaging at the Nanoscale images electrons and photons in nanoscale structures and devices using custom cooled scanning probe microscopes, cooled scanning tunneling microscopes, and high resolution transmission electron microscopy.


Outcomes of our Center's Research Program - Examples are presented here:

Handheld NMR Biosensor - At Harvard, Donhee Ham created a handheld biosensor based on a single silicon integrated circuit (Fig. 2). The nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) signal comes from clumping of magnetic nanoparticles when they are exposed to a target protein.  A conventional benchtop NMR system is large, heavy and expensive.  By designing a custom chip, Ham created a handheld system that is 1200 times lighter, yet has 150 times more mass sensitivity. This system is making a significant impact on the medical community, because it enables low-cost, portable NMR biosensors.

Band-Engineered Nanocrystal Barbells - The transformation of light into current requires as a first step, the rapid dissociation of electrons and holes so that they can be carried to opposite electrodes. At MIT, Moungi Bawendi's group designed and synthesized "nano-barbells" shown in Fig. 3 in which the electrons from absorbed photons are attracted to the CdSe bar and the holes are attracted to the CdTe bells, dissociating electron-hole pairs at the nanoscale.

Scanning Electron Transistor Imaging of Electron- and Hole-rich Regions in Graphene - Graphene is a remarkable new material that changes the rules for electronics. A graphene flake is only one atom thick and the electrons travel at a fixed speed like ultrarelativistic particles.  Using a highly sensitive scanning electron transistor microscope, Amir Yacoby at Harvard directly imaged charged electron and hole puddles in a graphene sheet, (Fig. 4). This microscope will be a very useful tool to understand the physics of future graphene devices.


Goals for our Center - Broader Impacts

Educate the Ne...

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