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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:NORTH CAROLINA STATE UNIVERSITY
Doing Business As Name:North Carolina State University
PD/PI:
  • Barry Goldfarb
  • (919) 515-4471
  • barry_goldfarb@ncsu.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Howard L Allen
  • Charles H Michler
  • Jose L Stape
Award Date:08/29/2007
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 500,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 915,834
  • FY 2011=$161,834
  • FY 2009=$240,618
  • FY 2010=$202,382
  • FY 2012=$111,000
  • FY 2007=$200,000
Start Date:09/01/2007
End Date:08/31/2013
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Collaborative Research: Center for Advanced Forestry Systems
Federal Award ID Number:0736402
DUNS ID:042092122
Parent DUNS ID:142363428
Program:INDUSTRY/UNIV COOP RES CENTERS

Awardee Location

Street:CAMPUS BOX 7514
City:RALEIGH
State:NC
ZIP:27695-7514
County:
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:04

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:North Carolina State University
Street:CAMPUS BOX 7514
City:RALEIGH
State:NC
ZIP:27695-7514
Country:US
Cong. District:04

Abstract at Time of Award

The expanded Industry/University Cooperative Research center for Advanced Forestry Systems will link four of the top forestry research programs in the US, and will expand the current Center for Tree Genetics to build on the strengths of the research programs to create a multi-university, interdisciplinary I/UCRC that will solve industry-wide problems through multi-faceted approaches. Researchers will approach questions on multiple scales, including the molecular, cellular, individual-tree, stand, and ecosystem. The research conducted by the center will increase the competitiveness of forest products industries and forest landowners by solving problems on multiple temporal and spatial scales and determining fundamental solutions that transcend traditional species, regional, and disciplinary boundaries.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Zerpa, J. L., H.L. Allen, H. L., R.G. Campbell, J. Phelan, and H. Duzan "Influence of variable organic matter retention on nutrient availability in a 10-year-old loblolly pine plantation. Forest Ecology and Management" Forest Ecology and Management, v.259, 2010, p..

Albaugh, T. H.L. Allen, T.R. Fox, C.A. Carlson and R.A. Rubilar "Opportunities for fertilization on Loblolly Pine in the sandhills of the southeatern United States" Southern journal of Applied Research, v.33, 2009, p..

Albaugh, T.J., H.L. Allen, and T.R. Fox "Nutrient use and uptake in Pinus taeda" Tree Physiology, v.28, 2008, p.1083.

Albaugh, T.J., H.L. Allen, and T.R. Fox "Nutrient use and uptake in Pinus taeda" Tree Physiology, v.28, 2008, p.1083.

Boyden, S. D. Binkley and J.L. Stape "Competition among Eucalyptus trees depends on genetic variation and resource supply" Ecology, v.89, 2008, p.2850.

Palle et al "Natural variation in expression of genes involved in xylem development in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)." Tree Genetics & Genomes, v.7, 2011, p.193.

Palle, S. R., Seeve, C. M., Eckert, A. J., Cumbie, W. P., Goldfarb, B., & Loopstra, C. A "Natural variation in expression of genes involved in xylem development in loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)" Tree Genetics & Genomes, v.7, 2011, p.193.

Rubilar, R.A., H.L. Allen, J.S. Alvares, T.J. Albaugh, T.R. Fox, and J.L. Stape "Silvicultural manipulation and site effect on above and below ground biomass equations for young Pinus radiata plantations" Biomass and Bioenergy, v.34, 2010, p.1825.

Binkley, D., J.L. Stape, W.L. Bauerle,and M.G. Ryan "Explaining growth of individual trees: Light interception and efficiency of light use by Eucalyptus at four sites in Brazil" Forest Ecology and Management, v.259, 2010, p.1704.

Isik, F., Gumpertz, M., Li, B., Goldfarb, B., & Sun "Analysis of cellulose microfibril angle (MFA) using a linear mixed model in Pinus taeda clones" Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v.38, 2008, p.1676.

Jeffries, S.B., T.R. Wentworth, and H.L. Allen "Long-term effects of establishment practices on plant communities across successive rotations in a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) plantation" Forest Ecology and Management, v.260, 2010, p.1548.

Peduzzi, A., H.L. Allen, R.H. Wynne "Leaf area of overstory and understory in pine plantations in the flatwoods" Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, v.34, 2010, p.154.

Carlson, C.A., H.E. Burkhart, H.L. Allen and T.R. Fox "Absolute and relative changes in tree growth rates and changes to the stand diameter distribution of Pinus taeda as a result of midrotation fertilizer applications" Can. J. For. Res., v.38, 2008, p.2063.

Albaugh, T.J., H.L. Allen, J. Stape, T.R. Fox, R.A. Rubilar, C.A. Carlson, and R. Pezutti "Leaf area duration in natural range and exotic Pinus taeda" Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v.40, 2010, p.224.

Carlson, C.A., T.R. Fox, H.L. Allen, T.J. Albaugh "Modeling mid-rotation fertilizer responses using the age-shift approach" For. Ecol. Manage., v.256, 2008, p.256.

Isik, F., Li, B., Goldfarb, B., & McKeand, S "Prediction of wood density breeding values of Pinus taeda elite parents from an unbalanced data: A method for adjustment of site and age effects using a common checklot" Annals of Forest Science, v.65, 2008, p.406.

Albaugh, T.J., E.D. Vance, C.Gaudreult, T.R. Fox, H. L. Allen, J. L. Stape, and R.A. Rubilar "Carbon emissions and sequestration form fertilization of pine in the southeastern United States" Forest Science, v.58, 2012, p.419.

Albaugh, T.J., J.L. Stape, T.R. Fox, R.P. Rubilar, and H.L. Allen "Mid-rotation vegetation control and fertilization in Pinus taeda and Pinus elliottii across the southeastern United States" Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, v.36, 2012, p.44.

Liu, L., J.S. King, F.L. Booker, C.P. Giardina, H.L. Allen, S. Hu "Enhanced litter input rather than changes in litter chemistry drive soil carbon and nitrogen cycles under elevated CO2: a microcosm study" Global Change Biology, v.15, 2009, p.441.

Albaugh, J.M., L. Blevins, H.L. Allen, T.J. Albaugh, T.R. Fox, J.L. Stape, R.A. Rubilar "Characterization of foliar macro- and micronutrient concentrations and ratios in loblolly pine plantations in the southeastern United States" Southern Journal of Applied Forestry, v.34, 2010, p.53.

Espinoza et al "Stem sinuosity in loblolly pine with nitrogen and calcium additions." Forest Ecology and Management., v., 2012, p.55.

Espinoza, J.A., H.L. Allen, S.E. McKeand, P.M. Dougherty "Stem sinuosity in loblolly pine with nitrogen and calcium additions" Forest Ecology and Management, v.265, 2012, p.55.

Alvarez et al "Estimation of monthly solar radiation in south-central Chile." Chilean Journal of Agricultural Research., v.71, 2011, p.601.

Phelan, J. and H. L. Allen "Have repeated applications of nitrogen and phosphorus to a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation changed stand productivity and soil nutrient supply?" Can. J. For. Res., v.38, 2008, p.637.

Phelan, J. and H. L. Allen "Have repeated applications of nitrogen and phosphorus to a loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) plantation changed stand productivity and soil nutrient supply?" Canadian Journal of Forest Research, v.38, 2008, p.637.

Quesada, T., Gopal, V., Cumbie, W. P., Eckert, A. J., Wegrzyn, J. L., Neale, D. B., Goldfarb, B., Huber, D. A., Casella, G., & Davis, J. M "Association mapping of quantitative disease resistance in a natural population of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.)" Genetics, v.186, 2010, p.677.

Stape, J.L., D. Binkley, M.G. Ryan "Production and carbon allocation in a clonal Eucalyptus plantation with water and nutrient manipulations" Forest Ecology and Management, v.255, 2008, p.920.


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The Center for Advanced Forestry Systems came into existence in September 2007 with North Carolina State University as the lead institution and concluded Phase I in August 2013.  Originally four universities were sites within the center and currently that number has expanded to nine.  The mission of the center is to conduct interdisciplinary and interregional research and technology transfer to promote forest productivity, value and sustainability.

Key research projects that NC State faculty and students have conducted include a field study to determine how specific genotypes behave in plantation settings.  Although the study is ongoing, results to date indicate there are differences among crop ideotypes (narrow or wide crown) that will allow forest landowners to maximize growth and value in plantations.  Another study examines the theoretical limits to forest productivity by eliminating nutrient deficiencies and weed competition in forest stands.  Results show that, on a variety of soil types, potential productivity is substantially greater than that normally achieved in plantations, providing landowners with additional options for establishing and maintaining plantations.

In addition, several other research studies have contributed to the overall understanding of pine plantation establishment and management in the US and South America, including: effects of site preparation, early fertilization and weed control on loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) growth in the southeastern United States; long term effects of soil preparation, weed control and fertilization on loblolly pine growth in Argentina; mid-rotation fertilization in loblolly pine plantations; loblolly pine growth response to early fertilization; response of mid-rotation loblolly pine plantations to nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilization; surface and subsurface tillage in the southeastern US; mid-rotation weed control and fertilization; rate and frequency of N fertilization in juvenile stands; response to repeated nutrient additions at different rates in young loblolly pine stands in Argentina; a thinning by fertilization trial series; managing density to optimize value in fertilized pine plantations; thinning and fertilization in loblolly pine in Argentina; and early thinning and fertilization study in loblolly pine in Uruguay.

Results have been disseminated to member companies and the general public through Center meetings, scientific conferences and guided field tours.  As these practices are put into place, forest landowners, including CAFS members will derive greater financial returns from their plantations and society will be able to grow more wood on less land, allowing for alternative land uses.

A major focus of CAFS is graduate and undergraduate training in industry-relevant research.  During Phase I, 11 graduate students received their degrees, including 3 masters students and 8 PhD students.  Of these, 1 MS student is employed by forest industry, 1 is employed by an environmental consulting firm and 1 returned home to employment in Sweden. Of the PhD graduates, 1 is employed by the US EPA, 1 for a non-profit research institute, 1 is now an assistant professor, 1 is in a post-doc position, and 4 work for forest industry, 3 of these companies by CAFS members.  Twelve undergraduate students at NC State have been employed or conducted undergraduate research projects as part of CAFS.  Two of these were funded by supplemental REU grants and one by a REV grant.

Finally, CAFS scientists have contributed significantly to the scientific literature and community.  NC State CAFS scientists have published 20 peer-reviewed journal articles as author or co-author.


Last Modified: 11/11/2013
Modified by: Barry Goldfarb

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