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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:University of Colorado at Boulder
  • Noel A Clark
  • (303) 492-6420
  • David M Walba
Award Date:09/04/2008
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 5,600,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 7,432,793
  • FY 2010=$1,277,000
  • FY 2011=$1,215,187
  • FY 2013=$1,200,000
  • FY 2014=$400,000
  • FY 2009=$1,306,000
  • FY 2012=$1,234,606
  • FY 2008=$800,000
Start Date:09/01/2008
End Date:08/31/2015
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.049
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Soft Materials Research Center
Federal Award ID Number:0820579
DUNS ID:007431505
Parent DUNS ID:007431505
Program Officer:
  • Daniele Finotello
  • (703) 292-4676

Awardee Location

Street:3100 Marine Street, Room 481
Awardee Cong. District:02

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Colorado at Boulder
Street:3100 Marine Street, Room 481
Cong. District:02

Abstract at Time of Award

The Materials Research Science and Engineering Center (MRSEC) at the University of Colorado at Boulder supports innovative research and education in liquid crystals, ranging from cutting-edge, basic liquid crystal and soft materials science to the development of enhanced capabilities for photonic, chemical, and biotech applications of liquid crystals. A multi-disciplinary team of physicists, chemists, biochemists, molecular biologists, chemical engineers and materials scientists work collaboratively on research and education projects. The Center offers a broad program of activities directed towards education and enhancement of science literacy. These include summer Research Experiences for Undergraduates and Research Experiences for Teachers. Its K-12 outreach program, Materials Science from Colorado University, brings Center personnel into classrooms and uses the understanding of materials to teach physical science concepts. Outreach activities to the public include the Liquid Crystal Wizards family science show. The MRSEC will participate in a University-wide program (Red Shirt Program) designed to offer a pre-freshman year of preparatory STEM instruction, communication skills development, and clustered housing to help prepare underserved high school students for success as science and engineering undergraduates. The Center pursues collaborative research with a variety of companies and international collaborators and offers its excellent experimental and computational shared facilities for outside users. Research at the MRSEC is organized as a single Interdisciplinary Research Group, Liquid Crystal Frontiers, with three research thrusts. The Liquid Crystal Macro/Nano/Molecular thrust focuses on the science and technology of bulk and composite liquid crystal systems, pursuing the design and synthesis of new materials, and the discovery and exploration of novel themes of self assembly and ordering. The Active Liquid Crystal Interfaces thrust pursues the science and applications of soft interface structures, emphasizing those that respond to external stimuli, such as light, fields, or chemical composition, and in doing so affect the surrounding bulk media. The Functional Liquid Crystal Assemblies thrust advances the science and technology of hierarchically-structured soft condensed phases, emphasizing nanophase segregation as a path to novel functional materials.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Chen, Dong;Zhu, Chenhui;Shoemaker, Richard K.;Korblova, Eva;Walba, David M.;Glaser, Matthew A.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "Pretransitional Orientational Ordering of a Calamitic Liquid Crystal by Helical Nanofilaments of a {Bent-Core} Mesogen" Langmuir, v.26, 2010, p.15541-155.

Hough, L. E.;Spannuth, M.;Nakata, M.;Coleman, D. A.;Jones, C. D.;Dantlgraber, G.;Tschierske, C.;Watanabe, J.;Körblova, E.;Walba, D. M.;Maclennan, J. E.;Glaser, M. A.;Clark, N. A.; "Chiral Isotropic Liquids from Achiral Molecules" Science, v.325, 2009, p.452-456.

Fang, Guanjiu;Shi, Yue;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.;Farrow, Matthew J.;Walba, David M.; "Photo-reversible liquid crystal alignment using azobenzene-based self-assembled monolayers: comparison of the bare monolayer and liquid crystal reorientation dynamics" Langmuir: The ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids, v.26, 2010, p.17482-174.

Hough, L. e;Schwabe, Anne;Glaser, Matthew A.;McIntosh, J. Richard;Betterton, M. d; "Microtubule Depolymerization by the Kinesin-8 Motor Kip3p: A Mathematical Model" Biophysical Journal, v.96, 2009, p.3050-3064.

Fang, Guanjiu;Shi, Yue;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Walba, David M.;Clark, Noel A.; "Photodegradation of {Azobenzene-Based} Self-assembled Monolayers Characterized by {In-Plane} Birefringence" Langmuir, v.27, 2011, p.10407-104.

Kachynski, Aliaksandr V.;Kuzmin, Andrey N.;Prasad, Paras N.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Realignment-enhanced coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering and three-dimensional imaging in anisotropic fluids" Optics Express, v.16, 2008, p.10617-106.

Kapernaum, Nadia;Walba, David M.;Korblova, Eva;Zhu, Chenhui;Jones, Chris;Shen, Yongqian;Clark, Noel A.;Giesselmann, Frank; "On the Origin of the {â??Giantâ??} Electroclinic Effect in a {â??De} {Vriesâ??-Type} Ferroelectric Liquid Crystal Material for Chirality Sensing Applications" ChemPhysChem, v.10, 2009, p.890-892.

Radzihovsky, Leo;Lubensky, T. C.; "Nonlinear smectic elasticity of helical state in cholesteric liquid crystals and helimagnets" Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, v.83, 2011, p.51701-517.

Radzihovsky, Leo;Vishwanath, Ashvin; "Quantum liquid crystals in an imbalanced Fermi gas: fluctuations and fractional vortices in Larkin-Ovchinnikov states" Physical Review Letters, v.103, 2009, p.010404-01.

Radzihovsky, Leo;Zhang, Quan; "Conical soliton escape into a third dimension of a surface vortex" l Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, v.79, 2009, p.41702-417.

Dan, Budhadipta;Wingfield, Tyler B.;Evans, Julian S.;Mirri, Francesca;Pint, Cary L.;Pasquali, Matteo;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "les on Ordered {SWNT} Macrostructures" {ACS} Appl. Mater. Interfaces, v.3, 2011, p.3718-3724.

Gardner, Dennis F.;Evans, Julian S.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Towards Reconfigurable Optical Metamaterials: Colloidal Nanoparticle Self-Assembly and Self-Alignment in Liquid Crystals" Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, v.545, 2011, p.].

Kastantin, Mark;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Connecting Rare {DNA} Conformations and Surface Dynamics Using {Single-Molecule} Resonance Energy Transfer" {ACS} Nano, v.5, 2011, p.9861-9869.

Dan, Budhadipta;Behabtu, Natnael;Martinez, Angel;Evans, Julian S.;Kosynkin, Dmitry V.;Tour, James M.;Pasquali, Matteo;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Liquid crystals of aqueous, giant graphene oxide flakes" Soft Matter, v.7, 2011, p.11154-111.

Kerr, Robert L.;Miller, Seth A.;Shoemaker, Richard K.;Elliott, Brian J.;Gin, Douglas L.; "New type of Li ion conductor with {3D} interconnected nanopores via polymerization of a liquid organic electrolyte-filled lyotropic liquid-crystal assembly" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.131, 2009, p.15972-159.

gkun;Asavei, Theodor;Lee, Taewoo;Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Halina;He, Sailing;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Measurement of viscosity of lyotropic liquid crystals by means of rotating laser-trapped microparticles" Optics Express, v.19, 2011, p.25134-251.

Khire, Vaibhav S.;Yi, Youngwoo;Clark, Noel A.;Bowman, Christopher N.; "Formation and Surface Modification of Nanopatterned Thiol-ene Substrates using Step and Flash Imprint Lithography" Advanced Materials, v.20, 2008, p.3308-3313.

Chen, Dong;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Shao, Renfan;Yoon, Dong Ki;ao;Korblova, Eva;Walba, David M.;Glaser, Matthew A.;Clark, Noel A.; "{Chirality-Preserving} Growth of Helical Filaments in the B4 Phase of {Bent-Core} Liquid Crystals" J. Am. Chem. Soc., v.133, 2011, p.12656-126.

Chattham, Nattaporn;Zhu, Chenhui;Cheng, Xiaohong;Limtrakul, Jumras;Tschierske, Carsten;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "Direct observation of two-dimensional nematic and smectic ordering in freely suspended films of a bolaamphiphilic liquid crystal" Soft Matter, v.7, 2011, p.9978-9978.

Borodin, Oleg;Smith, Grant D.;Kim, Hojin; "Viscosity of a Room Temperature Ionic Liquid: Predictions from Nonequilibrium and Equilibrium Molecular Dynamics Simulations" J. Phys. Chem. B, v.113, 2009, p.4771-4774.

Chattham, Nattaporn;Korblova, Eva;Shao, Renfan;Walba, David M.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "de Gennes" Liquid Crystals, v.36, 2009, p.1309-1317.

Kim, Hojin;Bedrov, Dmitry;Smith, Grant D.; "Molecular Dynamics Simulation Study of the Influence of Cluster Geometry on Formation of C60 Fullerene Clusters in Aqueous Solution" J. Chem. Theory Comput., v.4, 2008, p.335-340.

Guo, Lingfeng;Gorecka, Ewa;Pociecha, Damian;VaupotiÄ?, NataÅ¡a;Ä?epiÄ?, Mojca;Reddy, R. Amaranatha;Gornik, Kristina;Araoka, Fumito;Clark, Noel A.;Walba, David M.;Ishikawa, Ken;Takezoe, Hideo; "Ferroelectric behavior of orthogonal smectic phase made of bent-core molecules" Physical Review E, v.84, 2011, p.31706-317.

Kobr, Lukáš;Zhao, Ke;Shen, Yongqiang;Comotti, Angiolina;Bracco, Silvia;Shoemaker, Richard K.;Sozzani, Piero;Clark, Noel A.;Price, John C.;Rogers, Charles T.;Michl, Josef; "Inclusion Compound Based Approach to Arrays of Artificial Dipolar Molecular Rotors. A Surface Inclusion" J. Am. Chem. Soc., v., 2012, p..

Deb, Rajdeep;Nath, Rahul Kanti;Paul, Manoj Kumar;Rao, Nandiraju V. S.;Tuluri, Francis;Shen, Yongqiang;Shao, Renfan;Chen, Dong;Zhu, Chenhui;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Clark, Noel A.; "Four-ring achiral unsymmetrical bent core molecules forming strongly fluorescent smectic liquid crystals with spontaneous polar and chiral ordered B7 and B1 phases" Journal of Materials Chemistry, v.20, 2010, p.7332-7332.

Choudhury, Trirup Dutta;Rao, Nandiraju V. S.;Tenent, Robert;Blackburn, Jeffrey;Gregg, Brian;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Homeotropic Alignment and Director Structures in Thin Films of {Triphenylamine-Based} Discotic Liquid Crystals Controlled by Supporting Nanostructured Substrates and Surface Confinement" J. Phys. Chem. B, v.115, 2011, p.609-617.

Hammarquist, A.;Dâ??Havé, K.;Matuszczyk, M.;Clark, N. A.;Maclennan, J. E.;Rudquist, P.; "V-shaped switching ferroelectric liquid crystal structure stabilized by dielectric surface layers" Physical Review E, v.77, 2008, p.031707-03.

Kumar, Hemant;Lansac, Yves;Glaser, Matthew A.;Maiti, Prabal K.; "Biopolymers in nanopores: challenges and opportunities" Soft Matter, v.7, 2011, p.5898-5907.

Kuriabova, Tatiana;Betterton, M. D.;Glaser, Matthew A.; "Linear aggregation and liquid-crystalline order: comparison of Monte Carlo simulation and analytic theory" Journal of Materials Chemistry, v.20, 2010, p.10366-103.

Radzihovsky, Leo;Zhang, Quan; "Liquid Crystal Cells with â??Dirtyâ?? Substrates" Physical Review Letters, v.103, 2009, p.167802-16.

Rao, Nandiraju V. S.;Choudhury, Trirup D.;Deb, Rahul;Paul, Manoj K.;Rao, Thatavarthi R.;Francis, Tuluri;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Fluorescent lanthanide complexes of Schiff base ligands possessing N-aryl moiety: influence of chain length on crossover (calamitic to discotic) phase behaviour" Liquid Crystals, v.37, 2010, p.1393-1410.

Lai, Ghee Hwee;Butler, John C.;Zribi, Olena V.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;ni, Thomas E.;Purdy, Kirstin R.;Golestanian, Ramin;Wong, Gerard C. L.; "Self-organized gels in DNA/F-actin mixtures without crosslinkers: networks of induced nematic domains with tunable density" Physical Review Letters, v.101, 2008, p.218303-21.

Reddy, R. Amaranatha;Zhu, Chenhui;Shao, Renfan;Korblova, Eva;Gong, Tao;Shen, Yongqiang;Garcia, Edgardo;Glaser, Matthew A.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Walba, David M.;Clark, Noel A.; "Spontaneous ferroelectric order in a bent-core smectic liquid crystal of fluid orthorhombic layers" Science {(New} York, {N.Y.)}, v.332, 2011, p.72-77.

Senyuk, Bohdan;Evans, Julian S.;Ackerman, Paul J.;Lee, Taewoo;Manna, Pramit;Vigderman, Leonid;Zubarev, Eugene R.;Lagemaat, Jao van de;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "particles by Topological Defects for {Self-Assembly} of Colloidal Dimers in Liquid Crystals" Nano Lett., v.12, 2012, p.955-963.

Lapointe, Clayton P.;Hopkins, Sharla;Mason, Thomas G.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Electrically Driven Multiaxis Rotational Dynamics of Colloidal Platelets in Nematic Liquid Crystals" Physical Review Letters, v.105, 2010, p.178301-17.

Shaw, Justin M.;Nembach, Hans T.;Silva, T. J.;Russek, Stephen E.;Geiss, Roy;Jones, Christopher;Clark, Noel;Leo, Titus;Smith, David J.; "Effect of microstructure on magnetic properties and anisotropy distributions in {Co/Pd} thin films and nanostructures" Physical Review B, v.80, 2009, p..

Engström, David;Trivedi, Rahul P.;Persson, Martin;Goksör, Mattias;Bertness, Kris A.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Three-dimensional imaging of liquid crystal structures and defects by means of holographic manipulation of colloidal nanowires with faceted sidewalls" Soft Matter, v.7, 2011, p.6304-6304.

Shen, Yongqiang;Gong, Tao;Shao, Renfan;Korblova, Eva;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Walba, David M.;Clark, Noel A.; "Effective conductivity due to continuous polarization reorientation in fluid ferroelectrics" Physical Review E, v.84, 2011, p.20701-207.

Lapointe, Clayton P.;Mason, Thomas G.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Towards total photonic control of complex-shaped colloids by vortex beams" Optics Express, v.19, 2011, p.18182-181.

Silvestre, N. M.;Patrício, P.;Telo da Gama, M. M.;Pattanaporkratana, A.;Park, C. S.;Maclennan, J. E.;Clark, N. A.;da Gama, M. M.; "Modeling dipolar and quadrupolar defect structures generated by chiral islands in freely suspended liquid crystal films" Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, v.80, 2009, p.41708-417.

Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Liquid Crystals Enable Chemoresponsive Reconfigurable Colloidal Self-Assembly" cademy of Sciences, v.107, 2010, p.3945-3946.

Chen, Dong;Shen, Yongqiang;Zhu, Chenhui;Hough, Loren E.;Gimeno, Nélida;Glaser, Matthew A.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Ros, M. Blanca;Clark, Noel A.; "Interface structure of the dark conglomerate liquid crystal phase" Soft Matter, v.7, 2011, p.1879-1879.

Lee, Taewoo;Trivedi, Rahul P.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Multimodal nonlinear optical polarizing microscopy of long-range molecular order in liquid crystals" Optics Letters, v.35, 2010, p.3447-3449.

Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Deft tricks with liquid crystals" Nature, v.478, 2011, p.330-331.

Liang, Xinhua;Lu, Xiaoyun;Yu, Miao;Cavanagh, Andrew S.;Gin, Douglas L.;Weimer, Alan W.; "Modification of nanoporous supported lyotropic liquid crystal polymer membranes by atomic layer deposition" Journal of Membrane Science, v.349, 2010, p.1-5.

Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "View from the Ljubljana Workshop {â??Confined} Liquid Crystals: Landmarks and Perspectivesâ??" Liquid Crystals Today, v.20, 2011, p.63-67.

Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Butler, John;Shrout, Joshua D.;Parsek, Matthew R.;Wong, Gerard C. L.; "Elasticity-mediated nematiclike bacterial organization in model extracellular {DNA} matrix" Physical Review E, v.78, 2008, p.30701-307.

Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Lansac, Yves;Clark, Noel A.;Trivedi, Rahul P.; "Three-dimensional structure and multistable optical switching of triple-twisted particle-like excitations in anisotropic fluids" Nature Materials, v.9, 2010, p.139-145.

Smith, Grant D.;Bedrov, Dmitry; "Dispersing Nanoparticles in a Polymer Matrix: Are Long, Dense Polymer Tethers Really Necessary?" Langmuir, v.25, 2009, p.11239-112.

Bara, Jason E.;Hatakeyama, Evan S.;Wiesenauer, Brian R.;Zeng, Xiaohui;Noble, Richard D.;Gin, Douglas L.; "Thermotropic liquid crystal behaviour of gemini imidazolium-based ionic amphiphiles" Liquid Crystals, v.37, 2010, p.1587-1599.

Liu, Qingkun;Beier, Corinne;Evans, Julian;Lee, Taewoo;He, Sailing;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "{Self-Alignment} of Dye Molecules in Micelles and Lamellae for {Three-Dimensional} Imaging of Lyotropic Liquid Crystals" Langmuir, v.27, 2011, p.7446-7452.

Eremin, A.;Baumgarten, S.;Harth, K.;Stannarius, R.;Nguyen, Z. H.;Goldfain, A.;Park, C. S.;Maclennan, J. E.;Glaser, M. A.;Clark, N. A.; "{Two-Dimensional} Microrheology of Freely Suspended Liquid Crystal Films" Physical Review Letters, v.107, 2011, p.268301-26.

Smith, Grant D.;Borodin, Oleg;Li, Liyong;Kim, Hojin;Liu, Qin;Bara, Jason E.;Gin, Douglas L.;Nobel, Richard; "A comparison of ether- and alkyl-derivatized imidazolium-based room-temperature ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics simulation study" Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP, v.10, 2008, p.6301-6312.

Liu, Qingkun;Cui, Yanxia;Gardner, Dennis;Li, Xin;He, Sailing;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Self-Alignment of Plasmonic Gold Nanorods in Reconfigurable Anisotropic Fluids for Tunable Bulk Metamaterial Applications" Nano Lett., v.10, 2010, p.1347-1353.

Chen, Hui-Yu;Shao, Renfan;Korblova, Eva;Walba, David;Clark, Noel A.;Lee, Wei; "Bistable SmA liquid-crystal display driven by a two-direction electric field" Journal of the Society for Information Display, v.16, 2008, p.675-675.

Malone, Stephanie M.;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Polar and Azimuthal Alignment of a Nematic Liquid Crystal by Alkylsilane Self-Assembled Monolayers: Effects of Chain-Length and Mechanical Rubbing" Langmuir, v.24, 2008, p.9790-9794.

Smith, Grant D.;Borodin, Oleg;Magda, Jules J.;Boyd, Richard H.;Wang, Yuesong;Bara, Jason E.;Miller, Seth;Gin, Douglas L.;Noble, Richard D.; "A comparison of fluoroalkyl-derivatized imidazolium:TFSI and alkyl-derivatized imidazolium:TFSI ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics simulation study" Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP, v.12, 2010, p.7064-7076.

Smith, Grant D.;Borodin, Oleg;Magda, Jules J.;Boyd, Richard H.;Wang, Yuesong;Bara, Jason E.;Miller, Seth;Gin, Douglas L.;Noble, Richard D.; "A comparison of fluoroalkyl-derivatized {imidazolium:TFSI} and alkyl-derivatized {imidazolium:TFSI} ionic liquids: a molecular dynamics simulation study" Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: {PCCP}, v.12, 2010, p.7064-7076.

Hatakeyama, Evan S.;Wiesenauer, Brian R.;Gabriel, Christopher J.;Noble, Richard D.;Gin, Douglas L.; "Nanoporous, Bicontinuous Cubic Lyotropic Liquid Crystal Networks via Polymerizable Gemini Ammonium Surfactants" Chem. Mater., v.22, 2010, p.4525-4527.

Smith, Grant D.;Borodin, Oleg;Russo, Salvy P.;Rees, Robert J.;Hollenkamp, Anthony F.; "A molecular dynamics simulation study of {LiFePO4/electrolyte} interfaces: structure and Li+ transport in carbonate and ionic liquid electrolytes" Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, v.11, 2009, p.9884-9884.

Starovoytov, Oleg N.;Borodin, Oleg;Bedrov, Dmitry;Smith, Grant D.; "Development of a Polarizable Force Field for Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Poly {(Ethylene} Oxide) in Aqueous Solution" J. Chem. Theory Comput., v.7, 2011, p.1902-1915.

Steinmüller, Birger;Müller, Marcus;Hambrecht, Keith R.;Smith, Grant D.;Bedrov, Dmitry; "Properties of Random Block Copolymer Morphologies: Molecular Dynamics and {Single-Chain-in-Mean-Field} Simulations" Macromolecules, v.45, 2011, p.1107-1117.

Chen, Dong;Heberling, Michael-Scott;Nakata, Michi;Hough, Loren E.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Glaser, Matthew A.;Korblova, Eva;Walba, David M.;Watanabe, Junji;Clark, Noel A.; "Structure of the B4 liquid crystal phase near a glass surface" Chemphyschem: A European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry, v.13, 2012, p.155-159.

Sun, Yaoran;Evans, Julian S.;Lee, Taewoo;Senyuk, Bohdan;Keller, Patrick;He, Sailing;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Optical manipulation of shape-morphing elastomeric liquid crystal microparticles doped with gold nanocrystals" Applied Physics Letters, v.100, 2012, p.241901-24.

Evans, Julian S.;Beier, Corinne N.;h, Ivan I.; "Alignment of high-aspect ratio colloidal gold nanoplatelets in nematic liquid crystals" Journal of Applied Physics, v.110, 2011, p.33535-335.

Malone, Stephanie M.;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Macroscopic Liquid Crystal Response to Isolated {DNA} Helices" Langmuir, v.27, 2011, p.11767-117.

Conkey, Donald B.;Trivedi, Rahul P.;Pavani, Sri Rama Prasanna;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Piestun, Rafael; "Three-dimensional parallel particle manipulation and tracking by integrating holographic optical tweezers and engineered point spread functions" Optics Express, v.19, 2011, p.3835-3842.

Trabelsi, Siwar;Zhang, Shishan;Zhang, Zhongcheng;Lee, T. Randall;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Semi-fluorinated phosphonic acids form stable nanoscale clusters in {Langmuirâ??Blodgett} and self-assembled monolayers" Soft Matter, v.5, 2009, p.750-750.

Trabelsi, Siwar;Zhang, Zhongcheng;Zhang, Shishan;Lee, T. Randall;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Correlating linactant efficiency and self-assembly: structural basis of line activity in molecular monolayers" Langmuir: The {ACS} Journal of Surfaces and Colloids, v.25, 2009, p.8056-8061.

Trivedi, R. P.;Engström, D.;Smalyukh, I. I.; "Optical manipulation of colloids and defect structures in anisotropic liquid crystal fluids" Journal of Optics, v.13, 2011, p.044001-04.

Trivedi, Rahul P.;Lee, Taewoo;Bertness, Kris A.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Three dimensional optical manipulation and structural imaging of soft materials by use of laser tweezers and multimodal nonlinear microscopy" Optics Express, v.18, 2010, p.27658-276.

Trushkevych, O.;Ackerman, P.;Crossland, W. A.;Smalyukh, I. I.; "Optically generated adaptive localized structures in confined chiral liquid crystals doped with fullerene" Applied Physics Letters, v.97, 2010, p.201903-20.

Malone, Stephanie M.;Trabelsi, Siwar;Zhang, Shishan;Lee, T. Randall;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "{Self-Assembly} of Linactants: Micelles and Lyotropic Liquid Crystals in Two Dimensions" J. Phys. Chem. B, v.114, 2010, p.8616-8620.

Walba, David M.;Yang, Hong;Keller, Patrick;Zhu, Chenhui;Shao, Renfan;Coleman, David A.;Jones, Christopher D.;Clark, Noel A.; "A main-chain de vries smectic liquid crystal polymer prepared by hoveyda-grubbs catalyst initiated acyclic diene metathesis polymerization" Macromolecular Rapid Communications, v.30, 2009, p.1894-1899.

Walder, Robert B.;Honciuc, Andrei;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Phospholipid Diffusion at the Oilâ??Water Interface" J. Phys. Chem. B, v.114, 2010, p.11484-114.

Marshall, Steve T.;Schwartz, Daniel K.;Medlin, J. William; "Selective acetylene detection through surface modification of metalâ??insulatorâ??semiconductor sensors with alkanethiolate monolayers" Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, v.136, 2009, p.315-319.

Walder, Robert;Honciuc, Andrei;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Directed Nanoparticle Motion on an Interfacial Free Energy Gradient" Langmuir, v.26, 2009, p.1501-1503.

Walder, Robert;Nelson, Nathaniel;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Single Molecule Observations of {Desorption-Mediated} Diffusion at the {Solid-Liquid} Interface" Physical Review Letters, v.107, 2011, p.156102-15.

Martinez, Angel;Lee, Taewoo;Asavei, Theodor;Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Halina;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Three-dimensional complex-shaped photopolymerized microparticles at liquid crystal interfaces" Soft Matter, v.8, 2012, p.2432-2432.

Walder, Robert;Nelson, Nathaniel;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Super-resolution surface mapping using the trajectories of molecular probes" Nature Communications, v.2, 2011, p.515-515.

Walder, Robert;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Dynamics of protein aggregation at the oilâ??water interface characterized by single molecule {TIRF} microscopy" Soft Matter, v.7, 2011, p.7616-7616.

Wang, Y.;Klittnick, A.;Clark, N. A.;Keller, P.; "ar waveguide" Applied Physics Letters, v.93, 2008, p.143503-14.

Xing, Xiangjun;Radzihovsky, Leo; "Nonlinear elasticity, fluctuations and heterogeneity of nematic elastomers" Annals of Physics, v.323, 2008, p.105-203.

Martinez, Angel;Mireles, Hector C.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "{Large-Area} Optoelastic Manipulation of Colloidal Particles in Liquid Crystals Using Photoresponsive Molecular Surface Monolayers" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.108, 2011, p.20891-208.

Honciuc, Andrei;Baptiste, Denver Jn;Campbell, Ian P.;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "ndence of the Activation Energy of Attachment Determined by Single Molecule Observations of Surfactant Adsorption" Langmuir, v.25, 2009, p.7389-7392.

Nakata, M.;Zanchetta, G.;Buscaglia, M.;Bellini, T.;Clark, N. A.; "Liquid Crystal Alignment on a Chiral Surface: Interfacial Interaction with Sheared DNA Films" Langmuir, v.24, 2008, p.10390-103.

Noonan, Patrick S.;Shavit, Amit;Acharya, Bharat R.;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Mixed Alkylsilane Functionalized Surfaces for Simultaneous Wetting and Homeotropic Anchoring of Liquid Crystals" {ACS} Appl. Mater. Interfaces, v.3, 2011, p.4374-4380.

Xu, Jianqing;Bedrov, Dmitry;Smith, Grant D.;Glaser, Matthew A.; "Molecular dynamics simulation study of spherical nanoparticles in a nematogenic matrix: anchoring, interactions, and phase behavior" Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, v.79, 2009, p.11704-117.

Petit-Garrido, Núria;Trivedi, Rahul P.;Ignés-Mullol, Jordi;Claret, Josep;Lapointe, Clayton;Sagués, Francesc;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Healing of Defects at the Interface of Nematic Liquid Crystals and Structured {Langmuir-Blodgett} Monolayers" Physical Review Letters, v.107, 2011, p.177801-17.

Honciuc, Andrei;Baptiste, Denver Jn;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Hydrophobic interaction microscopy: mapping the solid/ liquid interface using amphiphilic probe molecules" Langmuir: The {ACS} Journal of Surfaces and Colloids, v.25, 2009, p.4339-4342.

Yang, Hong;Wang, Lixing;Shao, Renfan;Clark, Noel A.;Ortega, Josu;Etxebarria, Jesus;Albouy, Pierre-Antoine;Walba, David M.;Keller, Patrick; "Novel liquid-crystalline mesogens and main-chain chiral smectic thiol-ene polymers based on trifluoromethylphenyl moieties" Journal of Materials Chemistry, v.19, 2009, p.7208-7208.

Yi, Youngwoo;Fang, Guanjiu;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.;Dahdah, Joseph;Furtak, Thomas E.;Kim, Kyoungsik;Farrow, Matthew J.;Korblova, Eva;Walba, David M.; "Dynamics of cis isomers in highly sensitive amino-azobenzene monolayers: The effect of slow relaxation on photo-induced anisotropy" Journal of Applied Physics, v.109, 2011, p.103521-10.

Yi, Youngwoo;Farrow, Matthew J.;Korblova, Eva;Walba, David M.;Furtak, Thomas E.; "High-Sensitivity Aminoazobenzene Chemisorbed Monolayers for Photoalignment of Liquid Crystals" Langmuir, v.25, 2008, p.997-1003.

Pilli, Satyananda Kishore;Furtak, Thomas E.;Brown, Logan D.;Deutsch, Todd G.;Turner, John A.;Herring, Andrew M.; "Cobalt-phosphate {(Co-Pi)} catalyst modified Mo-doped {BiVO4} photoelectrodes for solar water oxidation" Environmental Science, v.4, 2011, p.5028-5028.

Yi, Youngwoo;Lombardo, Giuseppe;Ashby, Neil;Barberi, Riccardo;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "Topographic-pattern-induced homeotropic alignment of liquid crystals" Physical Review E, v.79, 2009, p.041701-04.

Yi, Youngwoo;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "Cooperative liquid-crystal alignment generated by overlaid topography" Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, v.83, 2011, p.51708-517.

Pratibha, R.;Park, K.;Smalyukh, I. I.;Park, W.; "Tunable optical metamaterial based on liquid crystal-gold nanosphere composite" Optics Express, v.17, 2009, p.19459-194.

Yoon, Dong Ki;Deb, Rajdeep;Chen, Dong;Körblova, Eva;Shao, Renfan;Ishikawa, Ken;Rao, Nandiraju V. S.;Walba, David M.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Clark, Noel A.; "Organization of the Polarization Splay Modulated Smectic Liquid Crystal Phase by Topographic Confinement" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.107, 2010, p.21311-213.

Bellini, Tommaso;Zanchetta, Giuliano;Fraccia, Tommaso P.;Cerbino, Roberto;Tsai, Ethan;Smith, Gregory P.;Moran, Mark J.;Walba, David M.;Clark, Noel A.; "Liquid Crystal {Self-Assembly} of {Random-Sequence} {DNA} Oligomers" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v., 2012, p..

Yoon, Dong Ki;Smith, Gregory P.;Tsai, Ethan;Moran, Mark;Walba, David M.;Bellini, Tommaso;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Clark, Noel A.; "Alignment of the columnar liquid crystal phase of {nano-DNA} by confinement in channels" Liquid Crystals, v.39, 2012, p.571-577.

Yoon, Dong Ki;Yi, Youngwoo;Shen, Yongqiang;Korblova, Eva D.;Walba, David M.;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Clark, Noel A.; "Orientation of a Helical Nanofilament {(B4)} {Liquid-Crystal} Phase: Topographic Control of Confinement, Shear Flow, and Temperature Gradients" Advanced Materials, v.23, 2011, p.1962-1967.

Yoon, Dong Ki;Yoon, Jinhwan;Kim, Yun Ho;Choi, M. C.;Kim, Jehan;Sakata, Osami;Kimura, Shigeru;Kim, Mahn Won;Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Clark, Noel A.;Ree, Moonhor;Jung, Hee-Tae; "Liquid-crystal periodic zigzags from geometrical and surface-anchoring-induced confinement: Origin and internal structure from mesoscopic scale to molecular level" Physical Review E, v.82, 2010, p.41705-417.

Honciuc, Andrei;Howard, Alexander L.;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Single Molecule Observations of Fatty Acid Adsorption at the Silica/Water Interface: Activation Energy of Attachmentâ? " J. Phys. Chem. C, v.113, 2008, p.2078-2081.

Zanchetta, G.;Nakata, M.;Buscaglia, M.;Clark, N. A.;Bellini, T.; "Liquid crystal ordering of {DNA} and {RNA} oligomers with partially overlapping sequences" Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, v.20, 2008, p.494214-49.

Choi, Sungsoo;Radzihovsky, Leo; "ions in a p-wave resonant Bose gas" Physical Review A, v.84, 2011, p.43612-436.

Zanchetta, Giuliano;Giavazzi, Fabio;Nakata, Michi;Buscaglia, Marco;Cerbino, Roberto;Clark, Noel A.;Bellini, Tommaso; "Right- and {Left-Handed} Director Twist" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.107, 2010, p.17497-175.

Zanchetta, Giuliano;Nakata, Michi;Buscaglia, Marco;Bellini, Tommaso;Clark, Noel A.; "Phase Separation and Liquid Crystallization of Complementary Sequences in Mixtures of nanoDNA Oligomers" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.105, 2008, p.1111-1117.

Zhang, Quan;Radzihovsky, Leo; "Stability and distortions of liquid crystal order in a cell with a heterogeneous substrate" Physical Review E, v.81, 2010, p.051701-05.

Zhu, Chenhui;Chen, Dong;Shen, Yongqiang;Jones, Christopher D.;Glaser, Matthew A.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "Nanophase segregation in binary mixtures of a bent-core and a rodlike liquid-crystal molecule" Physical Review E, v.81, 2010, p.11704-117.

Zhu, Chenhui;Shao, Renfan;Reddy, R. Amaranatha;Chen, Dong;Shen, Yongqiang;Gong, Tao;Glaser, Matthew A.;Korblova, Eva;Rudquist, Per;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Walba, David M.;Clark, Noel A.; "Topological Ferroelectric Bistability in a {Polarization-Modulated} Orthogonal Smectic Liquid Crystal" J. Am. Chem. Soc., v.134, 2012, p.9681-9687.

Korblova, Eva; Walba, David M.; Gong, Tao; Reddy, Amaranatha; Zhu, Chenhui; , et al. "Design and synthesis of an achiral ferroelectric smectic liquid crystal" Proc. SPIE, v.8114, 2011, p.81140X-1.

Engström, David;Varney, Michael C. M.;Persson, Martin;Trivedi, Rahul P.;Bertness, Kris A.;Goksör, Mattias;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Unconventional structure-assisted optical manipulation of high-index nanowires in liquid crystals" Optics Express, v.20, 2012, p.7741-7748.

Pratibha, R.;Park, W.;Smalyukh, I. I.; "spersions in smectic liquid crystals and thin nanoparticle-decorated smectic films" Journal of Applied Physics, v.107, 2010, p.63511-635.

Smalyukh, Ivan I.;Kaputa, Daniel;Kachynski, Aliaksandr V.;Kuzmin, Andrey N.;Ackerman, Paul J.;Twombly, Christopher W.;Lee, Taewoo;Trivedi, Rahul P.;Prasad, Paras N.; "Optically generated reconfigurable photonic structures of elastic quasiparticles in frustrated cholesteric liquid crystals" Optics Express, v.20, 2012, p.6870-6880.

Trivedi, Rahul P.;Klevets, Ivan I.;Senyuk, Bohdan;Lee, Taewoo;Smalyukh, Ivan I.; "Reconfigurable interactions and three-dimensional patterning of colloidal particles and defects in lamellar soft media" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, v.109, 2012, p.4744-4749.

Price, Andrew D.;Ignés-Mullol, Jordi;�ngels Vallvé, M.;Furtak, Thomas E.;Lo, Yu-An;Malone, Stephanie M.;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Liquid crystal anchoring transformations induced by phase transitions of a photoisomerizable surfactant at the nematic/aqueous interface" Soft Matter, v.5, 2009, p.2252-2252.

Radzihovsky, Leo; "Fluctuations and phase transitions in {Larkin-Ovchinnikov} liquid-crystal states of a population-imbalanced resonant Fermi gas" Physical Review A, v.84, 2011, p.23611-236.

Fang, Guanjiu;Koral, Nathan;Zhu, Chenhui;Yi, Youngwoo;Glaser, Matthew A.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.;Korblova, Eva D.;Walba, David M.; "Effect of concentration on the photo-orientation and relaxation dynamics of self-assembled monolayers of mixtures of an azobenzene-based triethoxysilane with octyltriethoxysilane" Langmuir: The ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids, v.27, 2011, p.3336-3342.

Chattham, Nattaporn;Korblova, Eva;Shao, Renfan;Walba, David M.;Maclennan, Joseph E.;Clark, Noel A.; "Triclinic Fluid Order" Physical Review Letters, v.104, 2010, p.67801-678.

Honciuc, Andrei;Schwartz, Daniel K.; "Probing Hydrophobic Interactions Using Trajectories of Amphiphilic Molecules at a Hydrophobic/Water Interface" J. Am. Chem. Soc., v.131, 2009, p.5973-5979.

Bellini, Tommaso;Zanchetta, Giuliano;Fraccia, Tommaso P.;Cerbino, Roberto;Tsai, Ethan;Smith, Gregory P.;Moran, Mark J.;Walba, David M.;Clark, Noel A.; "Liquid Crystal Self-Assembly of Random-Sequence DNA Oligomers" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v., 2012, p..

Hooper, Justin B.;Bedrov, Dmitry;Smith, Grant D.; "The influence of polymer architecture on the assembly of poly(ethylene oxide) grafted C60 fullerene clusters in aqueous solution: a molecular dynamics simulation study" Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: {PCCP}, v.11, 2009, p.2034-2045.

Hough, L. E.;Jung, H. T.;Krüerke, D.;Heberling, M. S.;Nakata, M.;C. D.;Chen, D.;Link, D. R.;Zasadzinski, J.;Heppke, G.;Rabe, J. P.;Stocker, W.;Körblova, E.;Walba, D. M.;Glaser, M. A.;Clark, N. A.; "Helical Nanofilament Phases" Science, v.325, 2009, p.456-460.

Project Outcomes Report


This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.


The SMRC (the Center) is organized to pursue three goals: •field-defining basic science; •enhancement of science literacy and achievement; and •development of world-leading soft matter-based industries in the US.  The SMRC, through its Liquid Crystal Frontiers Interdisciplinary Research Group (IRG), is one of the principal centers of liquid crystal (LC) study and expertise in the world, with research spanning the range from cutting-edge, basic LC and soft materials science to the development of enhanced capabilities for photonic, chemical, and biotech applications of soft materials.  Center research is organized into three major themes: •LC Macro/Nano/Molecular, •Active LC Interfaces, and •Functional LC Networks, each of which integrates molecular modeling and design, synthesis, physical studies, and applications development into a multidisciplinary, collaborative research effort.  The core Center research program is organized at the University of Colorado, Boulder and the University of Utah with Senior Investigators in the Departments of Physics, Chemistry & Biochemistry, Chemical Engineering, and Materials Science. 


Principal Research Activities & Achievements

The LC Macro/Nano/Molecular theme focused on the science and technology of bulk LC and composite systems, pursuing the directed design and synthesis of new materials, and the discovery and exploration of novel organizational themes and uses of LC ordering. Study of the interplay of chirality and polarity in LC phases of bent-core molecules revealed spontaneously chiral phases of achiral molecules, research highlighted by the discovery of the first chiral isotropic fluid made from achiral molecules and, at lower temperatures, chiral helical nanofilament (HNF) phases.  A host of novel new liquid crystal phases were discovered in Center designed and synthesized compounds including the first polar orthorhombic fluids and the lowest symmetry (triclinic) fluids.  The HNFs have formed the basis of a new approach for making bulk nanoporous composites of charge generating and charge transporting materials in organic photovoltaic cells for solar power generation. 

The Active LC Interfaces theme pursued the science and applications of soft interface structures, emphasizing those that respond to external stimuli, such as light, fields, or chemical composition, and in doing so affect the surrounding bulk media.  Particularly interesting was the discovery of dense two-dimensional liquid crystal layers tethered to glass surfaces that showed record sensitivity to light, and could reorient bulk liquid crystal layers in contact with sub-microsecond response times.  A variety of novel ways to use liquid crystals for biodetection were also developed.  In these the response of bioactive monolayers was amplified by the resulting change in the alignment of a liquid crystal layer that could be easily detected optically.  Detectable biomolecular events included DNA hybribization and aptamer binding. 

The Functional LC Assemblies theme advanced the science and technology of hierarchically-structured soft condensed phases, em...

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