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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY
Doing Business As Name:Northeastern University
PD/PI:
  • Ahmed A Busnaina
  • (617) 373-2992
  • busnaina@coe.neu.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Nicol E McGruer
  • Carol Barry
  • Glen P Miller
  • Joey L Mead
Award Date:08/24/2009
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 2,450,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 12,949,641
  • FY 2012=$2,450,000
  • FY 2009=$2,450,000
  • FY 2011=$2,725,000
  • FY 2013=$2,479,683
  • FY 2014=$45,000
  • FY 2010=$2,799,958
Start Date:09/01/2009
End Date:05/31/2015
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:NSEC: Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing
Federal Award ID Number:0832785
DUNS ID:001423631
Parent DUNS ID:001423631
Program:NANOSCALE: SCIENCE & ENGIN CTR
Program Officer:
  • Carole Read
  • (703) 292-2418
  • cread@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:360 HUNTINGTON AVE
City:BOSTON
State:MA
ZIP:02115-5005
County:Boston
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:07

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Northeastern University
Street:360 HUNTINGTON AVE
City:BOSTON
State:MA
ZIP:02115-5005
County:Boston
Country:US
Cong. District:07

Abstract at Time of Award

3. Project Summary Transferring breakthroughs in nanoscale science into new technologies requires that we understand and overcome barriers to nanoscale manufacturing. In addressing the NNI Grand Challenges and the many hurdles identified at NSF Workshops on Nanomanufacturing, CHN has identified the following critical questions, which define the fundamental technical barriers to nanomanufacturing: 1. How can we assemble different nano-scale elements? What are the mechanisms leading to the assembly and orientation of nanoscale structures? How do we control these mechanisms? 2. How can we scale up assembly processes in a continuous or high rate manner? How do we control the interfacial behavior and forces required to assemble, detach, and transfer nanoelements at high rates? 3. How can we test for reliability in nanostructures? How can we detect and mitigate defects? 4. How can nanomanufacturing processes meet existing and future environmental and health regulations? The CHN is developing the processes and tools to overcome these fundamental barriers, with a synergistic team of three universities: Northeastern University, Boston; University of Massachusetts Lowell; and University of New Hampshire, Durham. These equal partners form the Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing (CHN). This ongoing collaborative effort has demonstrated that this effective and unique partnership, combining the skills of 39 engineers, physicists, chemists, material scientists, business and humanities investigators with diverse expertise has the capacity to tackle these critical barriers. Goals The Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing goals are: 1. Understand the fundamentals of synthesis and control at the nanoscale to enable high-rate/highvolume bottom-up, precise directed assembly of nanoelements 2. Translate nanoscale science to practical applications in energy, biomedical, electronics and materials. 3. Develop responsible manufacturing by identifying and managing potential risks of nanotechnology 4. Educate the current and emerging nanomanufacturing workforce. Programs The CHN?s approach to nanomanufacturing processes is fully integrated. The CHN has made major strides to advance our vision for High-rate/high-volume nanomanufacturing. This vision includes synthesis and/or functionalization of nanoelements ; uses templates for directed assembly ; transfers assembled structures ; integrates assembled structures into test beds and emerging applications. Combined with responsible manufacturing, and cross-cutting research including modeling, reliability, and defect mitigation, the above barriers define the CHN research thrusts: Thrust 1: Synthesize nanoelements and create versatile nanotemplates Thrust 2: Employ nanotemplates to enable high-rate/high-volume manufacturing Thrust 3: Proof of Concept Test Beds, Emerging Applications, and Manufacturing Readiness Thrust 4: Concurrently assess the environmental, economic, regulatory, and ethical impacts of nanomanufacturing The CHN is defining and developing high-rate nanomanufacturing processes that will enable: Consistent nanoscale directed assembly over large areas (measured in inches or feet), fast nanoscale directed assembly (measured in minutes or seconds), assembly of a large volume of nanoelements, repeatable and high yield assembly processes, and assembly of reliable structures. The CHN process flow chart shown here illustrates how the different research thrusts and tasks are connected starting with nanoelements and nanotemplates (Thrust 1), continuing to their assembly and transfer (Thrust 2) and then on to the realization of test beds and applications (Thrust 3), all while evaluating environmental and economic impacts (Thrust 4). The flow chart illustrates the highly integrated nature of CHN and also shows how a system-level focus drives the research from discovery through proof-of-concept test beds. It also shows how-multi scale modeling is used to understand and guide fundamental mechanisms in synthesis, assembly and transfer.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Wostyn,K., Kim, T., Mertens, P., and Park, J "Analyzing the collapse force of narrow lines measured by lateral force AFM using an analytical mechanical model" Solid State Phenomena, v.145-146, 2009, p.55.

Jang, D.;Park, J.G.;Kim, D.; "Enhancement of airborne shock wave by laser-induced breakdown of liquid column in laser shock cleaning" Journal of Applied Physics, v.109, 2011, p.073101.

Briggs, J.B.;Miller, G.P.; "Fullereneâ??acene chemistry: a review" Comptes Rendus Chimie, v.9, 2006, p.916-927.

Mackness, BC, Chourb, S, Farris,LR, McDonald, MJ. "Polymer-protein Enhanced Fluoroimmunoassay for Prostate-specific Antigen" Anal Bioanal Chem., v.396, 2010, p.681.

Jia, W.;Miller, G.P.; "Fullerene" Fullerenes, Nanotubes, and Carbon Nonstructures, v.16, 2008, p.58-65.

Briggs, J.B.;Miller, G.P.; "Fulleranes" Fulleranes: The Hydrogenated Fullerenes, v., 2010, p.105-125.

Chandekar, A., Sengupta,S., Whitten,J.E. "Thermal stability studies of thiol and silane monolayers: A comparative study" Appl. Surf. Sci., v.256, 2010, p.2742.

Wu, Y-C, and Adams, G. "Robust Analysis of the Actuation of a Carbon- Nanotube-Based Nanoswitch with Sidewall Slip" Journal of Applied Physics, v.106, 2009, p.054310.

Cha, N; Echegoyen, Y; Park, J; Busnaina, A; Kim, T "Convective Assembly and Dry Transfer of Nanoparticles using Hydrophobic/Hydrophilic Monolayer Templates" Lagmuir, Journal of ACS, v.25 (19), 2009, p.11375. doi:10.1021/la901496s (2009) http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10 .1021/la901496s 

Bubnis, G.J. and Mayne, H. R. "Modeling Hydrogen Bond Driven Molecular Pattern Formation on Au(111)" American Chemical Society, v.Book of, 2009, p.215.

Chen, L.;Lee, H.;Guo, ZJ;McGruer, N.E.;Gilbert, KW;Mall, S.;Leedy, K.D.;Adams, G.G.; "Contact resistance study of noble metals and alloy films using a scanning probe microscope test station" Journal of Applied Physics, v.102, 2007, p.074910-07.

Chung, Y., Murmann, B., Selvarasah, S., Dokmeci, M. and Bao, Z. "Low-voltage and Short-channel Pentacene Field-Effect Transistors with Top-contact Geometry Using Parylene-C Shadow Masks" Applied Physics Letters, v.96, 2010, p.1.

Sandler, R. "Nanomedicine and Nanomedical Ethics" American Journal of Bioethics, v.9, 10, 2009, p.16.

Adams, G.G.;Nagappan, P.;McGruer, N.E.; "Continuum modeling and analysis of the frictional interaction between a CNT and a substrate during dragging" Journal of Tribology, v.131, 2009, p.032002.

Chen, L.;McGruer, N.E.;Adams, G.G.;Du, Y.; "Separation modes in microcontacts identified by the rate dependence of the pull-off force" Applied physics letters, v.93, 2008, p.053503.

Jiang, T.;Kussow, G.;Kwon, Y.K.; "Theoretical Investigation on Alcohol Sensing of Glycine-Coated Carbon Nanotubes" Bulletin of the American Physical Society, v.52, 2007, p..

Kaur, I.; Stein, N.; Kopreski, R. P.; Miller, G. P. "Exploiting substituent effects for the synthesis of a photooxidatively resistant heptacene derivative" J. Amer. Chem. Soc., v.131, 2009, p.3424. doi:10.1021/ja808881x 

Jinno, S.;Moeller, H.C.;Chen, C.L.;Rajalingam, B.;Chung, B.G.;Dokmeci, M.R.;Khademhosseini, A.; "Microfabricated multilayer paryleneâ??C stencils for the generation of patterned dynamic coâ??cultures" Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A, v.86, 2008, p.278-288.

Cherchi, C.;Chernenko, T.;Diem, M.;Gu, A.Z.; "Impact of nano titanium dioxide exposure on cellular structure of Anabaena variabilis and evidence of internalization" Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, v.30, 2011, p.861-869.

Briggs, J.B.;Montgomery, M.;Silva, L.L.;Miller, G.P.; "able, Regioselective Synthesis of C 3 v C60H18 Using Organic Polyamines" Organic Letters, v.7, 2005, p.5553-5555.

Agarwal, J.;Johnson, R.P.;Li, G.; "Reduction of CO2 on a Tricarbonyl Rhenium (I) Complex: Modeling a Catalytic Cycle" The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, v., 2011, p..

Cherchi, C.;Gu, A.Z.; "Impact of titanium dioxide nanomaterials on nitrogen fixation rate and intracellular nitrogen storage in Anabaena variabilis" technology, v., 2010, p..

Nguyen, Q.;Chinnasamy, CN;Yoon, SD;Sivasubramanian, S.;Sakai, T.;Baraskar, A.;Mukerjee, S.;Vittoria, C.;Harris, VG; "Functionalization of FeCo alloy nanoparticles with highly dielectric amorphous oxide coatings" Journal of Applied Physics, v.103, 2008, p.07D532-07.

Joudrey, K.;Adams, G.G.;McGruer, N.E.; "Design, modeling, fabrication and testing of a high aspect ratio electrostatic torsional MEMS micromirror" Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, v.16, 2006, p.2147.

Bubnis, G.J.;Mayne, H.R.; "A Modeling Study of the Self-Assembly of Various Hydrogen-Bonding Fullerene Derivatives on Au (111)" The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v., 2010, p..

Meng, G., Han, F., Zhao, X., Chen,B., Yang, D., Liu, J., Kong, M., Zhu,X., Xu,Q., Jung,Y., Yang,Y., Chu,Z., Ye, M., Kar,S., Vajitai,R. and Ajayan,P. "Connected Nanowire/Nanotube and Nanotube/Nanowire/Nanotube Heterojunctions with Branched Topology" Angewandte Chemie, v.48, 2009, p.1.

Nieva, PM;McGruer, NE;Adams, GG; "Design and characterization of a micromachined Fabryâ??Perot vibration sensor for high-temperature applications" Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, v.16, 2006, p.2618.

Jung, Y.J.; "Controlled Synthesis of Carbon Nanontubes Using Chemical Vapor Deposition Methods" Nanomanufacturing handbook, v., 2007, p..

O "A World of Its Own? Nanotechnology" Governing Uncertainty: Environmental Regulation in the Age of Nanotechnology, v., 2010, p.160.

Berezutskiy, G., Lucas-Hurt L., Bubnis, G.J. and Mayne, H. R. "A model study of adlayer pattern formation on hexagonal substrates" American Chemical Society, v.Book of, 2009, p.213.

Wu, Y.-C. and Adams, G. "Plastic Yield Conditions for Adhesive Contacts Between a Rigid Sphere and an Elastic Half-Space" Journal of Tribology, v.131 (1), 2009, p.011403.

Oh, J.M.;Han, J.N.;Lee, K.T.;Hong, C.K.;Han, W.S.;Moon, J.T.;Park, J.G.; "Prevention of Condensation Defects on Contact Patterns by Improving Rinse Process" Solid State Phenomena, v.145, 2009, p.151-154.

Ok, Z.D.;Benneyan, J.C.;Isaacs, J.A.; "e Manufacturing" Journal of Industrial Ecology, v.12, 2008, p.411-434.

Liu, J.-F. and Miller, G. P. "Field-assisted nanopatterning of metals, metal oxides and metal salts" Nanotechnology, v.20, 2009, p.055303-1.

Chiota, J.;Shearer, J.;Wei, M.;Barry, C.;Mead, J.; "Multiscale Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends Using Chemically Functionalized Nanoscaleâ??Patterned Templates" Small, v.5, 2009, p.2788-2791.

Okano, S.;Tománek, D.; "Effect of electron and hole doping on the structure of C, Si, and S nanowires" Physical Review B, v.75, 2007, p.195409.

Okutucu, T.;Yener, Y.;Busnaina, A.A.; "Transient radiative transfer in participating media with pulse-laser irradiationâ??an approximate Galerkin solution" Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, v.103, 2007, p.118-130.

Bubnis, G.J.; Cleary, S. M. ; Mayne, H. R. "Self-Assembly and structural behavior of a model rigid C60-terminated thiolate on Au(111)" Chem. Phys. Letters, v.470, 2009, p.289.

Onur Sergici, A.;Adams, G.G.;Müftü, S.; "Adhesion in the contact of a spherical indenter with a layered elastic half-space" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, v.54, 2006, p.1843-1861.

Pal, A.K.;Bello, D.;Budhlall, B.;Rogers, E.;Milton, D.K.; "Stress Elicited by Engineered Nanomaterials: Evaluation of Acellular DCFH Assay" Dose-Response, v., 2011, p.1-23.

Pamp, A.;Adams, G.G.; "Deformation of bowed silicon chips due to adhesion and applied pressure" Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, v.21, 2007, p.1021-1043.

Jung, Y.J.;Kar, S.;Talapatra, S.;Soldano, C.;Viswanathan, G.;Li, X.;Yao, Z.;Ou, F.S.;Avadhanula, A.;Vajtai, R.; "Aligned carbon nanotube-polymer hybrid architectures for diverse flexible electronic applications" Nano letters, v.6, 2006, p.413-418.

Choi, J.G.;Prasad, Y.N.;, I.K.;Kim, W.J.;Park, J.G.; "The Synergetic Role of Pores and Grooves of the Pad on the Scratch Formation during STI CMP" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.157, 2010, p.H806.

Park, B.K.;Yi, N.;Park, J.;Choi, T.Y.;Lee, J.Y.;Busnaina, A.;Kim, D.; "Thermal conductivity of bovine serum albumin: A tool to probe denaturation of protein" Applied physics letters, v.99, 2011, p.163702.

Park, J.G.; "Fabrication and Characterization of the 32 x 32 Array Digital Si-PIN X-ray Detector for Single Photon Counting Image Sensor" Journal of Korean Physical Society, v.57, 2010, p.44.

Park, J.G.;Busnaina, A.; "Cu Post-CMP cleaning and the effect of additives" Semiconductor international, v.28, 2005, p.39-44.

Sok D, Clarizia, L., Farris LR, McDonald MJ. "Novel Fluoroimmunoassay for Ovarian Cancer Biomarker CA-125" Anal Bioanal Chem, v.393, 2009, p.1521.

Park, J.G.;Lee, S.H.;Ryu, J.S.;Hong, Y.K.;Kim, T.G.;Busnaina, A.A.; "Interfacial and electrokinetic characterization of IPA solutions related to semiconductor wafer drying and cleaning" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.153, 2006, p.G811.

Choi, J.G.;Prasad, Y.N.;Kim, I.K.;Kim, I.G.;Kim, W.J.;Busnaina, A.A.;Park, J.G.; "Analysis of scratches formed on oxide surface during chemical mechanical planarization" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.157, 2010, p.H186.

Park, J.G.;Prasad, Y.N.;Kang, Y.J.;Kim, I.K.;Hong, Y.K.;Han, S.Y.;Yun, S.K.;Yoon, B.U.;Busnaina, A.A.; "Effect of Polysilicon Wettability on Polishing and Organic Defects during CMP" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.156, 2009, p.H869.

Park, S.;Kittimanapun, K.;Ahn, J.S.;Kwon, Y.K.;Tománek, D.; "Designing rigid carbon foams" Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, v.22, 2010, p.334220.

Pfefferkorn, F.E.;Bello, D.;Haddad, G.;Park, J.Y.;Powell, M.;Mccarthy, J.;Bunker, K.L.;Fehrenbacher, A.;Jeon, Y.;Virji, M.A.; "nanoscale particles during friction stir welding of aluminum" Annals of occupational hygiene, v.54, 2010, p.486-503.

Kang, D.;Kim, D.;Yoon, S.H.;Barry, C.;Mead, J.; "Properties and Dispersion of EPDM/Modifiedâ??Organoclay Nanocomposites" Macromolecular Materials and Engineering, v.292, 2007, p.329-338.

Ahn, K.;Woskie, S.;DiBerardinis, L.;Ellenbecker, M.; "A review of published quantitative experimental studies on factors affecting laboratory fume hood performance" Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, v.5, 2008, p.735-753.

Jaber-Ansari, L., Hahm,M., Kim,T., Somu,S., Busnaina, A. and Jung, Y. "Highly Organized Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Networks for Electrical Devices" Appl. Phys, v.A96, 2009, p.373.

Chourb, S.;Mackness, B.C.;Farris, L.R.;McDonald, M.J.; "Enhanced immuno-detection of shed extracellular domain of HER-2/neu" Health, v.1, 2009, p.325-329.

Jaber-Ansari, L., Hahm, M., Somu, S., Busnaina, A. and Jung, Y. "Study of the Assembly Mechanism of Aligned Bundles of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes" JACS, v.131, 2009, p.804.

Chun, H.;Hahm, M.G.;Homma, Y.;Meritz, R.;Kuramochi, K.;Menon, L.;Ci, L.;Ajayan, P.M.;Jung, Y.J.; "Engineering Low-Aspect Ratio Carbon Nanostructures: Nanocups, Nanorings, and Nanocontainers" ACS nano, v.3, 2009, p.1274-1278.

Kang, S.H.;Kwon, Y.K.;Tománek, D.; "Effect of bundling on the stability, equilibrium geometry, and electronic structure of Mo_ {6} S_ {9â?? x} I_ {x} nanowires" Physical Review B, v.82, 2010, p.205427.

Hu, S., Kim, T.H, Park, J.G, and Busnaina, A. A. "Effect of Different Deposition Mediums on the Adhesion and Removal of Particles" Journal of The Electrochem Soc, v.157 (6), 2010, p..

Alpert, C.L.; "Joining forces for public engagement" Materials Today, v.11, 2008, p.6.

Popov, I.;Seifert, G.;Tománek, D.; "Designing electrical contacts to MoS $ _2 $ monolayers: A computational study" Arxiv preprint arXiv:1202.6554, v., 2012, p..

Popov, I.;Yang, T.;Berber, S.;Seifert, G.;Tománek, D.; "Unique structural and transport properties of molybdenum chalcohalide nanowires" Physical review letters, v.99, 2007, p.85503.

Kang, S.H.;Kwon, Y.K.;Tománek, D.; "Interplay between structural and electronic properties of bundled Mo6S9â?? xIx nanowires" Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, v.22, 2010, p.505301.

Prasad, YN;Kwon, TY;Kim, IK;Kim, IG;Park, JG; "Generation of Pad Debris during Oxide CMP Process and Its Role in Scratch Formation" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.158, 2011, p.394.

Rainbolt, J.E.;Miller, G.P.; "4, 7-diphenylisobenzofuran: A useful intermediate for the construction of phenyl-substituted acenes" The Journal of Organic Chemistry, v.72, 2007, p.3020-3030.

Fang L., Wei, M., Shang Y., Jimenez L., Kazmer D., Barry, C., and Mead, J. "Surface Morphology Alignment of Block Copolymers Induced by Injection Molding" Polymer, v.50, Iss, 2009, p.5837.

Raman, R.K.;Murooka, Y.;Ruan, C.Y.;Yang, T.;Berber, S.;Tománek, D.; "Direct observation of optically induced transient structures in graphite using ultrafast electron crystallography" Physical review letters, v.101, 2008, p.77401.

Bubnis, GJ;Cleary, SM;Mayne, HR; "Self-assembly and structural behavior of a model rigid C60-terminated thiolate on Au (1 1 1)" Chemical physics letters, v.470, 2009, p.289-294.

Rauwerdink, K.;Liu, J.F.;Kintigh, J.;Miller, G.P.; "fullerene nanotubes" Microscopy research and technique, v.70, 2007, p.513-521.

Rodrigues, R.; "The implications of high-rate nanomanufacturing on society and personal privacy" Society, v.26, 2006, p.38-45.

Ashter, A.;Tsai, S.J.;Lee, J.S.;Ellenbecker, M.J.;Mead, J.L.;Barry, C.F.; "Effects of nanoparticle feed location during nanocomposite compounding" Science, v.50, 2010, p.154-164.

Rogers, EJ;Hsieh, SF;Organti, N.;Schmidt, D.;Bello, D.; "A high throughput in vitro analytical approach to screen for oxidative stress potential exerted by nanomaterials using a biologically relevant matrix: human blood serum" Toxicology in Vitro, v.22, 2008, p.1639-1647.

Ryan, P.;Wu, Y.C.;Somu, S.;Adams, G.;McGruer, N.; "Single-walled carbon nanotube electromechanical switching behavior with shoulder slip" Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, v.21, 2011, p.045028.

Ryan, P.J.;Adams, G.G.;McGruer, N.E.; "Modeling of a One-Sided Bonded and Rigid Constraint Using Beam Theory" Journal of Applied Mechanics, v.75, 2008, p.031008.

Kang, Y.J.;Prasad, Y.N.;Kim, I.K.;Jung, S.J.;Park, J.G.; "s of Fe metal precipitated colloidal silica and its application to W chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) slurry" Journal of colloid and interface science, v.349, 2010, p.402-407.

Chung, Y.;Murmann, B.;Selvarasah, S.;Dokmeci, M.R.;Bao, Z.; "Low-voltage and short-channel pentacene field-effect transistors with top-contact geometry using parylene-C shadow masks" Applied physics letters, v.96, 2010, p.133306-13.

Ryan, P.J.;Adams, G.G.;McGruer, N.E.;Muftu, S.; "Contact scanning mode AFM for nanomechanical testing of free-standing structures" Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, v.16, 2006, p.1040.

Sandler, R.; "Nanotechnology and social context" Society, v.27, 2007, p.446-454.

Karimi, P.;Kim, T.;Aceros, J.;Park, J.;Busnaina, A.A.; "The removal of nanoparticles from sub-micron trenches using megasonics" Microelectronic Engineering, v.87, 2010, p.1665-1668.

Tsai SJ, Huang RF, Ellenbecker MJ. "Airborne nanoparticle exposures while using constant-flow, constant- velocity and air-curtain isolated fume hoods" A. Ann Occ Hyg, v., 2009, p..

Sandler, R.; "GM Food and Nanotechnology" technology, Vol. 5), v.67, 2009, p.02.

Kim, T, Wostyn, K., Park, J, Mertens, P "Pattern Collapse and Particle Removal Forces of Interest to Semiconductor Fabrication Process" Solid State Phenomena, v.145-146, 2009, p.47.

Sandler, R.; "nd nanomedical ethics" The American Journal of Bioethics, v.9, 2009, p.16-17.

Sandler, R.; "Nanomedicine, Ethical Issues" Encyclopedia of nanoscience and society, v., 2010, p..

Choi,J., Prasad,Y., Kim,I., Kim, I., Kim,W., Busnaina, A. and Park,J. "Analysis of Scratches Formed on Oxide Surface during Chemical Mechanical Planarization" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.157 (2), 2010, p.H186.

Sandler, R.; "Nanoethics" Encyclopedia of nanoscience and society, v., 2010, p..

Sandler, R.; "Genetically Modified Foods" Encyclopedia of nanoscience and society, v., 2010, p..

Bubnis, GJ;Mayne, HR; "Structures of Binary C60â?? C84 Fullerene Clustersâ? " The Journal of Physical Chemistry A, v.113, 2009, p.4598-4603.

Sandler, R.; "GM Food and Nanotechnology" In Pursuit of Nanoethics: Transatlantic Reflections on Nanotechnology, v., 2011, p..

Sandler, R.; "Value Sensitive Design and Nanotechnology" Debating Science: Deliberation, Values, and the Common Good, v., 2011, p..

Clarizia, L.J.A.;Sok, D.;Wei, M.;Mead, J.;Barry, C.;McDonald, M.J.; "Antibody orientation enhanced by selective polymerâ??protein noncovalent interactions" Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, v.393, 2009, p.1531-1538.

Sandler, R.;Bosso, C.J.; "Tiny technology, enormous implications" Issues in Science and Technology, v.23, 2007, p.28-30.

Busnaina, A.; "Introduction to Nanomanufacturing" Handbook of nanoscience, engineering, and technology, v., 2007, p..

Sandler, R.;Kay, W.D.; "The GMO-nanotech (dis) analogy?" Society, v.26, 2006, p.57-62.

Sandler, R.;Kay, W.D.; "The national nanotechnology initiative and the social good" Ethics, v.34, 2006, p.675-681.

Sang-Ho, Lee;Young-Jae, Kang;Jin-Goo, Park;Busnaina, A. A.;Jong-Myung, Lee;Tae-Hoon, Kim; "Laser shock removal of nanoparticles from Si capping layer of EUV mask" Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference, 2004. Digest of Papers. 2004 International, v., 2004, p.288-289.

Schmidt, D.;Mead, J.;Barry, C.;Chen, J.; "Nanomanufacturing with Polymers" Modern Plastics Handbook, v., 2000, p..

Athans, A.J.;Briggs, J.B.;Jia, W.;Miller, G.P.; "Hydrogen-protected acenes" J. Mater. Chem., v.17, 2007, p.2636-2641.

Schmidt, D.;Mead, J.;Barry, C.;Chen, J.; "Nanomanufacturing with Polymers" Handbook of Plastics Technologies: The Complete Guide to Properties and Performance, v., 2006, p..

Schmidt, DF;Qian, G.;Giannelis, EP; "Nanocomposites from novel synthetic organo-layer silicates" Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering(USA), v.82, 2000, p.215-216.

Karimi,P., Kim,T., Aceros, J., Park, J. and Busnaina, A.A. "The removal of nanoparticles from sub-micron trenches using megasonics" Microelectronic Engineering, v., 2009, p.. doi:10.1016/j.mee.2009.11.052 

Cleary, S.M.;Mayne, H.R.; "High-symmetry global minimum geometries for small mixed Ar/Xe Lennard-Jones clusters" Chemical physics letters, v.418, 2006, p.79-83.

Selvarasah, S.;Chao, SH;Chen, C.L.;Sridhar, S.;Busnaina, A.;Khademhosseini, A.;Dokmeci, MR; "A reusable high aspect ratio parylene-C shadow mask technology for diverse micropatterning applications" Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, v.145, 2008, p.306-315.

Selvarasah, S.;Li, X.;Busnaina, A.;Dokmeci, M.R.; "Parylene-C passivated carbon nanotube flexible transistors" Applied physics letters, v.97, 2010, p.153120.

Xiong, X., Chen, C.-L., Ryan, P., Busnaina, A. A., Jung, Y. J. and Dokmeci, M. R. "Directed Assembly of High-density Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Patterns on Flexible Polymer Substrates" Nanotechnology, v.20, 2009, p.295302.

Seo, J.H.;Leow, P.L.;Cho, S.H.;Lim, H.W.;Kim, J.Y.;Patel, B.A.;Park, J.G.;O "Development of inlaid electrodes for whole column electrochemical detection in HPLC" Lab Chip, v.9, 2009, p.2238-2244.

Kaur, I.;Jazdzyk, M.;Stein, N.N.;Prusevich, P.;Miller, G.P.; "Design, synthesis, and characterization of a persistent nonacene derivative" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.132, 2010, p.1261-1263.

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Cha, N.G.;Echegoyen, Y.;Kim, T.H.;Park, J.G.;Busnaina, A.A.; "e assembly and dry transfer of nanoparticles using hydrophobic/hydrophilic monolayer templates" Langmuir, v.25, 2009, p.11375-113.

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Ashter, A, Tsai, S-J, Jun S. Lee, Ellenbecker, M.J., Mead, J.L., Barry, C.F. "Effects of Nanoparticle Feed Location during Nanocomposite Compounding" Polymer Engineering and Science, v.50(1), 2010, p.154.

Eid, H.;Joshi, N.;McGruer, NE;Adams, GG; "A Model of Contact With Adhesion of a Layered Elastic-Plastic Microsphere With a Rigid Flat Surface" Journal of Tribology, v.133, 2011, p.031406.

Kim, T.G.;Yoo, Y.S.;Ahn, J.;Lee, J.M.;Choi, J.S.;Busnaina, A.A.;Park, J.G.; "Damage Free Particle Removal from Extreme Ultraviolet Lithography Mask Layers by High Energy Laser Shock Wave Cleaning" Japanese journal of applied physics, v.47, 2008, p.4886.

Kim, T.G.;Yoo, Y.S.;Ahn, J.;Lee, J.M.;Choi, J.S.;Busnaina, A.A.;Park, J.G.; "Adhesion force change on multilayer EUVL mask due to laser induced plasma shock wave" Microelectronic Engineering, v.86, 2009, p.150-154.

Chiota, J., Shearer, J., Wei, M., Barry, C., and Mead, J. "Multiscale Directed Assembly of Polymer Blends Using Chemically Functionalized Nanoscale-Patterned Templates" Small, v.5 No. 2, 2009, p.2788.

Kim, T.W.;Hong, Y.J.;Yi, G.C.;Kwon, J.H.;Kim, M.;Han, H.N.;Kim, D.H.;Oh, K.H.;Kong, K.;Kwon, Y.K.; "Morphology transformation of patterned, uniform and faceted GaN microcrystals" Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, v.41, 2008, p.015406.

Kim, Y.L.;Jung, H.Y.;Kar, S.;Jung, Y.J.; "Cleaning organized single-walled carbon nanotube interconnect structures for reduced interfacial contact resistance" Carbon, v., 2011, p..

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Lu,W., Savo,S., Casse, B. and Sridhar, S. "Slow Microwave Waveguide Made of Negative Permeability Metamaterials" Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, v.51 No., 2009, p.2705.

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Krasheninnikov, A.V.;Miyamoto, Y.;Tománek, D.; "Role of electronic excitations in ion collisions with carbon nanostructures" Physical review letters, v.99, 2007, p.16104.

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KS, N.;Cohen-Karni, T.;Segev, L.;Srur-Lavi, O.;Cohen, S.;Joselevich, E.; "Diameter-dependent conductance oscillations in carbon nanotubes upon torsion" Bulletin of the American Physical Society, v.53, 2008, p..

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Zong, Z., Chen, C.-L., Dokmeci, M. and Wan, K. "Direct Measurement of Graphene Adhesion on Silicon Surface by Intercalation of Nano-Particles" Journal of Applied Physics, v.107, 2010, p.026104.

Farris, L.R.;Wu, N.;Wang, W.;Clarizia, L.J.A.;Wang, X.;McDonald, M.J.; "Immuno-interferometric sensor for the detection of influenza A nucleoprotein" Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry, v.396, 2010, p.667-674.

Belau, L.;Park, J.Y.;Liang, T.;Seo, H.;Somorjai, G.A.; "Chemical effect of dry and wet cleaning of the Ru protective layer of the extreme ultraviolet lithography reflector" Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures, v.27, 2009, p.1919.

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Ku, B.C.;Kim, D.K.;Lee, J.S.;Blumstein, A.;Kumar, J.;Samuelson, L.A.; "Synthesis and properties of water soluble singleâ??walled carbon nanotube graft ionic polyacetylene nanocomposites" Polymer Composites, v.30, 2009, p.1817-1824.

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Chandekar, A.;Whitten, J.E.; "Nanoscale patterning of a conjugated oligomer" Applied physics letters, v.91, 2007, p.113103.

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Jaber-Ansari, L., Hahm, M., Somu, S., Echegoyen, Y., Busnaina, A., Jung, Y. "Mechanism of Very Large Scale Assembly of SWNTs in Template Guided Fluidic Assembly Process" Journal of the American Chemical Society, v.131, 2009, p.804.

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Gao, X.;Hodgson, J.L.;Jiang, D.;Zhang, S.B.;Nagase, S.;Miller, G.P.;Chen, Z.; "Open-Shell Singlet Character of Stable Derivatives of Nonacene, Hexacene and Teranthene" Organic Letters, v., 2011, p..

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Bello, D.;Wardle, B.;Zhang, J.;Yamamoto, N.;Santeufemio, C.;Hallock, M.;Virji, M.A.; "Characterization of exposures to nanoscale particles and fibers during solid core drilling of hybrid carbon nanotube advanced composites" International journal of occupational and environmental health, v.16, 2010, p.434-450.

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Kim, I, Cho, B, Park, J, Park, J and Park,H "Effect of pH in Ru Slurry with Sodium Periodate on Ru CMP" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.156 (3), 2009, p.H188.

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Lee, S.H.;Hong, Y.K.;Song, J.H.;Park, J.G.;Busnaina, A.A.;Zhang, G.;Eschbach, F.;Ramamoorthy, A.; "Particle adhesion and removal on EUV mask layers during wet cleaning" Japanese journal of applied physics, v.44, 2005, p.5479.

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Li, B.;Jung, H.Y.;Wang, H.;Kim, Y.L.;Kim, T.;Hahm, M.G.;Busnaina, A.;Upmanyu, M.;Jung, Y.J.; "Ultrathin SWNT Films with Tunable, Anisotropic Transport Properties" Advanced Functional Materials, v., 2011, p..

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Berber, S.;Tománek, D.; "Modeling the destruction of realistic nanotube emitters: Relative role of charging and temperature" Physical Review-Section B-Condensed Matter, v.77, 2008, p.73407-734.

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Gultepe, E.;Nagesha, D.;Casse, B.D.F.;Selvarasah, S.;Busnaina, A.;Sridhar, S.; "Large scale 3D vertical assembly of single-wall carbon nanotubes at ambient temperatures" Nanotechnology, v.19, 2008, p.455309.

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Chang, K.;Kim, E.;Weck, P.F.;Tománek, D.; "Nanoconfinement effects on the reversibility of hydrogen storage in ammonia borane: A first-principles study" The Journal of chemical physics, v.134, 2011, p.214501.

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Liu, J.F.;Miller, G.P.; "Field-assisted nanopatterning" The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, v.111, 2007, p.10758-107.

Park, J, Prasad,Y.N., Kang, Y., Kim, I. "Effect of Polysilicon Wettability on Polishing and Organic Defects during CMP" Journal of The Electrochemical Society, v.156, 11, 2009, p.H869.

Clarizia LJA, Sok D, Wei M, Mead J, Barry,C., McDonald MJ. "Antibody Orientation Enhanced By Selective Polymer-Protein Noncovalent Interactions" Anal Bioanal Chem, v.393, 2009, p.1531.

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Kim, T., Wostyn,K., Mertens,P., Busnaina,A., Park,J. "Collapse behavior and forces of multistack nanolines" Nanotechnology, v.21, 2010, p.015708.

Liu, X.;MacNaughton, S.;Shrekenhamer, D.B.;Tao, H.;Selvarasah, S.;Totachawattana, A.;Averitt, R.D.;Dokmeci, M.R.;Sonkusale, S.;Padilla, W.J.; "Metamaterials on parylene thin film substrates: Design, fabrication, and characterization at terahertz frequency" Applied physics letters, v.96, 2010, p.011906.

Lu, W.T.;Savo, S.;Casse, B.D.F.;Sridhar, S.; "Slow microwave waveguide made of negative permeability metamaterials" Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, v.51, 2009, p.2705-2709.

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Ma, X.;Huo, H.;Wei, M.;Wang, L.;Shen, M.;Barry, C.;Mead, J.; "Enhanced protein binding on femtosecond laser ablated poly (methyl methacrylate) surfaces" Applied physics letters, v.98, 2011, p.171101.

Chao, D.;Jia, X.;Bai, F.;Liu, H.;Cui, L.;Berda, E.B.;Wang, C.; "An efficient fluorescent sensor for redox active species based on novel poly (aryl ether) containing electroactive pendant" J. Mater. Chem., v.22, 2012, p.3028-3034.

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Chao, D.;Zheng, T.;Liu, H.;Yang, R.;Jia, X.;Wang, S.;Berda, E.B.;Wang, C.; "A novel poly (aryl ether) containing azobenzene chromophore and pendant oligoaniline: synthesis and electrochromic properties" Electrochimica Acta, v., 2011, p..

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Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The NSF Center for High-rate Nanomanufacturing (CHN) developed tools and processes that make it possible to quickly and efficiently manufacture an array of nano-enabled products using nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles, 2D materials and polymers to bridge the gap between nanoscale science research and the creation of commercial products. Originally established by the NSF in 2004, this award sponsored activities from 2009-2015 at Northeastern University, Michigan State University, University of Massachusetts-Lowell, University of New Hampshire, and the Museum of Science, Boston.

The CHN tools and processes enabled nanoscale high-rate directed assembly and printing of nano-enabled electronics, sensing, medical energy and functional materials applications to harness the unique and superior properties of nanomaterials. The Center developed a directed assembly and transfer toolbox that can used to print nanoscale structures from a variety of nanomaterials onto many different surfaces. The Center has significantly contributed to understanding of the directed assembly and alignment mechanism for nanomaterials and their transfer.

The CHN developed an improved synthesis of new and robust organic semiconductors used in organic electronics applications such as printed electronics, flexible displays, and flexible solar cells. For example, the CHN designed and synthesized the first water soluble pentacene derivative, a new acene derivative, TTPO, that shows greater photo oxidative and thermal stabilities than any other small band gap organic semiconductor previously reported. This will allow manufacturing of robust organics electronics that are more resistant to degradation.

Electrophoretic directed assembly on a variety of surfaces and films including insulating organic and inorganic substrates has been developed to enable rapid, large-scale assembly and printing. A new method that uses interfacial convective assembly for the fabrication of 2D and 3D nanostructures with controlled dimensions has been shown to be material and surface independent and more than 100 times faster than previous convective assembly techniques. We developed nanoscale 3D printing to make 3D nanostructures of metals, oxides, polymers, and hybrid materials comprised of metal-polymer, metal-oxide and metal-polymer-metal heterostructures. A new type of reusable Damascene template for nanoscale printing of devices was developed utilizing directed assembly and transfer of nanomaterials.

A life-cycle assessment methodology was utilized to address ethical, legal, and societal impacts in decision-making as nanomanufacturing scales to commercial production. We applied the LCA approach to three carbon nanotube-enabled CHN applications (sensors, electronics and batteries), as they apply to manufacturing, use, and end-of-life management, including recycling and disposal. Our responsible nanomanufacturing efforts utilize the oxidative stress exerted by nanomaterials in biological systems as one of the key metrics to screen for potential adverse effects on human health and the environment.

Based on the Damascene template technology, the CHN in collaboration with a Massachusetts company has developed the first fully-automated robotic Nanoscale Offset Printing System (NanoOPS) that can print a variety of nanoscale devices. The system can print metals, insulators and semiconductors, and organic and inorganic materials to make devices with resolution down to 20 nanometers. NanoOPS has the potential to transform nanomanufacturing and nano-enabled technologies, and will spur innovation by drastically overcoming the high cost entry barrier to the fabrication of nanoscale devices without endangering workers or harming the environment. 58 companies and agencies attended the unveiling of NanoOPS in September 2014. The technology was featured by Wired magazine and is a ...

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