Skip directly to content

Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
Doing Business As Name:University of Washington
PD/PI:
  • Charles W Roeder
  • (206) 543-6199
  • croeder@u.washington.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Dawn Lehman
Award Date:09/13/2006
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 1,532,560
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 1,596,660
  • FY 2006=$1,532,560
  • FY 2007=$64,100
Start Date:10/01/2006
End Date:09/30/2011
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:490100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:NEESR-SG: International Hybrid Simulation of Tomorrow's Braced Frame Systems
Federal Award ID Number:0619161
DUNS ID:605799469
Parent DUNS ID:042803536
Program:NEES RESEARCH
Program Officer:
  • Joy Pauschke
  • (703) 292-7024
  • jpauschk@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:4333 Brooklyn Ave NE
City:Seattle
State:WA
ZIP:98195-0001
County:Seattle
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:07

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Washington
Street:4333 Brooklyn Ave NE
City:Seattle
State:WA
ZIP:98195-0001
County:Seattle
Country:US
Cong. District:07

Abstract at Time of Award

Abstract 0619161 Roeder This award is an outcome of the NSF 06-504 program solicitation "George E. Brown, Jr. Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation Research (NEESR)" competition. Intellectual Merit: Braced frame systems offer an attractive solution to satisfy multiple design criteria within a performance-based earthquake engineering (PBEE) framework. If detailed properly, their displacement and energy dissipation capacities can meet severe demands resulting from extreme events. However, research results have indicated that current design methods prevent braced frames with traditional and buckling-restrained braces from achieving their potential. The dynamic behavior of three-dimensional steel braced frame building systems is complex and often highly nonlinear. Assessing seismic performance in the context of the true system response and developing practical engineering tools are central objectives of this proposal. The consensus of a recent meeting focused on engineering steel buildings for the next decade was that the development of reliable braced frame systems was a top priority in seismic steel research and required the following: a coordinated, international effort, a central PBEE framework to tying the activities together, and collaboration with industry, professional practice and related organizations. This award provides such coordination. The project team includes researchers from the US, Japan, and Taiwan, as well as affiliated researchers from Canada. The research will utilize the NEES facilities at the University of Minnesota (UM) and the University of California, Berkeley (UCB), the NIED/E-Defense Miki shake table in Japan, and the NCREE Laboratory in Taiwan. The primary objective is to use advanced hybrid simulation research methods and international, cooperative investigation to develop performance-based tools and techniques for advanced seismic engineering of steel braced frame systems. Seven primary research phases are proposed: (1) infrastructure and literature and data analysis, (2) integrated-component and subassemblage testing, (3) development and validation of high-resolution and practical simulation methods, (4) integrated-system evaluation through coordinated, international hybrid testing facilities, (5) development of probabilistic-based engineering tools for PBEE of braced frame systems, (6) confirmation of the performance through earthquake simulator testing, and (7) evaluation and validation of the design and analysis tools. A key element of the research is an international hybrid test of a prototype structure that will include simultaneous testing at the two NEES facilities (UM and UCB) and the NCREE Laboratory in Taiwan, and simulation at the University of Washington. . Broader Impacts: This research has a direct, tangible and immediate impact on the seismic safety and performance of a widely used form of construction that many believe to be unnecessarily vulnerable to earthquakes, and accelerate the adoption of innovative technologies and construction practices. Steel structures constitute the majority of engineered building systems in the United States. This research will make steel buildings more economical, design methods more reliable, and increase the competitiveness of U.S. firms in the global economy. This project brings together professional engineers, researchers in the United States, Taiwan, and Japan, as well as representatives from industry and regulatory bodies in an integrated and synergistic fashion. An Advisory Group will assist in the cooperation and coordination to assure practical and useful engineering results and to provide rapid assimilation of these results by the engineering profession. This research will increase diversity and international collaboration through professional development short-courses oriented towards the training of faculty and practicing engineers, provide internship and research opportunities for Native American undergraduate students through the Pacific Alliance LSAMP program, and develop materials for pre-K through grade 12 students for education and exploration of the seismic response of braced systems.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

Lin, P-C, Tsai, K-C, Wang, K-J, Yu, Y-J, Wei, C-Y, Wu, A-C, Tsai, C-Y, Lin, C-H, Chen, J-C, Schellenberg, A.H, Mahin, S.A., and Roeder, C.W. "Seismic design and hybrid tests of a full-scale three-story buckling-restrained braced frame using welded end connections and thin profile" Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics, v., 2012, p.. doi:10.1002/eqe.1171 

Yoo, J.H.; Roeder, C.W.; and Lehman, D.E. "Simulated Behavior of Multi-Story X-Braced Frame" Engineering Structures, v.31, 2009, p.182.

Lehman, D.E., Roeder, C.W., Herman, D., Johnson, S., and Kotulka, B. "Improved Seismic Performance of Gusset Plate Connections" ASCE, Journal of Structural Engineering, v.134, 2008, p.890.

Charles W. Roeder; Eric J. Lumpkin; and Dawn E. Lehman "Balanced Design Procedure for Special Concentrically Braced Frame Connections" Journal of Constructional Steel Research, v.67, 2011, p.17.

Yoo, J.H, Lehman, D.E., and Roeder, C.W. "Influence of Connection Design Parameters on the Seismic Performance of Braced Frames" Journal of Constructional Steel Research, v.64, 2008, p.607.

Yoo, J.H., Roeder, C.W., and Lehman, D.E. "Analytical Performance Simulation of Special Concentrically Braced Frames" ASCE, Journal of Structural Engineering, v.134, 2008, p.681.

Charles W. Roeder; Dawn E. Lehman; Kelly Clark; Jacob Powell; Jung-Han Yoo; Keh-Chyuan Tsai; Chih-Han Lin; and Chih-Yu Wei "Influence of Gusset Plates Connection and Braces on the Seismic Performance of X-Braced Frames" Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, v.40, 2011, p.355.

Publications Produced as Conference Proceedings

Yoo, JH;Roeder, CW;Lehman, DE "Finite element simulation of special concentrically braced frame tests" 5th International Conference on Behaviour of Steel Structures in Seismic Areas, v. , 2006, p.277 View record at Web of Science

For specific questions or comments about this information including the NSF Project Outcomes Report, contact us.