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Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:PENNSYLVANIA STATE UNIVERSITY, THE
Doing Business As Name:Pennsylvania State Univ University Park
PD/PI:
  • Burt L Monroe
  • (814) 865-9215
  • burtmonroe@psu.edu
Award Date:09/20/2009
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 404,916
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 404,916
  • FY 2009=$404,916
Start Date:10/01/2009
End Date:01/31/2015
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.075
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Opposition, Rhetoric, and Democratic-Styled Institutions in the Middle East and North Africa
Federal Award ID Number:0924260
DUNS ID:003403953
Parent DUNS ID:003403953
Program:Political Science
Program Officer:
  • Brian Humes
  • (703) 292-7284
  • bhumes@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:110 Technology Center Building
City:UNIVERSITY PARK
State:PA
ZIP:16802-7000
County:University Park
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:12

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Pennsylvania State Univ University Park
Street:110 Technology Center Building
City:UNIVERSITY PARK
State:PA
ZIP:16802-7000
County:University Park
Country:US
Cong. District:12

Abstract at Time of Award

This project analyzes the floor records of democratic-styled legislatures in the Middle East and North Africa ("MENA region") to answer fundamental questions about the nature of democracy and political opposition in the MENA region and beyond. Parliaments are a surprisingly important focus of politics in the MENA region. Despite the obvious importance of the region, virtually no quantitative study, of any kind, of any sort of parliamentary behavior has been conducted in most MENA states. The investigators apply techniques for the analysis of political speech developed under the NSF-funded Dynamics of Political Rhetoric and Political Representation ("DynRR") project. Regimes with widely varying claims to democracy use parliaments and similar institutions to mediate and control political conflict and opposition. Typically, detailed records of the speeches and debates that occur in these institutions are maintained, and increasingly these are provided in electronic form online. Examples range from the British House of Commons to the Tunisian Majlis al-Nuwaab. The DynRR project has collected such records for many western democracies and developed computational and statistical models of language patterns in such data, useful for determining the range, content, and relationships of political topics discussed in any legislature, the attention paid to different topics, and the landscape of political conflict. The project will look specifically at the parliaments of Egypt, Jordan, Morocco, Iraq, the Palestinian Legislative Council, Kuwait, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Djibouti, Algeria, Tunisia, and Iran. The data from these legislatures will be analyzed with the DynRR models in an effort to understand the nature of political opposition, particular that of democratic and Islamic oppositions, across the MENA region. The data will be made publicly available, creating one of the first systematic large-scale data sets available for broad use in comparing the politics of MENA states with each other and with states outside the region.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Eitan Tzelgov "Cross-cutting issues, intraparty dissent and party strategy: the issue of European integration in the House of Commons" European Union Politics, v.15, 2014, p.3. doi:10.1177/1465116513509307 

Eitan Tzelgov "Resistance from within: Coalition oversight and blame avoidance in Greece." European Political Science Review, v., 2014, p..

Eitan Tzelgov "Damned if you do and damned if you don't: Rhetorical heresthetic in the Israeli Knesset" Party Politics, v.20, 2014, p.964. doi:10.1177/1354068812462926 

Burt L. Monroe, Jennifer Pan, Margaret E. Roberts, Maya Sen, Betsy Sinclair "No! Formal theory, causal inference, and big data are not contradictory trends in political science." PS: Political Science & Politics, v.48, 2015, p..

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