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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:Cornell University
  • Joel D Brock
  • (607) 255-9006
  • David Rubin
  • Ernest Fontes
Award Date:07/23/2010
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 77,170,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 74,944,592
  • FY 2010=$9,926,038
  • FY 2014=$10,000,000
  • FY 2011=$14,531,039
  • FY 2012=$20,086,038
  • FY 2013=$20,401,477
Start Date:07/01/2010
End Date:03/31/2016
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.049
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Operation of the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS)
Federal Award ID Number:0936384
DUNS ID:872612445
Parent DUNS ID:002254837
Program Officer:
  • Guebre Tessema
  • (703) 292-4935

Awardee Location

Street:373 Pine Tree Road
Awardee Cong. District:23

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Cornell University
Street:373 Pine Tree Road
Cong. District:23

Abstract at Time of Award

0936384 Gruner This award from the Division of Materials Research to Cornell University supports a renewal of the operation of the Cornell High Energy Synchrotron Source (CHESS). The award also includes funds to operate the Cornell High Energy Storage Source (CESR) as an accelerator fully dedicated for supporting photon science. CHESS will operate as a national user facility providing open access to users on the basis of a competitive proposal process. With the availability of CESR as a dedicated X-ray light source CHESS will provide better quality of X-ray light for users and increased beamtime allocated to user service. CHESS will serve a variety of users in science and engineering disciplines from academe, industry and government for studies encompassing the atomic structure, properties, and time-resolved behavior of electronic, structural, polymeric and biological materials. In addition, CHESS will continue studies of protein and virus crystallography, environmental science, radiography, art and archaeology, and micro-elemental analysis. In addition, the staff at the CHESS facility will pursue advances in synchrotron radiation instrumentation and techniques development in: (1) high-pressure science, (2) X-ray fluorescence imaging, (3) low X-ray energy (2-7 KeV) studies, (4) time-resolved science and detector development, (5) soft matter and nanostructures, (6) X-ray optics developments, (7) biological macromolecules and biological chemistry. In the education and training plan, CHESS will provide unique education and training programs for undergraduate and graduate students. Training of undergraduate students provides apprenticeship programs via summer internships and REU. CHESS performs K-12 outreach to students and public school teachers by collaborating with other campus centers and local schools to offer classroom science activities, by creating and sponsoring neighborhood after-school science programs, and by hosting tours and demonstrations for the public. CHESS has specific initiatives aimed at increasing participation of under- represented groups in science with goals to improve science literacy in the local and national workforce.

Project Outcomes Report


This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

CHESS is a world leader developing synchrotron instruments and providing high-energy x-ray beams and is one of the most productive and unique x-ray user facilities in existence. CHESS’s x-ray instruments are optimized to carry out forefront research in materials sciences, biology, engineering, and most of the natural sciences. Major intellectual merit and broad impacts flow from the scientific investigations, discoveries and results published by the facility’s user community. Over the 4-year award period, CHESS hosted 790 unique experimental projects involving 1593 researchers. During this time 3651 visitor badges were signed out by 1113 individuals.  Half of these individuals were early career scientists (students and post-docs) and 10% travel from foreign homelands. CHESS investigators covered many science and engineering disciplines and traveled from 173 academic institutions, 31 industrial companies and 26 government laboratories. These individuals conducted studies encompassing (but not limited to): the atomic and nanoscale structure, properties, and in situ, operando and time?resolved behavior of electronic, structural, polymeric and biological materials; protein and virus crystallography; biological and environmental science; radiography of solids and fluids; non-destructive micro?elemental analysis; and, other technologies using x?ray science.  

CHESS plays a national role as an incubator of new synchrotron science, methods, and people. Intellectual and broad impacts result when work at CHESS is shared with the national community and adopted by other synchrotron facilities. CHESS innovations in x-ray optics and insertion devices provide clear examples. In the area of x-ray optics, CHESS developed two novel x-ray optics technologies - tapered-glass capillary optics used as condenser lenses in transmission x-ray microscopes and confocal spoked-channel array (CCA) devices used to provide 3-dimensional spatial resolution for scanning probe fluorescence and spectroscopy instruments. Capillaries designed and fabricated at CHESS have been incorporated into beamlines at the APS, HASYLAB, and the Taiwan and Pohang light sources, and scientists from around the world routinely visit CHESS to learn to develop their own shaped-glass optics.  CCAs are incorporated into the scanning probe instrument at the Advanced Photon Source. At CHESS, both of these x-ray optics technologies are combined with a high-speed fluorescence detector called MAIA to create a unique, high-speed, three-dimensional x-ray fluorescence microscope that’s created new opportunities to carry out chemical mapping in biological systems including fish and plants.

In the x-ray source area, CHESS has innovated creative, cost effective solutions for high performance undulator insertion devices. During the award period CHESS prototyped, tested, and commercialized (in 2013) the CHESS Compact Undulator (CCU). CCUs achieve low cost and high reliability and reproducibility by utilizing small, low cost permanent magnets and having a fixed-gap, single motor sliding mechanism for tuning the spectral response. Successful commissioning of CCUs on A-line and G-line during 2014 paved the way for cost effective upgrades of five CHESS instruments to state-of-the-art performance. Our expectation, and that of industrial producer KYMA, is that CCU devices will find extensive application at many synchrotron sources around the world. Another important application of CCU technology has been proven for linac-based sources. A narrow-bore version of CCU technology developed under collaboration between CHESS and SLAC and is now used to create circularly polarized x-ray beams at the LCLS. 

CHESS is a national leader in training expert users in the use of new instruments and methods by hosting hands-on workshops. Hundreds of users visit CHESS each year to hear lectures by st...

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