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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY IN THE CITY OF NEW YORK, THE
Doing Business As Name:Columbia University
PD/PI:
  • Huiming Yin
  • (212) 851-1648
  • yin@civil.columbia.edu
Award Date:12/18/2009
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 400,897
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 405,897
  • FY 2010=$400,897
  • FY 2013=$5,000
Start Date:07/01/2010
End Date:06/30/2015
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:CAREER: Energy in Sustainable Infrastructure - Multi-scale/physical Approach to a Novel Hybrid Solar Roofing Panel
Federal Award ID Number:0954717
DUNS ID:049179401
Parent DUNS ID:049179401
Program:STRUCTURAL MATERIALS AND MECH
Program Officer:
  • Mary Toney
  • (703) 292-7008
  • mtoney@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:2960 Broadway
City:NEW YORK
State:NY
ZIP:10027-6902
County:New York
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:10

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Columbia University
Street:2960 Broadway
City:NEW YORK
State:NY
ZIP:10027-6902
County:New York
Country:US
Cong. District:10

Abstract at Time of Award

This Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) project will investigate and improve infrastructure sustainability with experimental and modeling approaches by studying the multi-physical properties of solar roofing materials and fabricate a novel solar roofing panel with optimized multifunction. The panel will contain a photovoltaic layer deposited on a thermoelectric layer and then bonded to a plastic lumber substrate through a functionally graded interlayer containing water tubes. Heat transfer and thermo-mechanical behavior of the solar panel will be characterized by experiments and multi-scale/physical modeling. Delamination and in-layer cracking will be investigated and simulated for the structural design of the panels. An internal variable based model will be introduced to describe the long-term performance. The long-term educational goal of this CAREER project is to promote sustainable engineering among the next generation of researchers and engineers at the graduate, undergraduate and pre-collegiate levels. This CAREER project will develop several educational components related to architecturally integrated sustainable infrastructure for harvesting solar energy and increase awareness of novel cost effective approaches that serve as viable solutions for global energy and climate challenges. Three strategic approaches will be implemented: 1) develop interdisciplinary undergraduate and graduate curricula that integrate material manufacturing, instrumentation development, laboratory testing, and technology innovation; 2) establish collaboration with a public school in the Harlem community to promote STEM research course work related to sustainable infrastructure and renewable energy among underrepresented youth, and; 3) increase public understanding and awareness of the role of original research in the development and implementation of sustainable energy and building solutions.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Y. J. Liu G. Song H. M. Yin "Boundary effect on the elastic field and effective elasticity of a semi-infinite solid containing particles" Proceedings of the Royal Society A, v., 2015, p..

H.M. Yin, P.A. Prieto-Muñoz "Stress transfer through fully bonded interface of layered materials" Mechanics of Materials, v.62, 2013, p.69-79.

D.J. Yang, Z.F. Yuan, P.H. Lee, H.M. Yin, "Simulation and experimental validation of heat transfer in a novel hybrid solar panel" International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, v.55, 2013, p.1076-1082.

Yang, DJ, Yin, HM "Energy conversion efficiency of a novel hybrid solar system for photovoltaic, thermoelectric, and heat utilization" IEEE Transaction of Energy Conversion, v.26, 2011, p.662.

H.M. Yin, P.-H. Lee, Y.J. Liu "Equivalent inclusion method for the Stokes flow of drops moving in a viscous fluid" Journal of Applied Mechanics, v., 2014, p..

Y.J. Liu, H.M. Yin "Equivalent inclusion method based simulation of the sedimentation of many particles toward functionally graded material manufacturing" Acta Mechanica, v.225, 2014, p.1429. doi:DOI: 10.1007/s00707-013-1058-0 

H.M. Yin, D.J. Yang, G. Kelly, J. Garant "Design and performance of a novel building integrated PV/thermal system for energy efficiency of buildings" Solar Energy, v.87, 2013, p.184-195.

Yuan, ZF, Yin, HM "Elastic thermal stresses in a circular overlay/rigid substrate system" Mechanics Research Communication, v.38, 2011, p.283.

P.-H. Lee, M. Odlin, H.M. Yin "Hollow cylinder test for the young?s modulus distribution and the ultimate strength of bamboo" Construction and Building Materials, v.51, 2014, p.235.

H.M. Yin, P.A. Prieto-Muñoz "Stress transfer through fully bonded interface of layered materials" Mechanics of Materials, v.62, 2013, p.69.

D.J. Yang, C. Lu, H.M. Yin, and I.P. Herman "Thermoelectric performance of PbSe quantum dot films" Nanoscale, v.5, 2013, p.7290-6.

L.Q., Yang, H.M., Yin "Parametric study in dissipative particle dynamics simulation towards particle sedimentation" Physical Review E, v., 2014, p..

P.A. Presto-Munoz, H.M. Yin, R. Testa "Mechanics of an Adhesive Anchor System Subjected to a Pullout Load. Part II: Viscoelastic Analysis" Journal of Structural Engineering ? ASCE, v.140, 2014, p.04013053.

Yuan, ZF, Yin, HM "Elastic Green's functions for a specific graded material with a quadratic variation of elasticity" Journal of Applied Mechanics, v.78, 2011, p.021021.

Yuan, ZF, Yin, HM "Elastic Green's functions for a specific graded material with a quadratic variation of elasticity" Journal of Applied Mechanics, v.78, 2011, p.021021.

Yang, DJ, Yuan, ZF, Lee, P-H, Yin, HM "Simulation and experimental validation of heat transfer in a novel hybrid solar panel" International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, v.55, 2011, p.1076.

P.A. Presto-Munoz, H.M. Yin, R. Testa "Mechanics of an Adhesive Anchor System Subjected to a Pullout Load. Part I: Elastic Analysis" Journal of Structural Engineering ? ASCE, v., 2014, p.04013052.

P.-H. Lee, H.M. Yin "Experimental investigation and numerical simulation of aluminum particle sedimentation toward functionally graded material fabrication" Journal of Nanomechanics and Micromechanics - ASCE, v., 2014, p..

H.M. Yin, B. Lai "Viscoelastic modeling and characterization of zeolite modified asphalt binder considering phase transformation and air void interaction" Road Materials and Pavement Design, v.13, 2013, p.279-299.

Y.J. Liu, H.M. Yin "Stress concentration of a micro-void embedded in an adhesive layer during stress transfer" Journal of Engineering Mechanics - ASCE, v., 2014, p..

P.A. Prieto-Muñoz, H.M. Yin, W.G. Buttlar "Viscoelastic analysis of low temperature cracking in asphalt pavements" Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering - ASCE, v.NA, 2013, p.NA.

H.M. Yin, D.J. Yang, G. Kelly, J. Garant "Design and performance of a novel building integrated PV/thermal system for energy efficiency of buildings" Solar Energy, v.87, 2013, p.184.

F.L. Chen, X. He, P.A. Prieto-Mu "noz, H.M. Yin" Opening-Mode Fractures of a Brittle Coating Bonded to an Elastoplastic Substrate, v.International Journal of Plasticity, 90, p.2015.

Y.J. Liu, H.M. Yin "Elastic thermal stress in hollow circular overlay/substrate system" Mechanics Research Communications, v.55, 2014, p.10. doi:10.1016/j.mechrescom.2013.10.002 

F.L. Chen X. He H.M. Yin "Manufacture and multi-physical characterization of aluminum/high-density polyethylene functionally graded materials for green energy building envelope applications" Energy and Buildings, v., 2015, p..


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The outcomes and findings covering the entire life of this project are summarized as follows:

  1. An aluminum/high-density polyethylene (Al/HDPE) functionally graded material (FGM) has been fabricated as an essential component of a multifunctional building envelope with high performance for energy efficiency. The mass production of the FGM has been realized by using coarse aluminum powder (Al) and fine HDPE powder through a vibration-sedimentation process, and an optimized manufacturing parameters of the FGM panel has been acquired, which is shown in Fig. 1.  A modified Rice method has been developed to measure the volume fraction through the effective density of the mixtures.  The material properties of the FGM such as Young's modulus, Poisson ratio, thermal expansion coefficients and thermal conductivities were obtained by corresponding thermomechanical tests. A multiscale computational analysis has been further developed to model the mechanical and thermal properties of the FGM and verified by comparing it with the test results. The developed multiscale model can be used to design and optimize the FGM for further development.
  2. A dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) and discrete element method (DEM) coupled simulation method has been developed to simulate the sedimentation process of many particles in the ethanol (Fig. 2). The particle interactions were investigated by particle dynamics simulation: solid-solid particle interaction was governed by the discrete element method (DEM) whereas solid-liquid and liquid-liquid particle interactions were described by the dissipative particle dynamics (DPD). The size ratio between solid and liquid particles are studied. It was disclosed that there exist a threshold of the size ratio, below which the motion of solid particles may be clogged for a given particle concentration. An empirical equation was provided to predict the size ratio of solid to liquid particles at a given particle concentration.
  3. With the optimized manufacturing parameters, a 2 ft × 2 ft prototype FGMs with water tubes embedded was fabricated by the vibration and sedimentation combined approach in order to assess the thermal efficiency toward the green energy building envelope applications (Fig. 3). Since the volume fraction of aluminum (Al) powder continuously varies in the thickness direction, the thermo-mechanical property distribution changes smoothly, and avoids the thermal stress concentration across layers and increases the structural integrity and durability of the panels.
  4. Several prototype BIPVTs have been fabricated by mounting mono-crystalline silicon PV cells onto the FGM layer with a thermal conductive adhesive.  A schematic illustration of the developed BIPVT panel is shown in Fig. 4, where the FGM layer gradually transits material phases from well-conductive side (aluminum dominated) attached with a photovoltaic (PV) solar cell to another highly insulated side (polymer materials) bonded to a structural substrate. The water tubes are embedded in the top part of the FGM layer, where the high aluminum concentration creates high thermal conductivity so that heat can be immediately transferred to water tubes in all directions, yet be insulated by the bottom part of FGM layer and the thermal insulation plywood. The substrate provides mechanical loading support and heat insulation of the building envelope.
  5. The performances of the prototype BIPVT panel in terms of its thermal efficiency via warm water collection and electricity generation via the PV cells have been investigated at the Carleton Laboratory by using a solar simulator (Fig. 5). Test resutls show that the increased temperature of the collected water by the BIPVT can be as high as 40 ºC at an irradiation of 1000 W/m2 with a relatively low flowing rate at 30 ml/min, and that the decreased surface temperature of the BIPVT ...

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