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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON
Doing Business As Name:University of Washington
PD/PI:
  • Jiangyu Li
  • (206) 543-6226
  • jjli@u.washington.edu
Award Date:08/22/2011
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 277,872
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 277,872
  • FY 2011=$277,872
Start Date:09/01/2011
End Date:08/31/2015
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Nanomechanics of Ferroelectric Fractures: Phase-Field Simulations and Piezoresponse Force Microscopy Characterizations
Federal Award ID Number:1100339
DUNS ID:605799469
Parent DUNS ID:042803536
Program:Mechanics of Materials and Str

Awardee Location

Street:4333 Brooklyn Ave NE
City:Seattle
State:WA
ZIP:98195-0001
County:Seattle
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:07

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Washington
Street:4333 Brooklyn Ave NE
City:Seattle
State:WA
ZIP:98195-0001
County:Seattle
Country:US
Cong. District:07

Abstract at Time of Award

The research objective of this grant is to elucidate the fracture of ferroelectrics, a complicated process that involves interplay between crack propagation and ferroelectric domain switching at nanometer scale. A computational phase-field method will be developed to simulate crack propagation and domain switching in ferroelectrics, and piezoresponse force microscopy will be applied for in-situ observation of such microstructure evolution in ferroelectrics under electrical, mechanical, and thermal loadings. These two techniques will be combined to investigate the fracture behavior of various ferroelectric crystals and ceramics, enabling direct comparison between computational simulations and microscopic characterization at a length scale that is most relevant to the underlying physical processes. Ferroelectrics is an important class of technological materials that are widely used as sensors, actuators, capacitors, and nonvolatile memories, and many of their applications depend on ferroelectric domain switching triggered by external fields. Ferroelectric fracture process is closely coupled with domain switching, and has important influences on the failure of ferroelectric devices. The project will shed insight on the complicated fracture processes in ferroelectric materials that is not well understood, and will help improve the performance and reliability of ferroelectric devices and systems. The project will also train graduate and undergraduate students, improve graduate and undergraduate curriculums, and offer outreach activities for K-12 school teachers and students.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Pan, K; Liu, YY; Xie, SH; Liu, YM; Li, JY "The electromechanics of piezoresponse force microscopy for a transversely isotropic piezoelectric medium" Acta Materialia, v.61, 2014, p.7020.

Matthew Zelisko, Yuranan Hanlumyuang, Shubin Yang, Yuanming Liu, Chihou Lei, Jiangyu Li, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Pradeep Sharma "Anomalous piezoelectricity in two-dimensional graphene nitride nanosheets" Nature Communications, v.6, 2014, p.4284.

Qi Yu, Jing-Feng Li, Fang-Yuan Zhu, and Jiangyu Li "Domain evolution of tetragonal Pb(ZrxTi1?x) O3 piezoelectric thin films on SrTiO3 (100) surfaces: combined effects of misfit strain and Zr/Ti ratio" Journal of Materials Chemistry C, v.2, 2014, p.5836.

Yu, Q; Li, JF; Sun, W; Zhu, FY; Liu, YM; Chen, YN; Wang, ZJ; Li, JY "Orientation-dependent piezoelectricity and domain characteristics of tetragonal Pb(Zr-0.3,Ti-0.7)(0.98)Nb0.02O3 thin films on Nb-doped SrTiO3 substrates." Applied Physics Letters, v.104, 2014, p.012908.

Zhang, Yihui, Jiangyu Li, and Daining Fang "Fracture analysis of ferroelectric single crystals: Domain switching near crack tip and electric field induced crack propagation" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, v.61, 2013, p.114.

Yuanming Liu, Yanhang Zhang, Ming-Jay Chow, Qian Nataly Chen, and Jiangyu Li "Biological Ferroelectricity Uncovered in Aortic Walls by Piezoresponse Force Microscopy" Physical Review Letters, v.108, 2012, p.078103.

Chu, P; Chen, DP; Wang, YL; Xie, YL; Yan, ZB; Wan, JG; Liu, JM ; Li, JY "Kinetics of 90 degrees domain wall motions and high frequency mesoscopic dielectric response in strained ferroelectrics: A phase-field simulation" Scientific Reports, v.4, 2014, p.5007.

Nataly Chen, Qian, Yanyi Liu, Yuanming Liu, Shuhong Xie, Guozhong Cao, and Jiangyu Li "Delineating local electromigration for nanoscale probing of lithium ion intercalation and extraction by electrochemical strain microscopy" Applied Physics Letters, v.101, 2012, p.063901.

Liu, Y. Y., L. Yang, and J. Y. Li. "Strain-engineered orthorhombic-rhombohedral phase boundary in epitaxial bismuth ferrite films" Journal of Applied Physics, v.113, 2013, p.183524.

Pan, K; Liu, YY; Xie, SH; Liu, YM; Li, JY "The electromechanics of piezoresponse force microscopy for a transversely isotropic piezoelectric medium" Acta Materialia, v.61, 2013, p.7020. doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2013.08.019 

Zhang, Yihui, Jiangyu Li, and Daining Fang "Fracture analysis of ferroelectric single crystals: Domain switching near crack tip and electric field induced crack propagation" Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, v.61, 2013, p.114.

Yuanming Liu, Hong-Ling Cai, Matthew Zelisko, Yunjie Wange, Jinglan Sun, Fei Yan, Feiyue Ma, Peiqi Wang, Qian Nataly Chen, Hairong Zheng, Xiangjian Meng, Pradeep Sharma, Yanhang Zhange, and Jiangyu Li "Ferroelectric switching of elastin" PNAS, v.111, 2014, p.E2780. doi:10.1073/pnas.1402909111 

Pan, K., Y. M. Liu, Y. Y. Liu, and J. Y. Li. "Resolving ferroelectric nanostructures via piezoresponse force microscopy-A numerical investigation" Journal of Applied Physics, v.113, 2013, p.187223.

Pan, K., Y. Y. Liu, Y. M. Liu, and J. Y. Li "Analyzing piezoresponse force microscopy for reconstruction of probed ferroelectric structures" Journal of Applied Physics, v.112, 2012, p.052016.

Liu, Yuanming, Yunjie Wang, Ming-Jay Chow, Nataly Q. Chen, Feiyue Ma, Yanhang Zhang, and Jiangyu Li "Glucose Suppresses Biological Ferroelectricity in Aortic Elastin" Physical Review Letters, v.110, 2013, p.168101.

Li, Jiang-Yu, Chi-Hou Lei, Liang-Jun Li, Yi-Chung Shu, and Yun-Ya Liu "Unconventional phase field simulations of transforming materials with evolving microstructures" Acta Mechanica Sinica, v.28, 2012, p.915.

Pan, K., Y. Y. Liu, Y. M. Liu, and J. Y. Li "Analyzing piezoresponse force microscopy for reconstruction of probed ferroelectric structures" Journal of Applied Physics, v.112, 2012, p.052016.

Liu, Yuanming, Yunjie Wang, Ming-Jay Chow, Nataly Q. Chen, Feiyue Ma, Yanhang Zhang, and Jiangyu Li "Glucose Suppresses Biological Ferroelectricity in Aortic Elastin" Physical Review Letters, v.110, 2013, p.68101.

Matthew Zelisko, Yuranan Hanlumyuang, Shubin Yang, Yuanming Liu, Chihou Lei, Jiangyu Li, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Pradeep Sharma "Anomalous piezoelectricity in two-dimensional graphene nitride nanosheets" Nature Communications, v.6, 2014, p.4284. doi:10.1038/ncomms5284 

Liu, Y. Y., L. Yang, and J. Y. Li. "Strain-engineered orthorhombic-rhombohedral phase boundary in epitaxial bismuth ferrite films" Journal of Applied Physics, v.113, 2013, p.183524.

Fu, D.W., Cai, H.L., Liu, Y., Ye, Q., Zhang, W., Zhang, Y., Chen, X.Y., Giovannetti, G, Capone, M, Li, J.Y., and Xiong, R.G. "Diisopropylammonium Bromide Is a High-Temperature Molecular Ferroelectric Crystal" Science, v.339, 2013, p.425.

Chen, QN; Ou, Y; Ma, FY; Li, JY "Mechanisms of electromechanical coupling in strain based scanning probe microscopy" Applied Physics Letters, v.104, 2014, p.242907. doi:10.1063/1.4884422 

Yuanming Liu, Hong-Ling Cai, Matthew Zelisko, Yunjie Wange, Jinglan Sun, Fei Yan, Feiyue Ma, Peiqi Wang, Qian Nataly Chen, Hairong Zheng, Xiangjian Meng, Pradeep Sharma, Yanhang Zhange, and Jiangyu Li "Ferroelectric switching of elastin" PNAS, v.111, 2014, p.E2780.

Zhang, Y; Liu, YM; Ye, HY; Fu, DW; Gao, WX; Ma, H; Liu, ZG; Liu, YY; Zhang, W ; Li, JY; Yuan, GL; Xiong, RG "A Molecular Ferroelectric Thin Film of Imidazolium Perchlorate That Shows Superior Electromechanical Coupling." ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, v.53, 2014, p.5064.

Yuanming Liu, Yanhang Zhang, Ming-Jay Chow, Qian Nataly Chen, and Jiangyu Li "Biological Ferroelectricity Uncovered in Aortic Walls by Piezoresponse Force Microscopy" Physical Review Letters, v.108, 2012, p.078103.

Shuhong Xie, Anil Gannepalli, Qian Nataly Chen, Yuanming Liu, Yichun Zhou, Roger Proksch, and Jiangyu Li "High resolution quantitative piezoresponse force microscopy of BiFeO3 nanofibers with dramatically enhanced sensitivity" Nanoscale, v.4, 2012, p.408.

Li, Jiang-Yu, Chi-Hou Lei, Liang-Jun Li, Yi-Chung Shu, and Yun-Ya Liu "Unconventional phase field simulations of transforming materials with evolving microstructures" Acta Mechanica Sinica, v.28, 2012, p.915.

Chu, P; Chen, DP; Wang, YL; Xie, YL; Yan, ZB; Wan, JG; Liu, JM ; Li, JY "Kinetics of 90 degrees domain wall motions and high frequency mesoscopic dielectric response in strained ferroelectrics: A phase-field simulation" Scientific Reports, v.4, 2014, p.5007. doi:10.1038/srep05007 

Shuhong Xie, Anil Gannepalli, Qian Nataly Chen, Yuanming Liu, Yichun Zhou, Roger Proksch, and Jiangyu Li "High resolution quantitative piezoresponse force microscopy of BiFeO3 nanofibers with dramatically enhanced sensitivity" Nanoscale, v.4, 2012, p.408.

Nataly Chen, Qian, Yanyi Liu, Yuanming Liu, Shuhong Xie, Guozhong Cao, and Jiangyu Li "Delineating local electromigration for nanoscale probing of lithium ion intercalation and extraction by electrochemical strain microscopy" Applied Physics Letters, v.101, 2012, p.063901.

Pan, K., Y. M. Liu, Y. Y. Liu, and J. Y. Li. "Resolving ferroelectric nanostructures via piezoresponse force microscopy-A numerical investigation" Journal of Applied Physics, v.113, 2013, p.187223.

Yu, Q; Li, JF; Sun, W; Zhu, FY; Liu, YM; Chen, YN; Wang, ZJ; Li, JY "Orientation-dependent piezoelectricity and domain characteristics of tetragonal Pb(Zr-0.3,Ti-0.7)(0.98)Nb0.02O3 thin films on Nb-doped SrTiO3 substrates" Applied Physics Letters, v.104, 2014, p.012908. doi:10.1063/1.4861469 

Fu, D.W., Cai, H.L., Liu, Y., Ye, Q., Zhang, W., Zhang, Y., Chen, X.Y., Giovannetti, G, Capone, M, Li, J.Y., and Xiong, R.G. "Diisopropylammonium Bromide Is a High-Temperature Molecular Ferroelectric Crystal" Science, v.339, 2013, p.425.

Qi Yu, Jing-Feng Li, Fang-Yuan Zhu, and Jiangyu Li "Domain evolution of tetragonal Pb(ZrxTi1?x) O3 piezoelectric thin films on SrTiO3 (100) surfaces: combined effects of misfit strain and Zr/Ti ratio" Journal of Materials Chemistry C, v.2, 2014, p.5836. doi:10.1039/C4TC00643G 

Chen, QN; Ou, Y; Ma, FY; Li, JY "Mechanisms of electromechanical coupling in strain based scanning probe microscopy" Applied Physics Letters, v.104, 2014, p.242907.

Zhang, Y; Liu, YM; Ye, HY; Fu, DW; Gao, WX; Ma, H; Liu, ZG; Liu, YY; Zhang, W ; Li, JY; Yuan, GL; Xiong, RG "A Molecular Ferroelectric Thin Film of Imidazolium Perchlorate That Shows Superior Electromechanical Coupling" ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION, v.53, 2014, p.5064. doi:10.1002/anie.201400348 


Project Outcomes Report

Disclaimer

This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The fracture of ferroelectrics is a fascinating problem of longstanding interests in solid mechanics, and has very important implications to the reliability and failure of a wide range of ferroelectric devices. The goal of this project is to understand the interplays of crack propagation and domain switching near crack tip, utilizing phase field simulations and piezoresponse force microscopy characterizations. Over the last a few years, we have developed advanced piezoresponse force microscopy (PFM) techniques to characterize ferroelectric materials, and used them to probe the microstructures and local electromechanical response of ferroelectrics. In addition, we have developed advanced phase field computation techniques to simulate the formation and evolution of domain structures in ferroelectrics, and adopted energy minimization theory to analyze the domain switching near crack tip in ferroelectric crystals, as well as ferroelectric fracture driven by electric field. Notable achievements include discovery of new molecular crystals with superior ferroelectric properties, demonstration of piezoelectricity in two-dimensional materials, and discovery of ferroelectric switching in biological tissues. Further insight has also been obtained upon interplay between crack propagation and ferroelectric domain switching, revealed through the combination of experimental investigation and numerical simulation. A number of graduate students and postdoctoral scholars have been trained as well.


Last Modified: 12/28/2015
Modified by: Jiangyu Li

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