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Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY SYSTEM OF NEW HAMPSHIRE
Doing Business As Name:University of New Hampshire
PD/PI:
  • Jane A Nisbet
  • (603) 862-0533
  • jan.nisbet@unh.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Richard B Howarth
  • Cameron Wake
  • Kevin H Gardner
  • Wilfred M Wollheim
Award Date:09/14/2011
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 20,000,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 21,916,262
  • FY 2015=$2,105,144
  • FY 2013=$4,000,000
  • FY 2012=$4,000,000
  • FY 2017=$1,916,262
  • FY 2011=$4,000,000
  • FY 2014=$5,894,856
Start Date:09/01/2011
End Date:12/31/2018
Transaction Type: Cooperative Agreements
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.083
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Interactions Among Climate, Land Use, Ecosystem Services and Society
Federal Award ID Number:1101245
DUNS ID:111089470
Parent DUNS ID:001765866
Program:EPSCoR Research Infrastructure
Program Officer:
  • Timothy VanReken
  • (703) 292-7378
  • tvanreke@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:51 COLLEGE RD SERVICE BLDG 107
City:Durham
State:NH
ZIP:03824-3585
County:Durham
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:01

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of New Hampshire
Street:51 COLLEGE RD SERVICE BLDG 107
City:Durham
State:NH
ZIP:03824-3585
County:Durham
Country:US
Cong. District:01

Abstract at Time of Award

This Research Infrastructure Improvement (RII) Award focuses on the terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem services in New Hampshire and their interactions with short and long term changes in climate and land use. The project will investigate the interdependence of ecosystems, climate change, and impacts on society. The work is scientifically significant and regionally relevant as ecosystem services are central to the well-being of New Hampshire residents and to the region's economy. The project brings together research universities, 2- and 4-year colleges, small businesses, local government, and non-profit organizations to address key issues related to ecosystems research, education, and workforce development in the state. Intellectual Merit This RII project will examine how climate variability and climate change affect and are affected by changes in land use, supply and demand balances of water resources, and dynamics of nutrients in New Hampshire's streams and rivers. The research program will build a statewide system of terrestrial and aquatic sensors as well as use aircraft remote sensing and satellite imagery. This infrastructure will provide information on forest structure, soil emission, water temperature, and nutrient levels with high spatial and temporal resolution than is currently possible. The new data will be used in climate, hydrological, and ecosystem models. The integration of observational and modeling work on forest and water ecosystems will lead the way to examine future scenarios of climate change and the potential impacts on ecosystem function. The project will survey public perceptions of climate change and land use and broadly disseminate the analyzed results to improve communication among the public, policy makers, and an interdisciplinary team of scientists. Broader Impacts The project has a suite of activities that are well-integrated with research to promote education at all levels. The implementation of the research project will contribute to an improved understanding of the historical effects of climate, land use, and demographic changes. In addition, improved communication among researchers, policy makers, and the public is expected to enable informed decision-making by all stakeholders. Workforce development initiatives under this project include incentives to transfer from 2-year to 4-year schools, and summer institutes for K-12 teachers, 2-year college faculty, and 4-H volunteers to be trained in the use of terrestrial and aquatic sensors, data collection methods and participation in research. The project includes distance learning programs and plans for web-based dissemination of research results.

Publications Produced as a Result of this Research

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Fuss, C., C.T. Driscoll, M.B. Green, and P. Groffman "Hydrological flowpaths during snowmelt in forested headwater catchments under differing winter climatic and soil frost regimes" Hydrological Processes, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1002/hyp.10956 

Holmes, R.M., A. I. Shiklomanov, S. E. Tank, J. W. McClelland, and M. Tretiakov "River Discharge" Arctic Report Card, v., 2015, p.. doi:http://www.arctic.noaa.gov/reportcard/river_discharge.html 

Kaushal, S.S., McDowell, W.H.,Wollheim, W.M. "Tracking evolution of urban biogeochemical cycles: past, present, and future" Biogeochemistry, v.121, 2014, p..

Berg, C., S.H. Rogers, and M. Mineau "Building Scenarios for Ecosystem Services Tools: Developing a Methodology for Efficient Engagement with Expert Stakeholders" Futures, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1016/j.futures.2015.10.014 

Melillo, J. M., Frey, S. D., DeAngelis, K. M., Werner, W. J., Bernard, M. J., Bowles, F. P., ? Grandy, A. S. "Long-term pattern and magnitude of soil carbon feedback to the climate system in a warming world" Science, v.358, 2017, p.. doi:10.1126/science.aan2874 

MacLean, Meghan Graham; Campbell, Michael J.; Maynard, Daniel S.; Ducey, Mark J.; Congalton, Russell G. "Requirements for labelling forest polygons in an object-based image analysis classification" INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, v.34, 2013, p.2531-2547. doi:10.1080/01431161.2012.747017 

Wang W., A.M., Xiao, J., Ollinger, S.V., Desai, A.R., Chen, J., Noormets, A. "Quantifying the effects of harvesting on carbon fluxes and stocks in northern temperate forests" Biogeosciences, v.11, 2014, p.6667.

Gove, Jeffrey H.; Ducey, Mark J.; Valentine, Harry T.; Williams, Michael S. "A distance limited method for sampling downed coarse woody debris" FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, v.282, 2012, p.53-62. doi:DOI:10.1016/j.foreco.2012.06.014 

Burakowski, E. A., Ollinger, S. V., Bonan, G. B., Wake, C. P., Dibb, J. E., and Hollinger, D. Y. "Evaluating the climate effects of mid-1800s deforestation in New England, USA, using a Weather, Research, and Forecasting (WRF) Model Multi-Physics Ensemble." Journal of Climate, v.29, 2015, p.. doi:doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0286.1 

Coxall, H. K., Huck, C. E., Huber, M., Lear, C. H., Legarda-Lisarri, A., O?Regan, M., ? Backman, J. "Export of nutrient rich Northern Component Water preceded early Oligocene Antarctic glaciation." Nature Geoscience, v., 2018, p.. doi:10.1038/s41561-018-0069-9 

Deegan, Linda A.; Johnson, David Samuel; Warren, R. Scott; Peterson, Bruce J.; Fleeger, John W.; Fagherazzi, Sergio; Wollheim, Wilfred M. "Coastal eutrophication as a driver of salt marsh loss" NATURE, v.490, 2012, p.388-392. doi:10.1038/nature11533 

Thorn, A., J. Xiao, and S. Ollinger. "Generalization and evaluation of the process-based forest ecosystem model PnET-CN for other biomes" Ecosphere, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1890/ES14-00542.1 

Inserillo, E. Ashley and Green, Mark B. and Shanley, James B. and Boyer, Joseph N. "Comparing catchment hydrologic response to a regional storm using specific conductivity sensors" Hydrological Processes, v.31, 2017, p.1074--108. doi:10.1002/hyp.11091 

Yanai, R. D., Tokuchi, N., Campbell, L., Green, M.B., Matsuzaski, E., Laseter, S.N. ,. . .Brown, C.L., Bailey, A.S., Lyons, P., Levine, C.R., Buso, D.C., Likens, G.E., Knoepp, J.D., Fukushima, K "Sources of uncertainty in estimating stream solute export from headwater catchments at three sites" Hydrological Processes, v.29, 2015, p.1793.

Wymore, Adam S. and Coble, Ashley A. and Rodriguez-Cardona, Bianca and McDowell, William H. "Nitrate uptake across biomes and the influence of elemental stoichiometry: A new look at LINX II" Global Biogeochemical Cycles, v.30, 2016, p.1183--119. doi:10.1002/2016GB005468 

Keegan, K.M., Albert, M.R., McConnell, J.R. Baker, I. "Climate change and forest fires synertistically drive widespread melt of the Greenland Ice Sheet." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v., 2014, p.. doi:/10.1073/pnas. 

Herold, N., Buzan, J., Seton, M., Goldner, A., Green, J. A. M., Mueller, R. D., Huber, M. "A suite of early Eocene (similar to 55 Ma) climate model boundary conditions" Geoscientific Model Development, v.7, 2014, p.2077. doi:10.5194/cp-10-523-2014 

Wollheim WM, Bernal S, Burns D, Czuba J, Driscoll CT, Hansen A, Hensley RT, Hosen J, Kaushal SS, Koenig L, Marzadri A, Raymond P, Scott D, Stewart R, Vidon P, Wohl E "River network saturation hypothesis: factors influencing biogeochemical demand of entire river networks relative to supply" Biogeochemistry, v.141, 2018, p.. doi:10.1007/s10533-018-0488-0 

Kaushal, S.S., W.H. McDowell, W.M. Wollheim, T.A. Newcomer Johnson, P.M. Mayer, K.T. Belt, and M.J. Pennino "Urban Evolution: The Role of Water" Water, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.3390/w7084063 

Kirshen, P., Wake, C., Huber, M., Knuuti, K., Stampone, M. "Sea?level Rise, Storm Surges, and Extreme Precipitation in Coastal New Hampshire: Analysis of Past and Projected Future Trends." None: Technical Report, v., 2014, p.. doi:http://nhcrhc.stormsmart.org/files/2013/11/CRHC_SAP_FinalDraft_09?24?14.pdf 

Zheng, D., M.J. Ducey, and L.S. Heath "Assessing Net Carbon Sequestration on Urban and Community Forests of Northern New England, USA" Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, v.12, 2013, p.61-68. doi:10.1016/j.ufug.2012.10.003 

Liptzin, D., M.L. Daley, and W.H. McDowell "A comparison of wet deposition collectors at a coastal rural site." Water, Air, & Soil Pollution, v.224, 2013, p.. doi:10.1007/s11270-013-1558-5 

Hale, I.L., Wollheim, W.M., Smith, R.G., Asbjornsen, H., Brito, A.F., Broders K.D.,. . .Grandy A.S., Rowe, R.J. "Pushing the boundaries: A conceptual framework for assessing the environmental impacts of expanding local agriculture" Sustainability, v.3, 2014, p.8432. doi:10.3390/su6128432 

Levy*, Charlotte, EA Burakowski, and A Richardson "Small-scale albedo measurements: A UAV approach" Remote Sensing, v.10, 2018, p.. doi:Novel Measurements of Fine-Scale Albedo: Using a Commercial Quadcopter to Measure Radiation Fluxe 

Contosta, A.R., Adolph, A., Burchsted, D., Burakowski, E., Green, M.B., Guerra, D., Albert, M., Dibb, J., Martin, M., McDowell, W.H., Routhier, M., Wake, C., Whitaker, R., Wollheim, W "A longer vernal window: the role of winter coldness and snowpack in driving spring thresholds and lags" Global Change Biology, v.23, 2016, p.1610-1625. doi:10.1111/gcb.13517 

Argerich, A., S.L. Johnson, S.D. Sebestyen, C.C. Rhoades, E. Greathouse, J.D. Knoepp, M.B. Adams, G.E. Likens, J.L. Campbell, W.H. McDowell, F.N. Scatena and G.G. Ice "Trends in Stream Nitrogen Concentrations for Forested Reference Catchments Across the USA." Environmental Research Letters, v.8, 2013, p.1-8. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014039 

Ducey, Mark J.; Williams, Michael S.; Gove, Jeffrey H.; Roberge, Steven; Kenning, Robert S. "Distance-limited perpendicular distance sampling for coarse woody debris: theory and field results" FORESTRY, v.86, 2013, p.119-128. doi:10.1093/forestry/cps059 

Green, M. B., B. K. Laursen, J. L. Campbell, K. J. McGuire, and E. P. Kelsey "Stable water isotopes suggest sub?canopy water recycling in a northern forested catchment" Hydrological Processes, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1002/hyp.10706 

Miara, A., C.J. Vorosmarty, R. Stewart, W. Wollheim, and B. Rosenzweig "Riverine Ecosystem Services and the Thermoelectric Sector: Strategic Issues Facing the Northeastern United States" Environmental Research Letters, v.8, 2014, p.. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/025017 

Murphy, M., G. Mavrommati, V. Mallampalli, R.B. Howarth, M. E. Borsuk "Comparing group deliberation to other forms of preference aggregation in valuing ecosystem services" Ecology and Society, v.22, 2017, p.. doi:10.5751/es-09519-220417 

Hamilton, L. C., Brunacini, J., and Pfirm, S. "Eyes Off the Earth? Public Opinion Regarding Climate Science and NASA" The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository, v.308, 2017, p.. doi:https://scholars.unh.edu/carsey/308 

Hamilton, L.C., J. Hartter, T.G. Safford, and F.R. Stevens "Rural Environmental Concern: Effects of Position, Partisanship and Place" Rural Sociology, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1111/ruso.12023 

Green, M.B., A.S. Bailey, S. Bailey, J.J. Battles, J.L. Campbell, C.T. Driscoll, T.J. Fahey, L. Lepine, G.E. Likens, S.V. Ollinger and P. Schaberg "Decreased Water Flowing from a Forest Amended with Calcium Silicate" Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, v.110, 2013, p.5999-6003. doi:10.1073/pnas.1302445110 

Koenig, L.E., Baumann, A.J., McDowell, W.H. "Improving automated phosphorus measurements in freshwater: an analytical approach to eliminating silica interference" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, v.12, 2014, p.223. doi:10.4319/lom.2014.12.223 

Hamilton, Lawrence C.; "Did the Arctic Ice Recover? Demographics of True and False Climate Facts" WEATHER CLIMATE AND SOCIETY, v.4, 2012, p.236-249. doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-12-00008.1 

Ducey, M.J., R. Astrup, S. Seifert, H. Pretzsch, B.C. Larson, and K.D. Coates "Comparison of Forest Inventory and Canopy Attributes Derived from Two Terrestrial LIDAR Systems" Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing, v.79, 2013, p.245-258.

Koenig, L.E., A.J. Baumann, and W.H. McDowell "Improving automated phosphorus measurements in freshwater: an analytical approach to eliminating silica interference" Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.4319/lom.2014.12.223 

Krishnan, S., Pagani, M., Huber, M., & Sluijs, A "High latitude hydrological changes during the Eocene Thermal Maximum 2" EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, v.404, 2014, p.167. doi:10.1016/j.eps1.2014.07.029 

Sullivan, Franklin B.; Ollinger, Scott V.; Martin, Mary E.; Ducey, Mark J.; Lepine, Lucie C.; Wicklein, Haley F. "Foliar nitrogen in relation to plant traits and reflectance properties of New Hampshire forests" CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH-REVUE CANADIENNE DE RECHERCHE FORESTIERE, v.43, 2013, p.18-27. doi:10.1139/cjfr-2012-0324 

Ducey, Mark J.; "Evergreenness and wood density predict height-diameter scaling in trees of the northeastern United States" FOREST ECOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, v.279, 2012, p.21-26. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2012.04.034 

AMARAL, T., WAKE, C. P., DIBB, J. E., BURAKOWSKI, E. A., & STAMPONE, M. "A simple model of snow albedo decay using observations from the Community Collaborative Rain, Hail, and Snow-Albedo (CoCoRaHS-Albedo) Network" Journal of Glaciology, v.63, 2017, p.. doi:10.1017/jog.2017.54 

Mockrin, M.H., S.I. Stewart, V.C. Radeloff, R.B. Hammer and K.M. Johnson "Spatial and Temporal Residential Density Patterns from 1940 to 2000 in and Around the Northern Forest of New England" Population and Environment, v.34, 2013, p.400-419. doi:10.1007/s11111-012-0165-5 

Mavrommati G, M. Borsuk and R. B. Howarth "A novel deliberative multicriteria evaluation approach to ecosystem services valuation" Ecology and Society, v.22, 2017, p.. doi:10.5751/es-09105-220239 

Creed, I.F., McKnight, D.M., Pellerin, B.A., Green, M.B., Bergamaschi, B.A., Aiken, G.R., . . .Burns, D.A., Findlay, S.E., Shanley, J.B., Striegl, R.G., Aulenbach, B.T., Clow, D.W., Laudon, H., McGylnn, B.L., McGuire, K.J., Smith, R.A., Stackpoole, S.M. "The river as a chemostat: fresh perspectives on dissolved organic matter flowing down the river continuum" Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2014-0400 

Whelsky, A.N. and M.R. Albert "Firn permeability impacts on pressure loss associated with rapid air movement drilling" Cold Regions Science and Technology, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1016/j.coldregions.2015.11.018. 

Hamilton, L "What people know" Environmental Studies and Sciences, v.5, 2015, p.54. doi:10.1007/s13412-015-0222-3 

Hamilton, Lawrence C. "Public Awareness of Scientific Consensus on Climate Change Is Rising" Caresy Research, National Fact Sheet #37, v., 2018, p.. doi:https://scholars.unh.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1335&context=carsey 

Hope, A.J., W.H. McDowell, and W.M. Wollheim "Ecosystem Metabolism and Nutrient Uptake in an Urban, Piped Headwater Stream" Biogeochemistry, v., 2013, p.. doi:10.1007/s10533-013-9900-y 

Wymore, A. S., R. L. Brereton, D. E. Ibarra, K. Maher, and W. H. McDowell "Critical zone structure controls concentration-discharge relationships and solute generation in forested tropical montane watersheds" Water Resources Research, v.53, 2017, p.. doi:10.1002/2016wr020016 

Wymore, Adam S. and Rodriguez-Cardona, Bianca and McDowell, William H. "Understanding Dissolved Organic Matter Biogeochemistry Through In Situ Nutrient Manipulations in Stream Ecosystems" Journal of Visualized Experiments, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.3791/54704 

Zheng, Daolan; Heath, Linda S.; Ducey, Mark J.; Quayle, Brad "Assessing Double Counting of Carbon Emissions Between Forest Land-Cover Change and Forest Wildfires: A Case Study in the United States, 1992-2006" ECOSYSTEMS, v.16, 2013, p.310-322. doi:10.1007/s10021-012-9616-1 

Adolph, A. C., M. R. Albert, J. Lazarcik, J. E. Dibb, J. M. Amante, and A. Price "Dominance of Grain Size Impacts on Seasonal Snow Albedo in New Hampshire" Journal of Geophysical Research, v.122, 2017, p.121-139. doi:10.1002/2016JD025362 

Gove, Jeffrey H.; Ducey, Mark J.; Valentine, Harry T.; Williams, Michael S. "A comprehensive comparison of perpendicular distance sampling methods for sampling downed coarse woody debris" FORESTRY, v.86, 2013, p.129-143. doi:10.1093/forestry/cps039 

Downing, J. A.; Cole, J. J.; Duarte, C. M.; Middelburg, J. J.; Melack, J. M.; Prairie, Y. T.; Kortelainen, P.; Striegl, R. G.; McDowell, W. H.; Tranvik, L. J. "Global abundance and size distribution of streams and rivers" INLAND WATERS, v.2, 2012, p.229-236. doi:10.5268/IW-2.4.502 

Hamilton, L.C. and M. Lemcke-Stampone "Arctic Warming and Your Weather: Public Belief in the Connection" International Journal of Climatology, v.34, 2014, p.1723. doi:10.1002/joc.3796 

Fahey, T. J., Templer, P.H., Anderson, B.T., Battles, J., Campbell, L., Driscoll, C.T., . . . Fusco, A.R., Green, M.B., Kassam, K.S., Rodenhouse, N.L., Rustad, L., Schaberg, P.G., Vadeboncoeur, M.A. "The promise and peril of intensive-site-based ecological research: insights from the Hubbard Brook ecosystem study" Ecology, v.96, 2015, p.885.

Wollheim, W.M. "From Headwaters to rivers to river networks: scaling in stream ecology" Stream Ecosystems in a Changing Environment, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-405890-3.00008-7 

Samal, N., W. Wollheim, S. Zuidema, R. Stewart, Z. Zhou, M. Mineau, T. Huang, S. Glidden, C. Wake, M. Bursuk, D. Lutz, G. Mavrommati, and K. Gardner "A coupled terrestrial and aquatic biogeophysical model of the Upper Merrimack River watershed, New Hampshire, to inform ecosystem services evaluation and management under climate and land-cover change" Ecosystems and Society, v.22, 2017, p.. doi:10.5751/es-09662-220418 

Benettin, P., S. W. Bailey, J. L. Campbell, M. B. Green, A. Rinaldo, G. E. Likens, K. J. McGuire, and G. Botter "Linking water age and solute dynamics in streamflow at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, NH, USA" Water Resources Research, v., 2015, p..

Lutz, D.A. and R.B. Howarth "The Price of Snow: Albedo Valuation and a Case Study for Forest Management." Environmental Research Letters, v.10, 2015, p.. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/6/064013 

Morse, N.B., W.M. Wollheim, J.P. Benstead, W.H. McDowell "Impacts of Suburbanization on Food Web Stoichiometry in Detritus-based Streams of New England" Freshwater Science, v.31, 2012, p.1202-1213. doi:10.1899/12-004.1 

Daley, M.L. "Understanding Nitrogen Sources in the Great Bay Watershed" Great Bay Matters, v., 2015, p.. doi:http://greatbay.org/documents/gbmspring2015.pdf 

Koenig, L. E., Shattuck, M. D., Snyder, L. E., Potter, J. D., & McDowell, W. H. "Deconstructing the Effects of Flow on DOC, Nitrate, and Major Ion Interactions Using a High-Frequency Aquatic Sensor Network" Water Resources Research, v.53, 2017, p.. doi:10.1002/2017wr020739 

Bright, Ryan M.; Cherubini, Francesco; Astrup, Rasmus; Bird, Neil; Cowie, Annette L.; Ducey, Mark J.; Marland, Gregg; Pingoud, Kim; Savolainen, Ilkka; Stromman, Anders H. "A comment to "Large-scale bioenergy from additional harvest of forest biomass is neither sustainable nor greenhouse gas neutral": Important insights beyond greenhouse gas accounting" GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY BIOENERGY, v.4, 2012, p.617-619. doi:: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01190.x 

Lazarcik J, J.E. Dibb, A.C. Adolph, J.M. Amante, C.P. Wake, E. Scheuer, M.M. Mineau, and M.R. Albert "Major Fraction of Black Carbon is Flushed from New Hampshire Seasonal Snowpack Early in Melt" Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres, v.122, 2017, p.. doi:10.1002/2016JD025351 

Wymore, A.S., A. A. Coble, B. Rodríguez-Cardona, and W.H. McDowell "Nitrate uptake across biomes and the influence of elemental stoichiometry: A new look at LINX II" Geophysical Research Letters, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1007/s10533-015-0153-9 

Mockrin, M.H., S.I. Stewart, V.C. Radeloff, R.B. Hammer and K.M. Johnson "Spatial and Temporal Residential Density Patterns from 1940 to 2000 in and Around the Northern Forest of New England" Population and Environment, v.34, 2013, p.400.

Lutz, D.A., E.A. Burakowski, M.B. Murphy, M.E. Borsuk, R.M. Niemiec, and R.B. Howarth "Tradeoffs between Three Forest Ecosystem Services across the State of New Hampshire, USA: Timber, Carbon, and Albedo" Ecological Applications, v.26, 2015, p.. doi:10.1890/14-2207.1 

Burakowski, E. A., Tawfik, A., Ouimette, A., Lepine, L., Zarzycki, C., Novick, K., ? Bonan, G. "Simulating surface energy fluxes using the variable-resolution Community Earth System Model (VR-CESM)." Theoretical and Applied Climatology, v., 2019, p.. doi:10.1007/s00704-019-02785-0 

Hamilton, L.C. & Safford, T.G. "Environmental views from the coast: Public concern about local to global marine issues" Society and Natural Resources, v.28, 2015, p.57. doi:10.1080/08941920.2014.933926 

Hamilton, L.C. "Conservative and liberal views of science: Does trust depend on topic?" Durham, NH: Carsey School of Public Policy, v., 2015, p.. doi:http://scholars.unh.edu/carsey/252/ 

Mallampalli, V.R., G. Mavrommati, J. Thompson, M. Duveneck, S. Meyer, A. Ligmann-Zielinska, C. Gottschalk Druschke, K. Hychka, M. A. Kenney, K. Kok, and M. E. Borsuk. "Methods for Translating Narrative Scenarios into Quantitative Assessments of Land Use Change" Environmental Modelling & Software, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1016/j.envsoft.2016.04.011 

Burchsted D, Daniels MD, Wohl EE "Introduction to the Special Issue on Discontinuity of Fluvial Systems" Geomorphology, v.205, 2014, p.1.

Contosta, Alexandra R. and Adolph, Alden and Burchsted, Denise and Burakowski, Elizabeth and Green, Mark and Guerra, David and Albert, Mary and Dibb, Jack and Martin, Mary and McDowell, William H. and Routhier, Michael and Wake, Cameron and Whitaker, Rach "A longer vernal window: the role of winter coldness and snowpack in driving spring transitions and lags" Global Change Biology, v.23, 2016, p.. doi:10.1111/gcb.13517 Citation details  

Groffman, P.M., L.E. Rustad, P.H. Templer, J.L. Campbell, L.M. Christenson, N.K. Lany, A.M. Socci, M.A. Vadeboncoeur, P.G. Schaberg, G.F. Wilson, C.T. Driscoll, T.J. Fahey, M.C. Fisk, C.L. Goodale, M.B. Green, S.P. Hamburg, C.E. Johnson, M.J. Mitchell, J. "Long-term Integrated Studies Show Complex and Surprising Effects of Climate Change in the Northern Hardwood Forest." BioScience, v.62, 2012, p.1056-1066. doi:10.1525/bio.2012.62.12.7 

Snyder, L.E., Potter, J.D. and McDowell, W.H. "An Evaluation of Nitrate, fDOM, and Turbidity Sensors in New Hampshire Streams" Water Resources Research, v.54, 2018, p.. doi:10.1002/2017WR020678 

Hollis, C. J., Tayler, M. J. S., Andrew, B., Taylor, K. W., Lurcock, P., Bijl, P. K.,Phillips, A. "Organic-rich sedimentation in the South Pacific Ocean associated with Late Paleocene climatic cooling" Earth Science Reviews, v.134, 2014, p.81. doi:10.1016/j.earscirev.2014.03.006 

Hamilton, L.C., J. Hartter, M. Lemcke-Stampone, D.W. Moore, and T.G. Safford "Tracking public beliefs about anthropogenic climate change" PLOS ONE, v.10(9), 2015, p.e0138208. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138208 

Marquart-Pyatt, S.T., A.K. Jorgenson and L.C. Hamilton "Methodological approaches for sociological research on climate change" Climate Change and Society: Sociological Perspectives, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199356102.003.0012 

Bucci, J. P., Shattuck, M. D., Aytur, S. A., Carey, R., & McDowell, W. H. "A case study characterizing animal fecal sources in surface water using a mitochondrial DNA marker" Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, v.189, 2017, p.. doi:10.1007/s10661-017-6107-z 

Lutz, D.A. & Howarth, R.B. "?Valuing Albedo as an Ecosystem Service: Implications for Forest Management" Climatic Change, v.124, 2014, p.53.

Hamilton, L.C. & Stampone M. "?Arctic warming and your weather: Public belief in the connection.?" International Journal of Climatology, v.34, 2014, p.1723. doi:10.1002/joc.3796 

Jacobs, S., Dendoncker, N., Martín-López, B., Barton, D. N., Gomez-Baggethun, E., Boeraeve, F., ? Washbourne, C.-L. "A new valuation school: Integrating diverse values of nature in resource and land use decisions" Ecosystem Services, v.22, 2016, p.213--220. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.11.007 

Burakowski, Elizabeth A. and Tawfik, Ahmed and Ouimette, Andrew and Lepine, Lucie and Zarzycki, Colin and Novick, Kimberly and Ollinger, Scott and Bonan, Gordon "Simulating surface energy fluxes using the variable-resolution Community Earth System Model (VR-CESM)" Theoretical and Applied Climatology, v., 2019, p.. doi:10.1007/s00704-019-02785-0 Citation details  

Komurcu, M. and Emanuel, K. A. and Huber, M. and Acosta, R. P. "High?Resolution Climate Projections for the Northeastern United States Using Dynamical Downscaling at Convection?Permitting Scales" Earth and Space Science, v.5, 2018, p.. doi:10.1029/2018ea000426 Citation details  

Bring, A., Shiklomanov, A., & Lammers, R. B. "Pan-Arctic river discharge: Prioritizing monitoring of future climate change hot spots" Earth?s Future, v.5, 2017, p.. doi:10.1002/2016ef000434 

Burakowski, E, CP Wake, JE Dibb, M Stampone "Putting the Capital ?A? in CoCoRAHS: An Experimental Program to Measure Albedo using the Community Collaborative Rain Hail and Snow (CoCoRaHS) Network" Hydrological Processes, Special Issue, 69th Eastern Snow Conference, v.27, 2013, p.3024.

Wymore, A.S., B. Rodriguez-Cardona, and W.H. McDowell "Direct response of dissolved organic nitrogen to nitrate availability in headwater streams" Biogeochemistry, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1007/s10533-015-0153-9 

Hamilton, L.C., C.P. Wake, J. Hartter, T.G. Safford and A. Puchlopek "Flood realities, perceptions, and the depth of divisions on climate" Sociology, v.50, 2016, p.. doi:10.1177/0038038516648547 

Burchsted D, Daniels MD "Classification of the alterations of beaver dams to headwater streams in northeastern Connecticut, U.S.A." Geomorphology, v.205, 2014, p.36.

Hartter, J., F.R. Stevens, L.C. Hamilton, R.G. Congalton, M.J. Ducey and P.T. Oester "Modeling associations between public understanding, engagement and forest conditions in the Inland Northwest, USA." PLOS ONE, v., 2015, p.. doi:10(2):e0117975. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0117975 

Hamilton, L.C., J. Hartter, B.D. Keim, A.E. Boag, M.W. Palace, F.R. Stevens and M.J. Ducey "Wildfire, climate, and perceptions in northeast Oregon" Regional Environmental Change, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1007/s10113-015-0914-y 

Carey, R. O., Wollheim, W.M., Mulukutla, G.K., Mineau, M.M. "Characterizing storm-event nitrate fluxes and a fifth order suburbanizing watershed using in-situ sensors" Environmental Science and Technology, v.48, 2014, p.7756. doi:10.1021/es500252j 

Wymore, AS, J Potter, L Snyder, B Rodríguez-Cardona, and WH McDowell "Using in-situ optical sensors to understand the coupled biogeochemistry of carbon and nitrogen across a stream network" Water Resources Research, v., 2018, p.. doi:10.1002/2017WR022168 

Wicklein, Haley F.; Ollinger, Scott V.; Martin, Mary E.; Hollinger, David Y.; Lepine, Lucie C.; Day, Michelle C.; Bartlett, Megan K.; Richardson, Andrew D.; Norby, Richard J. "Variation in foliar nitrogen and albedo in response to nitrogen fertilization and elevated CO2" OECOLOGIA, v.169, 2012, p.915-925. doi:10.1007/s00442-012-2263-6 

Mavrommati, G., K. Bithas, M. Borsuk, and R. B. Howarth "Integration of ecological-biological thresholds in conservation decision making" Conservation Biology, v., 2016, p.. doi:10.1111/cobi.12745 

Contosta, Alexandra R.; Burakowski, Elizabeth A.; Varner, Ruth K.; Frey, Serita D. "Winter soil respiration in a humid temperate forest: The roles of moisture, temperature, and snowpack" Journal of Geophysical?Biogeosciences, v.121, 2016, p.3072. doi:10.1002/2016JG003450 

Ducey, M.J., K.M. Johnson, E. Belair and M.H. Mockrin "Forests in Flux: The Effects of Demographic Change on Forest Cover in New England and New York." Carsey Institute National Issue Brief. Durham, NH: Carsey Institute, v., 2016, p..

Hamilton, L.C. "Polar facts in the age of polarization" Polar Geography, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1080/1088937X.2015.1051158 

Hamilton, L.C. &. Saito K. "?A four-party view of U.S. environmental concern.?" Environmental Politics, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1080/09644016.2014.976485 

Koenig, L. E., Song, C., Wollheim, W. M., Rüegg, J., & McDowell, W. H. "Nitrification increases nitrogen export from a tropical river network." Freshwater Science, v.36, 2017, p.. doi:10.1086/694906 

Buizert, C., B. Adrian, J. Ahn, M. Albert, R. B. Alley, D. Baggenstos, T.K. Bauska, R. C. Bay, B. B. Bencivengo, C. R. Bentley, E. J. Brook, N. J. Chellman, G.D. Clow, J. Cole-Dai, H. Conway, E. Cravens, K. M. Cuffey, N. W. Dunbar, J. S. Edwards, J.M. Feg "Precise interpolar phasing of abrupt climate change during the last ice age" Nature, v.520, 2015, p.. doi:10.1038/nature14401 

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McGarrigle, E., J.A. Kershaw Jr., M.J. Ducey, and M. Lavigne "A New Approach to Modeling Stand-level Dynamics based on informed random walks: Influence of Bandwidth and Sample Size" Forestry, v.0, 2013, p.1-13. doi:10.1093/forestry/cpt008 

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McDermott, S.M., R.B. Howarth, and D.A. Lutz "Biomass Energy and Climate Neutrality: The Case of the Northern Forest" Land Economics, v., 2015, p.. doi:doi: 10.3368/le.91.2.197 

Contosta, A.R., E.A. Burakowski, R.K. Varner, and S.D. Frey. "Winter soil respiration in a temperate forest: the role of moisture, temperature, snowpack, and wind" Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, v.121, 2016, p.3072-3088. doi:10.1002/2016jg003450 

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Jay Pitocchelli, David Guerra, Jaimie Kender "Jay Pitocchelli, David Guerra, Jaimie Kender" Wilson Journal of Ornithology, v.130, 2018, p.. doi:10.1676/17-089.1 

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Shao, W., B.D. Keim, J.C. Garland, and L.C. Hamilton "Weather, Climate, and the Economy: Explaining Risk Perceptions of Global Warming, 2001?2010" Weather, Climate, and Society, v.6, 2014, p.119. doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00029.1 

McDowell, W.H. "NEON and STREON: opportunities and challenges for the aquatic sciences" Freshwater Science, v.34, 2014, p.. doi:10.1086/679489 

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Wilhelm, J. F., Bain, D. J., Green, M. B., Bush, K. F., & McDowell, W. H. "Trace metals in Northern New England streams: Evaluating the role of road salt across broad spatial scales with synoptic snapshots" PLOS ONE, v.14, 2019, p.. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0212011 

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Bain, Daniel J.; Hale, Rebecca L.; Wollheim, Wilfred M. "Hotbeds of Biogeochemical Diversity: Insights from Urban Long-Term Ecological Research Sites" ELEMENTS, v.8, 2012, p.435-438. doi:410.2113/gselements.2118. 2116.2435 

Thorn, Alexandra and Thompson, Jonathan and Plisinski, Joshua "{Patterns and Predictors of Recent Forest Conversion in New England}" Land, v.5, 2016, p.30. doi:10.3390/land5030030 

Hamilton, L.C. and M.D. Stampone "Blowin? in the Wind: Short-term Weather and Belief in Anthropogenic Climate Change" Weather, Climate, and Society, v.5, 2013, p.112-119. doi:10.1175/WCAS-D-12-00048.1 

Mulukutla, G., B.T. Godbois, and S.D. Frey "Deployment of a Large Scale Soil Monitoring Geosensor Network" SIGSPATIAL, v.7(2), 2015, p.. doi:10.1145/2826686.2826689 

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Loos, Jonathon R. and Rogers, Shannon H. "Understanding stakeholder preferences for flood adaptation alternatives with natural capital implications" Ecology and Society, v.21, 2016, p.art32. doi:10.5751/ES-08680-210332 

Stewart, R. J., W. M. Wollheim, A. Miara, C. J. Vorosmarty, B. Fekete, R. Lammers, and B. Rosenzweig "Horizontal Cooling Towers: Riverine Ecosystem Services and the Fate of Thermoelectric Heat in the Contemporary Northeast" Environmental Research Letters, v.8, 2013, p.. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/025010 

Wheeler, J. A., Frey, S. D., & Stinson, K. A. "Tree seedling responses to multiple environmental stresses: Interactive effects of soil warming, nitrogen fertilization, and plant invasion" Forest Ecology and Management, v.403, 2017, p.. doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2017.08.010 

Niemiec, R., Lutz, D.A., Howarth, R.B. "How does Valuing Carbon Sequestration Affect the Management of Forest Insect Pests? A Case Study of the Southern Pine Beetle in the New Jersey Pinelands" Environmental Management, v., 2014, p.1.

Coble, AA, AS Wymore, MD Shattuck, JD Potter, and WH McDowell. "Multiyear Trends in Solute Concentrations and Fluxes From a Suburban Watershed: Evaluating Effects of 100-Year Flood Events" Journal of Geophysical Research ? Biogeosciences, v.123, 2018, p.. doi:10.1029/2018jg004657 

Pellissier, P.A., S.V. Ollinger, L.C. Lepine, M.W. Palace, and W.H. McDowell "Remote sensing of foliar nitrogen in cultivated grasslands of human dominated landscapes" Remote Sensing of Envrionment, v.167, 2015, p.. doi:10.1016j.rse.2015.06.009 

Flint, S.F. and W.H. McDowell "Effects of headwater wetlands on dissolved nitrogen and dissolved organic carbon concentrations in a suburban New Hampshire watershed" Freshwater Science, v.34, 2015, p.. doi:10.1086/680985 

Lazarcik, J. and Dibb, J.E. "Evidence of Road Salt in New Hampshire?s Snowpack Hundreds of Meters from Roadways" Geosciences, v.7, 2017, p.. doi:10.3390/geosciences7030054 

Berg, C., S.H. Rogers, and M. Mineau "Evaluating the Ecosystem Service of Nutrient Removal in a Coastal Watershed: A Case Study of New Hampshire?s Great Bay" Ecosystem Services, v.20, 2016, p.. doi:10.1016/j.ecoser.2016.06.007 

Polashenski, C. M., J. E. Dibb, M. G. Flanner, J. Chen, Z. R. Courville, A. M. Lai, J. J. Schauer, and M. M. Bergin "Neither dust nor black carbon causing apparent albedo decline in Greenland?s dry snow zone; implications for MODIS C5 surface reflectance" Geophysical Research Letters, v., 2015, p.. doi:10.1002/2015GL065912 

Burakowski, EA, A Tawfik, A Ouimette, L Lepine, K Novick, S Ollinger, C Zarzycki, and G Bonan. "The role of surface roughness, albedo, and Bowen ratio on ecosystem energy balance in the Eastern United States." Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, v.249, 2018, p.. doi:10.106/j.agrformet.2017.11.030 

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Adolph, A.C. & Albert, M.R "Gas diffusivity and permeability through the firn column at Summit, Greenland: measurements and comparison to microstructural properties" The Cryosphere, v.8, 2014, p.319. doi:doi:10.519 

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Rodriguez-Cardona, B., Wymore, A.S. and McDowell, W.H. "DOC:NO3 ratios and NO3 uptake in forested headwater streams" Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, v.121, 2016, p.. doi:10.1002/2015JG003146. 

Creed, I.F., A.T. Spargo, J.A. Jones, J.M. Nuttle, M.B. Adams, F.D. Beall, E. Booth, J. Campbell, D. Clow, K. Elder, M.B. Green, N.B. Grimm, C. Miniat, P. Ramlal, A. Saha, S. Sebestyen, D. Spittlehouse, S. Sterling, M.W. Williams, R. Winkler, and H. Yao. "Changing Forest Water Yields in Response to Climate Warming: Results From Long-term Experimental Watershed Sites Across North America" Global Change Biology, v., 2014, p.. doi:10.1111/gcb.12615 

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Hanson, E. & Burakowski, E.A. "Sampling in the Snow: Winter Field Experiences Provide Relevant, Real World Connections Between Scientific Practice and Disciplinary Core Ideas." The Science Teach, v., 2015, p..

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Project Outcomes Report

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This Project Outcomes Report for the General Public is displayed verbatim as submitted by the Principal Investigator (PI) for this award. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Report are those of the PI and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation; NSF has not approved or endorsed its content.

The New Hampshire NSF EPSCoR RII Track-1 award (#1101245), Interactions Among Climate, Land Use, Ecosystem Services, and Society, integrated ecosystem measurements, process-based models and social science to better understand how climate and land cover change affect key terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems across multiple scales. The project’s goals were: 1) To understand how climate variability, climate change and human land use affect the ability of NH landscapes to provide essential aquatic and terrestrial ecosystem services across multiple scales, 2) To build capacity for competitive research in interdisciplinary ecosystem-related natural and social sciences, 3) To strengthen and diversify the STEM workforce pipeline in NH, and 4) To strengthen management and policy decision capacity in NH regarding ecosystems and their services to, and interactions with, society.

Led by the University of New Hampshire, the Ecosystems & Society project engaged researchers and educators from institutions of higher education, formal and informal science education providers, and citizen science networks. Academic partners included Dartmouth College, Plymouth State University, Keene State College, St. Anselm College, Great Bay Community College, and White Mountains Community College.

A new climate dataset was created for New England, dynamically downscaling Earth-system model projections using the Weather Research and Forecasting Model. The resulting high-resolution dataset contains hourly output for the highest resolution domain and is the first climate projections for the region with such high frequency output for a long (55-year) time period. The dataset provides critical inputs for regional impact studies of climate change in such areas as climate extremes, water resources, economic impacts, and other decision-making elements crucial for sound regional planning.  

An aquatic sensor network was installed at stream headwater sites, large river sites and at a spatially extensive statewide aquatic network, integrated with a soil sensor system to provide coupled measurements of vegetation, soil conditions, snow cover and headwater stream response. Terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem process models were linked to simulate hydrologic and water quality characteristics related to ecosystem services at regional scales. For the first time, a sensor network was used to estimate whole river network nitrate removal, indicating the potential of sensor networks to improve understanding of water quality controls. 

Coupling a terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem model to understand the coupled effects of atmospheric change and land use change as they propagate through terrestrial and into aquatic ecosystems revealed how water quality may potentially change in the future under different scenarios.  Climate scenarios, land use scenarios, and model biogeophysical results were translated into a suite of environmental indicators that represent conditions of the climate, land, and water domains relevant to important ecosystem services and designed to be readily understood by the general public.

Human perceptions and response to ecosystems were measured to understand how decision makers and other residents perceive and value a range of ecosystem services. Researchers developed an integrated ecological-economic model on the tradeoffs between timber harvests, carbon uptake and storage, and surface albedo in the evaluation of forest management strategies. A novel use of deliberative multicriteria decision analysis assessed public attitudes and preferences concerning the ecosystem services generated by the upper Merrimack River watershed.

The NH EPSCoR Data Discovery Center (ddc.unh.edu), established by this project, is a comprehensive data management system, delivering a suite of data ingestion, hosting, query, visualization, and analysis tools directly to the project research teams. In addition, the DDC extends the visibility and utility of the project data sets to stakeholders throughout the state and region.

This project produced 165 publications in peer-reviewed journals. It provided support to 299 individuals, including 52 faculty, 13 post-docs, 17 Ph.D students, 29 M.S. students, 108 undergraduate students, 56 technical staff and 24 other staff. New faculty were installed at two community colleges and two four-year colleges, and faculty from several other colleges were engaged in research and education projects supported by seed funds from this award.

The Ecosystems & Society project sponsored 17 initiatives to provide research or research training experiences such as citizen science networks, specialized data and GIS training for teachers, support and mentoring of community college students transferring to UNH, and sponsorship of outreach programs for middle school and high school students. This project provided educational outreach programs, including research experiences for undergraduates and teachers, to 24,202 people. Over 19,000 students were reached through teacher training programs, including 2,537 students underrepresented in STEM.

Research snapshots from the Ecosystem & Society project can be viewed here: https://www.nhepscor.org/news/11.


Last Modified: 03/12/2019
Modified by: Kevin H Gardner

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