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Polar

Polar research

Polar regions are unique natural laboratories. A range of research can be undertaken only there or best there. Supporting Polar Research allows us to better understand Earth and its systems, explore the geographical frontier, and perform research not possible elsewhere.

89 Award Highlights found :: Polar

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an ice core from the side of the main hole

Prehistoric ice cores help predict future climate

Climate time capsule shows previously hidden interactions between greenhouse gases and climate...

Research Areas: Earth & Environment, Polar

rifts and surface crevasses near pine island glacier's grounding line

West Antarctic ice shelves slip-sliding away

Ice shelves are losing their grip and could amplify ice loss to the sea...

Research Areas: Polar

a small group gathers for deployment of the final group of digital optical modules

Insights Into the Beginnings of Cosmic Rays

Observations cause astronomers to reevaluate theory of cosmic ray generation...

Research Areas: Physics, Polar, Astronomy & Space

intensity map for cosmic rays from a 20-teraelectronvolt sample

Energy Levels Influence Cosmic Ray Arrivals

Polar observatory detects an alternate arrival pattern that departs from predictions ...

Research Areas: Earth & Environment, Polar

tree ferns and palms in new zealand are similar to those that grew in antarctica 50 million years ago

A Tropical Antarctic

Plant pollen in deep sea drill cores points to persistence of tropical forests in the Antarctic...

Research Areas: Earth & Environment, Polar

Photo of two scientists loading ice cores into a large metal basin, blue sky, mountains in background

New Discovery on the Interaction of Cosmic Rays and Glacier Ice

Discoveries will allow scientists to use the carbon-14 isotope of methane to better understand how methane in the atmosphere changes at times of global warming....

Research Areas: Earth & Environment, Polar

photo of five students, three with hands inside plastic bags in plastic tub; they are investigating temperature changes

Polar Scientists Collaborate With Students for Crow Education Partnership

This partnership provides science enrichment activities for 10 fourth-grade classrooms in three different schools on or near the Crow reservation, and professional development for their teachers....

Research Areas: Education, Earth & Environment, Polar

composite image of the bullet cluster of galaxies

Dark Matters

Indirect detection of dark matter shows expected levels of neutrino background...

Research Areas: Polar, Astronomy & Space

bering sea

The Past Reveals Big Climate Change on the Bering Sea

The Bering Sea was free of sea ice and warmer about 3 million years ago...

Research Areas: Earth & Environment, Polar

researcher and students measure glacier ablation stakes

Arctic Summers Spark STEM Careers

Fieldwork gives students first-hand climate change research experience...

Research Areas: Polar, Education

graduate student working on arctic ocean modeling

International Arctic Ocean Modeling

U.S. and China partner to advance modeling of polar waters...

Research Areas: Polar, Computing

researcher cores a larch tree near the arctic circle

Climate Affects Arctic Tree Growth

Northermost trees experiencing slow growth due to warming in recent decades...

Research Areas: Polar, Earth & Environment

researchers sample snow to determine black carbon content in southern greenland

Arctic Snow Soot Shows Little Change

Black carbon levels remain at 1980s levels...

Research Areas: Polar

russian commercial pollock fishery fleet in the bering sea

Tracking Temperatures in the Bering Sea

Modeling water temperatures may help fisheries locate marine life...

Research Areas: Polar

doctoral students examine firn core from Antarctica

Polar Snow As Atmospheric Archive

Ancient gases trapped in old snow provide clues about today's atmosphere...

Research Areas: Polar

artist's concept of the heliosphere

Taming the Solar Wind

Solar wind protons don't reach Earth but the waves they generate do...

Research Areas: Astronomy & Space, Polar

close-up of the South Pole Telescope's polarimeter

Cosmic Camera Takes Ultrasensitive Measurements

Unprecedented imaging possible with polarization-sensitive device...

Research Areas: Astronomy & Space, Polar

comparison of dark matter using gravitational lensing

Small Distortions Provide Astronomical Insights

Telescope measures gravitational lensing, the only method to study dark matter directly...

Research Areas: Astronomy & Space, Polar

plasmaspheric hiss in near-Earth space

Predicting Radiation Levels in Near-Earth Space

New models give insights on conditions for operating satellites and spacecraft...

Research Areas: Astronomy & Space, Polar

aurora over the south pole telescope

South Pole Telescope Sees Distant Galaxy Clusters

Novel technique reveals the most distant and massive clusters in the universe...

Research Areas: Polar, Astronomy & Space

plane flies over one of five Antarctic automatic geophysical observatories

Auroras Suggest Solar Plasma's Circulation Pattern

Insights may improve forecasts of near-Earth space weather ...

Research Areas: Polar, Earth & Environment

south pole telescope

South Pole Telescope Reveals Early Cosmic Radiation

Findings suggest period of rapid expansion following the Big Bang did occur...

Research Areas: Polar, Astronomy & Space

edge of Antarctic glacier

Ancient Global Cooling Linked to Decreases in Carbon Dioxide

The real role of carbon dioxide in glacier formation and climate change...

Research Areas: Polar, Earth & Environment

map of antarctic current

How the Antarctic Current Changed the Ocean

Today's ocean got its start in the Antarctic 40 million years ago...

Research Areas: Polar

Hayes Island Franz Josef Land Russia

An Intimate Affair: Sea Ice and Vegetation

Melting sea ice alters arctic vegetation patterns....

Research Areas: Polar, Earth & Environment

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