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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY
PD/PI:
  • Tiffany Barnes
  • tiffanydbarnes@uky.edu
Award Date:07/02/2020
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 259,034
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 259,034
  • FY 2020=$259,034
Start Date:07/01/2020
End Date:06/30/2022
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.075
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Collaborative Research: Women as Leaders, Policy-Makers, and Symbols
Federal Award ID Number:1851407
DUNS ID:939017877
Parent DUNS ID:007400724
Program:Security & Preparedness
Program Officer:
  • Zaryab Iqbal
  • (703) 292-7174
  • ziqbal@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:109 Kinkead Hall
City:Lexington
State:KY
ZIP:40526-0001
County:Lexington
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:06

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Kentucky Research Foundation
Street:500 S Limestone 109 Kinkead Hall
City:Lexington
State:KY
ZIP:40526-0001
County:Lexington
Country:US
Cong. District:06

Abstract at Time of Award

Women have long been denied access to the most powerful political posts, particularly prestigious cabinet positions within the executive branch. This project examines the causes and consequences of women’s exclusion from, and appointment to, three of the most powerful cabinet posts: defense, interior/home affairs, and foreign affairs. These prominent positions policy influence and it is thus vital to explain when, why, and how women access these portfolios, as well as to understand how women’s inclusion shapes policies that are central to the functioning of the state. The central claim of this project is that women’s presence in political office shapes, and is shaped by, beliefs about the policy responsibilities of the position. Though each of the portfolios studied has distinct responsibilities, they share a focus on security (i.e., protecting the state from domestic and international threats). The first set of hypotheses posits that women access the inner cabinet when the portfolios’ focus expands beyond traditionally masculine policy arenas (such as terrorism and war) to emphasize issues like peacekeeping and human rights. The second set of hypotheses suggests that male and female ministers’ policy priorities are largely explained by the conditions that bring women into (or keep them out of) office, rather than innate gender differences. The third set of hypotheses posits that the appointment of female ministers affects citizens’ beliefs about the aims and prestige of these positions and informs their levels of trust and confidence in the minister, the ministry, and the state. This project thus advances the scientific study of women’s political representation by collecting original data to test these hypotheses. This project offers the first worldwide study of women in the inner cabinet and a framework for assessing the causes and consequences of women’s access to male-dominated posts in other realms. In doing so, the project develops a new framework for explaining when women access traditionally masculine domains and how their pathways to power affect policy outcomes and citizens’ relationship to the state, we well as compiles a global database on women’s cabinet appointments and policy outputs. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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