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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Doing Business As Name:University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Yuri Miyamoto
  • (608) 890-1035
  • Christopher L Coe
Award Date:09/16/2019
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 585,175
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 585,175
  • FY 2019=$585,175
Start Date:09/15/2019
End Date:08/31/2022
Transaction Type:Grant
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.075
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:Cognitive, Physiological, and Mental Health Implications of Cultural Variation in Emotion Systems
Federal Award ID Number:1918100
DUNS ID:161202122
Parent DUNS ID:041188822
Program:Social Psychology
Program Officer:
  • Michael Zarate
  • (703) 292-4755

Awardee Location

Street:21 North Park Street
Awardee Cong. District:02

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:UW Madison
Street:1202 W Johnson Street
Cong. District:02

Abstract at Time of Award

Negative emotions happen every day and those thoughts and feelings can undermine a person's success and health. Research shows that the harmful effects of negative emotions are greater among Americans compared to East Asians. This project focuses on understanding how negative emotions assert their negative influence. It considers whether the way a person views and interprets negative emotions influences the effects of those emotions. One theory is that unfavorable beliefs about negative emotions make those negative emotions more harmful. The primary hypothesis is that negative emotions per se are not negative. How people respond to those negative emotions, however, produces the negative outcomes. Research suggests that Americans, compared to East Asians, view negative emotions as more harmful. Such differences in how people think about negative emotions produce the negative outcomes. This project lays the foundation for the design of interventions that promote more effective ways to respond to negative emotions. The research will help teachers improve the learning and success of their students and help counselors who work with patients who have mood and anxiety disorders. This project examines the cognitive, physiological, mental health, and performance outcomes of cultural differences in beliefs about negative emotions. Multiple behavioral experiments examine how people respond to stressful events. Measures of cognitive, behavioral, and hormonal responses are used to compare American with East Asian samples. Stress responses to emotional experiences and arousal are measured via cortisol. Participants respond to different demanding tasks (such as giving a speech or doing difficult math problems) to test for performance and physiological reaction differences to the stressors. Interpretations of one's negative emotions are measured to test for subsequent outcome differences in stress and performance. This project helps to develop more general principles about the causes and effects of negative emotions. In addition to advancing the fields of psychology and affective neuroscience, this research offers many practical and applied implications for improving student success and developing interventions for patients with mood and anxiety disorders. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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