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Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:WASHINGTON STATE UNIVERSITY
Doing Business As Name:Washington State University
PD/PI:
  • Aurora E Clark
  • (509) 335-3362
  • auclark@wsu.edu
Co-PD(s)/co-PI(s):
  • Yang Zhang
  • Ravishankar Sundararaman
  • Henry Adams
  • Markus J Pflaum
Award Date:09/15/2019
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 1,600,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 846,222
  • FY 2019=$846,222
Start Date:09/01/2019
End Date:08/31/2021
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.070
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:DELTA: Descriptors of Energy Landscape by Topological Analysis
Federal Award ID Number:1934725
DUNS ID:041485301
Parent DUNS ID:041485301
Program:HDR-Harnessing the Data Revolu
Program Officer:
  • Lin He
  • (703) 292-4956
  • lhe@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:280 Lighty
City:PULLMAN
State:WA
ZIP:99164-1060
County:Pullman
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:05

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:Washington State University
Street:Fulmer 275
City:Pullman
State:WA
ZIP:99164-4630
County:Pullman
Country:US
Cong. District:05

Abstract at Time of Award

Twenty years ago, machine learning (ML) began a trajectory of theoretical/algorithmic improvements that have led to advanced materials for energy efficiency and molecular machines that synthesize molecules in ways unfathomable by the human hand. Those key advances were based upon a foundation of statistical methods that now mirror the field of topological data analysis (TDA) - which combines algebraic topology with computational methods to extract new knowledge by characterizing the global shape of data. Professor Clark at Washington State University, Professor Adam at Colorado State, Professor Pflaum at University Colorado Boulder, Professor Sundararaman at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and Professor Zhang at University of Illinois Urbana Champagne are developing the Institute for Data-Intensive Research in Science and Engineering - Frameworks entitled "Descriptors of Energy Landscapes Using Topological Data Analysis" (DELTA). They are working on advancing TDA for the study of intensive and complex data sets found in Chemistry by focusing upon the development of methods and software tools that characterize the function that describes energy flow during chemical transformations, known as the energy landscape. Scalable and extensible TDA tools are used to extract new information from the energy landscape, understanding how it changes under different applied conditions and supporting a new paradigm in Chemistry, including the long-standing challenge of real-time optimization and control of chemical systems. At the intersection of Math, Data Science, and Chemistry, students trained under DELTA and its collaborative partners develop the skills and the foundation for a new community of practice. Chemists generally do not know how the underlying energy landscape of transformation changes as a function of system conditions, nor are there quantifiable relationships between intra- and intermolecular interactions and its topological features. Topological data analysis (TDA) is uniquely poised to extract new information from the energy landscape (EL), as it combines algebraic topology with computational methods to characterize its global shape of data. The Descriptors of Energy Landscapes Using Topological Data Analysis (DELTA) Institute Frameworks adapts TDA for chemistry applications, invoking persistent homology, Morse theory, catastrophe theory, and other topological descriptors and creating new software tools that are accessible by domain experts. Tackling the 3N-dimensional energy surface necessitates scalable and extensible tools that first reduce its dimensionality (Objective 1), then yield geometric and topological descriptors that quantify the way in which the EL is perturbed under different chemical conditions (Objective 2). This provides the basis for new predictive methods that accelerate sampling of large regions of the EL and have have learned how to optimize landscape topology to control the fate of reacting molecules and phase behavior (Objective 3). This project is part of the National Science Foundation's Harnessing the Data Revolution Big Idea activity. The effort is jointly funded by the Division of Chemistry within the NSF Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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