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Minimize RSR Award Detail

Research Spending & Results

Award Detail

Awardee:UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS CENTER FOR RESEARCH, INC.
Doing Business As Name:University of Kansas Center for Research Inc
PD/PI:
  • Huixuan Wu
  • (785) 864-2970
  • hwu@ku.edu
Award Date:01/06/2020
Estimated Total Award Amount: $ 500,000
Funds Obligated to Date: $ 394,504
  • FY 2020=$394,504
Start Date:02/01/2020
End Date:01/31/2025
Transaction Type:Grant
Agency:NSF
Awarding Agency Code:4900
Funding Agency Code:4900
CFDA Number:47.041
Primary Program Source:040100 NSF RESEARCH & RELATED ACTIVIT
Award Title or Description:CAREER: Quantification of the kinetic energy of particles in complex flows using magnetic particle tracking
Federal Award ID Number:1944187
DUNS ID:076248616
Parent DUNS ID:007180078
Program:FD-Fluid Dynamics
Program Officer:
  • Ron Joslin
  • (703) 292-7030
  • rjoslin@nsf.gov

Awardee Location

Street:2385 IRVING HILL RD
City:Lawrence
State:KS
ZIP:66045-7568
County:Lawrence
Country:US
Awardee Cong. District:02

Primary Place of Performance

Organization Name:University of Kansas Center for Research Inc
Street:2385 IRVING HILL RD
City:LAWRENCE
State:KS
ZIP:66045-7568
County:Lawrence
Country:US
Cong. District:02

Abstract at Time of Award

Particulate flow is ubiquitous in nature and many aspects of human life. For example, sandstorms have severe environmental and economic consequences, and the efficiency of a fluidized particle reactor determines the production rates in many chemical and food industries. A critical issue is that particles in nature are usually non-spherical and may behave differently from theoretical predictions as existing theories are largely based on spherical particle models. Furthermore, the problem is challenging because dense particulate flows are usually opaque and cannot be measured with advanced optical flow diagnostic technologies. The objective of this experimental project is to develop a novel magnetic-based technology to measure the particle shape and motion and provide a better understanding of complex particulate flows. This project will also encompass significant educational and outreach activities, including museum exhibitions and visits to under-represented minority communities. The proposed research aims to quantify the kinetic energy and shape effect of non-spherical particles in complex flows using magnetic-based particle tracking. Magnetic fields can penetrate opaque materials, thus the proposed technique works with particles of any shape or concentration. For higher accuracy, a highly-accurate magnetometry based on photoluminescence of quantum bits will be employed to reconstruct the motion of multiple magnetic particles in a shear flow. The Lagrangian trajectory orientation and angular velocity of the particle will be obtained with this technique. The results will be used to test the hypothesis that a large particle aspect ratio leads to energy equal partition, to measure the influence of sphericity, and to examine the energy transfer among translational and rotational degrees of freedom. Finally, this project contributes to experimental fluid dynamics by developing a non-optical particle tracking technology that can be used in a variety of multiphase flow studies. This award reflects NSF's statutory mission and has been deemed worthy of support through evaluation using the Foundation's intellectual merit and broader impacts review criteria.

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